COMMERCIALIZATION OF BEEF
PRODUCTION AFTER THE FAST
TRACK LAND REFORM PROGRAM
IN ZIMBABWE: A CASE STUDY OF
NEW SETTLEMENTS...
The Fast Track Land Reforms resulted in a
radical transformation of the agricultural
sector:
3 000 mainly white commercial...
Revolutionary changes resulted in the break-
down of the beef industry since;
• by 1993, the commercial herd fell from
30%...
The process opened opportunities for
smallholder farmers to participate meaningfully
in the high value commodity chain
Sma...
Researchers from IRT undertook a Land and
Livelihoods study from 2007 to 2008.
Study covered Fast Track resettlement farms...
Thirteen youths were trained to conduct the
Land and Livelihoods survey
These enumerators visited individual farms
and com...
Criteria was used to determine the status of
the settlers to engage in commercial beef
production:
• Profiles of the ploth...
Profile of Settlers
Resettlement Model
Total
A1 A2 3-tier
Gender Male 152 118 353 623
Female 53 15 76 144
Age Group < 15 y...
Profile of Settlers
Resettlement Model
TotalA1 A2 3-tier
Level of
education
No education 22 5 30 57
Primary 55 84 198 337
...
Type of institution
Resettlement Model
Total
A1 A2 3-tier
Commodity
Associations
Yes 62 8 64 134
No 90 39 338 467
Irrigati...
Profile of Settlers
Resettlement Model
TotalA1 A2 3-tier
Methods of
castration
Do not castrate 33 8 5 46
Knife 22 36 45 10...
`
Profile of Settlers
Resettlement Model
TotalA1 A2 3-tier
Methods of
tick
removal
Do not use
anything
10 29 5 44
Apply ti...
Profile of Settlers
Resettlement Model
TotalA1 A2 3-tier
Number
of
functional
paddocks
Zero 9 39 192 240
1 to 5 86 74 39 1...
Profile of Settlers
Resettlement Model
TotalA1 A2 3-tier
Number of
cattle per
household
No cattle 16 8 97 121
1 to 5 63 13...
CONCLUSION
Urgent measures need to be taken to resuscitate
commercial beef production in Zimbabwe
Need to support the comm...
Commercialization of beef production after the fast track land reform program in Zimbabwe: A case study of new settlements...
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Commercialization of beef production after the fast track land reform program in Zimbabwe: A case study of new settlements in mangwe district.

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Presentation by Prof. Carroll Themba Khombe at the 5th All Africa conference on animal production, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 25-28 October 2010.

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Commercialization of beef production after the fast track land reform program in Zimbabwe: A case study of new settlements in mangwe district.

  1. 1. COMMERCIALIZATION OF BEEF PRODUCTION AFTER THE FAST TRACK LAND REFORM PROGRAM IN ZIMBABWE: A CASE STUDY OF NEW SETTLEMENTS IN MANGWE DISTRICT. Prof. Carroll Themba Khombe Institute for Rural Technologies, 49 J. Tongogara, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, October 25-28, 2010
  2. 2. The Fast Track Land Reforms resulted in a radical transformation of the agricultural sector: 3 000 mainly white commercial farmers ceded the land to about 20 000 black farmers • Collapse of commercial agriculture • Human Rights violations • Food insecurity • Economic callaspe • Targetted sanctions • Widthdrawal from the World Bank and IMF
  3. 3. Revolutionary changes resulted in the break- down of the beef industry since; • by 1993, the commercial herd fell from 30% to 7 % of the national herd; • high level commodity chains collapsed because of reduced supply and demand • massive unemployment and economic collapse
  4. 4. The process opened opportunities for smallholder farmers to participate meaningfully in the high value commodity chain Smallholder farmers were settled in larger land holdings in villagised commercial settlements Home steads Fields Communal Pastures Livestock Home stead Communal Pastures Livestock Fields Draught Animals Milking Cows Finishing Animals to the Market Villagise d A1 model Individualise d A2 model 3-Tier model Additional grazing
  5. 5. Researchers from IRT undertook a Land and Livelihoods study from 2007 to 2008. Study covered Fast Track resettlement farms in Mangwe district: • 15 villagised resettlement areas (A1 model) of Marula ward (364 households) • 5 farms in Marula ward & 8 farms in Empandeni ward (A2 model with 169 families • 13 farms acquired for grazing for communal areas (3-tier model with 667 families)
  6. 6. Thirteen youths were trained to conduct the Land and Livelihoods survey These enumerators visited individual farms and completed the questionnaire through holding one-on-one interviews with the plotholders. The data collected was analysed using SPSS.
  7. 7. Criteria was used to determine the status of the settlers to engage in commercial beef production: • Profiles of the plotholders • Formation of farmer organizations • Level of application of improved beef husbandry practices • Availability of infrastructure to enhance beef production • Type and numbers of cattle available in the farms.
  8. 8. Profile of Settlers Resettlement Model Total A1 A2 3-tier Gender Male 152 118 353 623 Female 53 15 76 144 Age Group < 15 years 4 0 2 6 15 to 65 years 186 113 317 616 >65 years 10 21 113 144 Responses given for profiles of individuals that were resettled in the Fast Track Resettlement Program in Mangwe District
  9. 9. Profile of Settlers Resettlement Model TotalA1 A2 3-tier Level of education No education 22 5 30 57 Primary 55 84 198 337 Secondary 48 41 123 212 Certificate 7 6 21 34 Employment status Not employed 79 63 256 396 Employed 62 41 77 180 Self employed 60 31 97 188 Responses given for profiles of individuals that were resettled in the Fast Track Resettlement Program in Mangwe District
  10. 10. Type of institution Resettlement Model Total A1 A2 3-tier Commodity Associations Yes 62 8 64 134 No 90 39 338 467 Irrigation Committees Yes 52 16 82 150 No 115 32 324 471 Cooperative Projects Yes 90 7 93 190 No 80 39 313 432 Number of respondents that were aware about the existence of farmers’ groupings to exploit economies of scale
  11. 11. Profile of Settlers Resettlement Model TotalA1 A2 3-tier Methods of castration Do not castrate 33 8 5 46 Knife 22 36 45 103 Burdizzo 92 78 340 510 Method of animal identification No identification 12 0 0 12 Paint 0 5 3 8 Branding 57 94 193 344 Ear notching /tag 14 1 2 17 Methods of deworming No dosing 26 1 89 116 Bottle 62 41 220 323 Medicine applicator 16 11 21 48 Responses received about the application of improved livestock husbandry practices in the resettlement areas.
  12. 12. ` Profile of Settlers Resettlement Model TotalA1 A2 3-tier Methods of tick removal Do not use anything 10 29 5 44 Apply tick grease 4 16 38 58 Apply pour-on acaricide 1 0 1 2 Plunge dip 130 56 317 503 Spray race 12 25 6 43 Other methods 1 0 32 33 Method of Do not wean 39 11 300 350 Separation 28 15 19 62 Responses received about the application of improved livestock husbandry practices in the resettlement areas.
  13. 13. Profile of Settlers Resettlement Model TotalA1 A2 3-tier Number of functional paddocks Zero 9 39 192 240 1 to 5 86 74 39 199 5 to 10 66 3 72 71 10 to 15 37 0 40 77 Above 15 0 0 2 2 Number of functional None 38 78 248 364 1 138 40 94 272 2 18 0 3 21 Livestock infrastructure that is available in the resettlement Areas
  14. 14. Profile of Settlers Resettlement Model TotalA1 A2 3-tier Number of cattle per household No cattle 16 8 97 121 1 to 5 63 13 29 105 6 to 10 13 8 60 81 11 to 15 5 7 32 44 16 to 20 7 4 20 31 >25 7 16 36 59 Major cattle breeds Indigenous 43 19 87 149 Exotic 6 1 11 18 Mixed 13 2 75 90 Response showing cattle holdings in the resettlement areas
  15. 15. CONCLUSION Urgent measures need to be taken to resuscitate commercial beef production in Zimbabwe Need to support the commodity chains that create employment and revenue. Recommended that investments should be made in the following areas: • restocking the new farms using adapted high yielding breeds • strengthening farmers-driven commodity associations • establishing linkages with high value markets

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