American Foreign Policy

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American Foreign Policy

  1. 1.  Issued by President Monroe – U.S. warned Western Europe to stay out of the Western Hemisphere  Up until the 1900 the U.S. did not get involved in foreign affairs outside the Western Hemisphere
  2. 2.  U.S. becomes a world player  Multi-polar world
  3. 3.  U.S. enters late in the war (1917)  After the war, the U.S. returns to isolationism
  4. 4.  U.S. attacked (Pearl Harbor, Dec. 1941)  After the war - bipolar world
  5. 5.  US v. USSR  NATO versus Warsaw Pact  Massive nuclear arms buildup  1946-1991  Truman Doctrine ◦ Policy of aiding countries fighting communism  Korean War  Vietnam War  Carter Doctrine ◦ Affirms U.S dependence on foreign oil
  6. 6.  War Power’s Resolution (1973)- ◦ Gives president greater authority to take military action ◦ Never been tested  Fear of US hegemony (spread of US power) ◦ China ◦ India ◦ Russia
  7. 7.  Collapse of the Soviet Union leaves the U.S. as dominant power  Unipolar world  Iraq invades Kuwait  Persian Gulf War- 1991  US forces Iraq out of Kuwait
  8. 8.  9/11/01 changed everything  Bush Doctrine  US. Policy to go aggressively after state sponsored terrorism ◦ unilateralism ◦ preemptive strike  Dept. of Homeland Security
  9. 9.  2003-US Invasion of Afghanistan & Iraq  Afghanistan had harbored Al-Qaeda  US felt Iraqi WMD threatened US

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