Physical features of latin america


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Physical features of latin america

  1. 1. PhysicalFeatures of Latin America Mrs. Sample 6th Grade Social Studies
  2. 2. Latin America is divided into three regions:• Mexico and Central America• Caribbean• South America
  3. 3. Mexico and Central America• 2,500 miles (about as wide as the US)• Central Plateau in Mexico o lies between Sierra Madre mountains and makes up more than half the country’s area• Central America is an Isthmus. o isthmus = a narrow strip of land that has water on both sides and joins two larger bodies of land o Many Volcanoes in Central America- as a result, their soil is fertile and many people farm.
  4. 4. Mexican Plateau
  5. 5. Gulf of Mexico• bordered by the US to the north, five Mexican states to the south, and Cuba to the east• Arm of the Atlantic Ocean• Mississippi River & Rio Grande empty into the Gulf of Mexico
  6. 6. Sierra Madre Mountains
  7. 7. Sierra Madre Mountains• mountain system in Mexico• three major chains: the Sierra Madre Occidental in the west, the Sierra Madre Oriental in the east, and the Sierra Madre del Sur, which extends along the southern coast o The Sierra Madre range contains some of the highest mountains and volcanoes in Mexico.
  8. 8. Sierra Madre Mountains
  9. 9. Mexico and Central America
  10. 10. Panama Canal
  11. 11. Panama Canal• canal across the isthmus of Panama in Central America o allows vessels to travel between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans• handles a large volume of world shipping and enables vessels to avoid traveling around South America, reducing their voyages by thousands of miles and many days. o consists of artificially created lakes, channels, and a series of locks, or water-filled chambers, that raise and lower ships through the mountainous terrain of central Panama
  12. 12. Panama Canal
  13. 13. Caribbean Sea
  14. 14. Caribbean• small islands are made of coral o skeletons of tiny sea animals, rock- like substance• larger islands are tops of underwater mountains o examples: Cuba, Jamaica
  15. 15. Caribbean Sea• partially enclosed on the north and east by the islands of the West Indies, and bounded on the south by South America and Panama, and on the west by Central America• a major trade route for Latin American countries• a popular resort area—noted for its mild tropical climate and beautiful waters
  16. 16. Caribbean Sea
  17. 17. Andes Mountains
  18. 18. Andes Mountains• Andes Mountains—4,500 miles along west coast o They rise at some points to 20,000 feet— same height as twenty 100 story buildings stacked on top of each other o 2nd largest mountains; Himalayas are the 1st• highlands east of the Andes• Amazon River Basin—contains the largest tropical rain forest (Amazon Rain Forest) in the world; covers 1/3 of the continent
  19. 19. Andes
  20. 20. Atacama Desert
  21. 21. Atacama Desert• Atacama Desert (Chile)—one of the driest places on earth; very little rainfall o between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains
  22. 22. Atacama Desert
  23. 23. Amazon River
  24. 24. Amazon River &• Rainforestthe largest Amazon River Basin—contains tropical rain forest (Amazon Rain Forest) in the world; covers 1/3 of the continent• Rivers serve as natural highways where it’s hard to build roads o provide food and hydroelectric power• Amazon River—2nd largest river in the world (1st--Nile River) o 4,000 miles from Peru across to Atlantic Ocean o contains 20% of all fresh water in the world
  25. 25. Amazon from Space
  26. 26. Amazon Rain Forest