P2PU pm4e seminar


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P2PU pm4e seminar

  1. 1. Participatory Media Tools and Foundations Learner Engagement
  2. 2. Who We Are •Erin Knight, Research Director •Nathan Gandomi, Programs Director •Initial research with participatory media 09-10 school year at UCB; ongoing 10-11 semester •Interested in how tools are used and what instructors/students think about how they were used
  3. 3. Center for NGTL • School of Information • Education technology for student-centered learning and student engagement • Bridge between academia and industry • Research-based practice
  4. 4. Participatory Media • It’s everywhere • Called many things: “Web 2.0”, “participatory media”, etc. • Facebook, Twitter, del.icio.us, YouTube, etc. • Bottom Line: Ability to share and participate online • Line between creator and consumer blurred, barrier to entry often lowered
  5. 5. Educational Background / Potential • Shifts towards student or learner-centered environments • Adaptive, Flexible, Dynamic, Relevant • Student contribute to the course material • Roots in Papert’s Constructionism and Vygotsky’s “zone of proximal development”
  6. 6. Participatory Media for Education • Emerging Space • Educators incorporating blogs, wikis, forums, etc. into course environments • Enable course members to For education participate, add content, further discuss issues and topics, develop community, an so on... • Creates a learner-centered, flexible learning environment that can adapt to student needs/ interests
  7. 7. “The power derived from using social media in group learning processes comes not from a more efficient computerized extension of older communication forms—the classroom discussion, texts to be read, essays and theses to be written. The power of social media in education and elsewhere derives from their affordances for forms of communication and social behavior that were previously prohibitively difficult or expensive for more than a tiny elite to benefit.” -Howard Rheingold
  8. 8. It’s about more than the tools themselves. But...
  9. 9. Tools: Blogs • Expression of individual voice, opinion pieces • Tagged, Comments • Examples: Wordpress • Need to have an active community • Can be intimidating
  10. 10. Tools: Forums • Many-to-many discussions and debates • Time and space-independent • Typically threaded so that you can follow the entire discussion • Examples: Yahoo! Answers, WoW Forums, also built into P2PU.org • No assurance of response from participants, facilitator must stay engaged in forum • Can get unwieldy
  11. 11. Tools: Wiki • Collaborative document or resource building • Examples: Wikipedia, Google Docs, P2P has existing wiki • Requires some curation to ensure pages are linked and easy to find • Vulnerable to inaccuracy, poor revisions, and vandalism because anyone can edit. • Attribution and original ownership can get lost amongst a large group of collaborators and editors.
  12. 12. Tools: Social Bookmarking • Collaborative Research • Link Sharing; Shared course repository • Tagged; Discoverable • Examples: delicious.com • Difficult to assure of quality of bookmarked items • Does not free buried resources (restricted access, journals, libraries)
  13. 13. Tools: Chat • Synchronous, informal conversation tool • Good for creating community or asking questions • Built into P2PU.org • Informal nature sometimes a bad thing • May lead to expectation that the organizer is always available for questions, so guidelines should be set in advance.
  14. 14. Remember, we said it was about more than the tools...
  15. 15. Learning Objectives • Much of existing literature is tool-focused • Align certain learning activities with certain tools • We saw each tool used for wide range of learning activities • No “one-use-fits-each-tool” • Convergence of tools OR evidence of student’s adapting tool to their needs
  16. 16. What does this mean for you? •Identify your key objectives •Lots of room for creativity
  17. 17. Examples of Learning Objectives • Express clear, coherent thoughts through writing • Collaboratively write or build documents • Analyze or critique existing work • Connect course topics with current events or personal experience • Debate and discuss issues in the field topic • Conduct research, contribute to course content repository • Synthesize various perspectives about the topic or concept
  18. 18. More Examples of Learning Objectives • Reflect on learning, metacognition • Take responsibility for learning; Teach others about course topics • Review the work of classmates • Ask a question / get assistance • Share work / learn by social example • Create community • Learn discipline language; Develop information organization skills
  19. 19. Examples of Tool Alignment LO: Express clear, coherent thoughts through writing express personal ideas and Blog thoughts through a blog post generate a collaborative Wiki document (i.e. create a Wikipedia entry for a topic, or develop a summary page) debate or discuss a topic or question with examples from Forum readings or other sources as support
  20. 20. Examples of Tool Alignment LO: Share participant work / learn by social example post summary of work with link Blog to file each participant build wiki page for an assignment or Wiki other participant work, shared with entire class post sample exam questions as forum topics for participants Forum to discuss and build answers
  21. 21. Examples of Tool Alignment LO: Synthesize various perspectives about the topic write a post to summarize all Blog perspectives; write a post with the voice of one perspective create and/or edit pages that Wiki summarize and synthesize varying perspectives
  22. 22. More Examples of Tool Alignment • http://wiki.p2pu.org/toolbox
  23. 23. Delivery: How to use these tools? Icebreakers! Share parts of the participants Create Community lives (images, written response, video). Discuss experiences related to the issue of the course http://www.flickr.com/photos/drurydrama/
  24. 24. Delivery: How to use these tools? Facilitator != instructor, teacher or lecturer. Participate in your own activities! Give examples of assignments/ Model Expected Use activities. Participants will be different in skills and comfort level with tools http://www.flickr.com/photos/abchao/
  25. 25. Delivery: How to use these tools? What is the purpose of the post? What kind of comment should you make? Give Feedback Frequency and immediacy Better for learning
  26. 26. Don’t Panic or Feel Like You Have to Over Plan “Once I posted a couple times, it became a habit.” • Don’t feel like you have to have it all worked out “Since it wasn't clear • Some guidance is good to set about how we needed the stage / get members used to use it or if it was to the tool(s) graded, we used it the way that we wanted to.” • Leave some wiggle room for participants to adapt use of tools “I think the more that I would go in there and read the posts and try to put in my own two cents, the more I liked it and the more I wanted to use it. ”
  27. 27. Now You. • Questions? • Specific examples? http://www.flickr.com/photos/altemark/46732233/