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Acadia National Park


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Acadia National Park

  1. 1. Acadia National Park By: Erin McGill The park you will read about is Acadia National Park. This national park is in Maine. It is on the amazing rapid oceans and you can see many beautiful plants, exotic animals, and antique, outstanding Abnaki Indian items. Acadia National Park is in the northeast corner of the United States. In the cold, breezy winter days of Maine. Almost the whole park was mountains before they came to work on the park. The sediment in the mountains only builds up about 1 inch every couple thousand years. Sadly most of all the mountains melted about 12,000 to 15,000 years ago.The Abnaki's camped there for 6,000 years. In 8,000 B.C. Native Americans named, Abnaki's, settled in Maine.The Abnaki's camped there for 6,000 years. In 1913 the park was created. President Woodrow Wilson, set 6,000 acres aside for the creators of the park to work with. The park was to be created to protect the areas specular scenic values. The reason the park is so beautiful now is because John D. Rockfeller bought and donated over 11,000 acres/57 miles between 1915 and 1935. There are tons and tons of plants and animals in the park. The endangered plants and animals are protected. It is home to the Red Bat, Pygmy Shrews, and humpback whales, those animals are all endangered.There are over 273 species of birds in the park. The Red Spruce is the dominant tree in the evergreens. Some of the most popular plants are the Pink Lady Slipper, Trailing Arbutus, Painted Trillium, Frigid Poly-gala, and Wood lily and many, many more. To the park the Meadow sweet is a very special flower. The Wood lily is called the Head Summit. Pitch Pines live for about 2 to 3 years and then have to have new seeds planted from the dead leaves of the old ones. Now to talk about the animals. Some of the animals you might see when you visit are the American Beaver, Snowshoe Hare, and the herring Gull. Some of the animals you would see in the oceans are Dog Whelk, Rock Crab, and Starfish (big and little.) Lobster is there main money source. Lobster is so popular you can and will see at least 15 Lobsters on your trip to Acadia National Park.The Black Bear and the Bobcat are very rare animals to see there. If you do see 1 you are very lucky and be sure to take a snapshot of it! There is a bunch of features of this park. Fact 1 there is 47,748 acres. One of the islands is Mount Desert Island, which is 12 miles wide and 14 miles long. If you want to go there the summer months are best, like July and August, but it is open all year. When you go and you don't like it when it is crowded, you may want to go in December, January, and February, although it is chilly there is still much to see. You can stay at the Seawall or Blackwoods Campground you can stay there for up to 14 days, and they are both right on the ocean. Some places to visit while you are there re Abbe Museum, which has cool, old Indian artifacts, Baker Island, and Wonderland Trail. The lakes and ponds are aren't very deep, but the largest pond-Long Pond- is about 113' deep. Some smaller, wonderful lakes and ponds are Duck Pond, Lake Wood, Round Pond, Bubble Pond, The Bowl, The Tarm, And Aunt Betty Pond. Millions of years ago mountains covered the entire park. The Abanki Indians came in the birch bark canoes to this land. The natives used grass and birch tree bark to make vases and baskets. They used claim shells to mark off the territory, so that other Indian tribes would not come near their land. After the Abanki Indians went to other parts of the now called state, the French and English fought for this land for over 150 years. In 1604 French Explorer, Champlain, sailed the ocean and saw no trees on the islands, but in 1606 the English people the land. The
  2. 2. name of the park changed 3 times since the English claimed it. first is was Sieur De Mounts National Monuments in 1916. Next it was Lafayette National Park in 1919, and then last it is now Acadia National Park in1929. If you want to know something cool, here it is-Acadia is Acadie in French. Millions and millions of people visit each and every year. When you are there you can do lots of things like, hike, horseback ride, canoe, sail, trail run, and climb,sea kayak, and in the winter you can ski and snowboard. Even though this park is beautiful it has some challenges. Air pollution is there main problem right now. The park doesn't really have that many problems or challenges, but the plants and animals are dying from air pollution. The volunteers, members, and trail crew made cedar and stone terraces along the paths which helps stop environmental damage, but still allows guests and visitors to enjoy the wonderful features. The visitors are encouraged to view and attend the " Leave No Trace" museum. The museum helps show people what damage is done to the environment when you don't stay on the trails and pollute to the air with trash and bad gases. So, I hope you now understand the natural beauty of Acadia National Park. It is the national park teaming with all forms of plants,animals, and marine life! Maybe some day you can go and enjoy the natural love there.