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Copyright and the Court of Justice of the European Union (Eleonora Rosati)

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A discussion of the role, action, and legacy of the CJEU in the area of EU copyright (Luxembourg, 7 May 2019)

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Copyright and the Court of Justice of the European Union (Eleonora Rosati)

  1. 1. COPYRIGHT AND THE COURT OF JUSTICE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION Eleonora Rosati Amicuria, Luxembourg 7 May 2019
  2. 2. WHAT IS THIS STORY ABOUT?
  3. 3. THE COURT ROLE
  4. 4. A BIT OF BACKGROUND … EU copyright harmonization  Rationale  Instruments Referrals for a preliminary ruling
  5. 5. A DE FACTO SPECIALIZATI ON? 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Arestis Berger Bonichot Ilešič Jarašiūnas Jürimäe Kapteyn Lenaerts Lõhmus Malenovský Prechal Puissochet Safjan Schiemann Silva de Lapuerta Vajda von Danwitz Wathelet Judges-Rapporteur in preliminary rulings (1998 - 2018)
  6. 6. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Bot Campos Sánchez-Bordona Cosmas Cruz Villalón Jääskinen Kokott La Pergola Mengozzi Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer Saugmandsgaard Øe Sharpston Szpunar Stix-Hackl Tizzano Trstenjak Wahl Wathelet Advocates General in preliminary rulings (1998 - 2018)
  7. 7. THE COURT ACTION
  8. 8. HOW MANY CASES? Over 100 in 20 years
  9. 9. Figure 8 - Preliminary rulings and AG Opinions (1998 - 2018) Cases decided after an AG Opinion (73%) Cases decided without an AG Opinion (27%)
  10. 10. FAQ Impredictab le?
  11. 11. GREATER HARMONIZATION … A LEGISLATOR? •The myth of flexibility •Examples Exceptions and limitations Basic concepts: originality, work Scope of rights National initiatives
  12. 12. IMPACT IN VARIOUS AREAS •‘High level of protection’ for economic rights •‘Strict interpretation’ of exceptions Fair balance Internal control mechanisms •Proportionality and effectiveness of enforcement
  13. 13. THE COURT LEGACY
  14. 14. IMPACT ON INDIVIDUAL MEMBER STATES: THE CASE OF THE UK •Concept of originality •Subject matter categorization •Standard of infringement •Remedies
  15. 15. IMPACT ON EU COPYRIGHT POLICY •Compensation for private copying •Linking and press publishers’ right •Communication to the public and OCSSPs
  16. 16. PLATFORM LIABILITY AFTER ZIGGO • Too easy saying: if you call yourself Pirate Bay, don’t be surprised • Safe harbour availability • YouTube, C-682/18: a useless referral?  Individual assessment
  17. 17. ARTICLE 17 DSM DIRECTIVE * The notion of ‘OCSSP’ does not include providers of services like: not-for-profit online encyclopedias, not-for-profit educational and scientific repositories, open source software-developing and- sharing platforms, electronic communication service providers as defined in Directive (EU) 2018/1972, online marketplaces, B2B cloud services and cloud services that allow users to upload content for their own use ** If your service (i) has been available in the EU for less than 3 years and (ii) has an annual turnover below €10m, then you only need to comply with (a) and (c). If, in addition to (i) and (ii), (iii) the average number of monthly unique visitors exceeds 5 million, then you also need to comply with (d).
  18. 18. IN CONCLUSION … All in all Common law/droit d’auteur: passé! An internal market for copyright content The next 20 years? Further harmonization Further complexity The need for a reform?
  19. 19. THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION!

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