Present Simple Tense

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Present Simple Tense

  1. 1. Teacher Resource Disc Slide shows for use with PowerPoint presentation software Betty Schrampfer Azar Stacy A. Hagen Laurette Poulos Simmons Copyright © 2007 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. CONTENTS 3-1 Form and basic meaning of the simple present tense 3-2 Using frequency adverbs: always , usually , often ,… 3-3 Other frequency expressions 3-4 Using frequency adverbs with be 3-5 Spelling and pronunciation of final -es 3-6 Adding final -s/-es to words that end in -y 3-7 Irregular singular verbs: has , does , goes 3-8 Spelling and pronunciation of final -s/-es 3-9 The simple present: negative 3-10 The simple present: yes/no questions 3-11 The simple present: asking information questions with where 3-12 The simple present: asking information questions with when… 3-13 Summary: information questions with be and do
  3. 3. She walks. 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
  4. 4. SINGULAR PLURAL 1 st PERSON I walk we walk 2 nd PERSON you walk you walk she walks he walks it walks they walk 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE 3 rd PERSON
  5. 5. (a) I eat lunch every afternoon . (b) Max drives to work every day . (c) We get up every morning . (d) Kyle calls Mimi every weekend . Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE HABITS = USUAL ACTIVITIES
  6. 6. We _____ television every day. watch watches watch 3-1 Let’s Practice
  7. 7. He _______ television every day. watch watches watches 3-1 Let’s Practice
  8. 8. We ____ lunch at 12:00. eat eats eat 3-1 Let’s Practice
  9. 9. Jara _____ a walk in the morning. takes take takes 3-1 Let’s Practice
  10. 10. My friend ____ her horse every day. ride rides rides 3-1 Let’s Practice
  11. 11. They always drink tea with lunch. 3-2 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS: ALWAYS, USUALLY, OFTEN, SOMETIMES, SELDOM, RARELY, NEVER
  12. 12. (d) Tia sometimes eats lunch at school. (c) Josh often eats hamburgers. 100% (a) Mary always eats lunch at school. 90%- 99% (b) Mary usually eats lunch at school. 75%- 90% 25%- 75% 5%- 10% 1%- 10% 0% (e) Tia seldom eats lunch at school. (f) Eva rarely washes her car. (g) Jay never goes to the zoo. frequency adverbs 3-2 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS: ALWAYS, USUALLY, OFTEN, SOMETIMES, SELDOM, RARELY, NEVER
  13. 13. Talia _______ feeds her dog. Sun. Mon. Tues . Wed. Thurs. Fri. Sat.        always 3-2 Let’s Practice always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never
  14. 14. always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never Jara ______ watches TV. Sun. Mon. Tues. Wed. Thurs. Fri. Sat.  seldom 3-2 Let’s Practice
  15. 15. always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never Luke _______ cooks dinner.  usually      Sun. Mon. Tues. Wed. Thurs. Fri. Sat. 3-2 Let’s Practice
  16. 16. always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never Moussad _________ cooks dinner.  sometimes    Sun. Mon. Tues. Wed. Thurs . Fri. Sat. 3-2 Let’s Practice
  17. 17. She goes to the library once a week. 3-3 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS
  18. 18. (a) She goes to the library once a week. twice a week. five times a week . Sun. Mon. Tues. Wed. Thurs. Fri. Sat.       3-3 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS
  19. 19. (b) I go to school five times a week . (c) I go to the movies twice a month . (d) I go to the beach once a year . 3-3 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS how many times a day a week a month a year
  20. 20. every weeks (e) I feed my dog every morning . I ride my horse every week . I wash my car every year . Every is singular. Correct? no 3-3 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS
  21. 21. How often do you drink coffee? 3-3 Let’s Practice Every morning.
  22. 22. So you drink coffee? always Yes. 3-3 Let’s Practice always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never
  23. 23. I know. She drinks coffee. never Mei doesn’t drink coffee. 3-3 Let’s Practice always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never
  24. 24. No. He walks five or six days a week. Does Dr. Aboud take a walk every day? 3-3 Let’s Practice
  25. 25. Yes, he takes a walk. Five or six times a week? 3-3 Let’s Practice often always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never
  26. 26. Jeff is always dirty. 3-4 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS WITH BE
  27. 27. usually often sometimes seldom rarely never dirty. Jeff + is + SUBJECT + BE + FREQUENCY ADVERB always FREQUENCY ADVERB am is + are 3-4 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS WITH BE
  28. 28. often sometimes seldom rarely never + rides a bike. Sergio SUBJECT + FREQUENCY + OTHER SIMPLE ADVERB PRESENT VERBS always usually + frequency adverb + all simple present verbs except be 3-4 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS WITH BE
  29. 29. tired. usually 3-4 Let’s Practice He is ______________________________________
  30. 30. sad. never Jeff is 3-4 Let’s Practice _________________________________________
  31. 31. Lucy often reads at the library. 3-4 Let’s Practice
  32. 32. It rarely rains in the desert. 3-4 Let’s Practice
  33. 33. Gerardo teaches math. 3-5 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -ES
  34. 34. -sh SPELLING (a) push PRONUNCIATION push es push / ə z / -ch (b) teach teach es teach / ə z / -ss (c) kiss kiss es kiss / z / -x (d) fix fix es fix / z / ə ə endings add -es say / əz / 3-5 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -ES
  35. 35. Seung never ______ his TV program. misses 3-5 Let’s Practice miss
  36. 36. Gerardo _______ math. teaches 3-5 Let’s Practice teach
  37. 37. Viktor always _______ his car. washes 3-5 Let’s Practice wash
  38. 38. Ade usually ______ sugar in his coffee. mixes 3-5 Let’s Practice mix
  39. 39. The baby cries a lot . 3-6 ADDING FINAL -S / -ES TO WORDS THAT END IN -Y
  40. 40. (a) cr y cr ies fl y fl ies (b) pa y pay s enjo y enjo ys consonant + -y change y to i , add -es vowel + -y add -s 3-6 ADDING FINAL -S / -ES TO WORDS THAT END IN -Y
  41. 41. Gazi _________ too many things. often buys 3-6 Let’s Practice buy often
  42. 42. She __________ nice things. always says 3-6 Let’s Practice say always
  43. 43. Her father __________ about her. often worries 3-6 Let’s Practice worry often
  44. 44. The man has a brown coat. 3-7 IRREGULAR SINGULAR VERBS: HAS, DOES, GOES
  45. 45. does (c) I do exercises. (d) He does exercises. (a) I have a hat. (b) She has a hat. Irregular forms: have has do does (e) We go to the gym. (f) He goes to the gym. go goes she he it has goes she he it she he it + + + 3-7 IRREGULAR SINGULAR VERBS: HAS, DOES, GOES
  46. 46. George ____ yoga every day. does 3-7 Let’s Practice do does
  47. 47. Zhou-li ______ for a walk on Sunday. goes 3-7 Let’s Practice go goes
  48. 48. She always ____ homework. has 3-7 Let’s Practice have has
  49. 49. She runs six miles every day. 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S / -ES
  50. 50. 3 rd person singular add -s rain s SPELLING (a) run PRONUNCIATION run s rain -s as /z/ voiced scrub scrub s love love s 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S / -ES
  51. 51. -s as /s/ voiceless SPELLING (b) sink PRONUNCIATION sink s meet meet s fight fight s cough cough s 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3 rd person singular add -s
  52. 52. -es as / ə z/ SPELLING (c) push PRONUNCIATION push es watch watch es miss miss es tax tax es -sh , -ch , -ss , -x 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3 rd person singular add -es
  53. 53. 3 rd person singular change y to i , add -es SPELLING (d) dry PRONUNCIATION dr ies study stud ies -es as / ə z/ consonant + -y 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES
  54. 54. SPELLING (e) p ay PRONUNCIATION pay s b uy buy s 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3 rd person singular add -s -s as /z/ vowel + -y
  55. 55. SPELLING (f) have PRONUNCIATION has go goes /ha z/ do does e /gowz/ /d z/ e 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3 rd person singular forms irregular
  56. 56. <ul><li>Mark ______ his </li></ul><ul><li>bike up the hill </li></ul><ul><li>every afternoon. </li></ul>pushes 3-8 Let’s Practice push
  57. 57. <ul><li>The child _______ his </li></ul><ul><li>teeth every morning. </li></ul>brushes 3-8 Let’s Practice brush
  58. 58. <ul><li>Brenda often ______ </li></ul><ul><li>about her old home. </li></ul>dreams 3-8 Let’s Practice dream
  59. 59. They do not wash their car. 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE
  60. 60. (a) do not drink milk. I You They NEGATIVE: I We You They + do not + main verb She He It + does not + main verb We (b) does not drink milk. He It She 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE
  61. 61. She does not drink s milk. 3 rd person singular no -s on main verb 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE <ul><li>I do not drink milk. </li></ul><ul><li>She does not drink milk. </li></ul>do and does = helping verbs ?
  62. 62. (d) He does n’t drink milk. Jack does n’t like dogs. (c) I do n’t drink milk. They do n’t go to the lake. do not = do n’t CONTRACTIONS: does not = does n’t 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE
  63. 63. doesn’t smile (use the contraction) 3-9 Let’s Practice This child ___________. smile not
  64. 64. We ________ snakes. don’t like (use the contraction) 3-9 Let’s Practice like not
  65. 65. doesn’t speak (use the contraction) 3-9 Let’s Practice speak not Magda ___________ Dutch.
  66. 66. feed don’t feeds 3-9 Let’s Practice don’t doesn’t feed jump run speak Sometimes I ____ ____ my cat. My husband _____ her.
  67. 67. 3-9 Let’s Practice don’t doesn’t sit need like run run doesn’t She ______ ____ fast at the gym. She gets tired.
  68. 68. need 3-9 Let’s Practice don’t doesn’t feed jump need eat They are good cooks. don’t They ____ ____ help.
  69. 69. Does he exercise? 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS
  70. 70. Do I + main verb (simple form) Do you + main verb (simple form) Do we + main verb (simple form) Do they + main verb (simple form) ( b) Do you like salad? ( c) Do we like salad? ( d) Do they like salad? ( a) Do I like salad? QUESTION FORMS, SIMPLE PRESENT DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN DOES VERB 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS
  71. 71. Does he + main verb (simple form) Does it + main verb (simple form) ( f) Does he like salad? ( g) Does it look good? ( e) Does she like salad? Does she + main verb (simple form) QUESTION FORMS, SIMPLE PRESENT DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN DOES VERB 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS
  72. 72. do (h) Are you a student? NOT : Do you be a student? main verb = a form of be 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS
  73. 73. QUESTION SHORT ANSWER (i) Do you like ice cream? Yes, I do . No, I don’t . (j) Does Max like ice cream? Yes, he does . No, he doesn’t . 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS
  74. 74. I like to ride horses. Do you like to ride horses? Yes, I do. 3-10 Let’s Practice Question Short Answer Long Answer
  75. 75. They have a baby. Do they have a baby? Yes, they do. 3-10 Let’s Practice Question Short Answer Long Answer
  76. 76. Gerardo teaches math. Does Gerardo teach math? Yes, he does. 3-10 Let’s Practice Question Short Answer Long Answer
  77. 77. Cows don’t bark. Do cows bark? No, they don’t. 3-10 Let’s Practice Question Short Answer Long Answer
  78. 78. Do they live in Baltimore? 3-11 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHERE * Where do they live?
  79. 79. Yes, they do . No, they don’t . QUESTION SHORT ANSWER (a) Do they live in Baltimore? (b) Where do they live ? In Baltimore. 3-11 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHERE
  80. 80. Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t . QUESTION SHORT ANSWER (c) Does Alexi live in Moscow? (d) Where does he live ? In Cape Town. 3-11 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHERE
  81. 81. (a) in Baltimore (b) Where (c) in Moscow (d) Where Do do does Does DO / DOES SUBJECT they they Alexi he MAIN VERB + + live live live live ? ? ? ? ( WHERE ) + 3-11 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHERE
  82. 82. Question: Answer: Yes, he does. (The child has a toothbrush.) Does the child have a toothbrush? 3-11 Let’s Practice
  83. 83. Question: Answer: In the bathroom. Where does he brush his teeth? 3-11 Let’s Practice (He brushes his teeth in the bathroom.)
  84. 84. Question: Answer: Yes, she does. Does Lucy like to read at the library? 3-11 Let’s Practice (Lucy likes to read at the library.)
  85. 85. When do you go shopping? What time do you go shopping? 3-12 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHEN AND WHAT TIME
  86. 86. (a) When do you go to work? (b) What time do you go to work? At eight o’clock. At eight o’clock. 3-12 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHEN AND WHAT TIME Q-WORD + DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN DOES VERB
  87. 87. At ten o’clock. At ten o’clock. (c) When does he exercise? (d) What time does he exercise? 3-12 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHEN AND WHAT TIME Q-WORD + DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN DOES VERB
  88. 88. (e) What time do you usually go to class? Q-WORD + DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB DOES frequency adverb subject 3-12 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHEN AND WHAT TIME + + main verb
  89. 89. does the pool close? The pool closes at 6:00 P.M. When (What time) 3-12 Let’s Practice
  90. 90. do you eat lunch? I eat lunch at 12:00. When (What time) 3-12 Let’s Practice
  91. 91. When (What time) do you usually go to bed 3-12 Let’s Practice I usually go to bed at 11:00. _________________________________________?
  92. 92. (a) Where is Botswana? Q-WORD + BE + SUBJECT LONG ANSWER Botswana is in Africa. 3-13 SUMMARY: INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH BE AND DO
  93. 93. (e) What time is the movie? (d) What is your name? (c) When is lunch? (b) Where are your gloves? Q-WORD + BE + SUBJECT LONG ANSWER They are at home. My name is Uma. Lunch is at noon. The movie is at 5:00. 3-13 SUMMARY: INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH BE AND DO
  94. 94. (h) What does she play ? (g) What time does school start ? Q-WORD + DO + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB (f) Where does she live ? She lives in Belgium. (i) When do you study ? It starts at 9:00 A.M . She plays tennis. I study at night. 3-13 SUMMARY: INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH BE AND DO
  95. 95. Where ____ they buy food? do 3-13 Let’s Practice is are does do
  96. 96. What time _____ the train leave? does 3-13 Let’s Practice is are does do
  97. 97. When ____ your test? is 3-13 Let’s Practice is are does do
  98. 98. What ____ their names? are 3-13 Let’s Practice is are does do
  99. 99. <ul><li>Images used under license from: </li></ul><ul><li>Shutterstock, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Clipart.com </li></ul>PHOTO CREDITS

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