CBS Goes Green - Smarter Cities


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Presentation from the CBS Goes Green event at Copenhagen Business School. Covers Smarter Cities with emphasis on smarter buildings and infrastructure.

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  • Key Message: We’ve talked about citizen’s demand across all services and the challenges facing leaders to find solutions, to progress in a multitude of areas – all with the view towards superior service - but at the core – providing citizen’s a livable city and opportunities. This is achieved through delivering sustainable economic growth.Smarter cities are cities that place that focus on the citizen and in so doing drive sustainable economic growth. The harness technology to enable models of leadership that :Leveraging information to make better decisions, more informed decisions. Bring data and information together to bring them situational awarenessThey use this new found view and technology to find connections not seen before – to anticipate problems to resolve them proactively – often minimizing disruption to the citizen and avoid costly reactive measures.And finally they coordinating resources and processes to operate effectively. The situational awareness, this anticipation and the systematizing of business rules and policies allow for leaders to manage through situations in a collaborative and effective fashion – breaking down the silos that often exist and bring people and resources together for maximum valueThis approach can fundamentally increase the value that cities can generate for their citizens and enable innovation in the ways city leaders operate and put citizens at the center of decisions and investments.
  • CBS Goes Green - Smarter Cities

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    4. 4. Billions Zettabytes of RFID-tags embedded of Internet traffic into our world and IP-traffic exceeded 1 Zettabyte in across ecosystems 2011 – a 540.000x increase from 2003. Billions Petaflop of camera phones Super computers Scientists working to prevent influenza outbreaks, model the +2 billion viruses with a super-computer Internet-subscribers operating at one petaflop +20 billion Connected devices INSTRUMENTED INTERCONNECTED INTELLIGENT4 © 2012 IBM Corporation4
    5. 5. Erik Fischer The Geotaggers’ World Atlas: Copenhagen
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    7. 7. Our planet is a complex, dynamic and highly interrelated $54 Trillionsystem-of-systems This chart shows ‘systems‘ (not ‘industries‘) Communication Transportation $ 3.96 Tn $ 6.95 Tn Education $ 1.36 Tn Water $ 0.13 Tn Leisure / Recreation / Electricity Clothing $ 2.94 Tn $ 7.80 Tn Global system-of-systems $54 Trillion (100% of WW 2008 GDP) Healthcare $ 4.27 Tn Infrastructure Legend for system inputs $ 12.54 Tn Note: Same Industry 1. Size of bubbles represents Business Support systems’ economic values IT Systems 2. Arrows represent the strength of Energy Resources systems’ interaction Machinery Finance Food Govt. & Safety 1 Tn Materials Source: IBV analysis based on OECD $ 4.58 Tn $ 5.21 Tn Trade $ 4.89 Tn 7
    8. 8. IBM Sensor SolutionsSystem-of-Systems Definition: Understanding interrelationships is thenecessary basis for optimization System-of-Systems Definition: What are the most significant relationships amongst systems? Global transportation industry segments share, 2006 ILLUSTRATIVE Air Government Renewables Fossil Fuels Network Management Ship Road & Rail Trans Infra Power MRO Services Distributor Dealer Component manufacturers Rails Road Transportation Customer Suppliers OEM Air Infrastructure Industrial Ship Machinery Metals/ Materials Hi Tech Fuel Supply Fuel Station MRO Services Power Refineries Fossil Fuels Renewables Key factors restraining the systems: Core value chain participants Primary system interactions 1. Fuel wastage 2. Capacity constraints/wastage 3.Pollution & Efficiency Material Flow Information Flow Secondary system interaction 8 © 2011 IBM Corporation
    9. 9. 9 © 2012 IBM Corporation
    10. 10. IBM City-in-Motion analyses multi-modal-traffic in real-time10 © 2011 IBM Corporation
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    12. 12. Innovative leaders create opportunities from today’s harsh realities Sustainability Investment Innovation Community Declining Increasing Budgets Threats Aging Changing Infrastructure Populations12 © 2012 IBM Corporation
    13. 13. Working harder is not sustainable Cities require innovative approaches13 © 2012 IBM Corporation
    14. 14. Leaders must innovate across a myriad of services to meet and exceedcitizen expectations Planning and Management Design and execute a city Government and Agency Urban Planning Administration plan to realize full potential for citizens and business; while efficiently running Planning and daily operations Management Environmental Public Safety Infrastructure Deliver efficient fundamental Human city services that make a city Infrastructure livable for citizens. Social and Energy Health and Water Human Provide effective services Education Transportation that support the economic, social and health needs of citizens.14 © 2012 IBM Corporation
    15. 15. Smarter cities drive sustainable economic growth and deliver citizencentered services by… Leveraging information to Anticipating problems to make better decisions resolve them proactively Planning and Management Human Infrastructure Coordinating resources and processes to operate …to increase the value to the citizens they effectively serve in a rapidly changing economic and urban world15 © 2012 IBM Corporation
    16. 16. Fundamental thinking of the IOC The Power of the IOC is in the heart of its data structure management Issue: Many different domains have many different types of data standard. Solution: Select a data standard that can be mapped to all. 1st Degree Data Sensors Time / Date System Health Data Converter 2nd Degree Data Weather User Events Maintenance Intelligent Operations Center work Partners Services Engines 3rd Degree Data Alarms / Incidents Analytics17 © 2011 IBM Corporation
    17. 17. 1 2 2 Fire breaks out on same block1 Fire Hydrant is struck by a car Maintenance crew fill out a order which Will take 4 daysBring water Truck 3 Fire is reported 4 Alerts are sent to IOC along Extra Long Hose side the current city systems IOC see same time / same place correlation and updates fire house 5 Fire Truck gets better information18 © 2011 IBM Corporation On equipment choice
    18. 18. Innovative leadership in Rio de Janeiro transformed city operations  Initial focus - prevent deaths from annual flooding  Expanded to manage all emergency response situations  Analyzes weather, energy, building, transportation, & water data in real-time  Nationwide adoption in advance of Olympics and World Cup Increasing efficiency in resource deployment, expanding early warnings to 48 hours, and coordinating all agencies in response19 © 2011 IBM Corporation
    19. 19. Smarter Buildings on a Smarter PlanetThe need for efficiency in buildings is clear 2025 50% 2nd 2x By 2025, Up to 50% of Real estate is Data center buildings will be energy and the 2nd largest energy use the #1 water in expense on doubling consumer of buildings are the income every energy. often wasted. statement. 5 years.23 © 2011 IBM Corporation
    20. 20. Smarter Buildings on a Smarter PlanetThe benefits from improving building efficiency are real 40% 91% 18% rise in 65% of reduction occupancy productivity occupants Energy usage Higher building Employee Willing to help reduced by up usage and re- productivity make their to 40% and up rates in increased up to workplace more maintenance smarter 18% on environmentally cost 10-30%. buildings. average. responsible.24 © 2011 IBM Corporation
    21. 21. Smarter Buildings on a Smarter PlanetHow does a building operate today? Portfolio Water Energy Elevators Estates Mgmt Smart Meters, Smart Meters, Maintenance, Use / Flow Sensing Demand response Performance Weather Current Asset Mgmt Fire Predictions Lifecycle Functionality checks, HVAC Detector service Fans, Variable Air Energy Use Volume, Air Quality Passive/Active Emergency Services Facilities Management Processes Alerts, ActionsBuilding Services Interaction with Externalities Maintenance Utilities Occupancy Demand Mgmt, Space Mgmt Cost ControlTenant Services Help Desk Lighting Community Occupancy Sensing Services Waste Mgmt Access/Security Transportation,Trash/Water/Recycle Badge in, Traffic, Events Cameras, Integration 24/7 Monitoring Perimeter, Doors, Compliance Condition Monitoring, Floors, Occupancy Parking Lot Utilization CommercialEnvironmental reports Potential Advertisement Building SystemsIndustry Specific Hospital, hotel, etc. Building & Communications Services25 © 2011 IBM Corporation
    22. 22. Smarter Buildings on a Smarter Planet Analytics are a key component for managing smarter buildings 1. Sensing-Monitoring 2. Data Store Enterprise - Near real time data capture - Trending analysis Reporting from BMS - Data warehouse Feed - Sensors/feeds across domains - Meta data and business rules - Asset level performance monitoring Targeted data acquisition5. Sustainability & Reporting - Enterprise & Operational Dashboard - Drilldown capability - Alert Summary Meta-data model - Work Order Management Contextualization - Maintenance of optimized Interrelationships position (no back sliding) 3. Analytics - Alerting - Business Rule Trends - Computational modeling Statistics/Models - Creation of insights 4. Improvement Identified for Improvement that feed decisions - Optimized base-line energy use Improvement and actions - Process changes actions/projects - Maintenance and operations activity - Operational cost savings Feeds to other systems: - Capital cost avoidance Work Orders, Excel, - Reduced energy use Browser, Planning - Client satisfaction 26 © 2011 IBM Corporation
    23. 23. Smarter Buildings on a Smarter PlanetSmarter Buildings enable reliability, efficiency & sustainability Lower energy Improved operating Greater occupant safety & Higher Improved revenue costs efficiency satisfaction utilization performance Solution Sets Energy Management Operations Management Space Management Energy Consumption & Asset & Work Management Occupancy Management Optimization Portfolio Management Utilization Planning Carbon Management Facility Maintenance Space Optimization Greenhouse Gas Emissions Tracking Condition Monitoring Move Management Core Capabilities Building Condition-based Energy Operational Analytics Monitoring Optimization Optimization Work Order Reporting and Service Management Dashboards Requests Security27 © 2011 IBM Corporation
    24. 24. Thank you Kim Escherich IBM Global Business Services +45 2880 4733 @kescherich /in/escherich /escherich kescherich@gmail.com2