English teaching guide qrtr3 poetry


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English teaching guide qrtr3 poetry

  1. 1. English 1Quarter 3: POETRYModule 2: Basic Elements of a Poem, Style and Literary Devices/TechniquesEXPLORE Your UnderstandingAt this phase, your background knowledge, readiness and competency on theprerequisite skills to the tasks at hand will be checked and evaluated. It isexpected thatat the end of the lesson you will be able to interpret a poem through a collagewhich willbe assessed based on the following criteria: organization, thematic accuracy,drawings/visuals, color and harmony, balance and use of space and craftsmanship.Let’s move on!Activity 1Rearrange the letters to form words related to poetry. After forming the rightwords,tell something about them.1. sunod diceves = ________________________________________________2. sbymlomis= ____________________________________________________3. lnagguae= ______________________________________________________4. tnoe= __________________________________________________________5. vicoe or seapekr= ________________________________________________6. mehet= ________________________________________________________7. snseory iagems= ________________________________________________8. from= _________________________________________________________Activity 2Below is a poem. Read it and complete the table that follows.
  2. 2. Lossby Antonio SamsonThere is some sadnessIn hearing conversation stopOr finding out a loss of friendsThe feeling hallows outYour soulAnd leaves you by yourselfStaring at detailsLike frog and snailsAnd what to doThe sadness grows and growsLike a tree without leaves.Rhyming Sensory Theme Figurative LanguageWords Images Simile Metaphor Personification
  3. 3. Activity 3Look at the puzzle pieces with words/phrases. Rearrange them to discover whattheessential question is. Then answer it based on you background knowledge and pastexperiences.and the author’s style,How do the elementsof a poem to its over-all effect?useof language / words contributeQuestion:Answer:
  4. 4. Activity 4Explain the following quotations.’A poem is like a rare and special orchid to be admired but not to be touched.’________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________’Reading and writing a poem are effective and meaningful ways of letting othersknow what is important to you, why and how you feel about it.’________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  5. 5. Activity 5 (Query Chart)Complete the table with the questions about the elements of poetry, styles andliterary devices/techniques.ElementsStylesand LiteraryTechniques/DevicesQuestions That ICan AnswerQuestions That ICannot AnswerQuestions That IWant to AskAreyoudone?Verygood!Letusnowadvancetothenextphase.
  6. 6. FIRM UP Your Understanding FIRM UP Your UnderstandingAt this phase, you will discover the elements of poetry, styles and literarytechniques and devices. Here, you will crystallize/illustrate your knowledge andusebasal adjectives in varied activities. You will also reflect, revise and rethinkyourunderstanding. After this you may go back to Activity 4 (Query Chart) in theExplorePhase and see if you can answer the questions you could not answer before and ifthose which you wanted to ask have been answered already.Lesson 1: Elements of PoetryPoetry is one of the oldest forms of literature. Before literaturewas written down, people told stories. They used rhythm and rhyme tohelp them remember the stories better. Ballads were actually stories inpoetic form that were sung. Many narrative poems still use rhythm andrhyme to tell stories.Poetry consists of a language with a strong musical quality inwhich words are highly-charged with meaning. Poetry is written in linesand these lines are grouped into stanzas.Poems have several elements and they are as follows:.Figurative Language consists of words with meanings beyond their usualdictionary meanings. The three common types of figurative language aresimile, metaphor, and extended metaphor.Simile is a comparison between two essentially unlike objects thatuses like or as to make this comparison.Examples: Your tongue is as sharp as a knife.Liza’s hands are soft like cotton.Metaphor is like a simile, but it does not use the word like or as.Examples: Jose Carlo is a lion when he is angry.The road is a ribbon under the moonlight.
  7. 7. Extended Metaphor is carried through from the beginning to the endof the poem.Other Types of Figurative LanguagePersonification is giving human attributes to inanimate or non-livingthings. They are made to think, speak and act the way human beingsdo.Examples:The tree lifts its branches to pray.The wind whispers my love.Hyperbole is an obvious and unrealistic exaggeration.Examples:I’m so hungry, I could eat you alive.I’ll die a thousand deaths for you.Onomatopoeia is the use of word which sounds like it means.Examples:The buzzing of the bees disturbed me.The children were startled by the boom of the thunder.Oxymoron is a phrase which contains opposite elements or wordswith opposite meaning, yet which expresses one idea when taken as awhole.Examples:The sound of silence is deafening.I’ll speak in a monstrous little voice..Sensory Images is the use of vivid language to create word pictures.Usually these word pictures appeal to the senses and arouse strong feelings..Sound Devices create the music of poetry. The four common sound devicesare rhythm, rhyme, alliteration, and onomatopoeia.Rhythm is the pattern of stressed and unstressed lines in a poem.Rhyme is the matching of sounds at the ends of the words.Alliteration is the repetition of initial consonant sounds.Onomatopoeia is the creation of words to imitate sounds..Theme is the general truth or insight to life suggested by a poem..Symbolism is the use of any person, place, or thing that has a meaning initself and that also stands for something else. A symbol can be another livingthing, an object, a situation, or an action. Usually symbols stand for ideas orqualities and they enable the writer to express a complicated idea or a deepfeeling in few words, sometimes in a single image..Tone in poetry is the poet’s or speaker’s attitude toward the subject, towardthe reader, or toward himself or herself. It can often be described by suchwords as serious, amused, sad, cheerful, angry, playful, comic, proud ormocking..Voice refers to the speaking persona in poetry where specific characters are
  8. 8. not indicated as ’the speaker’..Form refers to the number of lines, rhyme, rhythm, number of stanzas andrules of grammar.
  9. 9. 8Activity 6Tell the figure of speech each line shows.Choices: Simile, Metaphor, Hyperbole, Personification, Oxymoron, onomatopoeia_________ 1. You’re like a star in the sky._________ 2. The cozy home becomes a prison wall._________ 3. The tick-tack of the clock awakened Melody._________ 4. I’ll get the stars and the moon and offer them at your feet._________ 5. The stars guide lost travelers._________ 6. The waves reached out to the weary lad._________ 7. We are alone together._________ 8. The sick man is like living dead._________ 9. The kite tugged and pulled at the string, longing for the freedomof theskies._________10. His gaping jaw could hold a flock of the King’s fattest sheep.Activity 7Read and understand the meaning of the poem below.SongBy N.V.M. GonzalesBehold the bountiful land,the young hills and the corn;I the green river’s wombchildren are born;Honey’s in the forest,blue fish in the sea;the ash-gray of the clearingsgrows grain for me.
  10. 10. A.Underline the words in the poem that create sensory images. Tell what imageeach word suggests and describe the feeling you infer from each of them. Copythe table below and fill it out with appropriate entries.SENSORY IMAGESTitle of the Poem: __________________________________Words from the Poem Image Suggested Feeling InferredB.Write the rhyming words found in the poem.___________________ -___________________________________________ -___________________________________________ -________________________C.Write the words that show alliteration.D.Tell who the speaker in the poem is.E.Tell the tone or the speaker’s attitude toward the subject.F.Express in your own words the theme of the poem.
  11. 11. 10Activity 8Read the poem below, and answer the questions after it.1. Which part of the Philippine flag is described in the first stanza?_____________________________________________________________2. Who is the speaker in the poem?_____________________________________________________________3. What is the mood of the speaker in the poem?The Philippine Flagby Amparo ReyesThey plucked the sun from heavenThey plucked three shining stars,Set these in a spotless triangleBeside two parallel bars.One bar was crimson sunset,The other was azure sky,They bowed by the sun and the shining starsFor freedom they’d live and die.White were the souls they offered,Red was the blood they shed,Blue was the great undying flameThat haloed each martyr’s head.Behold the flag in its glory,Rising up to the sky;Vow by the sun and the shining starsFor freedom, live and die.
  12. 12. 4.What do the colors and figures/shapes in our flag symbolize?a. Blue______________________________________________________b. Red ______________________________________________________c. White______________________________________________________d. Stars ______________________________________________________e. Sun________________________________________________________5.What do the following positions indicate?a. The red part of the flag is up.b. The flag is on half mast.6.What lesson have you learned from the poem?7. How do you show respect to our own flag?Lesson 2: Style Used by the AuthorIn addition to using rhythm and rhyme, poets use language in other special waystoappeal to a reader’s senses and emotions. Because many poems are short, poetschooseeach word and phrase with care to create vivid images, or pictures, in thereader’s mind.PHRASE MODIFIERA phrase modifier is composed of two or more words and is used either as anadjective or as an adverb. There are different kinds of phrase modifiers andthey are asfollows:.Prepositional Phrase is formed by putting together a preposition and itsobjectPREPOSITIONSSingle-Word Prepositionsabout above at regardingaround between after beneathby except from despiteto on before underin into onto throughoutfor across along sinceduring near beside amongbesides beyond behind throughof with without asup down inside outside
  13. 13. Compound Prepositionsin the middle of owing to prior to on top ofin spite of according to out of at the back ofin front of in the midst of instead of because ofExamples:The poem ’The Ballad of A Mother’s Heart’ has made me cry.P OP(’Of a mother’s heart’ is a prepositional phrase that is used tomodify, describe or limit the meaning of the noun ballad. Itfunctions as an adjective. It answers the question ’Whichballad has made you cry?’He pleaded as he knelt before her feet in tears.P OP(’Before her feet’ is a prepositional phrase that is used to modify theverb knelt. It is used as an adverb. It also answers the question’Where did he kneel?’.Participial Phrase is composed of a participle (present participle or pastparticiple) and its object. It is always used as an adjective.Examples: Groaning with pain, the youth thought of his mother.(’Groaning with pain’ modifies the noun youth.)Holding his mother’s heart, he ran to see his maiden fair.(’Holding his mother’s heart’ modifies the pronoun he.)Proven true, the news came to us as a shock.(’Proven true’ modifies the noun news.).Infinitive is formed by following the pattern ’to+base form of verb’. It maybe used as a noun, an adjective or an adverb. An infinitive phrase is made upof an infinitive and its modifiers and complements.Infinitive Phrases as AdjectivesMaria has a story to tell the audience.(The infinitive phrase to tell the audience is used as an adjectivemodifying the noun story.)
  14. 14. Do you have ideas to share with your classmates?(The infinitive phrase to share with your classmates is used as anadjective modifying the noun ideas.)Activity 9Copy the sentences below in your activity notebook. Tell whether each underlinedmodifieris used as prepositional, participial or infinitive phrase.__________ 1. The house on the hill is haunted.__________ 2. Sheila has lessons to review for the test tomorrow.__________ 3. Seeing my manuscript, the editor considered my application.__________ 4. Mr. Lucio Santos has a movie to produce for the Filipino audience.__________ 5. Carlo and Yvonne wear pants with six pockets.__________ 6. Wild flowers in the meadows paint the landscape yellow and red.__________ 7. Sleeping soundly, the family is not aware of the presence of theburglars.__________ 8. Shaking with fear, Desiree hid behind the door.__________10. Peanuts and raisins are good snacks to take on a field trip.Activity 10Copy the sentences below in your activity notebook. Underline the prepositionalphrase in each sentence and tell how it is used. Write ADJ or ADV on the spaceprovidedbefore each number.__________ 1. Behind the door hides the man.__________ 2. We saw the car near the gasoline station.__________ 3. The precious ring with solitaire diamond is an heirloom.__________ 4. Christine did not read the story of creation.__________ 5. Those fresh flowers with pink ribbon are mine.__________ 6. Thelma and her sister cried because of pain.__________ 7. Luisa lives at 222 Sampaguita St., San Carlos, Binangonan, Rizal.__________ 8. My parents left in November.__________ 9. The class president presides the meeting with confidence.__________10. Sit beside me, Jessica.Activity 11Read the sentences below and copy the table as shown below. Fill it out withappropriate details.1. Screaming wildly, fans ran after their favorite soccer players.
  15. 15. 2. Arriving after the others, Gelyn waited until intermission to be seated.3. The clown, balancing precariously on the wire, performed tricks.4. The tower radioed the plane coming in for a landing.5. I had to repair the tire punctured by a nail.6. The old gown hanging in the closet is my grandmother’s prom dress.7. Exhausted after our exercises, we craved for a tall, cool glass of water.8. Reading a book, I sat on the bench.9. Those girls singing ’Faithfully’ are Melissa’s best friends.10.Jogging down the sidewalk, Trisha met an old acquaintance.PARTICIPIAL PHRASE NOUN MODIFIED1. 12Copy the following sentences in your activity notebook then encircle theinfinitivephrase in each sentence.__________ 1. Everyone has the right to choose a religion.__________ 2. They have the duty to protect civilians from danger.__________ 3. The principal gave me permission to leave the school.__________ 4. We have a book to read tonight.__________ 5. One solution may be to offer them money.__________ 6. My plan to go to Boracay will never materialize.__________ 7. The recruits did not know which steps to start with.__________ 8. After doing my best to teach her for two weeks, I quit.__________ 9. Cartherine has a plan to go travel abroad after college.__________10. The best time to visit Baguio City is March through May.Lesson 3: Sentence StructurePoets use sentences to communicate ideas and emotions. For communication to bemeaningful, a poet must choose appropriate words and put them in an order thatthe readeror listener can follow. No matter how short or long sentences in a poem are,they alwayshave subject (implied or explicitly stated) and predicate.
  16. 16. Sentence is a word or group of words that expresses a complete thought or idea.Italways starts with a capital letter. It may end with period, question mark orexclamationpoint.The subject is a noun, pronoun, or group of words acting as a noun, plus anymodifiers, that tells who or what the sentence is about.The predicate is the verb or verb phrase, plus any modifiers and complementsthattells what the subject of the sentence does or what it is all about. As theexamples show,subjects and predicates vary in length.Subject PredicateChildren are born.Tears filmed her eyes.His breath was like a wounded bird.The lingering twilight wanes.Sentences may be in the normal or inverted order (for emphasis).Inverted sentences have the verb or predicate first. They usually begin withprepositional phrases/adverbs.Prepositional Phrase VExamples:Beneath the pillows smolderedSthe cigarette.Adv.HereSentences in the normal order have the subject followed by the verb orpredicate.VExamples: The cigarette smoldered beneath the pillows.VThe school bus comes here.Activity 13Copy the following sentences in your activity notebook. Underline the completesubjectonce and the complete predicate twice.1. My mother teaches forty-five students.2. Valentina and Herminia go to Cebu for their vacation.3. Everyone is delighted to see Maria.4. The necklace is made of beads and leather.5. The ladies are wearing baro’t saya.6. Her mother is a college graduate.7. A group of tourists went to Quezon province.8. I am proud to be a Filipino.V Scomes the school bus .SS
  17. 17. 9. Some items were not sold.10.Through the livelihood project, the government is helping them leadproductivelives.Activity 14Read the sentences and copy them in your activity notebook. Tell the order eachfollows.Write NORMAL or INVERTED.1. Here comes the bride, all dressed in white.2. Beyond the mountain of sacrifice lies the glory of paradise.3. The pain ceased after the tooth was extracted.4. Tim paid her debts willingly.5. Alice sang in her shrill voice to annoy me.6. The general wore a medal around his neck.7. On the wall hung a portrait of my wife.8. In the car sat a police officer.9. Mr. Allen praised his class for an excellent performance.10.The group enjoyed watching the presentation.Have you finished accomplishing the activities/tasks? Have you gone back toActivity 4 (Explore Phase) and answered the questions which you could not answerbefore?Have the questions you asked been answered?VeryGood!Let’sproceedtothenextphase.DEEPEN Your UnderstandingAt this phase you are to reflect, revisit, rethink and revise your earlierassumptions about the elements of poetry, styles and literary techniques anddevicesthrough thought-provoking questions and meaningful/challenging activities. Hereyouwill also be engaged in meaningful self-evaluation.
  18. 18. 17Activity 15Find out from the selection a mother’s interpretation of what the sea seems toexpress. Would you have thought of the same answers?g{x fxtUç atà|ä|wtw `tÜÖâxéj{ç wÉxá à{x áxt Ätâz{? `Éà{xÜTá |à zÄ|Çàá uxÇxtà{ à{x áâÇRà |á à{|Ç~|Çz Éy à{x }Éçá? Åç v{|Äwg{tà |à ã|á{xá xäxÜçÉÇxAj{ç wÉxá à{x áxt áÉu áÉ? `Éà{xÜTá |à uÜxt~á ÉÇ à{x ÜÉv~ç á{ÉÜxRà ÜxvtÄÄá à{x áÉÜÜÉãá Éy à{x ãÉÜÄw?TÇw ãxxÑá yÉÜxäxÜ ÅÉÜxAj{ç |á à{x áxt áÉ ÑxtvxyâÄ? `Éà{xÜTá |y |à ãxÜx ytáà táÄxxÑRà ãÉâÄw z|äx ÉâÜ {xtÜà? wxtÜxáà v{|Äwg{x vÉÅyÉÜà Éy à{x wxxÑA1. What makes the child think that the sea laughs? Sobs?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  19. 19. 182. Why does he/she believe that the sea is so peaceful?______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________3. If you were the Mother, would you have interpreted the sea’s differentconditions/situations the way she did? Why? Why not?______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________4. Interpret the lines’It would give our heart, dearest childThe comfort of the deep.’__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Activity 16Complete the graphic organizer below.What the sea seems to do/be What it means1.2.3.What other things does the sea make you feel? Explain your answer.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Activity 17Draw your own picture of ’The Sea’. Then compose a line or two to describe it.g{x fxtuçrrrrrrrrrrrrrr
  20. 20. Activity 18Read the poem below and recognize the elements present in it.Sonnet IJose Garcia VillaFirst, a poem must be magical,Then musical, as the sea gull.It must be a brightness movingAnd hold a secret bird’s flowering.It must be slender as a bell.And must hold fire as well.It must have the wisdom of the bowsAnd it must kneel like a rose.It must be able to hearThe luminance of dove and deer.It must be able to hideWhat it seeks like a bride.And over all I would like to hoverGod, smiling from the poem’s cover.Answer the following questions.1.What kinds of figurative language are used in the poem? Prove your answer bywriting the lines that illustrate them.2.Did the poet use rhythm, rhyme or alliteration? Write the words that show rhymeor alliteration.3.Choose and write the words that create images in the readers’ mind. To whatsenses do they appeal?
  21. 21. 4. What is the poet’s tone in the poem? What made you say so?5. What does fire symbolize? Give reasons for your answer.6. Who, do you think, is the speaker in the poem?7. What general truth or insights about life are highlighted in the poem?Areyoudone?VeryGood!Now that you have understood and internalized that the basic components of apoem, as well as the words used by the poet give intense impact of the poem toyou as alearner, you will transfer that understanding to real world task.TRANSFER Your UnderstandingAt this phase, you will make independent applications of your understanding ofthe basic elements of a poem, style and literary devices/ techniques elements aswellas the sentence structure and phrase modifiers. You will find out the connectionbetween the tasks and the world.Activity 19Collage is an art work done by putting together different elements. It includesvisual(photos), artificial (imitation of things found in nature, e.g. plastic flowers,paper leaves)and natural (things found in the environment, e.g. twigs, leaves, flowers,stones) textures.
  22. 22. Collage SamplesSource: http://www.jefflindsay.com/acne.shtmlSource: http://bluebirdcollage.blogspot.com/How to Make a CollageMaterials Needed:1. Cartolina (any color)2. Glue
  23. 23. 3. Pencil, Marker and Crayons4. Things of different texturesa. Visual (e.g. pictures or drawings of things)
  24. 24. b. Artificial (e.g. plastic/paper flowers, leaves and butterflies)c. Natural (e.g. real stones, leaves, flowers, twigs)
  25. 25. Procedure:Draw borders on your cartolina. Then arrange and glue the different materialsyouhave gathered according to the theme. Make sure that your collage will haveemphasis,balance, harmony, and proportion.Isn’t it easy to make a masterpiece?What are you waiting for? Read on and let your creativity show.Think of yourself as a visual artist who is a member of a group that will haveanexhibit and you are tasked to produce a collage as an interpretation of the poem’ThePhilippine Flag’ Make sure that it shows and expresses Filipino values andideals. Famousartists, students, teachers and people from all walks of life are going toattend its grandopening. Your collage should show organization, thematic accuracy, drawings/visuals,color and harmony, balance and proper use of space, and craftsmanship.Areyoudone?Congratulations!Youhavejustfinishedtopic2!