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Conservation Education: Roles of indigenous knowledge and cultural beliefs in southwest Nigeria Babalola, F.D. and Kumoye,...
<ul><li>The world is currently faced with loss of biological diversity at an alarming rate. </li></ul><ul><li>B iodiversit...
<ul><li>I ndigenous peoples in many parts of the world  imbue headlands, springs, trees and forest  with religious meaning...
<ul><li>T raditional  beliefs  face a  prob lem of   integration   into science and conservation efforts. </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>C ultur al  sites  and  sacred sites are  ecological ly  unique and important for conservation  on varying scale o...
<ul><li>To determine the  contribution of indigenous knowledge and cultural beliefs to conservation of biological diversit...
<ul><li>Osun Sacred Grove , Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2005,  UNESCO  named the Osun sacred grove a...
<ul><li>Map of Osun scared grove (the dense forest) surrounded by Osogbo </li></ul>
<ul><li>Selection of the grove was based on its  cultural significance and contribution to biodiversity conservation. </li...
<ul><li>Interview and administration of questionnaires to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guards in the grove, and </li></ul></ul><...
Results and discussions
<ul><li>The grove is rich in tropical diversities:  trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the plant...
<ul><li>The riparian vegetation is the  only remaining relic  of the Nigeria rainforest ecosystem  endemic  to the grove. ...
<ul><li>The grove is dotted with  sanctuaries and shrines, sculptures and art works  in honour of Osun and other deities. ...
<ul><li>The suspended bridge  is one of the lasting colonial relics in the grove. </li></ul><ul><li>Serves as a channel of...
<ul><li>The riparian forest houses primate species, birds, snakes and other reptiles, forest antelopes, squirrels, and amp...
<ul><li>River Osun was believed to provided  water of life  which saved the inhabitants of ancient Oshogbo town from  hung...
<ul><li>Fishing  MUST NOT  be carried out in the Osun River. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Beliefs :   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>The grove is regarded as the abode of the  goddess of fertility. </li></ul><ul><li>Sacrifice to appease the god fo...
<ul><li>Annual celebration known as  Osun cultural festival  is done in reverence and appreciation to the goddess of ferti...
<ul><li>The festival contributes to the  economy of the people  by generating extra income. </li></ul><ul><li>Gate and cam...
<ul><li>The grove is undergoing a level of degradation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many of the wild animals have been hunted;  <...
What led to the grove encroachment? S/N Identified factors that led to the grove encroachment Percentage (%) 1 Neglect of ...
<ul><li>Cultural beliefs and indigenous knowledge  is highly contributory to the conservation of biodiversity. </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Efforts should be made by the concerned educational authorities to introduce conservation education into school cu...
<ul><li>If you  change  the way you look at thing,  </li></ul><ul><li>the thing you look at will change. </li></ul>Ponder
<ul><li>Thank you </li></ul><ul><li>For </li></ul><ul><li>Listening! </li></ul>
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Roles Of Indigenous Knowledge And Cultural Beliefs In Southwest Nigeria Babalola

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Roles Of Indigenous Knowledge And Cultural Beliefs In Southwest Nigeria Babalola

  1. 1. Conservation Education: Roles of indigenous knowledge and cultural beliefs in southwest Nigeria Babalola, F.D. and Kumoye, S.A. Dept. of Forest Resources Management, University of Ibadan, Nigeria folababs2000@yahoo.com Presented at international colloquium of Educational Research Network for West and Central Africa (ERNWACA), 15-16-17 December 2009, Bamako, Mali Theme: The educational research on policy and practice in Africa
  2. 2. <ul><li>The world is currently faced with loss of biological diversity at an alarming rate. </li></ul><ul><li>B iodiversity is in areas used by people </li></ul><ul><li>Local people have incentives to conserve biodiversity when their livelihoods depend on it. </li></ul>Introduction
  3. 3. <ul><li>I ndigenous peoples in many parts of the world imbue headlands, springs, trees and forest with religious meanings . </li></ul>Introduction (cont’d)
  4. 4. <ul><li>T raditional beliefs face a prob lem of integration into science and conservation efforts. </li></ul><ul><li>T o effectively conserve biodiversity, we need to understand how human cultures interact with landscapes and shape them into cultural values . </li></ul>Problem statement
  5. 5. <ul><li>C ultur al sites and sacred sites are ecological ly unique and important for conservation on varying scale of landscape s. </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis is now on curbing envtal degradation (REDD) and ultimately CC, hence the need for conservation education. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>COP15 at Copenhagen (UN Climate Change Conference). </li></ul></ul></ul>Justification
  6. 6. <ul><li>To determine the contribution of indigenous knowledge and cultural beliefs to conservation of biological diversity with the view to raising awareness among policy m akers, researchers, planners, managers and other stakeholders. </li></ul>Objective
  7. 7. <ul><li>Osun Sacred Grove , Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2005, UNESCO named the Osun sacred grove a world heritage site. </li></ul>Study site
  8. 8. <ul><li>Map of Osun scared grove (the dense forest) surrounded by Osogbo </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Selection of the grove was based on its cultural significance and contribution to biodiversity conservation. </li></ul>Study site (cont’d)
  10. 10. <ul><li>Interview and administration of questionnaires to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guards in the grove, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>local people living in the community adjoining to the grove. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Line transect for the sampling of the tree and animal species </li></ul>Methodology
  11. 11. Results and discussions
  12. 12. <ul><li>The grove is rich in tropical diversities: trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the plants are sacred e.g. Newbouldia laevis and Spondias mombin use for coronation and installation of King and chiefs . </li></ul>Flora diversities of the grove
  13. 13. <ul><li>The riparian vegetation is the only remaining relic of the Nigeria rainforest ecosystem endemic to the grove. </li></ul><ul><li>The forest serves as watershed. </li></ul>Riparian vegetation of the grove
  14. 14. <ul><li>The grove is dotted with sanctuaries and shrines, sculptures and art works in honour of Osun and other deities. </li></ul><ul><li>Austrian artist Susanne Wenger ( Adunni Olorisa ) design ed and construct ed the artistic works in the grove. </li></ul>Artistic works in the grove
  15. 15. <ul><li>The suspended bridge is one of the lasting colonial relics in the grove. </li></ul><ul><li>Serves as a channel of crossing the Osun River </li></ul>Colonial relic in the grove
  16. 16. <ul><li>The riparian forest houses primate species, birds, snakes and other reptiles, forest antelopes, squirrels, and amphibians. </li></ul>Fauna diversities
  17. 17. <ul><li>River Osun was believed to provided water of life which saved the inhabitants of ancient Oshogbo town from hunger, pestilence and religious war. </li></ul><ul><li>It is still believe to provide protective guidance till today. </li></ul>Some cultural beliefs in the grove
  18. 18. <ul><li>Fishing MUST NOT be carried out in the Osun River. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Beliefs : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the fishes belong to the river goddess. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>any fish caught from the river will never cook no matter how long it is subjected to heat, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>anybody who consumes such fish will die same day and if survived, will become an imbecile or run mad or something worst happen to such a person. </li></ul></ul>Some cultural beliefs (cont’d)
  19. 19. <ul><li>The grove is regarded as the abode of the goddess of fertility. </li></ul><ul><li>Sacrifice to appease the god for provision of babies: </li></ul><ul><li>pap ( Zea mays )) and vegetable ( efo yanrin ) Launaea taraxacifolia is placed under a statue called Olomoyoyo </li></ul>Some cultural beliefs (cont’d)
  20. 20. <ul><li>Annual celebration known as Osun cultural festival is done in reverence and appreciation to the goddess of fertility. </li></ul>Osun cultural festival <ul><li>The festival is slated for the Friday of the second week of August every year. </li></ul><ul><li>Attended by dignitaries, tourists, etc </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>The festival contributes to the economy of the people by generating extra income. </li></ul><ul><li>Gate and camera fees </li></ul><ul><li>Charges collected from tourists and film actors </li></ul>Economic contribution of the grove
  22. 22. <ul><li>The grove is undergoing a level of degradation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many of the wild animals have been hunted; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forest at the buffer zone and boundary has been converted into farmland. </li></ul></ul>Negative impacts in the grove
  23. 23. What led to the grove encroachment? S/N Identified factors that led to the grove encroachment Percentage (%) 1 Neglect of the local beliefs 90 2 Present custodian do not have the local knowledge of protection 40 3 Low employment of local indigene in management strategy 35 4 Government is in total control 60 5 Inadequate land for farming 25
  24. 24. <ul><li>Cultural beliefs and indigenous knowledge is highly contributory to the conservation of biodiversity. </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately, many of the African indigenous knowledge and cultural beliefs are fast disappearing. </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred groves are also currently on the decrease. </li></ul><ul><li>It is high time that we start to revisit these heritages and explore their significance and contributions to protection of the environment. </li></ul>Conclusion
  25. 25. <ul><li>Efforts should be made by the concerned educational authorities to introduce conservation education into school curriculum. </li></ul><ul><li>There is need for appropriate integration of traditional beliefs into conservation and management strategies of natural resources. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community forestry; Joint forest mgt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There should be more research into the African indigenous knowledge and cultural beliefs to assist in policy formulation </li></ul>Recommendations
  26. 26. <ul><li>If you change the way you look at thing, </li></ul><ul><li>the thing you look at will change. </li></ul>Ponder
  27. 27. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul><ul><li>For </li></ul><ul><li>Listening! </li></ul>

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