Ancient GreeceGeography, Rise of City-States
Geograph yMountains - ¾ land covered by mountains - Limited arable land- land suitable for agriculture                   ...
 Rivers  - Short, narrow, difficult  to navigate by boat  - Made transportation  and trade difficult by river Seas  - Ma...
Minoans   Civilization that developed    on Island of Crete (2000 BC-    1400 BC)     Named after legendary king      Mi...
   Sea faring people     Thriving trade with other Aegean lands     Strong navies to support trade   Fell to Mycenaean...
Mycenaeans         Controlled mainland Greece          from 1600 BC-1400 BC         Named after leading city,          M...
Dark Ages of Greece, 1150-750 BC Not long after the Trojan  War ended Mycenaeans fell to  invaders People known as the ...
Rise of City-States (700s BC)   Polis, or independent city-state     Geography played a huge role in their development  ...
Citizenship   in theCity-State   To be considered a citizen, must be a free    adult male     Women, slaves, and foreign...
Homeric Age Epic- Long poems about  heroes and great events Most famous was blind  poet named Homer     Wrote two famou...
The Iliad               Troy                          ParisMycenaean King    Helen                 10 yrs                 ...
The Odyssey           Mycenaean King           on journey home           from Trojan WarOdysseus
Religion Polytheistic Religion Religion did not focus on morality or an afterlife Religion was used by Greeks to explai...
Greek Gods and Goddesses   Zeus- King                Hera- Goddess                               of marriage    of the g...
The Olympic Games   Held every four years beginning in 776 BC     Held at Olympia on a grassy field Used to appease the...
Government   City-states originated as small kingdoms ruled    by warrior leaders supported by wealthy    landowners.    ...
Phalanx During aristocratic years,  many commoners  revolted Created citizen armies  with iron weapons These soldiers w...
Tyrants Came to power through the rebellions Tyrant- someone who Illegally took power, but  had the people’s support. I...
Other forms of Government Around 500s BC, many tyrants lost their  power to new ideas of how people  should be governed ...
Early Greece
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Early Greece

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Greece Unit

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  • Reveals athletic contests, festivals, stylish dress, women of court with gold, fancy dress, hairstyles (shows level of equality not evident elsewhere)
  • Possible volcanic erruption that led to tidal wave? Evidence rebuilt, but soon fell to invadersEvans 1900 rebuilt parts of palace- product of his time controversial
  • Lion gate at mycenae
  • Geometric vase
  • “Hellas” Greek agora of corinth
  • 393 ad
  • Aristocrats- best man in greek
  • “Spartan Phalanx”
  • “Spartan Phalanx”
  • Early Greece

    1. 1. Ancient GreeceGeography, Rise of City-States
    2. 2. Geograph yMountains - ¾ land covered by mountains - Limited arable land- land suitable for agriculture Aegean Ionian Sea - Mt. Olympus: highest Sea mountain known as the “home of the gods” - Made transportation, communication, trade over land, and unification difficult Mediterranean Sea
    3. 3.  Rivers - Short, narrow, difficult to navigate by boat - Made transportation and trade difficult by river Seas - Many Greeks became sailors, fishers, and traders - Traded with other Greek settlements, Egypt, and Fertile Crescent
    4. 4. Minoans Civilization that developed on Island of Crete (2000 BC- 1400 BC)  Named after legendary king Minos  Palace at Knossos  Walls of palace covered with huge frescoes- paintings made on wet plaster
    5. 5.  Sea faring people  Thriving trade with other Aegean lands  Strong navies to support trade Fell to Mycenaeans from mainland Greece
    6. 6. Mycenaeans  Controlled mainland Greece from 1600 BC-1400 BC  Named after leading city, Mycenae, which was heavily fortified  Warring people led by warrior kings  Great wealth from battle and trade  Led the Greeks in Trojan War- story told by Homer
    7. 7. Dark Ages of Greece, 1150-750 BC Not long after the Trojan War ended Mycenaeans fell to invaders People known as the Dorians migrated to the Balkan Peninsula No written language
    8. 8. Rise of City-States (700s BC) Polis, or independent city-state  Geography played a huge role in their development and independence  Built around an acropolis, or fortified hill  Each had an agora, or marketplace  Each had its own government, laws, weights and measures, calendar, and money
    9. 9. Citizenship in theCity-State To be considered a citizen, must be a free adult male  Women, slaves, and foreigners not considered citizens  Citizens had political rights and the responsibility of civic participation in government
    10. 10. Homeric Age Epic- Long poems about heroes and great events Most famous was blind poet named Homer  Wrote two famous epics- The Iliad and The Odyssey  The Iliad- Story of the Trojan War  The Odyssey- Odysseus’ journey home from war
    11. 11. The Iliad Troy ParisMycenaean King Helen 10 yrs Troy Loses
    12. 12. The Odyssey Mycenaean King on journey home from Trojan WarOdysseus
    13. 13. Religion Polytheistic Religion Religion did not focus on morality or an afterlife Religion was used by Greeks to explain their world Created myths- traditional stories about gods, goddesses and heroes Their religion myths provided explanations for:  Natural phenomena (lightning, change of seasons, etc.)  Human qualities (emotions, bravery, etc.)  Life Events (long life, good luck, good harvest, etc.)
    14. 14. Greek Gods and Goddesses Zeus- King  Hera- Goddess of marriage of the gods  Athena Protector of wisdom and womanly goodness  Apollo  Artemislight, music, and poetry Hunting and the Wilderness  Aphrodite love and beauty Lived on Mount Olympus
    15. 15. The Olympic Games Held every four years beginning in 776 BC  Held at Olympia on a grassy field Used to appease the gods Athletes won honor and a wreath of olive leaves
    16. 16. Government City-states originated as small kingdoms ruled by warrior leaders supported by wealthy landowners.  Landowners supported warrior leaders by providing weapons for army to ensure the city-states’ safety  Over time small group of landowners became known as aristocrats By 700 BC, many aristocrats had overthrown the warrior leaders of their city-states Governed as an aristocracy- ruled by small elite group of citizens
    17. 17. Phalanx During aristocratic years, many commoners revolted Created citizen armies with iron weapons These soldiers were called hoplites They formed a fighting formation called a phalanx
    18. 18. Tyrants Came to power through the rebellions Tyrant- someone who Illegally took power, but had the people’s support. Initially provided better lives for the poorer people in the city-state Promoted trade by the establishment of colonies and often began great building projects
    19. 19. Other forms of Government Around 500s BC, many tyrants lost their power to new ideas of how people should be governed Ideas of popular government became popular, the idea that people can and should rule themselves Various forms of government arose in city-states, including Athens and Sparta, two leading city-states

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