Bibliotherapy - PAARL


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Bibliotherapy - PAARL

  1. 1. Technical Preparations -Requirements for Book Prescription Shop Starting Pace For Bibliotherapy Sessions In Philippine Libraries PAARL - National Bookstore June 18, 2010 Zarah C. Gagatiga
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Acquire tips, hints, experiences in setting up a Book Prescription Service (BPS); </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a comprehensive collection for a BPS; </li></ul><ul><li>Create a bibliotherapy program based on technical principles and guidelines. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Links and Blocks Book Prescription Service
  4. 4. Story Time! <ul><li>The Generous Tree an Adaptation from Shel Silverstien’s classic story, The Giving Tree </li></ul><ul><li>Characters: a tree and a little boy </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hmmm… Let’s reflect! <ul><li>Briefly describe the two characters using this table: </li></ul>The Little Boy The Tree
  6. 6. Great job! Let’s ruminate some more. <ul><li>Between the tree and the boy, who could you relate with strongly? </li></ul><ul><li>What similarities can you identify with to the character of your choice? </li></ul><ul><li>Think of a time in your life when you gave so generously like the tree. How did you feel? </li></ul><ul><li>Think of a time in your life when you were generously been given like the boy. How did you feel? </li></ul><ul><li>Which is better: to be the giver or to be the receiver? Support your answer. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Buzz group: Let’s talk! <ul><li>Small buzz group </li></ul><ul><li>Big buzz group </li></ul><ul><li>Take home activity: </li></ul><ul><li>Thank a person in your life, a family member, a friend or a colleague, who has greatly helped you. </li></ul><ul><li>What acts of love can you show to others? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bibliotherapy <ul><li>“ The healing place for the soul” </li></ul><ul><li>- Inscription over the library of Thebes </li></ul><ul><li>Greek words (Rubin, 1979) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biblion = books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Therapeia = healing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> A technique of prescribing books to to patients who need help in understanding their problems (Crothers, 1916). </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Bibliotherapy <ul><li>Is the assistance given to a youngster in overcoming the emotional turmoil related to a real-life problem by having him or her read literature on the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Is the therapeutic use of the written word to help people in any situation in life. </li></ul><ul><li>Is the provision of health information and support through books (Brewster, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance in the solution of personal problems through directed reading (ALA, 1966) </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages change with in the individual. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Bibliotherapy <ul><li>Clinical Bibliotherapy is used by doctors and mental health practitioners with persons on emotional and behavioral problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental Bibliotherapy is used with a wide variety of individuals in schools and libraries to promote self-knowledge, personal growth and a sense of accomplishment in a particular stage in life. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Tips to Developmental Bibliotherapy <ul><li>Recommend more than one book/novel </li></ul><ul><li>Recommend different types of books </li></ul><ul><li>Know your collection </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a diverse collection </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage feedback </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bibliptherapy, Power of Words </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. The Bibliotherapy Journey <ul><li>1st stage - IDENTIFICATION </li></ul><ul><li>2nd stage - CATHARSIS - involvement and “mirroring” </li></ul><ul><li>3rd stage - INSIGHT - awareness and realization of possible solutions </li></ul>
  13. 13. Process and Techniques <ul><li>Identifying needs </li></ul><ul><li>Matching of appropriate materials </li></ul><ul><li>Setting the time, venue and environment of the session </li></ul><ul><li>Designing motivation, engagement and follow up activities </li></ul><ul><li>Assisting the reader in achieving closure or the identification of possible solutions </li></ul>
  14. 14. Process and Techniques (Pelias 2005) <ul><li>READ - Nothing beats personal knowledge of a story; </li></ul><ul><li>Identify significant points of the story that touches on the theme. </li></ul><ul><li>Be keen to connections you know the student/reader can make with the selection at hand. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Requirements for a Bibliotherapy Program / Book Prescription Service <ul><li>Training and Manpower </li></ul><ul><li>Budget for the development of resources and bibliotherapy collection </li></ul><ul><li>A working knowledge of the library’s client/readers </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative and staff support </li></ul><ul><li>Linkages and connections with health care professionals and allied fields/institutions </li></ul>
  16. 16. BPS - BP Models/Examples <ul><li>The Well Being Collection (The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Brompton Library, London) </li></ul><ul><li>Book Break - a facilitator led reading group for adults </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliotherapy Book Slam - bibliotherapy service for kids, young adults and their families </li></ul><ul><li>Australian and Canadian BPS-BP models </li></ul><ul><li>BPS Study by Brewster, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliotherapy for abused children, Aligada and Ocampo, 2009 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Booktalks and Chit-chats <ul><li>Recommended books for BPS-BP </li></ul><ul><li>And some movies too! </li></ul><ul><li>Open Forum </li></ul>