Community Engagement and Capacity Building in Cultural Planning


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Presentation delivered by Kohl, Community Animator
Ontario Healthy Communities Coalition at The Ontario Rural Council's "Economies in Transition" municipal cultural planning forum in Brockville on November 17, 2008.

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  • Community Engagement and Capacity Building in Cultural Planning

    1. 1. Community Engagement and Capacity Building in Cultural Planning Presented by: Jeff Kohl, Community Animator Ontario Healthy Communities Coalition November 17, 2008
    2. 2. Community Capacity-Building <ul><li>Needs to happen at 3 levels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. “ Needs” vs “Assets” People and Communities have deficiencies & needs Individuals and Communities have skills and talents
    4. 4. “ Needs” vs “Assets”
    5. 5. Start with Capacity-Development <ul><li>Focus within the community -- on the people who live there </li></ul><ul><li>Identify capacities, skills, and assets of local citizens and organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Harness local strengths to collaboratively address issues of importance to the community </li></ul>
    6. 6. Features of Asset-Mapping <ul><li>Asset-Based : Uncovers talents/skills found in the community right now </li></ul><ul><li>Internally Focused: Relies on the community’s assets -not on those found outside </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship Driven: Seeks to build linkages among local people, institutions, and organizations </li></ul>
    7. 7. Asset Mapping Begins With People <ul><li>Everyone has talents, skills and gifts relevant to community activities </li></ul><ul><li>Each time a person uses his/her talents, the community is stronger and the person more empowered </li></ul><ul><li>Strong communities value and use the skills that residents possess </li></ul>
    8. 8. Capturing Local Institutions for Community Building <ul><li>Every community has a variety of public, private, and formal institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Some communities are “institution rich” - others are not </li></ul><ul><li>Too often, local institutions are not connected to local community-building efforts </li></ul>
    9. 9. Community Institutions Kinship Economic Education Political Faith-Based Associations
    10. 10. Informal Organizations <ul><li>May be neighborhood-based, community-based, or extend outside the community’s boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Such groups are critical because they involve, empower, and impact local citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Building a community requires a deliberate effort to identify and involve such organizations </li></ul>
    11. 11. Uncovering Potential Leaders <ul><li>Every community has leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Many others in the community have attributes that make them ideal “leader” candidates </li></ul><ul><li>These people can become great leaders when engaged and empowered </li></ul>
    12. 12. Mobilizing Community Leaders People Formal Institutions Informal Organizations
    13. 13. Create New Avenues of Leadership <ul><li>Move from a centralized mode of decision- making to a polycentric approach -- one that involves many centers of leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Helps expand the number of people who embrace community goals </li></ul><ul><li>The polycentric approach requires access to leadership opportunities </li></ul>
    14. 14. Reorganizing community work <ul><li>Decisions and action plans in a community must depend less on a pyramid and more on a series of inter-related circles </li></ul>
    15. 15. Silo Services Agency A Program B Community Department E Community-Based Funding Federal / Provincial Funding Municipal: Regional / Local Funding Region C Service D
    16. 16. The Problem With Silos <ul><ul><li>Fragmented… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(dissipate leverage / ownership) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevent Clarity on the Outcome… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(not “making the same movie”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deceptive … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(“good people doing good things”) </li></ul>
    17. 17. Transform Organizational Leadership to Community Leadership <ul><li>Organizational </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchical </li></ul><ul><li>Taking Charge </li></ul><ul><li>Right Answer </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders & Followers </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility for strategy and tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Interorganizational </li></ul><ul><li>Providing Catalyst </li></ul><ul><li>Right Question </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinated Action </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility for community outcomes </li></ul>
    18. 18. The Key Steps to Community Engagement <ul><li>Identify (map) the assets of individuals, institutions and informal organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Build relationships among these local assets </li></ul><ul><li>Explore how assets can be mobilized to improve local conditions/needs </li></ul><ul><li>Engage the community in visioning and planning (through the whole process) </li></ul><ul><li>Tap outside resources that help advance local improvement efforts </li></ul>
    19. 19. Capacity building process Identify planning group Inventory and mapping Analysis and vision Priorities and strategies Launch, evaluate, revise
    20. 20. Community Consultation vs. Community Engagement Consultation Engagement Example 1 Example 2 Source: Museum Libraries Archives Council Project Ideas Design Implement Sustain Project Ideas Design Implement Sustain Funding Funding
    21. 21. Achieving Community Solutions <ul><li>What makes the difference between a good movie and a bad movie? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Getting everyone involved to make the same movie!” </li></ul><ul><li>- Francis Ford Coppola </li></ul>
    22. 22. Levels of Working Together Full Collaboration Coalition Partnership Alliance Network <ul><li>Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Investment </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity of relationship </li></ul>
    23. 23. Levels of working together <ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clearinghouse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create base of support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cooperation or alliance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Match needs and coordinate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit duplication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure tasks are done </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Levels of working together <ul><li>Coordination or partnership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Share resources to address issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Merge resource base to create something new </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coalition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Share ideas and pull resources from existing systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop extended commitment </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Levels of working together <ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared vision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build interdependent systems to address issues and opportunities </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Community engagement tools <ul><li>Balloon ride </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Floating over the community in 10 years; what does it look like? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Draw a group picture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Draw a vibrant arts/culture/heritage community in 10 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Design front page of a Newspaper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Celebrating success 10 years in the future </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Appreciative Inquiry Interview </li></ul>
    27. 27. Key Factors for Success <ul><li>Focus on “Community Assets” – not on “Needs” </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilize and empower community leaders & champions </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure everyone is “making the same movie” </li></ul><ul><li>Engage all sectors of the community </li></ul><ul><li>Be inclusive (diversity should reflect community) </li></ul><ul><li>Climb out of our “silos” </li></ul><ul><li>Form alliances and partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Something for “thinkers” and “doers” </li></ul><ul><li>Start small = likely to succeed (getting to “Yes”) </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrate success early and often </li></ul>
    28. 28. Perth Area Initiatives <ul><li>Stewart Park Festival </li></ul><ul><li>Festival of the Maples </li></ul><ul><li>Garlic Festival </li></ul><ul><li>The Art of Being Green </li></ul><ul><li>Fall Studio Tour </li></ul><ul><li>Buy Local / Farm Gate Sales Map </li></ul>
    29. 29. Resources <ul><li>Ontario Healthy Communities Coalition </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciative Inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>ABCD </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarking Your Org’n For Success </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Mapping </li></ul>
    30. 30. Jeff Kohl [email_address]