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  1. 2. <ul><li>3500 BC- earliest sundials, obelisks from Ancient Egyptian and Babylonian Astronomy </li></ul>These were used to tell time. Technically without first beginning with the sundials and obelisks we wouldn’t know time on this Earth and we wouldn’t know years.
  2. 3. <ul><li>900’s BC- </li></ul><ul><li>First astrolabes based on Hellenistic (Greek) sources Muhammad al-Fazari </li></ul><ul><li>Astrolabe- Without the astrolabes there wouldn’t be ancient astronomical records and star patterns. The astrolabe helped to tell time and was used for navigational purposes. It determined horoscopes by studying and charting planets and stars positions. Also helped create the foundation for astronomical knowledge that evolves over time. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Muhammad al- Battani </li></ul><ul><li>Found references to the 1st observation tube in his work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Influences the design of the telescope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They had no lenses but can focus on part of the sky by eliminating light interference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determines the solar year is 365 days, 5 hours, 46 min, 24 seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The observation tube is the beginning of all telescopes. Without it there wouldn’t be telescopes and we wouldn’t be able to look at planets and things far away. Also by determining the solar year is 365 days 5 hours 46 min 24 seconds creates our calendar and helps us keep time and more astronomical records. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>1206- Al- Jazari invented the first programmable analog computer, the castle clock </li></ul><ul><li>1577-1580: Taqi al-Din invents an astronomical clock which measures time in seconds (now accurate enough for astronomical purposes) </li></ul><ul><li>1589-1590: Ali Kashmiri ibn Luqman invents a celestial globe without seams </li></ul><ul><li>The castle clock displayed the zodiac, </li></ul><ul><li>solar and lunar orbits, and can be </li></ul><ul><li>reprogrammed every day and night depending on the length of the day and the changing sky. Every hour a gate opened. Now everything is getting more specific and detailed, and observations can be more accurate. This will turn into regular clocks. Now everything is coming together more and the sky is seen as a whole, more stories and patterns of the sky are kept track of. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Galileo Galilei </li></ul><ul><li>1609- makes a telescope: based on the invention of a Dutch lens maker </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses telescope to discover Jupiter's 4 largest moons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Studies the moon and sunspots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observes Saturn’s shape and Venus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1610: uses his observations to prove Earth goes around the Sun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1668- Newton- invents the reflecting telescope, by using mirrors. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The first official telescope creates new opportunities to look and record the sky. By proving Earth goes around the Sun everyone has new views and new theories are created. The first telescope brings new challenges to people to create a better telescope throughout time even until know to see the most of space. By observing different things in space, they learned more about the Earth, like how the earth might look from space based on what Venus and Saturn looks like. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>1840- first photograph of the moon </li></ul><ul><li>1926- Robert Goddard: builds and launches 1 st liquid-fueled rocket </li></ul><ul><li>1942- German Scientists launch V-2, 1 st rocket to reach space </li></ul><ul><li>The first photograph of the moon creates new opportunities to keep track of records of space. You can compare things to what they used to look like and have real proof instead of just what you think you saw. Also the telescopes would be incorporated with the photographs of space to get closer up photos. The first liquid-fueled rocket got interest in rockets and gave people something to wonder about and experiment with. Once it reached space the opportunities were endless and the Space Race started soon after. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Oct 4, 1957-sputnik was launched: first artificial satellite ICBM(inter continental ballistic missiles)- proves they can bomb the us, US is not the leader on technology (Russia is) </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 3, 1957- the first animal was launched in space proving life can survive in space- they are looking down on us </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>April 12, 1961- first human in space, Yuri Gagarin </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>May 5, 1961- first American in space, Alan Shephard </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>1961 - JFK states that the us will have someone on the moon by the end of the decade </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>July 20, 1969- Apollo 11- Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin: first people to walk on the moon: first time the United States are winning. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Russians and Americans joined together to create the International Space Station </li></ul>The space Race created many new firsts and things to learn and improve on.
  8. 9. <ul><li>Space X- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a commercially owned business, that is into space exploration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sets up space crafts cheaper than the US government can </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The man who created this also created Pay-Pal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People that are interested in only space, will create our future in space. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>The Green Blob- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2007 a 24 year old elementary school teacher, Harry van Arkel, discovered a new galaxy. There is a worldwide Galaxy Zoo project where everyday people can look at pictures of space and archived star photographs to catalog new objects. This was a photo from the Hubble telescope, which was launched in 1990. Hubble and these types of programs will create our future. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With more eyes looking at space, the world will see more and new things to explore. </li></ul></ul>