Influence on Latin America Social Studies Latin America
Language• As the Spanish and Portuguese conquered indigenous people, they spread their language.• The Spanish language is still in use in the lands claimed and ruled by Spain. This includes most of Central and South America as well as the Caribbean Islands.• Portuguese is the official language of Brazil.• Portugal rules Brazil from 150ss until 1822.
Language• Because Brazil is such a large country in area and population, almost as many people in Latin America speak Portuguese as Spanish• Europeans spread their language across Latin America• Spanish and Portuguese were the official languages• They were the languages of government, business, and power.• To be successful, people in these regions had to know these languages.
Languages• Other languages did not die.• The indigenous people of Central and South America moved into mountains and jungle.• Many of their languages were preserved.• Quechua, language of the Incas, is still spoken by 10 million people in western South America.• African languages survived in some places.• Haitian Creole is a blend of French and African languages• However, Spanish and Portuguese are still the official languages especially in relation to government, business and culture.
Religion• Replaced polytheism with the Catholic Religion• The Catholic Church played a role in expanding the Spanish language as well as the religion• During the colonial period, the governments of Spain and Portugal paid for missionaries to go to the new world.• Church outposts were where Indians learned the Spanish language and the Spanish way of life.• Over time, the Spanish language and Catholic religion led to a new culture in Latin America.
Religions• Priests, friars, and monks set up missions all over Latin America.• Their job was to convert the indigenous population.• They also ministered to the Europeans who moved to the area.• The governments of Spain and Portugal supported the missionaries with money to build churches.• The governments sometimes supported with protection from the army.
Religions• The indigenous people were often forced to say they were accepting Christianity.• Sometimes they accepted Christianity easily and other times they rebelled against it.• However, many continued to practice their own traditional beliefs.• Some people mixed their traditional beliefs with beliefs of the Catholic Church.
Today• Spanish is the primary language of Latin America.• Portuguese remains the official language of Brazil.• Catholicism is still the most widespread religion in the region.
Q1: Which two countries contributed most to the languages of Latin America?A. England and SpainB. Spain and PortugalC. France and PortugalD. England and Portugal
Q2: Spanish and Portuguese are important to Latin America because they are____________?A. The only official languagesB. The two main spoken languagesC. Spoken by everyone in Latin AmericaD. Understood by government workers and businessmen
Q3: What is the most common religion in Latin America?A. CreoleB. AymaraC. QuechuaD. Roman Catholic
Q4: How did the Spanish governmenthave an influence on the spread of the Roman Catholic Church in the New World?A. The Catholic Church controlled SpainB. Spanish royalty didn’t support the Catholic ChurchC. It paid to build missions to bring Christianity to the native populationD. Churches from other parts of the world did not send missionaries to the New World