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DOCTRINE
OR DOGMA?
Challenge
Your Assumptions
in a Friendly Way!
@erik_schon
Managing Director
Erlang Solutions Nordics
#MapCamp Germany
July 29, 2020
“You gotta challenge all assumptions.
If you don't, what is doctrine on day one
becomes dogma forever after”
JOHN BOYD
Strategist
Inventor of the OODA “Loop”
“Doctrine: Challenge assumptions”
SIMON WARDLEY
Strategist
Inventor of Wardley Mapping
In a world where the rate of change will never be slower than today,
HOW CAN WE BE CERTAIN TO SUCCEED?@erik_schon #MapCamp
@erik_schon #MapCamp
We provide world-class expertise in building
innovative, scalable and resilient systems
evolving the Erlang/Elixir open-source eco-system
@erik_schon #MapCamp
2.0 YEARS OF ERLANG SOLUTIONS
© 1999-2019 Erlang Solutions Ltd
@erik_schon
Executive
Strategist
Engineer
Team Player
Writer
@erik_schon #MapCamp
In a world where the rate of change will never be slower than today,
HOW CAN WE BE CERTAIN TO SUCCEED?@erik_schon #MapCamp
Answer:
STRATEGY!
“Strategy is the art of
manipulating an environment
to gain a desirable outcome”
Simon Wardley
Sources
The Art of War
Wardley Maps
The Essence of Winning and Losing
@erik_schon #MapCamp Courtesy of Simon Wardley, CC BY-SA 4.0, creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
Let’s zoom in on
DOCTRINE
WHY
Sun Tzu
ALWAYS START assessing and preparing
Who has more influential purpose?
Who has more skilled leadership?
Who is favored by landscape and climate?
Who carries out doctrine more skillfully?
Who has more capabilities?
Who provides feedback more clearly?
This shows who will succeed and who will fail.
@erik_schon #MapCamp
DOCTRINE
WHAT
Doctrine is
universally useful patterns
that a user can apply
regardless of context,
landscape or climate
NOTE
Doctrine is never right,
it has proven to be
consistently useful
for the time being
@erik_schon #MapCamp
DOCTRINE
WHAT
Doctrine is
universally useful patterns
that a user can apply
regardless of context,
landscape or climate
NOTE
Doctrine is never right,
it has proven to be
consistently useful
for the time being
EXAMPLES from Wardley’s Doctrine
Use a common language (communication)
Focus on user needs (development)
Know the details (operations)
Bias towards data (learning)
Move fast (leading)
Think small teams (structure)
@erik_schon #MapCamp
Let’s talk about
CAPABILITIES
WHY
Sun Tzu
ALWAYS START assessing and preparing
Who has more influential purpose?
Who has more skilled leadership?
Who is favored by landscape and climate?
Who carries out doctrine more skillfully?
Who has more capabilities?
Who provides feedback more clearly?
This shows who will succeed and who will fail.
@erik_schon #MapCamp
CAPABILITIES
WHAT
Capability is
the ability to fulfill a user’s need
OR
the ability of a Component
to fulfill the need(s) of another component
in a Value Chain or a Wardley Map
@erik_schon #MapCamp
How to Visualize
CAPABILITIES?
VALUE CHAIN - dependencies of needs
Capability is
the ability to fulfill a user’s need
OR
the ability of a Component
to fulfill the need(s) of another component
in a Value Chain or a Wardley Map
@erik_schon #MapCamp Courtesy of Simon Wardley, CC BY-SA 4.0, creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
How to Visualize
CAPABILITIES?
SYSTEM ANATOMY
dependencies between capabilities
for a PRODUCT
Travel card reader
in a bus
@erik_schon #MapCamp Kristian Sandahl
ANATOMY OF
EXCELLENT DEVELOPMENT
dependencies between capabilities
in PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
How to Visualize
CAPABILITIES?
@erik_schon #MapCamp
A way to visualize doctrine!
MATURITY MAPPING
Context specific maturity model
for teams and organizations
based on Wardley Mapping
How to Visualize
CAPABILITIES?
Specific implementation
of doctrine!
Chris McDermott
Back to
DOCTRINE ...
Doctrine is
universally useful patterns
that a user can apply
regardless of context,
landscape or climate
NOTE
Doctrine is never right,
it has proven to be
consistently useful
for the time being@erik_schon #MapCamp
Back to
WARDLEY’S DOCTRINE ...
Courtesy of Simon Wardley, CC BY-SA 4.0, creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
WARDLEY’S DOCTRINE
Let’s add some order!
Thanks Simon and
Steve Purkis!
Stop
Self Harm
Becoming More
Context Aware
Better for Less
Continuously Evolving
If your assessment shows this ...
Courtesy of Simon Wardley, CC BY-SA 4.0, creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
… you need to prepare & look more like this!
Courtesy of Simon Wardley, CC BY-SA 4.0, creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
Let’s challenge our assumptions re: doctrine ...
… with an EXPERIMENT!
WARDLEY’S DOCTRINE
Let’s turn it into a
VALUE CHAIN!
Executive leadership team of the organization
Certain success together with the organization’s stakeholders
Successful communication
Use a common language
(necessary for collaboration)
Challenge assumptions
(speak up and question)
Focus on high situational
awareness (understand
what’s being considered)
Be transparent
(a bias towards open)
@erik_schon #MapCamp
WARDLEY’S DOCTRINE
Let’s turn it into a
WARDLEY MAP!
Executive leadership team of the organization
Certain success together with the organization’s stakeholders
Successful communication
Use a common language
(necessary for collaboration)
Challenge assumptions
(speak up and question)
Focus on high situational
awareness (understand
what’s being considered)
Be transparent
(a bias towards open)
Value
Chain
Evolution
This is new to us We are learning it We are doing it We can teach it to others
SUMMARY
@erik_schon #MapCamp
Doctrine:
Challenge assumptions
And,
challenge
doctrine
How can we be
certain to succeed?
STRATEGY!
ALWAYS START WITH
assessing and preparing
doctrine and capabilities
Doctrine:
universally useful patterns
that a user can apply
regardless of context,
landscape or climate
Visualize capabilities
and doctrine
EXPERIMENT
Value Chain
and
Wardley Map
of
Wardley’s
Doctrine
2.0 YEARS OF ERLANG SOLUTIONS
© 1999-2019 Erlang Solutions Ltd
For Further Learning
Awesome List
Wardley Maps
Articles
Duka & Hribar: Anatomy of Excellent Development
Blogs
McDermott: Maturity Mapping
Schön: Seeing Around Corners
Wardley: My Basics for Business Strategy
Books
Schön: The Art of Strategy – Steps Towards Business Agility
Taxén et al: The System Anatomy
Wardley: Wardley Maps
Presentation
Sandahl: What is a System Anatomy?
Videos
Borchardt: Getting Strategic on Peace and Justice
Lamb: Investing in Innovation
Schön: The Art of Strategy – Steps Towards Business Agility
Wardley: Crossing the River by Feeling the Stones
@erik_schon #MapCamp
2.0 YEARS OF ERLANG SOLUTIONS
© 1999-2019 Erlang Solutions Ltd
THANK YOU!
Q&A
Erik Schön
Managing Director, Nordics @ Erlang Solutions
@erik_schon

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Doctrine or Dogma - Challenge Your Assumptions in a Friendly Way

  • 1. DOCTRINE OR DOGMA? Challenge Your Assumptions in a Friendly Way! @erik_schon Managing Director Erlang Solutions Nordics #MapCamp Germany July 29, 2020
  • 2. “You gotta challenge all assumptions. If you don't, what is doctrine on day one becomes dogma forever after” JOHN BOYD Strategist Inventor of the OODA “Loop” “Doctrine: Challenge assumptions” SIMON WARDLEY Strategist Inventor of Wardley Mapping
  • 3. In a world where the rate of change will never be slower than today, HOW CAN WE BE CERTAIN TO SUCCEED?@erik_schon #MapCamp
  • 5. We provide world-class expertise in building innovative, scalable and resilient systems evolving the Erlang/Elixir open-source eco-system @erik_schon #MapCamp
  • 6. 2.0 YEARS OF ERLANG SOLUTIONS © 1999-2019 Erlang Solutions Ltd @erik_schon Executive Strategist Engineer Team Player Writer @erik_schon #MapCamp
  • 7. In a world where the rate of change will never be slower than today, HOW CAN WE BE CERTAIN TO SUCCEED?@erik_schon #MapCamp
  • 8. Answer: STRATEGY! “Strategy is the art of manipulating an environment to gain a desirable outcome” Simon Wardley Sources The Art of War Wardley Maps The Essence of Winning and Losing @erik_schon #MapCamp Courtesy of Simon Wardley, CC BY-SA 4.0, creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
  • 9. Let’s zoom in on DOCTRINE WHY Sun Tzu ALWAYS START assessing and preparing Who has more influential purpose? Who has more skilled leadership? Who is favored by landscape and climate? Who carries out doctrine more skillfully? Who has more capabilities? Who provides feedback more clearly? This shows who will succeed and who will fail. @erik_schon #MapCamp
  • 10. DOCTRINE WHAT Doctrine is universally useful patterns that a user can apply regardless of context, landscape or climate NOTE Doctrine is never right, it has proven to be consistently useful for the time being @erik_schon #MapCamp
  • 11. DOCTRINE WHAT Doctrine is universally useful patterns that a user can apply regardless of context, landscape or climate NOTE Doctrine is never right, it has proven to be consistently useful for the time being EXAMPLES from Wardley’s Doctrine Use a common language (communication) Focus on user needs (development) Know the details (operations) Bias towards data (learning) Move fast (leading) Think small teams (structure) @erik_schon #MapCamp
  • 12. Let’s talk about CAPABILITIES WHY Sun Tzu ALWAYS START assessing and preparing Who has more influential purpose? Who has more skilled leadership? Who is favored by landscape and climate? Who carries out doctrine more skillfully? Who has more capabilities? Who provides feedback more clearly? This shows who will succeed and who will fail. @erik_schon #MapCamp
  • 13. CAPABILITIES WHAT Capability is the ability to fulfill a user’s need OR the ability of a Component to fulfill the need(s) of another component in a Value Chain or a Wardley Map @erik_schon #MapCamp
  • 14. How to Visualize CAPABILITIES? VALUE CHAIN - dependencies of needs Capability is the ability to fulfill a user’s need OR the ability of a Component to fulfill the need(s) of another component in a Value Chain or a Wardley Map @erik_schon #MapCamp Courtesy of Simon Wardley, CC BY-SA 4.0, creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
  • 15. How to Visualize CAPABILITIES? SYSTEM ANATOMY dependencies between capabilities for a PRODUCT Travel card reader in a bus @erik_schon #MapCamp Kristian Sandahl
  • 16. ANATOMY OF EXCELLENT DEVELOPMENT dependencies between capabilities in PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT How to Visualize CAPABILITIES? @erik_schon #MapCamp A way to visualize doctrine!
  • 17. MATURITY MAPPING Context specific maturity model for teams and organizations based on Wardley Mapping How to Visualize CAPABILITIES? Specific implementation of doctrine! Chris McDermott
  • 18. Back to DOCTRINE ... Doctrine is universally useful patterns that a user can apply regardless of context, landscape or climate NOTE Doctrine is never right, it has proven to be consistently useful for the time being@erik_schon #MapCamp
  • 19. Back to WARDLEY’S DOCTRINE ... Courtesy of Simon Wardley, CC BY-SA 4.0, creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
  • 20. WARDLEY’S DOCTRINE Let’s add some order! Thanks Simon and Steve Purkis! Stop Self Harm Becoming More Context Aware Better for Less Continuously Evolving
  • 21. If your assessment shows this ... Courtesy of Simon Wardley, CC BY-SA 4.0, creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
  • 22. … you need to prepare & look more like this! Courtesy of Simon Wardley, CC BY-SA 4.0, creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
  • 23. Let’s challenge our assumptions re: doctrine ... … with an EXPERIMENT!
  • 24. WARDLEY’S DOCTRINE Let’s turn it into a VALUE CHAIN! Executive leadership team of the organization Certain success together with the organization’s stakeholders Successful communication Use a common language (necessary for collaboration) Challenge assumptions (speak up and question) Focus on high situational awareness (understand what’s being considered) Be transparent (a bias towards open) @erik_schon #MapCamp
  • 25. WARDLEY’S DOCTRINE Let’s turn it into a WARDLEY MAP! Executive leadership team of the organization Certain success together with the organization’s stakeholders Successful communication Use a common language (necessary for collaboration) Challenge assumptions (speak up and question) Focus on high situational awareness (understand what’s being considered) Be transparent (a bias towards open) Value Chain Evolution This is new to us We are learning it We are doing it We can teach it to others
  • 26. SUMMARY @erik_schon #MapCamp Doctrine: Challenge assumptions And, challenge doctrine How can we be certain to succeed? STRATEGY! ALWAYS START WITH assessing and preparing doctrine and capabilities Doctrine: universally useful patterns that a user can apply regardless of context, landscape or climate Visualize capabilities and doctrine EXPERIMENT Value Chain and Wardley Map of Wardley’s Doctrine
  • 27. 2.0 YEARS OF ERLANG SOLUTIONS © 1999-2019 Erlang Solutions Ltd For Further Learning Awesome List Wardley Maps Articles Duka & Hribar: Anatomy of Excellent Development Blogs McDermott: Maturity Mapping Schön: Seeing Around Corners Wardley: My Basics for Business Strategy Books Schön: The Art of Strategy – Steps Towards Business Agility Taxén et al: The System Anatomy Wardley: Wardley Maps Presentation Sandahl: What is a System Anatomy? Videos Borchardt: Getting Strategic on Peace and Justice Lamb: Investing in Innovation Schön: The Art of Strategy – Steps Towards Business Agility Wardley: Crossing the River by Feeling the Stones @erik_schon #MapCamp
  • 28. 2.0 YEARS OF ERLANG SOLUTIONS © 1999-2019 Erlang Solutions Ltd THANK YOU! Q&A Erik Schön Managing Director, Nordics @ Erlang Solutions @erik_schon