“have a much greater potential
effect on the ability to transform
government than anything else in
the Web 2.0 world.”
- Gartner, 2007
The E-Government Hype Cycle Meets Web 2.0
Publishing Structured Data Visualization
Feeds • Makes it easy to find new
• Ability to subscribe to patterns.
• Data streams can be ‘mashed’
in new ways.
Organization • Combines skills and input of
• Tagging, Voting, Sharing large numbers of people
• Governments publish
Governments data streams
• 3rd parties create tools for
analysis and oversight
• Citizens collaboratively
Tools streams monitor their
• Citizens detect issues,
• Issues are resolved
[The Goldcorps President] realized that the
uniquely qualified minds to make new discoveries
were probably outside the boundaries of his
organization, and by sharing some intellectual
property he could harness the power of collective
genius and capability
Publishing Structured Data Visualization
Feeds • MAPLight makes relationship
• MAPLight is a mashup of between money and votes
data streams from different visible.
Organization • Thousands of journalists,
• Advocacy group tags advocates, and citizens can
donating companies as browse data and flag issues.
belonging to interest groups.
Open Systems Make
* paraphrasing Clay Shirky.
“An online compliance checklist for
designers of government websites identifies
no fewer than 24 different regulatory
regimes with which all public government
web sites must comply.”
-David Robinson, Princeton Center for Information Policy.
“Government Data and the Invisible Hand”
* Save tax money.
• Launched • Re-designed
• Limited Search • Re-launched
• Hard to Use • Added RSS Feeds
• Pared down interface
OpenRegulations.org • Easy to navigate
*From: Government Data and the Invisible Hand, David Robinson,
Princeton Center for Information Technology Policy.
Civil servants often feel
they live in a fishbowl.
“No one was ever promoted
for disclosing information.”
-US Government Employee.
OMBWatch, Towards a 21st Century Right To Know Agenda
Open systems can
Not just scapegoats.
Estonia: Government document repository
entirely open to public.
- Stephen Clift, DemocracyOnline*
* http://rebooting.personaldemocracy.com/node/52 
Cost of Software Defect: Time Introduced vs. Time Detected
Require- Architec- Construc- System Post-
ments ture tion Test Release
1× 3× 5–10× 10× 10–100×
Introduced - 1× 10× 15× 25–100×
- - 1× 10× 10–25×
McConnell, Steve (2004). Code Complete (2nd edition ed.)
Microsoft Press. pp. 960. ISBN 0-7356-1967-0.
Also here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_testing
Let the public see
your successes as
• Goals achieved
• Innovative services
• Efficiency improvements
5 Transparency Pledges Transparency Reform
Source Code: Measurable Campaign
(Lawrence Lessig and Joe
Trippi) Publish MP Schedules
Candidate info scraped from Eliminate Data Access
party websites Fees
10 days to implement Access to Information
38 MPs elected
2 agreed to publish their
“When you open up the data,
there’s no limit to what people can
do. It engages the imagination of
citizens in building the city.”
-David Miller, Mayor of Toronto.
Toronto 2.0: Data Sharing Source
The Globe and Mail, 09-01-31
Government of Canada
• Generalized system for publishing data
• Implements IMF Code of Conduct for
What am I
How can I
structure it so it
can be re-used?
How can I be
VisibleGovernment.ca Website: http://visiblegovernment.ca
Government Data and the Invisible Hand, David Robinson et. al.
Princeton Center for Information Technology Policy
Hack, Mash and Peer: Crowdsourcing Government Transparency
Jerry Brito, George Mason University
Sunlight Foundation: http://www.sunlightfoundation.com/
Government 2.0, David Eggers. (2005)
Here Comes Everybody, Clay Shirky. (2008)
 234 social media marketing examples, beingpeterkim
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