Shuswap Lake Integrated Planning Process (SLIPP)           Water Quality and Waste Management            Public Advisory C...
Overview                                   Overview The purpose of this meeting is to review, receive feedback and gain s...
AgendaIntroductions                                             1:30 – 1:40 pmBackground and Progress Update              ...
BackgroundWater quality is a critical component of the SLIPP vision to sustain the health andprosperity of the Shuswap and...
BackgroundThe Long Term Monitoring Plan is the foundational component of the SLIPP WaterQuality and Waste Management Strat...
Progress UpdateAchievements   Recognized by the Premier of BC – received gold in the Partnership category   Continued pu...
Public Advisory Committee Terms of ReferencePurpose Advise public agencies on the implementation of water quality and was...
Shuswap Lakes Water Quality Monitoring PlanKen Ashley, Ph.D. and Ken Hall, Ph.D.                                         8
Presentation OutlineSLIPP Vision, Goal and Strategies for water qualityShuswap Lakes water quality monitoring plan       W...
SLIPP Vision:Vision                         Working together to sustain the health and prosperity of the Shu              ...
SLIPP Goals:Water quality that supports public and       environmental health  • Good water quality is critical to public ...
• Official Community Plans and Liquid WasteManagement Plans will some provide direction forwaste management on the lakes a...
SLIPP Strategies           • Develop an inter-agency water quality                   monitoring and reporting programProfe...
Expectations from this strategy:• Improved access to credible scientific information tosupport decision making• Increased ...
Water Quality Monitoring PlanBackground                                15
Morphometric features of Shuswap, Little Shuswap, Adams andMara Lake.                              Shuswap       Little   ...
Major arms and tributaries of Shuswap LakeShuswap Lake basin                Major tributariesSalmon Arm                   ...
Summary of Shuswap Lake potable use water licenses                        No. of active and pendingType of water license  ...
Summary of trophic status and water quality trends in Shuswap             and Mara lakes deep water stationsLake Area     ...
In summary, most deep water stations in Shuswap Lakeremain oligotrophic, with the exception of SalmonArm/Tappen Bay, which...
Threats to water qualityPoint source pollution from outdatedwastewater treatment plants andstorm sewersNon-point source di...
Sources of Contaminants to Shuswap LakeSewage Treatment Plant   Houseboat Discharge                                       ...
Contaminant Loading Information-1   Sewage Treatment Plants        Location, treatment type.        Flow.        Efflu...
Contaminant Loading Information-2         Urban Stormwater Runoff   Land uses in watershed.   Traffic intensity.   Rai...
Contaminant Loading Information-3           Agricultural Runoff   Agricultural land use in watersheds.   Animal units i...
Contaminant Loading Information-4            Houseboats Number and size of houseboats. Areas and period of mooring. Vo...
Contaminant Loading Information-5              Septic Systems Location and installation dates, GIS data  base. Servicin...
Emerging concerns in wastewaterEndocrine disruptors – Bisphenol A, TriclosanPersonal care products – musks, insect repella...
29
Too many nutrients results in ‘eutrophication’What does eutrophication look like?Is this real, or just something to keep a...
N and Cadded                                   N, C and                                   P addedLakes that are deeper, an...
32
33
34
35
Nutrient Sources and Loadings:       - need to assess the impact of the following nutrient sources:       Watershed and tr...
Point and Non-Point Source Tracking of Contaminants:         Nitrogen monitoring: stable nitrate isotopes         Chemical...
Contaminant Source Tracking Stable Isotopes Chemical Tracers Microbial Source Tracking                                 ...
Source Tracking-Stable Isotopes   Stable Isotopes of Nitrate (N-15, O-17, 18).   Separate animal wastes from inorganic  ...
Source Tracking-Chemical Tracers Caffeine Optical Brightners Detergents, (MBAS) Personal Care Products –antibiotics  ...
Source Tracking-Microbial Source              Tracking (MST) Phenotypic  Methods (Whole Cells)     -antibiotic resistanc...
Program ManagementIntegration with Public Health and permit discharge monitoringIt is important to integrate water quality...
Public involvementIt is crucial to involve the public and Shuswap and Mara lake NGO’s inthe development and implementation...
SLIPP-Water quality that supports public and environmental                          health                    Questions?  ...
Coffee15 minute coffee break                          45
Annual Water Quality Monitoring Plan ShuswapLake Watershed 2011-1013  SLIPP Water Quality Committee Meeting               ...
OUTLINE1. Brief History of Monitoring in Shuswap Lake2. Proposed Annual Monitoring Plan for the   Shuswap Watersheds – 201...
1. Brief History of Monitoring in Shuswap Lk.   Water quality assessment in Shuswap Lake has been    conducted with only ...
2. Proposed Annual Monitoring Plan for the  Shuswap Watersheds – 2011-2013 Based on the Long Term Plan and previous result...
What information will each category provide?                                               50
a) Deep Station Monitoring Deepest location:        - full depth of a lake (lake profiles)                           - us...
b) Near Shore Monitoring Shallow sites:    - surface water                    - often sheltered                    - redu...
b) Near Shore Monitoring Deeper Sites:   - both, surface water and deep water                  - sometimes sheltered     ...
c) Effects of specific Activities Assessment of specific discharges/land use activities.      - measure effects of specif...
d) Watershed Monitoring Loading Studies and Loading Models:      - determination of main sources of contaminants/nutrient...
What do we propose to measure?   What do we know so far?                                 56
a) Deep Station Monitoring Determination of Primary Lake Productivity (Carbon  uptake by algae) = Potential for floating ...
a) Deep Station Monitoring   Low Productivity    Medium to Low Productivity58
a) Deep Station Monitoring    Very Low Productivity    Low Productivity   59
 Continue algae bloom cause investigation.                                              60
a) Deep Station Monitoring Identify influence of salmon run and carcass  decomposition on Nutrient and Algae concentratio...
a) Deep Station Monitoring Continue long term data collection (Spring and Fall data)  to Mabel Lake. Add summer sampling ...
a) Near Shore Monitoring                       63
NUTRIENTS/CONTAMINANTS NEAR SHORESeepage: High in nutrients and sewage indicators, but small flowsReceiving water:Main Arm...
a) Near Shore Monitoring Conduct grab sampling at new sites identified as  potentially affected by seepage or runoff, bas...
a) Near Shore MonitoringINCLUDE MAP HERE ?????                           66
WATER CLARITY SECCHI DISK PROJECT                                    67
68
a) Near Shore Monitoring Want to extend secchi program to Little Shuswap Lake  and other Lakes, if volunteers available. ...
ATTACHED ALGAE GROWTH NEAR SHORE                                   70
a) Near Shore Monitoring Will continue attached algae program, if volunteers are  available.                             ...
a) Near Shore Monitoring CSRD will continue groundwater monitoring in Area C, E  and F and dye-testing where needed based...
a) Near Shore Monitoring Continue effluent and receiving water sampling to identify  effects from Salmon Arm Sewage Treat...
a) Near Shore Monitoring BC Parks, Regional Districts, Sicamous and Salmon Arm  continue to sample water quality for E.co...
a) Near Shore Monitoring  Large water purveyors continue water sampling near large water intakes. Test for:     E.coli ...
b) Near Shore Monitoring  Small water purveyors                           76
c) Effects of specific Activities                                    77
In 2008: highest E.coli count at Nielson   In 2009: highest E.coli count atBeach was 7600 CFU/100mL.                  Niel...
f)   BOAT GREYWATER DISCHARGE IMPACT cont. (3)RESULTS:•    2009 results showed a significant     association between house...
c) Effects of specific Activities Repeat the 2009 study toconfirm results and effects ofimprovement measures byhouseboat ...
c) Watershed Monitoring                          81
c) Watershed Monitoring                          82
d) NUTRIENT/CONTAMINANT LOADING cont.RESULTS so far:-   Eagle and Salmon River provide highest Loadings of all measured   ...
c) Watershed Monitoring Conduct loading study for all significant tributaries aroundShuswap and Mara Lakes.              ...
SummaryDeep Station Monitoring Overall lake productivity (potential for floating algae growth) in each arm/ Maraand Mable...
Summary (2)Effects of Specific Activities Effect of septic seepages and shoreline run-off on near shore areas and risk to...
Summary (3)Watershed Monitoring Role of tributaries in nutrient and contaminant loading. Prioritization oftributaries for...
Ministry of Environment              1259 Dalhousie Drive                  Kamloops, BCGabi Matscha                 Dennis...
Public Engagement in Water Quality MonitoringDiscuss current and future roles for public: Attached algae monitoring partn...
Next StepsNext Steps for Water Quality and Waste Management Public Advisory Committee Submit feedback on plans or public ...
Confirmed Water Quality PAC Meeting Participants   David Baxter   Rob Bushnell, Three Buoys   Howard Cowan   Laura Jam...
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SLIPP Presentation to the Water Quality & Waste Management Public Advisory Committee, February 2011

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Overviews of the Shuswap Lake long-term water quality monitoring plan, annual water quality monitoring plan, and water quality research to-date.

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SLIPP Presentation to the Water Quality & Waste Management Public Advisory Committee, February 2011

  1. 1. Shuswap Lake Integrated Planning Process (SLIPP) Water Quality and Waste Management Public Advisory Committee Meeting February 8, 2011 Quaaout Lodge, Chase BC 1
  2. 2. Overview Overview The purpose of this meeting is to review, receive feedback and gain support for the SLIPP Long Term Water Quality Monitoring Plan and associated Annual Water Quality Monitoring Plans for 2011 - 2014 This meeting will include a range of presentations and interactive discussions designed to review the Plans, receive your feedback and discuss how the public can be engaged in Plan implementation 2
  3. 3. AgendaIntroductions 1:30 – 1:40 pmBackground and Progress Update 1:40 – 1:50 pmReview and Discussion: LT Water Quality Monitoring Plan 1:50 – 2:30 pmReview: Annual Water Quality Monitoring Plan 2:30 – 3:00 pmCoffee Break 3:00 – 3:15 pmDiscussion: Annual Water Quality Monitoring Plan 3:15 – 3:45 pmDiscussion: Public Role in Plan Implementation 3:45 – 4:30 pmClosure 4:30 pm 3
  4. 4. BackgroundWater quality is a critical component of the SLIPP vision to sustain the health andprosperity of the Shuswap and Mara Lakes 4
  5. 5. BackgroundThe Long Term Monitoring Plan is the foundational component of the SLIPP WaterQuality and Waste Management Strategies SLIPP Water Eliminate boat discharges on the lakes Quality and Waste Management Develop an inter-agency water qualityquality Develop and inter-agency water monitoring monitoring and reporting program and reporting program Strategies 5
  6. 6. Progress UpdateAchievements Recognized by the Premier of BC – received gold in the Partnership category Continued public, First Nations, political and agency engagement in SLIPP Strong contributions and support for the process by the public New SLIPP Steering Committee to convene in March 2011 In discussions with SLIPP partners on a $1m, 3-year SLIPP pilotStrategies and Activities  Form an Inter-Agency Technical Committee to review development proposals  Develop a coordinated water quality monitoring program  Establish a coordinated education, compliance and enforcement planning process  Create a site sensitivity map (initiated, 75% complete)  Develop a model for assessing foreshore cumulative impacts (initiated, 40% complete)  Completed a study on effects of boat discharges on the lakes  Streamline the development application review process (initiated, 60% complete)  Develop a recreation management plan for the Shuswap and Mara lakes  Create a Professional and Scientific Advisory Group  Engage stakeholders in education, compliance and enforcement initiatives 6
  7. 7. Public Advisory Committee Terms of ReferencePurpose Advise public agencies on the implementation of water quality and waste management strategies SLIPP Strategic Plan as guiding documentResponsibilities Provide input on planning, implementation and reporting Review and provide feedback on technical documents and plans Collaborate with agencies and the public at large in the implementation of the Plan, where appropriateMembership Composed of stakeholders who represent a cross section of economic, social and environmental perspectives of the Shuswap watershed, including residents, community groups and business representatives Honorarium not providedMeeting Process Approximately 2 meetings/year Meeting Chair, venue, refreshments, facilitator, experts provided, as needed 7
  8. 8. Shuswap Lakes Water Quality Monitoring PlanKen Ashley, Ph.D. and Ken Hall, Ph.D. 8
  9. 9. Presentation OutlineSLIPP Vision, Goal and Strategies for water qualityShuswap Lakes water quality monitoring plan Water Quality Monitoring Plan Background Lake and Tributary Monitoring Plan Point and Non-Pont Source Monitoring Plan Program Management Public involvementQuestions 9
  10. 10. SLIPP Vision:Vision Working together to sustain the health and prosperity of the Shu swap and Mara lakes Development that respects Water quality that supports Desirable recreationalGoals environmental, economic and experiences that are safe and public and environmental health social interests sustainable Strategies Strategies Strategies • Create a comprehensive foreshore • Develop an inter -agency water quality • Develop a recreation management and upland area site sensitivity map monitoring program plan for the Shuswap and Mara lakes for Shuswap and Mara lakes • Eliminate boat discharge on the lakes • Develop a recreation use monitoring • Form the Inter -Agency Technical program Committee to manage cross -agency development applications and lake issues • Improve the development application review process • Create a model for assessing cumulative impact Cross -Cutting Strategies • Create the Professional and • Establish a coordinated annual • Create the Shuswap Lake • Engage stakeholders in Scientific Advisory Group education, compliance and integrated response process education, compliance and enforcement planning process enforcement initiatives 10
  11. 11. SLIPP Goals:Water quality that supports public and environmental health • Good water quality is critical to public and environmental well being • As human density in Shuswap + Mara lakes increases, so too have demands on water for people, fish and wildlife • The ability of the lakes to provide high quality water is threatened by discharges from numerous sources, and increasing lake shore and upland development 11
  12. 12. • Official Community Plans and Liquid WasteManagement Plans will some provide direction forwaste management on the lakes and foreshore• But – more needs to be done to protect lake waterquality – requires a coordinated plan = SLIPP 12
  13. 13. SLIPP Strategies • Develop an inter-agency water quality monitoring and reporting programProfessional and Scientific Advisory Committee Annual water Ongoing Water Quality Annual plan Monitoring Annual Agency quality LONG -TERM and review and Resources, monitoring MONTORING monitoring report out Priorities, PLAN program Authorities timetable (public and planning meeting formalized Ongoing updating of Central internal) Results Repository Governance Body 13
  14. 14. Expectations from this strategy:• Improved access to credible scientific information tosupport decision making• Increased efficiency and coordination of monitoringactivities• Increased knowledge of water quality issues andtrends to support decision making• Increased collective access to water quality data 14
  15. 15. Water Quality Monitoring PlanBackground 15
  16. 16. Morphometric features of Shuswap, Little Shuswap, Adams andMara Lake. Shuswap Little Adams Lake Mara Lake Lake ShuswapSurface area (ha) 30,960 1,813 13,760 1,942.6Drainage basin area (km2) 15,354 Incl. 4,144 9,065Drainage basin/surface area 49.7 n/a 30.1 466.6rationMaximum depth (m) 161.5 59.4 397 45.7Mean depth (m) 61.6 14.3 169 18.3Elevation (m) 347 347 407 347Volume (m3) 19.13 x 109 260.66 x 106 23.19 x 109 357.75 x 106Thermocline depth (m) 10 n/a 7.5 n/aResidence time (years) 2.1 0.03 10 0.13Shoreline length (km) 1,430 21.2 149.5 42.3 50o 56’ 51o 15’Location 00 00 N; 000 00 W 119o 17’ 119o 30’ 16
  17. 17. Major arms and tributaries of Shuswap LakeShuswap Lake basin Major tributariesSalmon Arm Salmon River, Tappen Creek, White Creek, Canoe CreekSicamous Arm Shuswap River, Eagle RiverAnstey Arm Anstey River, Four Mile Creek, Queest Creek, Hunakwa CreekSeymour Arm Seymour Creek, Two Mile Creek, Five Mile Creek, Blueberry Creek, Celista CreekWest Arm Adams River, Scotch Creek, Ross Creek 17
  18. 18. Summary of Shuswap Lake potable use water licenses No. of active and pendingType of water license licensesDomestic 576Waterworks – local 30authorityWaterworks - other 8 18
  19. 19. Summary of trophic status and water quality trends in Shuswap and Mara lakes deep water stationsLake Area Deep water trophic status Trend directionAnstey Arm Oligotrophic Increasing total nitrogen and total phosphorusSalmon Arm/Tappen Bay Mesotrophic to eutrophic Slightly increasing total nitrogen and total phosphorusSeymour Arm Oligotrophic Increasing total nitrogen and total phosphorusSicamous Arm Oligotrophic Increasing total nitrogen and total phosphorusWest Arm Oligotrophic Slightly increasing total nitrogen, total phosphorus constant or increasing slightly over timeMara Lake Oligotrophic Increasing total nitrogen and total phosphorus in some areas 19
  20. 20. In summary, most deep water stations in Shuswap Lakeremain oligotrophic, with the exception of SalmonArm/Tappen Bay, which has been mesotrophic/eutrophicsince at least the 1970s.However, the trend analysis indicates the concentrationof limiting nutrients is increasing lake-wide, even in thedeep water stations, which have previously beenunaffected.This finding is alarming given the large volume and rapidflushing rate in Shuswap Lake, and indicative of therequirement for a more intensive, proactive water qualitymonitoring program. 20
  21. 21. Threats to water qualityPoint source pollution from outdatedwastewater treatment plants andstorm sewersNon-point source diffuse pollution fromactivities in the watershedPollution defined as: nutrients,chemicals, harmful microorganisms 21
  22. 22. Sources of Contaminants to Shuswap LakeSewage Treatment Plant Houseboat Discharge Urban StormwaterAgricultural Runoff Septic Tank Drainage 22
  23. 23. Contaminant Loading Information-1 Sewage Treatment Plants Location, treatment type. Flow. Effluent quality. Rainwater infiltration. 23
  24. 24. Contaminant Loading Information-2 Urban Stormwater Runoff Land uses in watershed. Traffic intensity. Rainfall intensity and duration. Antecedent dry days. Runoff quality from different land uses. Runoff quality, variability seasonally. Runoff volume from different land uses, different seasons. 24
  25. 25. Contaminant Loading Information-3 Agricultural Runoff Agricultural land use in watersheds. Animal units in watershed – nutrient loads. Crops grown in watershed- nutrient requirements. Commercial fertilizers used. Excess nutrients in watershed to runoff. 25
  26. 26. Contaminant Loading Information-4 Houseboats Number and size of houseboats. Areas and period of mooring. Volume and quality of discharges. Holding tanks and pump facilities. 26
  27. 27. Contaminant Loading Information-5 Septic Systems Location and installation dates, GIS data base. Servicing records, cleanout frequency. Dye tracer studies, operational efficiency. 27
  28. 28. Emerging concerns in wastewaterEndocrine disruptors – Bisphenol A, TriclosanPersonal care products – musks, insect repellantsPOPs – PCBs, Toxaphene, PBDEs (fire retardant)PharmaceuticalsNanoparticles – nanosilver, nanotitanium,nanocarbon Silver nanoparticles from Samsungs SilverCare washing machine will soon have to be registered with EPA as a pesticide. 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. Too many nutrients results in ‘eutrophication’What does eutrophication look like?Is this real, or just something to keep academicsentertained?2 30
  31. 31. N and Cadded N, C and P addedLakes that are deeper, and have fasterflushing rates can tolerate higher P loadsbefore water quality problems develop 31
  32. 32. 32
  33. 33. 33
  34. 34. 34
  35. 35. 35
  36. 36. Nutrient Sources and Loadings: - need to assess the impact of the following nutrient sources: Watershed and tributary loading Land use and agricultural trends Septic systems Sewage treatment plant contaminant loadings Boat and houseboat discharges 36
  37. 37. Point and Non-Point Source Tracking of Contaminants: Nitrogen monitoring: stable nitrate isotopes Chemical tracers of sewage and grey water contamination Microbial source tracking (MST) 37
  38. 38. Contaminant Source Tracking Stable Isotopes Chemical Tracers Microbial Source Tracking 38
  39. 39. Source Tracking-Stable Isotopes Stable Isotopes of Nitrate (N-15, O-17, 18). Separate animal wastes from inorganic fertilizers. Cannot separate animal and human wastes. 39
  40. 40. Source Tracking-Chemical Tracers Caffeine Optical Brightners Detergents, (MBAS) Personal Care Products –antibiotics -hormones -fragrances 40
  41. 41. Source Tracking-Microbial Source Tracking (MST) Phenotypic Methods (Whole Cells) -antibiotic resistance -immunological methods Genotypic Methods -determine DNA fingerprints 41
  42. 42. Program ManagementIntegration with Public Health and permit discharge monitoringIt is important to integrate water quality monitoring programs that are beingconducted by Regional Districts or municipalities within the Shuswapbasin.Central water quality data baseThe data collected from the monitoring program should be made widelyavailable to the public once the raw data has been checked for errors andomissions.Reporting and web-based information accessA “State-of the Lakes” water quality report should be issued annually, onceall of the current years monitoring data has been reviewed, interpreted anddisseminated in a standard reporting format. 42
  43. 43. Public involvementIt is crucial to involve the public and Shuswap and Mara lake NGO’s inthe development and implementation of the Shuswap lakes monitoringprogram.An excellent example of public involvement in lake monitoring was theCSRD funded Shuswap Lake Secchi disk project, originally conductedfrom late June to September, 1986. 43
  44. 44. SLIPP-Water quality that supports public and environmental health Questions? 44
  45. 45. Coffee15 minute coffee break 45
  46. 46. Annual Water Quality Monitoring Plan ShuswapLake Watershed 2011-1013 SLIPP Water Quality Committee Meeting Feb 08, 2011 Quaaout Lodge, Chase, BC Gabi Matscha 46
  47. 47. OUTLINE1. Brief History of Monitoring in Shuswap Lake2. Proposed Annual Monitoring Plan for the Shuswap Watersheds – 2011-2013 • Monitoring Categories • What information will the program provide us? • What do we know so far? • What do we propose to measure 47
  48. 48. 1. Brief History of Monitoring in Shuswap Lk. Water quality assessment in Shuswap Lake has been conducted with only a few breaks since 1971 (e.g. by MoE, DFO, CSRD, BC Parks, Interior Health, water purveyors and a lot of volunteers). 15 water quality reports about lake water quality since then. Lake has become one of the two main study areas for MoE in Thompson Region over last 20 years. 48
  49. 49. 2. Proposed Annual Monitoring Plan for the Shuswap Watersheds – 2011-2013 Based on the Long Term Plan and previous results a) Deep Station Monitoring b) Near Shore Monitoring c) Effects of Specific Activities d) Watershed Monitoring 49
  50. 50. What information will each category provide? 50
  51. 51. a) Deep Station Monitoring Deepest location: - full depth of a lake (lake profiles) - usually in open water - well mixed and representative Information to determine Lake Productiveness Information on general lake water quality (vs. local) 51
  52. 52. b) Near Shore Monitoring Shallow sites: - surface water - often sheltered - reduced mixing, not representative for entire lake, local influences - used for single residential intakes + recreation Information to determine effects from local runoff, discharges and seepages on local water use. 52
  53. 53. b) Near Shore Monitoring Deeper Sites: - both, surface water and deep water - sometimes sheltered - moderate to high mixing, but local influences reduce representation for entire lake - used for community intakes - recreational use, boating Information to determine effects from local runoff, discharges and seepages on community drinking water users. 53
  54. 54. c) Effects of specific Activities Assessment of specific discharges/land use activities. - measure effects of specific land uses (e.g. residential) or discharges (e.g. sewage treatment plant) on water quality - information can be used for contaminant loading models 54
  55. 55. d) Watershed Monitoring Loading Studies and Loading Models: - determination of main sources of contaminants/nutrients - outcome helps prioritize for source management Identify areas/locations/land use activities of high contaminant/nutrient input upstream of the lake - focus management on problem areas/land uses 55
  56. 56. What do we propose to measure? What do we know so far? 56
  57. 57. a) Deep Station Monitoring Determination of Primary Lake Productivity (Carbon uptake by algae) = Potential for floating algae production. 57
  58. 58. a) Deep Station Monitoring Low Productivity Medium to Low Productivity58
  59. 59. a) Deep Station Monitoring Very Low Productivity Low Productivity 59
  60. 60.  Continue algae bloom cause investigation. 60
  61. 61. a) Deep Station Monitoring Identify influence of salmon run and carcass decomposition on Nutrient and Algae concentrations in affected arms. 61
  62. 62. a) Deep Station Monitoring Continue long term data collection (Spring and Fall data) to Mabel Lake. Add summer sampling for some years. 62
  63. 63. a) Near Shore Monitoring 63
  64. 64. NUTRIENTS/CONTAMINANTS NEAR SHORESeepage: High in nutrients and sewage indicators, but small flowsReceiving water:Main Arm:- No statistical and ecological difference between deep and shallow sites- Blind Bay Shallow Site: slightly higher sulphate concentration than other shallow sites in the main arm.Salmon Arm:- Significantly higher nutrient and sulphate levels at shallow site (Christmas Island) than deep site. 64
  65. 65. a) Near Shore Monitoring Conduct grab sampling at new sites identified as potentially affected by seepage or runoff, based on IHA, CSRD, public concerns. 65
  66. 66. a) Near Shore MonitoringINCLUDE MAP HERE ????? 66
  67. 67. WATER CLARITY SECCHI DISK PROJECT 67
  68. 68. 68
  69. 69. a) Near Shore Monitoring Want to extend secchi program to Little Shuswap Lake and other Lakes, if volunteers available. 69
  70. 70. ATTACHED ALGAE GROWTH NEAR SHORE 70
  71. 71. a) Near Shore Monitoring Will continue attached algae program, if volunteers are available. 71
  72. 72. a) Near Shore Monitoring CSRD will continue groundwater monitoring in Area C, E and F and dye-testing where needed based on septic system questionnaire. 72
  73. 73. a) Near Shore Monitoring Continue effluent and receiving water sampling to identify effects from Salmon Arm Sewage Treatment Plant discharge. 73
  74. 74. a) Near Shore Monitoring BC Parks, Regional Districts, Sicamous and Salmon Arm continue to sample water quality for E.coli (intestinal waste indicator) near beaches . 74
  75. 75. a) Near Shore Monitoring  Large water purveyors continue water sampling near large water intakes. Test for:  E.coli and bacteria,  parameters with Drinking Water Guidelines,  pesticides  emerging constituents are being reviewed. 75
  76. 76. b) Near Shore Monitoring  Small water purveyors 76
  77. 77. c) Effects of specific Activities 77
  78. 78. In 2008: highest E.coli count at Nielson In 2009: highest E.coli count atBeach was 7600 CFU/100mL. Nielson Beach was 290 CFU/100mL. 78
  79. 79. f) BOAT GREYWATER DISCHARGE IMPACT cont. (3)RESULTS:• 2009 results showed a significant association between houseboat numbers and the presence of fecal bacteria from human intestines. 79
  80. 80. c) Effects of specific Activities Repeat the 2009 study toconfirm results and effects ofimprovement measures byhouseboat companies. Collect more greywater fromcollection tanks to bettercharacterize the greywater forKen Hall’s model. 80
  81. 81. c) Watershed Monitoring 81
  82. 82. c) Watershed Monitoring 82
  83. 83. d) NUTRIENT/CONTAMINANT LOADING cont.RESULTS so far:- Eagle and Salmon River provide highest Loadings of all measured contaminants- Highest nutrient loadings were TOC and Nitrogen. 83
  84. 84. c) Watershed Monitoring Conduct loading study for all significant tributaries aroundShuswap and Mara Lakes. 84
  85. 85. SummaryDeep Station Monitoring Overall lake productivity (potential for floating algae growth) in each arm/ Maraand Mable Lake? - Influence of the salmon run. Complexity of factors that led to 2008/ 2010 algae blooms.Near Shore Monitoring Drinking Water safety at water intakes. Safety for Swimmers near prominent beaches. Early warning system for the lake in local areas. 85
  86. 86. Summary (2)Effects of Specific Activities Effect of septic seepages and shoreline run-off on near shore areas and risk torecreational and drinking water users. Effects of regulated discharges on local areas and the lake. Identification of leaking septic systems that need management. Identification for needs to extend central sewage system near Salmon Arm. Effects of greywater discharge from boats on recreational water use and effectsof mitigation measures taken by houseboat companies so far. Information on Nutrient Loading from different sources – can support loading 86models.
  87. 87. Summary (3)Watershed Monitoring Role of tributaries in nutrient and contaminant loading. Prioritization oftributaries for detailed source investigation and contaminant sourcemanagement. Nutrient/contaminant loading model for entire lake – identification of the mostsignificant sources/issues. 87
  88. 88. Ministry of Environment 1259 Dalhousie Drive Kamloops, BCGabi Matscha Dennis EinarsonEnv. Quality Section Head Env. Impact Assessment BiologistGabriele.Matscha@gov.bc.ca Dennis.Einarson@gov.bc.ca(250)-371-6296 (250)-371-6308 88
  89. 89. Public Engagement in Water Quality MonitoringDiscuss current and future roles for public: Attached algae monitoring partnership with SPEC and SPCA Water clarity/Secci disk partnership with SPCA and SPEC Other opportunities?How can we best engage the public to help achieve our water quality goals? 89
  90. 90. Next StepsNext Steps for Water Quality and Waste Management Public Advisory Committee Submit feedback on plans or public engagement strategies by e-mail to: sarah.evanetz@telus.net SLIPP 2011 plan implementation begins immediately Next PAC meeting in early 2012 to: - Review 2011 Water Quality Monitoring Results Report - Discuss 2012 Water Quality Monitoring Plan implementation and public partnerships 90
  91. 91. Confirmed Water Quality PAC Meeting Participants David Baxter Rob Bushnell, Three Buoys Howard Cowan Laura Jameson, Lower Shuswap Stewardship Society* Tina Keely, Swansea Point Community Association Dale Kerr, Shuswap Water Action Team Society (alternate for Ray Nadeau) Todd Kyllo, Twin Anchors (alternate attended in his place) Kelly Sheldon, water systems operator Neil Swaan Hugh Tyson* unable to attend 91

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