Bangkok Mega Bridge Project Management 2007


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  • Bangkok Mega Bridge Project Management 2007

    1. 1. Bangkok MEGA Bridge Trimester 2007/ 1
    2. 2. Group Members <ul><li>Nuttaya R. 4949273 </li></ul><ul><li>Nalinrat P. 4949278 </li></ul><ul><li>Nantana K. 4949279 </li></ul><ul><li>Sompol L. 4949282 </li></ul><ul><li>Supak C. 4949284 </li></ul>
    3. 3. Agenda <ul><li>Bangkok Mega Bridge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Background </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key Stakeholders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>VSL Thailand </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scope of Work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Objective Statement (POS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expected Benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project Priority Matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Major Deliverables and Specifications </li></ul><ul><li>Major Constraints and Exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Major Work Areas, WBS, and Timing </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Management </li></ul><ul><li>Major Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and Controlling </li></ul>
    4. 5. Project Background <ul><li>On 29 th May 2000, the project was inaugurated by His Majesty The King. </li></ul><ul><li>The construction started 18 th February 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>The official name of the project is ‘Bangkok Mega Bridge’ that is a part of the Industrial Ring Road Project. </li></ul>
    5. 6. Project Background <ul><li>The objective of the project is to alleviate traffic congestion resulting from freight transportation… </li></ul><ul><li>… . by providing a new road and bridge network to link Bangkok Port with.. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the existing Pu Chao Saming Phrai Road to the South; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suksawat Road to the west; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rama III to the north. </li></ul></ul>
    6. 7. Project Background (Overall) <ul><li>Value: 8.7 billion Baht </li></ul><ul><li>Specifications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First 2 cable-stayed bridges in Thailand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>51 metres high </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4.2 kilometres long </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 lanes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.2 kiometres of elevated ramps </li></ul></ul>
    7. 8. Expected Benefits <ul><li>To ease the congestion of commercial traffic in Bangkok </li></ul><ul><li>To encourage the government sector to accelerate and accomplish public-sector construction and infrastructure developments </li></ul>
    8. 9. Project Manager Ministry of Transport Ministry of Finance Local Marine Department People (Near Site) Workers Insurance Company Bangkok Metropolitan Consultant Shipping& Cruise Line Bridge Architect Suppliers Key Stakeholders
    9. 10. Owner: Kingdom o f T h a i l a n d, Ministry of Transport, Dept. of Rural Roads <ul><li>Main Contractors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TNNS Joint Venture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main Sub-Contractors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VSL Thailand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deck Bolting: STP&I </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Designers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Norconsult </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mott McDonald </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Epsilon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Engineers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asian Engineering Consultants Ltd </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thai Engineering Consultants Jean Muller International </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. VSL Thailand <ul><li>VSL’s Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Deck lifting </li></ul><ul><li>Stay cable installation </li></ul><ul><li>Post tensioning </li></ul>
    11. 13. VSL’s Project Objective Statement (POS) <ul><li>“ To finish lifting 60 concrete decks, installing stay cables, and post-tensioning of Bangkok Mega Bridge within the budget of 445 million Baht </li></ul><ul><li>by 31 st of May 2006 .” </li></ul>
    12. 14. Project Priority Matrix Time Requirement Cost Constrained Enhanced Accepted
    13. 15. Major Deliverables <ul><li>Drawings/ Blueprints </li></ul><ul><li>Main spans building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gantry assembling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deck </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concrete pre-casting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Delivery on barge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deck lifting </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 16. Major Deliverables <ul><li>Stay cable installation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Erecting tendon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wiring single strand cable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Post-tensioning </li></ul>
    15. 17. Specifications of Deliverables <ul><li>Unit Concrete Deck </li></ul><ul><ul><li>36 metres wide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.8 metres deep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 metres long </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>weighing up to 500 tons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>60 concrete decks for 2 bridges </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Single strand installation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2,300 tons of stay cables (6-43 to 6-91 mono-strands) </li></ul></ul>
    16. 18. Major Constraints <ul><li>Water Traffic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To avoid interfering the water traffic, VSL is allowed only 4 hours for lifting a deck from the barge to the bridge. </li></ul></ul>
    17. 20. Exclusion <ul><li>Not include pavement on road </li></ul><ul><li>Not include concrete curb and handrail </li></ul><ul><li>Not include Mechanical & Electrical work </li></ul>
    18. 21. Major Work Areas <ul><li>Design drawings </li></ul><ul><li>Survey work </li></ul><ul><li>Assemble gantry </li></ul><ul><li>Cast unit concrete decks </li></ul><ul><li>Rent Barge </li></ul><ul><li>Hoist segment </li></ul><ul><li>Install stay cable </li></ul>
    19. 22. Work Break-down Structure (WBS)
    20. 24. Resources <ul><li>Manpower </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Project manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy lifting engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy lifting superintendent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay cable superintendent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post-tensioning superintendent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concrete </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steel bars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tendons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metal buffers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gantry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy generator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forklift </li></ul></ul>
    21. 25. Risks Assessment <ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Suppliers </li></ul><ul><li>Security & Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Clients </li></ul><ul><li>Acts of God </li></ul><ul><li>Dependencies on other projects </li></ul><ul><li>Contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Human Resources </li></ul>Impact Severity Chance Low High High A B C D E F G H I J K L
    22. 26. Risks <ul><li>A. Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cables falling down and hurting the workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsuccessful method of moving gantry on the bridge surface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wiring snap (Real case) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unable to move a concrete deck from a trolley onto a barge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-test. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study previous projects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deal with the supplier. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the outcomes . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the neatness of the pathway. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONTINGENCY </li></ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>Swap back to the old-fashioned cabling method. </li></ul><ul><li>(in the case) Metal sheets are used to cover the pathway and make the smooth surface. </li></ul>
    23. 28. Risks <ul><li>B. Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydraulic pump for lifting equipment is not working. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication equipment, i.e. walkie-talkies, does not work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers do not know how to use the equipment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-check and re-check the system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technician </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deal with another supplier for a spare pump or spare walkie-talkies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spare batteries/ walkie-talkies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONTINGENCY </li></ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>Get the technician to check. </li></ul><ul><li>Contact the supplier for the spare dealt. </li></ul><ul><li>Change batteries. </li></ul><ul><li>Spare walkie-talkies </li></ul><ul><li>Buy new walkie-talkies. </li></ul>
    24. 29. Risks <ul><li>C. Suppliers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Late delivery of parts and related materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower quality of supplies than required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short supply of materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-confirm and pre-check schedules of parts required. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confirm order early. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign off a contract with the supplier in case of late delivery. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deal with a spare supplier. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONTINGENCY </li></ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>Contact the spare supplier. </li></ul><ul><li>Fine the supplier for the delay caused to the project. </li></ul><ul><li>Re-schedule work plan if possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Claim for a replacement from the supplier. </li></ul>
    25. 30. Risks <ul><li>D. Security & Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Machinery and equipment, e.g. scaffolding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human, e.g. theft, carelessness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short electricity circuit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE PLANS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check specifications. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hold safety meeting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign contract with conditions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety equipment for workers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set rules and regulations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct safety training. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extinguisher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All-risk Insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dealer for a spare generator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONTINGENCY PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>Claim with suppliers. </li></ul><ul><li>Call hospitals. </li></ul><ul><li>First aid materials </li></ul><ul><li>Claim with insurance company </li></ul><ul><li>Contact police. </li></ul><ul><li>Use extinguisher. </li></ul><ul><li>Call police/ fire fighters. </li></ul><ul><li>Warning/ Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Spare generator </li></ul>
    26. 33. Risks <ul><li>E. Political </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Residential Mob </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coup De E’tat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is beyond control, so we just keep an eye on the situation if any action is needed, e.g. day-off, to avoid any hazardous situation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check if it is possible to double employ workers during a short period of time. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONTINGENCY PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>Inform the impacts caused by the situation to the stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>Re-schedule the work plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Assign more resources to the work during a period of time in order to finish the work in time. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for the postponement of the deadline referring to the situation. </li></ul>
    27. 34. Risks <ul><li>F. Regulatory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unable to finish deck lifting within the 4 hours permitted by the Water Transportation Office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check and ensure that all related machinery and equipment, e.g. gantry, barge, and trolley, including the process are going smoothly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skillful boat (for moving barge) driver </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONTINGENCY </li></ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a report of the cause of the delay to the stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>Contact the Water Transportation Office for an additional numbers of 4-hour day(s) may required. </li></ul>
    28. 35. Risks <ul><li>G. Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorrect specifications of equipment and materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrong designs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change of requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcomes do not match the designs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study previous projects, reports, and re-check all designs and specifications. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get the third party to check the design. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contract conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep in touch with stakeholders on requirements overtime. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project inspection by the third party. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONTINGENCY PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>Get a replacement. </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholder meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Re-schedule the work and resource plans. </li></ul>
    29. 36. Risks <ul><li>H. Clients </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unacceptable outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcomes do not meet their standard. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regularly check with customers regarding their requirements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go through all requirements and standard needed by customers since the start of the project. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion about the requirements and standards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONTINGENCY </li></ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting with stakeholders and customers. </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancement of other requirements instead. </li></ul><ul><li>Worst case, re-do. </li></ul>
    30. 37. Risks <ul><li>I. Acts of God </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Typhoon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Earthquake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lightning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flooding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather forecast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss with workers in advance regarding this risk. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check if anyone can work overtime if this risk occurs to accelerate the work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Install lightning rods. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wider space for concrete deck casting area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>List of emergency numbers, e.g. hospital, police, fire fighters, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONTINGENCY PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>Re-schedule resource and work plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Report stakeholders about the situation and cause of delay. </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuate workers to a safer place. </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency calls </li></ul>
    31. 38. Risks <ul><li>J. Dependencies on other projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delay of completing approach ramps installation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delay of completing pylons installation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow up and co-ordinate with the other projects that we are dependent with. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check if our work can be done simultaneously with the other project. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check available resources from time to time in case the work has been postponed. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONTINGENCY </li></ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>Inform stakeholders about the cause of delay. </li></ul><ul><li>Claim with the main contractor for the costs of the delay. </li></ul><ul><li>Re-schedule the work and resource plans. </li></ul>
    32. 39. Risks <ul><li>K. Contracts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clauses in agreements allow more flexibilities to clients to change their requirements too much, which leads to higher costs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE PLANS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up a law team. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assign a team to check and evaluate the terms and conditions in the agreements, preferably law team. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compare the price quoted and our estimated costs that include exceeding requirements. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONTINGENCY PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders/ customer meeting, explaining about pros and cons of too exceeding requirements, for example, time consuming and higher budgets. </li></ul><ul><li>Consult a law firm/ department </li></ul>
    33. 40. Risks <ul><li>L. Human Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of labor during the harvesting season </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worker mob </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source some spare workers who are willing to work during the time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health check-up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate with workers and listen to them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rewarding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>24/ 7 work and resource plan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CONTINGENCY </li></ul><ul><li>PLANS </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Get spare workers from other sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider what the workers ask for, bring the issues to the stakeholder meeting, and discuss. </li></ul><ul><li>Compromising </li></ul>
    34. 41. Monitoring and Controlling Actual Progress Project Plan VS Variance Corrective Action Requirement Resources/ Cost Schedule Issues Risks
    35. 42. Major Changes <ul><li>Method of cable wiring </li></ul><ul><li>More budgets on incentives for workers during the harvesting season </li></ul>
    36. 43. Total Budgets Spent <ul><li>Real Budgets Spent* </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deck Lifting 88.5m THB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay Cable Wiring 198m THB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post-tensioning 155.73m THB </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total of 442.23 million Baht </li></ul>* Source : K. Yutapol Siewthaisong, the Project Manager of the project, from VSL Thailand.
    37. 45. References & Credits <ul><li> : </li></ul><ul><li>Bureau of Bridges Construction Department of Rural Roads : </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery Channel : </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering and Training Center : Steps of Industrial Ring Road Bridge Construction. </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Ring Road Bridge : </li></ul><ul><li>Structurae : http :// en . structurae . de / structures / data / index . cfm?ID = s0016774 </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand Engineering Journal : Cover Story: Industrial Ring Road Project . Year 59, Vol., 6, November-December 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>The VSL News Magazine : Issue One 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>VSL Thailand : and K. Yutapol Siewthaisong, the Project Manager of the project, from VSL Thailand. </li></ul>
    38. 46. T H A N K Y O U !