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Odyssey Books 18-24 Summaries


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Odyssey Books 18-24 Summaries

  1. 1. The Odyssey<br />Books 18-24 Summaries<br />By Erin Salona<br />
  2. 2. Book 18<br />Iros, a real beggar, orders Odysseus to leave the hall<br />Iros challenges Odysseus to a fight<br />Athena secretly helps Odysseus look bigger and scare Iros<br />The suitors are impressed and offer Odysseus, the beggar, food<br />Odysseus, the beggar, warns them Odysseus will return soon<br />Melantho, the disloyal maid, insults Odysseus<br />
  3. 3. Book NINETEENPenelope, the Beggar, and the Nurse<br />Odysseus and Telemachus discuss their strategy to kill the suitors<br />Odysseus wants to test the loyalty of Penelope and her maids<br />The maids have not been loyal and have been helping the suitors<br />
  4. 4. Book 19<br />Odysseus, the beggar, and Penelope sit and talk, and she tells him of her problems: how she misses her husband and how she doesn’t want to remarry <br />Odysseus, the beggar, tells a story about his identity and how he met Odysseus and he praises him<br />
  5. 5. Book NINETEENPenelope, the Beggar, and the Nurse<br />Penelope cries upon hearing about her husband<br />Odysseus decides that Penelope passed the loyalty test<br />Odysseus, the beggar, tells her that Odysseus is sailing home<br />Penelope is hopeful and asks Eurycleia to wash his feet<br />
  6. 6. Book NINETEENPenelope, the Beggar, and the Nurse<br />Eurycleia tells Odysseus, the beggar, that he is a lot like Odysseus<br />Then Eurycleia sees the scar on his leg from a boar’s tusk injury on Mt. Parnassus. <br />Eurycleia recognizes Odysseus.<br />Odysseus swears Eurycleia to secrecy <br />
  7. 7. Book Twenty<br />Odysseus imagines killing the suitors as he tries to sleep<br />The suitors are sleeping with maids in his home<br />Athena assures Odysseus he will defeat the suitors; she will protect him<br />
  8. 8. Book Twenty<br />Penelope is so miserable she asks the goddess Artemis to make her die<br />Odysseus hears Penelope crying and he prays to Zeus to give her a sign that he is home<br />Zeus sends thunder<br />The suitors still plot to kill Telemachus<br />
  9. 9. Book Twenty<br />The suitors continue to abuse Odysseus, the beggar<br />Telemachus threatens them for bothering the beggar<br />The suitors insist Penelope choose a suitor to marry<br />Telemachus says he will not force his mother to marry<br />Blood from animals they eat streams from their mouths– an omen of death<br />
  10. 10. Book Twenty-ONEThe Test of the Great Bow<br />Penelope tells the suitors that she will marry the one who can bend, string, and shoot Odysseus’s special hunting bow through 12 ax handles.<br />This contest takes place on a festival day for Apollo, the god of archery <br />
  11. 11. Book Twenty-One<br />Nobody can work Odysseus’sbow.<br />Odysseus asks the cowherd Philoetiusand the swineherd Eumaeus to help him <br />Odysseus tells them that they were the only men who missed him <br />
  12. 12. Book Twenty-ONEThe Test of the Great Bow<br />Odysseus will give the cowherd and swineherd wives, cattle, and homes if they help him kill the suitors <br />Odysseus shows them his scar to prove himself<br />Odysseus tells them to lock himself and all the suitors in the room when he picks up the bow<br />Penelope allows Odysseus, the beggar, to test the bow<br />
  13. 13. Book Twenty-ONEThe Test of the Great Bow<br />Telemachus has removed the suitors’ weapons from the hall <br />Odysseus, the beggar, strings the bow and shoots it through the axe holes <br />Telemachus straps on his <br /> armor <br />The fighting with the suitors begins in the next book.<br />
  14. 14. Book TWENTY-TWODeath at the Palace<br />*This is the climax.<br />Odysseus takes off his beggar rags.<br />Odysseus must fight more than 100 suitors<br />He attacks Antinous, the meanest, first, and shoots an arrow into his neck.<br />
  15. 15. Book TWENTY-TWODeath at the Palace<br />The suitors run around, looking for their weapons and cursing Odysseus.<br />Odysseus accuses the suitors of such things as: “using” his maids and trying to marry his wife<br />The suitors, of course, don’t believe he is Odysseus<br />Eurymachus blames the suitors’ actions on Antinous’ commands <br />
  16. 16. Book TWENTY-TWODeath at the Palace<br />Eurymachus tells Odysseus that he and the suitors will give him gifts if he lets them go<br />Odysseus replies, “There will be killing till the score is paid.” <br />Telemachus, Eumaeus, and Philoetius help Odysseus kill the suitors<br />Athena’s shield comes to life, and she, disguised as Mentor, helps kill the suitors<br />All suitors are killed by the end of the battle.<br />
  17. 17. Book TWENTY-TWODeath at the Palace<br />The goatheardMelanthiuswho has insulted Odysseus, tries to bring the suitors’ weapons to the hall. Eumaeus & Philoetius string him up alive. <br />Odysseus rounds up the disloyal maids, forces them to clean up the mess of dead bodies, and then Telemachus hangs them<br />One suitor is even killed & fed to the dogs!<br />
  18. 18. Book TWENTY-THREEOdysseus and Penelope<br />Eurycleia announces Odysseus’s return to Penelope.<br />Penelope suspects a trick from the gods and decides to test Odysseus<br />Telemachus chides her for doubting Odysseus’s identity <br />She tells Telemachus that she and Odysseus share secret signs<br />Odysseus tells Telemachus & the servants to stage a fake wedding feast so that nobody suspects the massacre<br />
  19. 19. Book TWENTY-THREEOdysseus and Penelope<br />Odysseus is made handsome by Athena<br />Odysseus tells Eurycleia to prepare a couch for him to sleep upon<br />Penelope tells the nurse to carry their marriage bed out for him to sleep on—words meant to test her husband<br />Odysseus becomes upset because the bed was built around an olive tree that serves as a bedpost– it can’t be moved unless another man had sawed the post from the trunk<br />
  20. 20. Book TWENTY-THREEThe Marriage Bed<br />
  21. 21. Book TWENTY-THREEOdysseus and Penelope<br />Odysseus passes Penelope’s test and they embrace.<br />Athena delays the sunrise so the couple can spend more time together<br />Odysseus plans to travel to his father Laertes’ house and to seek revenge upon the suitors’ families. <br />
  22. 22. Book TWENTY-FOUROdysseus and His Father<br />The ghosts of the suitors drift to the Underworld with Hermes’ help.<br />Odysseus goes to see his elderly father Laertes, but pretends to be a traveler who entertained Odysseus 5 years ago.<br />When Laertes begins to cry, Odysseus reveals himself, knowing his father is loyal <br />He proves his identity by showing his leg scar & discussing childhood memories.<br />
  23. 23. Book TWENTY-FOUROdysseus and His Father<br />Odysseus, Telemacus, Laertes, and other loyal men eat together.<br />Athena makes Laertes look younger.<br />A battle erupts between the suitors’ families and the Ithacans; the families are furious due to the loss of the suitors<br />Laertes kills Antinous’ father Eupithes<br />
  24. 24. Book Twenty-Four<br />Athena, under Zeus’ command, makes Odysseus call off the battle, and everyone lived happily ever after.<br />
  25. 25. The End<br />