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Academic & Special Libraries Section          Annual SeminarUCD Digital Library: Creating online access to  historical & c...
Outline• UCD Digital Library  – IVRLA background  – where we are now  – where next?• Opportunities• Challenges
5 year pilot project,IVRLA’s main goals were access                                       funded by the Irish State and th...
Sample IVRLA CollectionsUCD Archives                         National Folklore Collection• Papers of William Frazer       ...
Content Diversity• Variety of content types   – Text:     letters, books, pamphlets, ephemera, manuscripts, diaries, balla...
Static Repository v. Digital Library•   Why are we digitising?•   What are we digitising?•   For whom?•   How will this be...
OAIS Model: Open Archival          Information System• OAIS principles (ISO 14721:2003)  – Organisation (people) and syste...
OAIS Functional Model (ISO 14721)SIP = Submission Information PackageAIP = Archival Information PackageDIP = Dissemination...
UCD Digital Library Launched in 2012
Infrastructure• Fedora 2.2 to 3.5• Utilisation of Solr   – Open source     platform to     enable flexible     and configu...
Collections• 54 online, incl. 3 new   – 19th Century Social History Pamphlets   – UCDscholarcast   – Thomas Hardy’s The Re...
Collections• External  – 15 collections in Europeana  – 2 collections in ARTstor Approximately 190,000 digital files in to...
Examples
Examples
In addition to more collections…• Workflow and metadata policies• Linked data• Extension of geospatial capabilities• Full-...
Workflow and Metadata Policies• Different workflows for different collection  types• Different metadata policies for diffe...
Linked Data• Exposure of  metadata using  semantic web  technologies   – Makes metadata     actionable as data   – Uses RD...
Geospatial: New Web Mapping Framework• Geographic dimension to many resources• New mapping framework implemented to better...
Full-text Searching• “I was trying to search for a person (my aunt, who  worked in Leeson St and was one of the people  wh...
Implementation of OAI-PMH• The Open Archives  Initiative Protocol  for Metadata  Harvesting (OAI-  PMH) is a  mechanism fo...
Hydra http://projecthydra.org/Hydra provides a versatileand feature richenvironment for end-usersand repositoryadministrat...
UCD Digital LibrarySoftware                  Hardware•   oXygen                • i2s SupraScan Quartz A1 HD•   FileMaker P...
UCD Digital LibraryLanguages                     File Formats•   XML                       •   TIFF•   XSLT               ...
UCD Digital LibraryMetadata Schemas          Authorities/Ontologies•   MODS                  • LCSH•   DC                 ...
Challenges•   Complexity•   Range of skills needed•   Mainstreaming•   Managing expectations
Complexity
Simplified Workflow           Analog                         Assessment                       Rights                      ...
Implementation of Content Access
Skills•   Project management•   Collections management: policy, identification, acquisition•   Relationship building – rep...
Mainstreaming• Research & Innovation                   • Client Services    –   Research Services Manager             – Co...
Managing Expectationswww.stanford.edu/group/toolingup/rplviz/rplviz.swf
Opportunities• Working / collaborating with Schools and  Repositories• Working / collaborating with external organisations...
Working with Schools and Repositories
• Builds relationships  – Schools, Institutes, Repositories, Buildings &    Services, etc.• Collections become more visibl...
Collaborating with external             organisations• Osi 19th century 5’ and 10’ town plans                             ...
Existing scanned collections• May need to be “rescued”• May need more work• May help fill mutual gaps• Collaborate – fewer...
Availability and Accessibility• Availability    “The main advantage to having the journal  of primary      digitised, for ...
• Enables the  promotion of a  collection to  multiple related  disciplines
Technologies• Use of JPEG2000 to facilitate zooming without  loss of detail
Staff Development and Library              Collaboration• Build on staff experience• Develop new skills in a growth area• ...
Most Popular Collections                  (past 5 months)• 1. Schools Manuscript  Collection - My Home District  2. The Ir...
The Broader Vision …The UCD Digital Library is ….•   A repository of UCD’s digital cultural heritage materials…diversity• ...
digital.ucd.ie•   Sé fáth mo bhuarthaSé fáth mo bhuartha
UCD Digital Library: Creating online access to historical and contemporary collections - opportunities and challenges
UCD Digital Library: Creating online access to historical and contemporary collections - opportunities and challenges
UCD Digital Library: Creating online access to historical and contemporary collections - opportunities and challenges
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UCD Digital Library: Creating online access to historical and contemporary collections - opportunities and challenges

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Presentation given by Julia Barrett, UCD Library Research Services Manager, at Academic & Special Libraries Annual Seminar 1st March 2013, Dublin, Ireland

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UCD Digital Library: Creating online access to historical and contemporary collections - opportunities and challenges

  1. 1. Academic & Special Libraries Section Annual SeminarUCD Digital Library: Creating online access to historical & contemporary collections - opportunities and challenges Julia Barrett, Research Services Manager, UCD Library Julia.barrett@ucd.ie
  2. 2. Outline• UCD Digital Library – IVRLA background – where we are now – where next?• Opportunities• Challenges
  3. 3. 5 year pilot project,IVRLA’s main goals were access funded by the Irish State and the EUand preservation. 2005-2010 Proof of concept UCD Ó CLÉIRIGH INSTITUTE IRISH SPECIAL COLLECTIONS DIALECT ARCHIVE Body of digitised content Humanities-based source Functioning repository prototype material located in 7 physical ART HISTORY UCD ARCHIVES locations on campus GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES NATIONAL FOLKLORE COLLECTION
  4. 4. Sample IVRLA CollectionsUCD Archives National Folklore Collection• Papers of William Frazer • Folklore Photograph Collection• Papers of Eugene O’Curry • Questionnaire: Emigration to• Papers of James Meenan America• Boehm/Casement Papers • Questionnaire: Tinkers [Travellers]Special Collections • Urban Folklore Project (Dublin)• Beranger Watercolours • Schools’ Manuscript Collection – Carna and Ballinasloe, Co. Galway• Historic Maps Collection• Ó Lochlainn Collection: Ballads Irish Dialect Archive• 19th Century Pamphlet Collection • Manuscript Collection• UCD Letters • Card Collection• The Beckett Country Collection UCD Mícheál Ó Cléirigh• Curran Collection: Photographs • UCD MOCI Monograph Collection• ODonovan/Reeves correspondence
  5. 5. Content Diversity• Variety of content types – Text: letters, books, pamphlets, ephemera, manuscripts, diaries, ballads, ess ays – Audio: sound recordings – Video: video interviews – Images: photographs, slides, paintings – Cartographic: maps – Datasets: database• 30 Core Collections online• 17 Research Collections – which show how research can be done using existing digital resources and how this can generate even further research resources in digital humanities
  6. 6. Static Repository v. Digital Library• Why are we digitising?• What are we digitising?• For whom?• How will this be of benefit?• How will we know?• How will we provide support?• How will we provide access? Different levels of access?• What infrastructure?• What metadata standards / policies will we use?• What workflows will we use?• What about long-term preservation?• What models will we use?
  7. 7. OAIS Model: Open Archival Information System• OAIS principles (ISO 14721:2003) – Organisation (people) and systems – Provides services to identified communities – Sustainability• Preservation orientation – Durability and usability• Adherence to best practices/standards• Pay attention to data modelling & workflow
  8. 8. OAIS Functional Model (ISO 14721)SIP = Submission Information PackageAIP = Archival Information PackageDIP = Dissemination Information Package
  9. 9. UCD Digital Library Launched in 2012
  10. 10. Infrastructure• Fedora 2.2 to 3.5• Utilisation of Solr – Open source platform to enable flexible and configurable indexing and searching • http://lucene.apa che.org/solr/• JPEG2000• Geospatial capabilities
  11. 11. Collections• 54 online, incl. 3 new – 19th Century Social History Pamphlets – UCDscholarcast – Thomas Hardy’s The Return of the Native• 1 in final stage – Desmond FitzGerald Photographs• 6 waiting to begin• 4 planning stage• 4 proposals
  12. 12. Collections• External – 15 collections in Europeana – 2 collections in ARTstor Approximately 190,000 digital files in total…and counting
  13. 13. Examples
  14. 14. Examples
  15. 15. In addition to more collections…• Workflow and metadata policies• Linked data• Extension of geospatial capabilities• Full-text searching• Implementation of the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH)• Access policies and user accounts for restricted content, etc.• Extension of storage and backup capacity• Investigation of Hydra http://projecthydra.org/
  16. 16. Workflow and Metadata Policies• Different workflows for different collection types• Different metadata policies for different collection types – MODS (Metadata Object Description Schema); DC (Dublin Core); ESE (Europeana); EAD (Encoded Archival Description) – electronic finding aid – VRA (Visual Resources Association) – Geospatial (ISO 19115 Geographic Information – Metadata, etc.)
  17. 17. Linked Data• Exposure of metadata using semantic web technologies – Makes metadata actionable as data – Uses RDF (resource description framework) data model • Expressions about resources in the form of SUBJECT- RELATIONSHIP- OBJECT (“triple”)
  18. 18. Geospatial: New Web Mapping Framework• Geographic dimension to many resources• New mapping framework implemented to better expose this geospatial information to its users• Framework provides new tools for finding resources by geospatial criteria • makes use of the geospatial indexing capabilities of its search engine Solr • can visualise georeferenced information on a map• These enhancements improve user experience but also lay the foundation for additional geospatial data and information services planned for the UCD Digital Library, such as the display of georectified historic maps.
  19. 19. Full-text Searching• “I was trying to search for a person (my aunt, who worked in Leeson St and was one of the people who moved the hospital to Nutley Lane). However, if I understand it correctly, the files are not searchable. Is this planned and what system would be used?”
  20. 20. Implementation of OAI-PMH• The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI- PMH) is a mechanism for repository interoperability• Implementation would allow for automatic harvesting of records to library catalogue
  21. 21. Hydra http://projecthydra.org/Hydra provides a versatileand feature richenvironment for end-usersand repositoryadministrators alike• Manipulation of images (e.g. crop, rotation)• Manage workflows
  22. 22. UCD Digital LibrarySoftware Hardware• oXygen • i2s SupraScan Quartz A1 HD• FileMaker Pro book scanner• Adobe Photoshop • Kodak iQsmart2 flatbed• Adobe Bridge scanners x 2• Komodo • Scanning workstations• HeidiSQL• Cygwin • External hard drives• NX Client • VM servers• Fedora-Commons• Apache Tomcat
  23. 23. UCD Digital LibraryLanguages File Formats• XML • TIFF• XSLT • JPEG2000• PHP • JPEG• HTML • PDF• PERL • Word• Java • Excel• JavaScript • CSV• Ruby-on-Rails • Shapefiles• SPARQL • WAV• JSON • MP3• etc • MPEG4
  24. 24. UCD Digital LibraryMetadata Schemas Authorities/Ontologies• MODS • LCSH• DC • Art & Architecture Thesaurus• EAD • MARC country & geographic• ISO 19115 area codes• VRA • LCTGM• NUDS • Logainm - Placenames• ESE Database of Ireland• EDM • VIAF• METS • DBPEDIA• MIX • GeoNames• PREMIS • OpenStreetMap
  25. 25. Challenges• Complexity• Range of skills needed• Mainstreaming• Managing expectations
  26. 26. Complexity
  27. 27. Simplified Workflow Analog Assessment Rights Selection Clearance Digital Digitisation BackupPublish Storage Preservation Post Digital Processing Library Ingest Metadata Workflows Creation © University College Dublin
  28. 28. Implementation of Content Access
  29. 29. Skills• Project management• Collections management: policy, identification, acquisition• Relationship building – repositories, Schools, external organisations• Systems architecture and administration (includes security)• Systems analysis, systems integration• Workflow analysis• Digitisation • Library• Metadata • Research IT• Digital preservation • Corporate & Legal• Intellectual property/Digital rights management • UCD Communications• Marketing & promotion • Schools, Repositories etc.• Analysing use • Communities of Practice e.g. Fedora Community
  30. 30. Mainstreaming• Research & Innovation • Client Services – Research Services Manager – College Liaison Librarians – – Digital Initiatives SLA Presentations, advocacy – Research Services LA – Desk staff; discoverability through – Metadata Librarian library catalogue – Programmer – Assistance with aspects of the digitisation project e.g. image processing• Collection Services • Outreach – Collection Development & – Promotions, global Description Librarians (metadata) communications – Collection development policy – integration • Build on existing skills-base – Cataloguing – metadata – Institutional Repository
  31. 31. Managing Expectationswww.stanford.edu/group/toolingup/rplviz/rplviz.swf
  32. 32. Opportunities• Working / collaborating with Schools and Repositories• Working / collaborating with external organisations• Identifying and using existing scanned collections• Facilitating availability, accessibility and usability• Using technologies to enhance the user experience• Staff development• Library collaboration (?)
  33. 33. Working with Schools and Repositories
  34. 34. • Builds relationships – Schools, Institutes, Repositories, Buildings & Services, etc.• Collections become more visible and discoverable• Library role in relation to auditing existing digital collections on Campus• What collections? Links to anniversaries and other defined priorities
  35. 35. Collaborating with external organisations• Osi 19th century 5’ and 10’ town plans • TCD’s 1:25,000 military series and UCD’s 25” maps to fill their gaps
  36. 36. Existing scanned collections• May need to be “rescued”• May need more work• May help fill mutual gaps• Collaborate – fewer staff, sharing of skills (e.g. metadata, geo-rectification)• Be clear about who does what and what the outcomes will be (MOU) – OSI: 1,000 scans of 5’ and 10’ 19th towns / cities (2006- 2008); UCD: metadata and geo-rectification – TCD & UCD map swap
  37. 37. Availability and Accessibility• Availability “The main advantage to having the journal of primary digitised, for me, was that it greatly source increased how accessible it was. material Prior to the journal being made available in digital format the only copies (most especially• Easy of the older editions) were those in the accessibility National Library or those stored in the INMOs to such own (excellent) library. materials As you know, researchers consulting library copies are somewhat constrained by library opening hours and by the fact that another researcher may be using the material on the same day - rendering it unavailable to you”.
  38. 38. • Enables the promotion of a collection to multiple related disciplines
  39. 39. Technologies• Use of JPEG2000 to facilitate zooming without loss of detail
  40. 40. Staff Development and Library Collaboration• Build on staff experience• Develop new skills in a growth area• Possibilities for libraries collaborating with each other?
  41. 41. Most Popular Collections (past 5 months)• 1. Schools Manuscript Collection - My Home District 2. The Irish Nursing Journals Collection 3. Folklore Photograph Collection 4. Schools’ Manuscript Collection - Carna & Ballinasloe, Co. Galway 5. Folklore Schools 1937-38 6. Tierney/MacNeill Photographs 7. Questionnaire: Irish Famine (1845-1852) 8. Historic Maps Collection 9. Folk music 10. UCDscholarcast
  42. 42. The Broader Vision …The UCD Digital Library is ….• A repository of UCD’s digital cultural heritage materials…diversity• A repository of data of various kinds• A resource discovery framework• A platform for scholarly interaction with digital content• A platform for new forms of digital publications• A platform for the dissemination of the outcomes of UCD research and creativity• A key component of UCD research infrastructure• A platform for innovation in library services, teaching & learning, and research• A catalyst for new partnerships between UCD Library and its extended community• A node in an emergent global environment of linked data
  43. 43. digital.ucd.ie• Sé fáth mo bhuarthaSé fáth mo bhuartha

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