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Il mistero dell’universo e dell’uomo attraverso tre personaggi chiave


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2013, Apr 16, 23, 30 (h.9 PM) - Centro Mater Divinae Gratiae, Brescia, IT: Il mistero dell’universo e dell’uomo attraverso tre personaggi chiave. With Don Gabriele Scalmana (Pastorale del Creato, Brescia), Suore Dorotee di Cemmo. Conferences.

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Il mistero dell’universo e dell’uomo attraverso tre personaggi chiave

  1. 1. Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)
  2. 2. Giuseppe Bertini (1825–1898)  Galileo Galilei che mostralutilizzo del cannocchiale alDoge diVeneziaSala Bertini,Villa Andrea Ponti,Varese, Italy
  3. 3. Jan Matejko (1838–1893)English:Astronomer Copernicus, conversation with God.1872, Olio su telaJagiellonian University Museum, Cracovia
  4. 4. Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
  5. 5. Emma Wedgwood Darwin(1808-1896)
  6. 6. Thomas Henry Huxley(1825-1895)
  7. 7. Thomas Henry Huxley(1825-1895)Samuel Wilberforce
  8. 8. Thomas Henry Huxley(1825-1895)Richard Owen(1804–1892)
  9. 9. The vertebrate archetype of Richard OwenOwen, R. (1847). On the archetype and homologies of the vertebrateskeleton. London.
  10. 10. Thomas Henry Huxley. Evidence asto Man’s Place in Nature. London:Williams and Norgate, 1863.Displayed are two pages fromHuxley’s groundbreaking 1863book on primate and humanpaleontology, featuring views of theupper jaws of various primates,ranging from the Cheiromys (thelemur-like Aye-Aye of Madagascar)to Man. Huxley’s point, explainedon the facing page, is that “greatlyas the dentition of the highest Apediffers from that of Man, it differsfar more widely from that of thelower and lowest Apes.”
  11. 11. A highly resolved Tree Of Life, based on completely sequenced genomes [1].The image was generated using iTOL:Interactive Tree Of Life [2], an online phylogenetic tree viewer and Tree Of Life resource. Eukaryotes are coloredred, archaea green and bacteria blue. PNG image traced by hand to produce SVG version.1. Ciccarelli, FD (2006). "Toward automatic reconstruction of a highly resolved tree of life." (Pubmed). Science311(5765): 1283-7.2. Letunic, I (2007). "Interactive Tree Of Life (iTOL): an online tool for phylogenetic tree display and annotation.".Bioinformatics 23(1): 127-8.
  12. 12. IanTattersall
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Journal of Heredity (1921)Volume 12, pg 421American Genetic Association
  21. 21. The two photographs of ajuvenile and adult malechimpanzee are from a 1926study by the Germananthropologist Adolf Naef.Of the former, he says,"[It]is the the most human-likepicture of an animal, of anythat is known to me."
  22. 22.
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  24. 24. L R Berger Science2013;340:163-165Composite reconstruction ofAu. sediba based on recoveredmaterial from MH1, MH2, andMH4 and based on the researchpresented in the accompanyingmanuscripts. Because allindividuals recovered to date areapproximately the same size, sizecorrection was not necessary.Femoral length was establishedby digitally measuring a completefemur of MH1 still encased inrock. For comparison, a small-bodied female modern H. sapiensis shown on the left and a malePan troglodytes on the right.
  25. 25. From: Genetic Analysis of LiceSupports Direct Contactbetween Modern and ArchaicHumans Reed DL, SmithVS,Hammond SL, Rogers AR,Clayton DH PLoS BiologyVol. 2,No. 11, e340
  26. 26. 53
  27. 27. Chauvet Cave - 31KChauvet Cave - 31K
  28. 28. 80-60 KyaRoger Lewin (1996), Le origini dell’uomo moderno, Zanichelli, p. 121 // BernardWood 2008
  29. 29. 60-50 Kyahttp://www.homosapiens.net80-85 Kya120-100 Kya
  30. 30. Light will be thrown on the origin of man and his history.
  31. 31. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881-1955)
  32. 32. • 1881 Born in Auvergne• 1901 Jesuit student in Jersey• 1905 Teacher of Physics and Chemistry inCairo• 1908 Studied Theology in Ore Place,Hastings (Sussex); Became interested inEvolution• 1912 Work at the Museum d’HistoireNaturelle avec Marcellin Boule, where hebegan studying Human paleontology• 1914-1919 Service as stretcher-bearer onthe front during World War I. The Making ofa Mind, Cosmic Life, The Spiritual Energy ofMatter• 1920-1926 Scientific research and teaching[and research trip in China]• 1926-1946 Exile in China and internationalscientific career; Plots the geological map ofChina• 1929 Became adviser to Chinese nationalgeological department• 1930 Expedition in Central Asia. ThePhenomenon of Man• 1931 Peking Man, Chou-Kou-TienSinanthropus. Spirit of the Earth• 1931-1932 «Croisière Jaune» expédition• 1928 In Ethiopia with Henry de Monfried• 1934-1935 Explorations in southern China• 1935Yale-Cambridge expedition in India• 1936-1937 Harvard-Carnegie expedition inBurma and Java• Life in Pekin during World War II• 1946 Return to France• 1951 South Africa with the Wenner GrenFoundation, USA, France• 1955 Goes to live permanently in theU.S.A. where he died in NewYork onEaster Sunday.
  33. 33. From: Genetic Analysis of LiceSupports Direct Contactbetween Modern and ArchaicHumans Reed DL, SmithVS,Hammond SL, Rogers AR,Clayton DH PLoS BiologyVol. 2,No. 11, e340北京猿人
  34. 34. 1979 1980 1981 19841908 1912 1913-15 1949Arthur Smith Woodward Pierre Teilhard de ChardinKenneth P. Oakley
  35. 35. 1979 1980 1981 19841908 1912 1913-15 1949Com’è possibile che ci sia stato qualcunoche ha creduto all’uomo di Piltdown?1) Le grandi speranze si impongono sulle prove2) I giudizi di valore hanno ripercussioni sulla teoria3) Le aspettative portano gli scienziati a modificare i fatti4) Le procedure della comunità scientifica possono ostacolare la scoperta
  36. 36. 1979 1980 1981 19841908 1912 1913-15 1949Chi organizzò la frode?Arthur Smith Woodward Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
  37. 37. 1979 1980 1981 19841908 1912 1913-15 1949Chi organizzò la frode?Arthur Smith Woodward Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
  38. 38. 1979 1980 1981 1984Io penso che Teilhard abbia sofferto perPiltdown per tutta la vita. Penso chedebba aver pianto nel suo intimo quandovedeva persone come Smith Woodward[…] rendersi ridicoli: proprio gli uominiche gli avevano concesso la loro amiciziae che gli avevano insegnato tante cose[…].Teilhard pagò il suo debito e visseuna vita piena; potessimo noi tutti farloaltrettanto bene .
  39. 39. 1979 1980 1981 non ho alcuna intenzione didistruggere Teilhard...Dopo essermi così alleggerito,procederò, nel formulare questa replica,ignorando la maggior parte dei commentipersonali e oltraggiosi rivolti contro dime. Mi asterrò anche dal commentare ilnumero maggiore delle lettere diappoggio e di amicizia, limitandomi adire:“Molte grazie per aver capito quelloche volevo fare”
  40. 40. HMS Challenger(1872-1876)
  41. 41. Eduard Suess (1831-1914)! Das Antlitz der Erde, 1883-1904
  42. 42. Alfred Wegener (1880-1930)! “DERIVA DEI CONTINENTI”, 1915
  43. 43. Arthur Holmes (1890-1965)! Principles of Physical Geology, 1944-1965
  44. 44. “un meccanismo puramente ipotetico per l’ingegneriadella deriva continentale” (1927-1931)
  45. 45. John Tuzo Wilson (1908-1993)! “LE PLACCHE”, 1965
  46. 46. Heezen & Tharp(National Geographic, 1967)
  47. 47. La visione attuale
  48. 48. 85...Gaia, Will’s guiding spirit, bestowsmagical powers and advice along hisjourney. With the help of his friends Willmust battle relentless enemies andsolve the puzzles of the ancient ruins.Patience and knowledge are essentialto reunite this father and son.
  49. 49. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881-1955)