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Preliminary Findings PDC 2015


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Preliminary findings from the Planetary Defense Conference 2015 as presented to media at ESA/ESRIN, 16 April 2015.

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Preliminary Findings PDC 2015

  1. 1. 2015 IAA Planetary Defense Conference: Preliminary Findings William Ailor Richard Tremayne-Smith Conference Chairmen
  2. 2. Moving Forward (1) • Increased recognition of NEO threat – Increased funding for discovery and deflection/disruption – Research yielding good results; strong focus on smaller objects – Studies ongoing on all aspects of planetary defense • International coordination moving forward – Two UN-Recommended groups established and holding initial meetings • Space Mission Planning Advisory Group (SMPAG) • International Asteroid Warning Network (IAWN) • Asteroid disaster exercises in the U.S., Europe • Well-developed proposals for asteroid deflection attempt against moon of small asteroid (ESA’s AIM mission)
  3. 3. Moving Forward (2) • Increasing efforts to understand effects of asteroid topography and motion on effectiveness of deflection • Results provided guidance for selecting deflection techniques for short warning times – Kinetic impactor – Nuclear explosive • Examinations of means to enhance effectiveness of deflection efforts – Multiple kinetic impactors – Combined kinetic impactor & nuclear explosive • New mission design tool available for public use
  4. 4. Threat Response Exercise • Highlighting need for coordination among international disaster response agencies (need to create Impact Disaster Planning Advisory Group (IDPAG)?) • Uncovering political, other concerns relating to evolution of and response to asteroid threat • Many attendees support for use of nuclear explosives for assuring deflection of short warning threats