French republic

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  • French republic

    1. 1. The French Republic
    2. 2. National Convention Left Center Right Jacobins - no definite views Girondins - George-Jacques - later favored the - feared Danton Jacobin position domination by -Maximilien Paris Robespierre - Jean-Paul Marat - republicans who favoried domination by Paris
    3. 3. Actions of the National Convention established a republic wrote a new constitution ended monarchy tried Louis XVI and found him guilty January 21 1793 - beheaded
    4. 4. Threat of Invasion Foreign Threats Defeated Austrian/Prussian forces France remained in the Netherlands Great Britain, Netherlands,Spain, Austria, and Prussia attack France again
    5. 5. Threat of Invasion Committee of Public Safety directed the army DANTON formed the “Revolutionary Tribunal” conscription (draft) ROBESPIERRE
    6. 6. Counterrevolutionary opposition to the committee of public safety and the Jacobins “Royal and Catholics” Jacobins arrested Girondin delegates assassination of Marat
    7. 7. Reign of Terror September 1793 to July 1794 suppression of opposition and revolt executed “revolutionaries” fanatic reaction of Robespierre July 1794 - Robespierre arrested and executed Jacobins lost power
    8. 8. Accomplishments during National Convention committee of public safety opened new schools wage and price controls to stop inflation abolished slavery religious toleration metric system French victories
    9. 9. The Directory Legislative Lower House - 500 members Upper House - 250 members (selected the executive branch) Executive - 5 Directors Voters - male property owners Length of use -4 years
    10. 10. Problems of Directory wealthy still had control army used for unrest unpopular weak and open to dictatorship
    11. 11. Napoleon achievements prior to 1799 suppressed a Paris uprising demonstrated military genius in battle forced Sardinians to make peace defeated Austrians four times and gained control of northern Italy from them
    12. 12. Napoleon takes power built his popularity stages a coup d’etat against an unstable government (one director)

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