Li Gong from Mozilla presentation at VINNOVA


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VINNOVA's annual conference, this year on "A day in the information society".

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Li Gong from Mozilla presentation at VINNOVA

  1. 1. Information Society of the Future– A View from China and Beyond Li Gong Mozilla 10/25/2012 Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 1
  2. 2. Best New Cities for Business Innovation (Fortune, 09/24/2012) Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 2
  3. 3. Information Society Means …• More “things” with “digital heartbeats”• More “things” connected• More “information” transmitted and stored• More people connected, often in unexpected ways• Our society impacted in unprecedented ways• Renewed fierce competition to div up the world• Interplay: technology/industry/commerce/society Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 3
  4. 4. Presentation Outline• Internet of People (not devices, websites, and businesses) – Positive and negative societal impacts – New digital divides – User sovereignty• Monopolists re-emerging – New war over devices – Keep the new mobile Internet open – Internet governance• Power shift to the BRICs – Away from Europe? – Challenges for the Europeans Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 4
  5. 5. 1: Internet of People Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 5
  6. 6. Information and IT Sipping Into All Corners of Work and Life Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 6
  7. 7. Internet of Computers, Devices, “Things” Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 7
  8. 8. Internet of Websites and Businesses Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 8
  9. 9. Internet of 2.3B (Real) People– 700K New Users Added Everyday Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 9
  10. 10. … and Women in Particular• 10% more time spent online than men• 50+% of Facebook users• 56% of Twitter users• 70% of Pinterest users• 60% of ecommerce dollars Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 10
  11. 11. Societal Impact – the Good• The obvious benefits • Increased productivity, efficiency, life quality, and convenience • Connecting people (new lifestyles, global citizens) •…• Internet style peer network concept for the society at large? (IHT)• Some of these can cut both ways if overdone Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 11
  12. 12. Societal Impact – the Bad Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 12
  13. 13. Societal Impact – the Ugly Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 13
  14. 14. “In Norway we have managed to produce a terrorist who is inspired by the Internet.” Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 14
  15. 15. The Old and New Digital Divide* Small countries/regions can suffer from lack of appropriate services Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 15
  16. 16. Needed -- User Sovereignty• Term borrowed from Mitchell Baker (Chairwoman of Mozilla)• Putting USER first and center• But how? – “Bill of Rights” for Internet users? – Promote, implement, and enforce? – Different jurisdictions worldwide? – Cultural diversity? – … seemingly endless questions Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 16
  17. 17. 2: New Monopolists Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 17
  18. 18. Will History Repeat Itself?• Platform war (Microsoft Windows won by mid 1990s) – Then the browser threatened to render Windows irrelevant• Browser war (Microsoft IE won, over Netscape, by 2000) – Then Mozilla Firefox came along to re-open the landscape – MacOS and iOS eating away Windows’s dominance recently• Mobile device wars (ongoing) – The new (and most significant) portal to the Internet – In really mobile OS wars (about eco-system, not hardware) Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 18
  19. 19. Internet on the Desktop -- Open and Standard-Based PlatformsDesktop - The Open Webprovides user choice and hasunleashed innovation Web Platform (Desktop) Internet Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 19
  20. 20. Internet on Mobile -- Closed and Proprietary Platforms Mobile- iOS and Android locked-down platforms, with their native-apps, proprietary app stores, and capricious developer rules, making Web technology less relevant.Desktop - The Open Webprovides user choice and hasunleashed innovation Web Platform Proprietary Platforms Internet Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 20
  21. 21. Monopolies in the (Re)Making• Devices (Apple vs Samsung vs everyone else)• Patents (Apple vs Samsung vs Google)• Software interfaces (aka APIs) (Oracle vs Google)• Hardware interfaces (new iPhone connector)• Locked-in eco-systems (iOS vs Android vs others?) – Apps (run on one vendor platform, approved by the vendor) – Services (maps etc., selected and approved by the vendor) – Content (AppleTV, prescribed by the vendor) Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 21
  22. 22. “We shall defend our market share, whatever the cost may be; we shall fight on the App Stores, we shall fight on the network discounts, we shall fight onscreen size and resolution, we shall fight on the camera, we shall never surrender.” Steve Ballmer letter to MSFT shareholder: “devices and services” 10/09/2012 Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 22
  23. 23. Needed -- Internet Governance• Laws, rules, and regulations -- copyright, patent, data, privacy, competition, behavior, …• But we cannot just sit and wait … we must fight in the marketplace with open, innovative, and competitive technologies/products/ethics Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 23
  24. 24. Firefox OSBringing the Open Web to Mobile Devices 24
  25. 25. Open Web Device (OWD) with Firefox OSGrowing Ecosystem of Supporters and Supply Chain Carriers:Telefonica、Deutsche Telekom、Sprint、Telenor、América Móvil、 Smart、Etisalat、Telecom Italia Chipset manufacturers:Qualcomm、Spreadtrum OEM:TCL(Alcatel)、ZTE Internet companies:Facebook、Twitter 25
  26. 26. Open Web Devices (OWD) for All Wave 2 Brand/ advance200 features SeekersInvoice Price ($) NOKIA 500 FAY Samsung Wave 1 S5360 Galaxy LG Optimus L3 E400 Value for money100 Seekers OWD NOKIA ASHA 302 Price feature Seekers phones $8 MOTOROLA SILVERQ (EX430) wholesale Alcatel OT 900 ( ZTE E821 10/2012) LG C365 From feature phone to smartphone Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 26
  27. 27. 3. Power Shift to the BRICs• Production and consumption rapidly shifting to emerging countries• Core innovation in Internet technology still centered around Silicon Valley (with perhaps the biggest exception of ARM)• European products might still have market share today but not much mind share (bad for tomorrow) – Which European companies are relevant in Internet technologies?• Example: Telefonica/Mozilla/ZTE/TCL for Brazil and beyond• If the BRICs (and others including Japan) are not shooting Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 27
  28. 28. Internet Innovation – All Eyes on the Valley Twitter Youtube LinkedIn Zynga Salesforce Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 28
  29. 29. Challenges For Europeans (and in fact ALL)• Internet products are very much cultural as well as technical – The years of one-(English)-product-sold-worldwide is over• R&D effective only when by people who understand the local culture, customs, and requirements – The Europeans debate over roaming charges (single SIM card) – The Chinese frequent travellers use dual-SIM phones – The Brazilians use Quad-SIM phones everyday – No wonder a Chinese company (Spreadtrum) invented the first multi-SIM technology Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 29
  30. 30. Decline Is a Slooow Process-- “The Netherlands Peaked 100+ Years Ago” Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 30
  31. 31. But the “Barbarians” Will Come• Facebook’s China Problem (Fortune, September 2012) – “Perhaps Facebook’s real problem isn’t getting into China, but keeping China social media at bay.”• US Congress committee report on ZTE and Huawei• The “barbarians” can come from not only China but also elsewhere/everywhere in the world Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 31
  32. 32. When They Do It Will Not Be Pretty• China is “Exhibit A” of a law-less internet environment – A popular security software vendor faking a Microsoft critical patch to fool users into installing the vendor’s browser software – A popular browser vendor using its browser to “crawl” user data to feed back to its search engine – A common practice to “extract” a competitor’s critical code – Just “delete” your competitor’s software• Can they be constrained by local laws and regulations, especially if they operate offshore? Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 32
  33. 33. To Conclude• Establish user sovereignty – Close the digital divide (old and new)• Impose and improve Internet governance• Face up to European chanllenges Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 33
  34. 34. Thanks! Q& Vinnova Annual Conference 2012 34