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Las 9 reglas de la ORatoria Curso de locucion UCV

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Todos los seres humanos debemos aprender a hablar de forma correcta en todo momento. Existen muchos tips y recomendaciones para lograr la atención de las personas que nos escuchan. Sin embargo, existen 9 reglas básicas de la oratoria que se muestran de forma sencilla en esta presentación.

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Las 9 reglas de la ORatoria Curso de locucion UCV

  1. 1. LA ORATORIA y SUS TÉCNICAS
  2. 2. PROGRAMA CURSO DE ORATORIA: 1.- Definición y origen de la oratoria. 2.- Ventajas de hablar en público 3.- ¿Qué es el miedo escénico, cómo se manifiesta y como vencerlo? 4.- Las 9 técnicas básicas de la oratoria 5.- Tips de recomendaciones para ser un buen orador
  3. 3. OBSERVACIÓN Y ANÁLISIS
  4. 4. TRES DOMINIOS DEL SER HUMANO El Lenguaje El cuerpoEmociones Lo que acontece en uno de ellos condiciona lo que sucederá en el otro. Se comportan entre sí de manera congruente Se influencian mutuamente
  5. 5. Arte de hablar con elocuencia “Deleitar – Persuadir – Conmover” Orador Persona que habla en público, pronuncia discursos o imparte conferencias DEFINICION DE ORATORIA:
  6. 6. 1.-El que informa bien 2.- Argumenta sólidamente 3.- Hace presente las fuentes que utiliza 4.- Transmite credibilidad 1. Miente 2. Manipula 3. Elude expresar sus puntos de vista verdaderos EL ORADOR: Buen Orador: Mal Orador:
  7. 7. VENTAJAS DE LA ORATORIA  Aumenta el Autoestima  Potencia el liderazgo  Potencia la memoria  Da poder de persuasión - Los problemas personales - Las excusas - El egocentrismo ¿Qué hay que dejar fuera del auditorio?
  8. 8. ¿QUÉ ES EL MIEDO ESCÉNICO? Glosofobia: Miedo a hablar en público Proviene del griego ¿Cómo se manifiesta? Sudoración en las manos Temblor en las piernas Resequedad de la garganta Cosquilleo dentro de los labios Glossa: lengua Fobos: miedo o temor
  9. 9. NO SE QUITA SE CONTROLA TÉCNICAS PARA CONTROLARLO: -Practicar, practicar y practicar los discursos -Tener conocimiento del tema -Leer mucho -Respirar profundo varias veces antes de iniciar Tomar conciencia del miedo es mejor que intentar auto convencerse de que no existe. ¿EL MIEDO ESCÉNICO SE ELIMINA?
  10. 10. 9 REGLAS DE LA ORATORIA 1.-Posición inicial: (pitcher, golfista, nadador) Centro del Escenario
  11. 11. 2.- Postura Corporal: - Listo (ropa) - Cuerpo erguido - Manos a los lados (no bolsillos) - No hacer gestos 9 REGLAS DE LA ORATORIA
  12. 12. 3.- Contacto Visual: Eliminar mito: mirar a la gente sobre las cabezas Contacto visual con el público (paneo) Prudencia al mirar al público (no detallar) 9 REGLAS DE LA ORATORIA
  13. 13. M I R A D A - Al saludar al público se le mira a los ojos - Se ha de individualizar en los momentos de silencio - Conviene mirar rostros concretos 3.- Contacto Visual: -Se ha de abarcar con la mirada toda la sala -Cuando alguien formula una pregunta se le mira, pero cuando se responde se mira a toda la audiencia
  14. 14. 4.- Movimientos de manos: - Apoya o contradice lo que decimos - Puede distraer a la audiencia - No moverlas mucho 9 REGLAS DE LA ORATORIA
  15. 15. Robin Sharma 9 REGLAS DE LA ORATORIA 4.- Movimientos de manos: John Maxwell
  16. 16. 5.-Movimiento en Escena: (rotatorio) - Da vida al discurso - De lado a lado Hacia delante: poco (enfatizar) Hacia detrás: casi nunca (negatividad) Ej. Leopoldo López 9 REGLAS DE LA ORATORIA
  17. 17. (Repaso de las 5 primeras reglas) 9 REGLAS DE LA ORATORIA 1.-Posición inicial: 2.-Postura corporal 3.-Contacto visual 4.-Movimientos de manos 5.-Movimiento en escena
  18. 18. 6.-Elementos distractores: Evitar: - Muchos anillos -Tatuajes - Piercing - Minifaldas - Medias pantis brillantes o de malla 9 REGLAS DE LA ORATORIA Evitar: - Hombres con uñas pintadas, con zarcillos – Maquillaje excesivo – Accesorios que hagan mucho ruido (pulseras, cinturones, etc) Llevar: -Pañuelo o klenees
  19. 19. 9 REGLAS DE LA ORATORIA 7.-Mata Muletillas: Muletilla es una palabra o frase que se repite mucho por hábito. Etimológicamente muletilla deriva de muleta (soporte) Ejemplos de muletilla: (ehh, este, ok, vale) ****EL MATA MULETILLA***
  20. 20. 9 REGLAS DE LA ORATORIA 8.-Manejo de la voz: Volumen Ritmo Pausas NOTA: lo aprenderán en la parte práctica
  21. 21. 9 REGLAS DE LA ORATORIA 9.-Intervención con el público - Brindar la posibilidad al público de poder formular preguntas. Se consigue involucrar más a la audiencia Enriquece la intervención del orador Transmite imagen de seguridad y de dominio de la materia
  22. 22. USO DEL MICROFONO Recomendado en audiencias a partir de 50 personas - Si es en podium no agarrarlo - Mantenerlo siempre a la misma distancia de la boca - Colocarlo en la mano según la pantalla del video beam OTROS TIPS DE ORATORIA:
  23. 23. OTROS TIPS DE ORATORIA: - Preparación: estudie el tema, infórmese de quien será su público, la sala, grabe su charla y escúchese Utilizar elementos de apoyo Realizar ejercicios de respiración y apoyo diafragmático Hacer esquema de lo que se va a decir Tener claro el mensaje y el objetivo
  24. 24. Ensaye ante un espejo Hable despacio OTROS TIPS DE ORATORIA: Mantenga la calma frente a las preguntas Tenga agua a la mano y tome antes de comenzar
  25. 25. TÉCNICAS DE IMPROVISACIÓN Reaccionar con naturalidad Recurrir al sentido del humor No perder la calma Ante imprevistos de tipo físico: ATAQUE DE TOS, HIPO, ETC.
  26. 26. Lo más importante en un discurso no son las palabras sino el espíritu que hay detrás de esas palabras. “El que sabe pensar, pero no sabe expresar lo que piensa, está en el mismo nivel del que no sabe pensar” Pericles El orador debe sentir lo que dice. No digan nada que no sientan La educación derrumba cualquier puerta
  27. 27. LLEGO LA HORA … A practicar
  28. 28. Redes Sociales  Twitter: @erikaosteriz  Fan Page: Asesoría de Imagen y Oratoria  Sitio web: www.erikaosteriz.com  Email: erikaosteriz@gmail.com • Instagram: erikaosteriz

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