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ESA Malargue media factsheet


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Fact sheet and background information on the inauguration of ESA's new 35m tracking station, Malargüe, Argentina. Includes links to HD video & hi-res image downloads. ES version via

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ESA Malargue media factsheet

  1. 1. MEDIA FACT SHEET DSA 3 Ma T alargüe 10 December 20 012Contact for addition informat t nal ationESA – EEuropean Sp pace Agency yESOC – European SSpace Opera ations Centr reCorporat Communications Off te ficeRobert-Bosch-Str. 564293 DDarmstadt, GermanyTel: +49 6151 90 2516 9 2 mmunication@esa.intesoc.comSee link to images video and more infor ks s, d ormation on last pageBackgro oundThe Deccember 2012 inaugurat ation at Malargüe, Arge tion of a new satellite tracking sta entina,marks the completion of the E European Sppace Agency trio of de y’s eep-space aantenna (DSSA)stations and confirms ESA as one of the world’s mos technologically adva s w st anced spaceeorganisa ations.Joining DSA 1, New Norcia, Au w ustralia, and DSA 2, Ceb d breros, Spai DSA 3 M in, Malargüe pro ovidesthe final leg in 360 circumfer 0° rential cover rage for dee ep-space prrobes, typica operatin well ally ngbeyond 2 million km from Eart where co m th, ommunicati ions require highly accu e urate mecha anicalpointing and calibra g ation.The thre DSA stat ee tions are eq quipped with 35 m-diammeter parabbolic dishes that provid the deincrease range an data tran ed nd nsmission sp peed require for prese and futu explorat ed ent ure tionmissions, such as M Mars Expres Venus Ex ss, xpress, Rosetta, Hersch Planck, Gaia, Euclid hel, d,BepiColo ombo, Solar Orbiter and Juice. r adio science experiments, allowing scientists to study theThey als have facilities for ra so g eristics of matter throu which the spacecracharacte m ugh aft–ground communication signals travel. sToday a in the fu and uture, satellites and robotic probe are exploring deep in space, v es nto visitingalien wo orlds to gatther and ret turn increasing amount of crucial data. These missions are tshelping scientists u understand the origins and evolution of our SSun, the planets, astero and oidsmoons, the formati of our S ion Solar System and the possibilities of life exist m ting elsewhere.This in t turn require ESA’s Eur es ropean Traccking (ESTRAACK) netwo to expan capacity, develop ork ndnew staation technoology, shift to higher bit rates and frequencie improve communica d es, ationprotocols and inves in assets and infrast st tructure tha support o planned missions, a while at our allcooperaating with other agencies, boosting efficiencie and cost effectiveness for all. es 1
  2. 2. eTimelineIn 1998 ESA decid to estab 8, ded blish its own network f tracking deep-space probes to cope for ewith the expected rapid rise in the number of interplanetary mi e n issions. The aim was t e toestablis three terr sh restrial stat tions about 120° apart in longitud to provide continuou t de uscoverage as Earth rotated.ESA’s first station, DSA 1, was completed in 2002 in Australia. DSA 2, in Spain, was s d ncomplet in 2005. ted .With its new statio ESA be s ons, ecame indep pendent of NNASA’s Dee Space Ne ep etwork forcontrolli its deep ing p-space missions. However, both a agencies reccognised the value of t trackingand conntrolling NAS satellites by ESA stations and vice versa, in addition to having m SA s morereliable control of t their own sa atellites. Se eparate but interoperab network are also a ble ks anadvanta in the event of sate age ellite emerggencies or s station malf function.ESTRAC DSA stati CK tions and Ma alargüe cons nstruction 1998 ESA decides to esttablish its o own networ for trackin deep-spa rk ng ace spacecr to cope with the expected rap rise in th number of raft pid he anetary missions. Aim is to establish three te interpla errestrial sta ations 120º apart in long gitude to pro ovide contin nuous cover rage as Eart th rotates. 05/03 3/2003 Inauguration of DS 1, ESA’s first 35m d SA deep space station, at New Norcia, Western Australia. 28/09 9/2005 Inauguration of DS 2, ESA’s second 35m deep spa station, in SA m ace Cebrero Spain. os, 22 Ju 2009 un Site near the city of Malargüe Mendoza Province, A o e, Argentina, seelected for DSA 3 station after extens assessm A a sive ment of opt tions in Argentina and Chiile. Jan 2 2010 Start of DSA 3 con f nstruction at the ‘bare-ground’ site 45 km by road t e, y from Malargüe (30 km line of sight). 0 Jan 2 2010 –Dec Constru uction underrway, includding concret foundatio main antenna te on, 2011 support structure, installation of antenna servo mec t n a chanism, sit te services (water, po s ower, teleco links), ro om oadway, fen no-brea nce, ak power plant and security fenc cing/lighting g 07/12 2/2011 Lifting into place of 35 m-diam o meter, 100- -tonne antenna reflecto dish or 2
  3. 3. 6/2012 14/06 First receipt of signals from M Mars Express, orbiting t Red Planet 193 the million km from Ea arth. Sep-O 2012 Oct Regular test comm r munication links with ESA’s Venus Express, Mars Express Herschel, Planck and NASA’s Kepler spacecraft; Kepler is a s, biting mission located a Sun-orb about 1 AU (150 mn km from Ear m) rth. Nov 2 2012 Final te echnical checks of DSA 3 station fu unctions and internal h hand- over to ESA’s Miss Operati sion ions Department from the Ground System Engineering Departm 1 ms ment Dec 2 2012 Formal inauguratio on Early 2013 DSA 3 e entry into routine serviceOperatio onsLike all stations in the ESTRAC network, the DSA st CK , tations are remote con ntrolled from the mEuropea Space Op an perations Ce entre (ESOC, Darmstadt Germany). , t,They can track missions opera ated by ESA by other E A, European ag gencies or b NASA and by dinternat tional partners due to E ESA’s suppo for the d ort developmen and adopt nt tion ofinternat tionally reco ognised tech hnical stand dards.Overall, all stations in the EST s work provides over 44 0 hours per year of tracking TRACK netw 000services supporting multiple E and ext s, ESA ternal missions.Station technical profileFuture ddeep-space missions w generate increasing quantities of data from hundreds of will e g smillions of kilometr requirin much hig res, ng gher frequen ncies to incr rease data t transmissio oncapacity For this re y. eason, ESA has added Ka-band sig recepti capacity at both Ce gnal ion y ebreros(DSA 2) and Malarg (DSA 3), significant improvin the capab güe tly ng bilities of th Agency’s he snetworkk.DSA 3 is also ready to receive K-band (25 s y 5.5–27 GHz) for future missions re ) equiring the high edata rat available in that ba thanks t the large bandwidt This is cu tes e and to er th. urrently und derstudy fo the Euclid mission. D stations also use S or d DSA s S-band (DSA 1) and X-b A band (DSA 1 DSA 2 1,and DSA 3) transmitters of up to 20 kW for sending telecomma A f ands to space.1The desiign, architectu engineerin maintenan and indust ure, ng, nce trial cooperati for all ESA tracking stations is ion Adone by th Ground Sy he ystems Engineering Departm ment at ESA/E ESOC, Darmst tadt. 3
  4. 4. Low Noise Amplifie cooled to 15 degree Kelvin (-2 Celsius) enable rec ers es 258 ) ceipt of ultra-weaksignals from deep s space. Atom clocks allow for ver precise ra mic ry adiometric measurements, mnecessa to precis locate a guide space probes ary sely and s. mple, the approximate strength of the signal from NASA Mars Science Lab (MFor exam As MSL)mission that was ttracked by E ESAs 35m ddeep space station at N New Norcia, Australia, on 6 ,August 2012, was 0.00000000 003162 millliWatt. A ty ypical 3G smmartphone transmits at 125 t gentina statmilliWatt! (The Arg tion has not tably better sensitivity than New Norcia.)DSA 3 t technical pro ofile Statio name: on DSA 3 Malargüe Locattion: 30 km south of M m Malargüe cit Mendoza Province, ty, a Argentina; 1000 k west of Buenos Air km res Contr centre: rol Operated remotely from the European S Space Operaations Centre (ESOC), Da e armstadt, Germany. Loc contract cal t engine team pr eer rovided by Telespazio A T Argentina, a subsid diary of Tele espazio (Fin nmeccanica//Thales), will work on site to perform routine maintenance and local m m operattions. Anten reflecto diameter: nna or 35 m Heigh ht: 40 m Maxim mum speed or rotation d n 1 degree/second and e elevation (any axis): Point ting accurac cy: Within 6 millideg n grees Mass total: s, 2520 tonnes t Mass moving an s, ntenna: 610 toonnes Trans smit: One 20 kW powe amplifier enables tra er ansmission oof signals hundreds of millions of km into space. Othe er ampliffiers provide 2kW and 500 W of radio frequency (RF) e power r. Recei sensitivi ive ity: Low NNoise Amplif fiers cooled to 15 degr rees Kelvin (-258 Celsius) enable reeceipt of ult gnals from deep tra-weak sig space..ConstructionOn 22 June 2009, ESA informe Argentine authorities that an area 30 km s E ed e south of the town eof Malargüe in Menndoza provin about 1 nce, 1200 km west of Buen Aires, ha been cho nos as osen asthe best option to build a new 35-metre antenna in support of its program t w mmes. 4
  5. 5. The agrreement to build and exxploit the station was signed with Argentina on 16 November h a2009, fo a planned duration o 50 years. The agreem or d of ment contains benefits facilities a s, andservices to be prov s vided by Arg gentina. In exchange, E will ma available to Argentina ESA ake e10% of the antenn time for their nation scientific projects in space. f na nal c nThe Com misión Nacio de Actividades Esp onal paciales (CO sponsible, on the Argen ONAE) is res ntineanside, for the implem r mentation o the agree of ement. CONA is also re AE esponsible for coordina f ating atnational level the u of the 1 use 10% of ante enna time a provided in the agre as eement.Construction began in January 2010, and the station was subst n y tantially com mplete in Sp pring2012. The first test signals fro Mars Express, orbit t om ting the Red Planet 193 million km from d 3 mEarth, w were receive on 14 June 2012. edESA has worked with an international and local natio industr consorti s onal rial ium forconstrucction of eac of the thr DSA sta ch ree ations, perm truction to be adapted to local mitting constconditio in the th ons hree countri ies.At Malargüe, construction of the antenna and related equipmen was contracted to SE d nt EDSystems (Canada) and Vertex Antennente s a echnik (Germmany).The industrial cons olved in the DSA 3 project include: sortium invo :  Construction of the ant n tenna and r related integgration was contracted to SED Sys s d stems (Canada) an Vertex An nd ntennentech (Germa hnik any)  European inndustry invoolved in the project include Actia S Sodielec (FR Callisto (F R), FR), Esteyco (ES Femto (FR), Mirad (C NDSatco (DE), Tim S), CH), om metech (DE) T4Science (CH), ), e Weiss Klimatechnik (DE) and many others W  A local indu ortium constructed the buildings, i ustrial conso infrastructure and ancillary equipment, comprising Carlucci, Pa g ascual Caseetta, Alcatraz, Desarrolladora Mont teverdi (all AR) and others d  T station’s power plant was bu by Distro The uilt ocuyo (AR)  Telespazio Argentina c T contributed to the site location sel vided early services lection, prov upport and local su alFinanciaIn 2009 the overall budget w set at approximately €45 million to be ex 9, was xpended ove a erfour-yea period inc ar cluding cons struction an commissioning. ndThis tim period co me overs obtain ning the land; building the antenna the terminal and the a, enecessa local ope ary eration room installin the site u ms; ng utilities, incl -break power plant luding a no-and redundant tele ecom links; a and, bringin the statio into operation. ng on 5
  6. 6. nLocationThe station is locat 30 km s ted south of the town of M e Malargüe in Mendoza pr rovince, abo 1200 outkm wes of Buenos Aires. st sThe cooordinates of the 35m an ntenna are 35° 46 33. .63" South ( (35.776° So outh), 69° 2 2353.51" WWest (69.39 West), and the sta 98° ation is sited at 1550 m metres abov sea level See: ve lhttp://g Arg rgentina?With DS 1 in Aust SA tralia and D 2 in Spa it was a DSA ain, always clea that DSA 3 had to be built ar esomewhhere in an A American longitude to o obtain 360° coverage. °DSA sta ations also w work togeth to imple her ement highly accurate l location-fixing techniqu and ues,these w work best when the sta w ations involv are as f apart as possible. ved far sThere wwere also teechnical considerations: the station had to be as far awa from mob : n ay bile-phone-u using popula ossible to avoid radio interference there should be no lo ations as po e, ocal interference and the site had to pterrain i e, provide the necessary power and other utilities. pCanada was consid dered, since it is a Coop perating Sta within E ate ESA, but posssible locati ionswere qu unfavou uite urable in ter of radio propagation and visib rms o bility – and NASA alrea has adyspare tr racking capa acity in Nort America, so it made little sense to build m th e more.For a nu ategic reaso ESA narrowed the options down to Chile and umber of legal and stra ons,Argentin In 2008 na. 8-09, the Aggency active assessed sites in bo countrie ely d oth es.Ultimate Argentina’s Malarg site was selected a offering t best balance between ely, güe s as thethese fa actors. Furth the nat her, orities agree to provide a long-term lease on the tional autho ed nland and the requir radio fre d red equencies fo the proje or ected 50-yea station life span. arFurther information nJocelyne Landeau-C e ConstantinESA/ESO Corporate Communication office OC eRobert-Bosch-Str. 564293 DDarmstadt, GermanyTel: +49 6151 90 2516 9 2esoc.commmunication@esa.inttel: +49 (0) 6151 90 2516Links, v video (HD), images – ne page i ext 6
  7. 7. Comisión Nacional de Actividades Es A spaciales (CON NAE)http://ww html uture ESA dee space missions: http://wCurrent/fu ep Our_Activities/ /Space_Science/Mission_nav vigatorAbout the ESTRACK ne e etwork:http://ww ur_Activities/O Operations_Sit tuational_Awa areness/ESTRA ACK_tracking_ _stationsMalargüe images in Fli ickr: http://bit argüe brochure (PDF): http:/ESA Mala e // k2012Video clip (HD) ps 2.3GB - inc multiple short clips px cl.  A Antenna lifting December 2 2011  S Scenes of stattion training a testing 20 and 012 4535.MOV 1.6 6GB 4548.MOV 1.4 4GB 4559.MOV 2.4 4GB  Interview (EN &ES) w station en ws with ngineersESTRACK ground statio network profile video (do on ownload or em mbed)http://ws sn.spaceflight. mm&id=437Malargüe inauguration video trailer (HD) – will be posted in ES YouTube ~1 Dec: e SA 14 om/esaAdditiona HD footage and hi-res im al mages available via the ESA/ le A/ESOC Corpora Communic ate cation mmunication@ @esa.intRecent hi highlight news on ESTRACK sFostering Curiosity: Ma Express relays rocky ima g ars ageshttp://ww ur_Activities/O Operations_Sit tuational_Awa areness/Fostering_Curiosity y_Mars_Expres ss_relays_rocky_imaagesESA spacecraft records crucial NASA signals from Mars s bout_Us/ESOC/ESA_spacecra aft_records_cr rucial_NASA_s signals_from_ _Mars cking station rGiant trac readies for op peration Operations_Sit tuational_Awa areness/Giant_ _tracking_stat tion_readies_f for_operationESA’s new tracking sta w ation gets ready in the Arge entinian deser rthttp://blo cketscience/20012/11/04/esas-new-tracking-station-ge ets-ready-in-th he-argentinian n-desert/ 7