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  1. 1. Technology
  2. 2. B.C. Timeline <ul><li>3500 BC- earliest sundials, obelisks from Ancient Egyptian and Babylonian Astronomy </li></ul><ul><li>900’s BC- </li></ul><ul><li>First astrolabes based on Hellenistic (Greek) sources Muhammad al-Fazari </li></ul><ul><li>Muhammad al- Battani </li></ul><ul><li>Found references to the 1st observation tube in his work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Influences the design of the telescope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They had no lenses but can focus on part of the sky by eliminating light interference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determines the solar year is 365 days, 5 hours, 46 min, 24 seconds </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Olden Times Timeline <ul><li>1206- Al- Jazari invented the first programmable analog computer (his largest astronomical clock) </li></ul><ul><li>1577-1580: Taqi al-Din invents an astronomical clock which measures time in seconds (now accurate enough for astronomical purposes) </li></ul><ul><li>1589-1590: Ali Kashmiri ibn Luqman invents a celestial globe without seams </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1600’s <ul><li>Galileo Galilei </li></ul><ul><li>1609- makes a telescope: based on the invention of a Dutch lens maker </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses telescope to discover Jupiter's 4 largest moons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Studies the moon and sunspots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observes Saturn’s shape and Venus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1610: uses his observations to prove Earth goes around the Sun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1668- Newton- invents the reflecting telescope, by using mirrors. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. In Between & Rockets <ul><li>1840- first photograph of the moon </li></ul><ul><li>1926- Robert Goddard: builds and launches 1 st liquid-fueled rocket </li></ul><ul><li>1942- German Scientists launch V-2, 1 st rocket to reach space </li></ul>
  6. 6. Space Race <ul><li>Oct 4, 1957-sputnik was launched: first artificial satellite ICBM(inter continental ballistic missiles)- proves they can bomb the us, US is not the leader on technology (Russia is) </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 3, 1957- the first animal was launched in space proving life can survive in space- they are looking down on us </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>April 12, 1961- first human in space, Yuri Gagarin </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>May 5, 1961- first American in space, Alan Shephard </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>1961 - JFK states that the us will have someone on the moon by the end of the decade </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>July 20, 1969- Apollo 11- Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin: first people to walk on the moon: first time the United States are winning. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Russians and Americans joined together to create the International Space Station </li></ul>
  7. 7. Now and the Future <ul><li>Space X- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a commercially owned business, that is into space exploration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sets up space crafts cheaper than the US government can </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The man who created this also created Pay-Pal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People that are interested in only space, will create our future in space. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Now and the Future <ul><li>The Green Blob- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2007 a 24 year old elementary school teacher, Harry van Arkel, discovered a new galaxy. There is a worldwide Galaxy Zoo project where everyday people can look at pictures of space and archived star photographs to catalog new objects. This was a photo from the Hubble telescope, which was launched in 1990. Hubble and these types of programs will create our future. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With more eyes looking at space, the world will see more and new things to explore. </li></ul></ul>