Poverty & Child Development By: Erinn Daniels Dr. Melba Fletcher Nova Southeastern University
Poor Children• Across the nation, many children sit in classrooms with empty stomachs, clouded minds of despair and the inability to cope with the perils of being poor or “socio-economically challenged
Poor Children• According to Columbia University’s National Center for Children in Poverty (2009), almost 14 million children reside in households below the federal poverty level of $22,050 for a family size that includes four people. More specifically, 19% of children in the United States are considered poor.
Affects of Poverty on Development• Learning Disabilities• Developmentally Delayed• Low-Self Esteem• Mental Health Issues• Encounter Substance & Physical Abuse• Anti-social Behavior including bullying others, being cruel, destroying the property of others, cheating or telling lies
My Personal Life Experiences• I grew up in middle class family• Nice home & vehicles• Participated in extracurricular activities• Fine clothes• Field trips• No physical or emotional abuse• Honor student & attended college
My Siblings’ Life Experiences• Single mother household• Almost 50 residences throughout their childhood, including boarding houses• Repossessed vehicles• Lacked warm clothes in winter• Robbed & stole• Used to be gifted in school• Never attended college
Dr. Ruby Payne on PovertyAccording to Dr. Ruby Payne (2010), a former teacher and principal and currently an expert on the effects of poverty on children, poverty impacts the child’s ability to learn, work habits, and the ability to make effective decisions.People that live in poverty are always in survival mode and often feel that obtaining an education is too far-fetched of a solution for their current living conditions.
Dr. Ruby Payne on PovertyDr. Payne’s first book, A Framework for Understanding Poverty, is used by many educators to help understand children who live in poverty and how they cope with their situations.Her book provides real intense look at the hidden rules that govern social class and impedes on teacher’s ability to reach children.
One Can Rise Above PovertyWhile I believe that poverty is not the sole predictor of one’s ability to be successful in the future, children from deprived backgrounds already have negative cards stacked against them.Students need good support system and strong frame of mind to rise above the obstacles and reach fullest potential.
ReferencesInstitute of Alcohol Studies. (2007). Poverty and Deprivation: Key Causes of Mental Health Problems in Children. Retrieved on May 24, 2010 from http://www.ias.org.uk/resources/publications/alcoholalert/alert200603/al200603_p21.htmlNational Center for Children in Poverty. (2009). Child Poverty. Retrieved on May 24, 2010 from http://www.nccp.org/topics/childpoverty.html.Payne, R. (n.d.). Understanding and Working with Students and Adults from Poverty. Retrieved on May 24, 2010 from http://homepages.wmich.edu/~ljohnson/Payne.pdf Payne, R. (2010). About Ruby Payne. Retrieved on May 24, 2010 from http://www.ahaprocess.com/About_Us/Ruby_Payne.html Somerville, C. (2010). The Effects of Poverty on Child Development. Retrieved on May 24, 2010 from http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/2012170/the_effects_ of_poverty_on_child_development_pg2.html?cat=25University of Alberta (2006, February 9). Long-term Poverty Affects Mental Health of Children. ScienceDaily. Retrieved on May 24, 2010 from http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2006/02/060206171449.htm