Constructivism - Erika Queen


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A short presentation outlining the basics of the Constructive learning theory, how its applied in the classroom and my personal opinion. Enjoy!

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Constructivism - Erika Queen

  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTSWhat is Constructivism?Who came up with this?How can it be applied?What’s your opinion ofConstructivism?Works Cited
  3. 3. What is Constructivism?Student-focused learning theoryAs learners, we construct meaning and knowledge individually from experiencesTeachers are used as guides to encourage the students to pursue meaning and knowledgeThere is no knowledge independent of meaning
  4. 4. What is Constructivism?☆“I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.” –Confucius☆This quote sums up what Constructivism is all about.Important to: Focus on the learner and their thought processes Engage the students to encourage exploration and discovery
  5. 5. Jean PiagetBelieved children were active learnersConstruct knowledge as they move through life’sschema (stages)Cognitive Learning Theory (4 stages) Sensorimotor learn through senses/motor actions Preoperational Use symbols/images and play pretend Concrete Operational Think logically and understand other points of view Formal Operational Hypothesize, abstract thinking and moral developmentAdaption (cognitive development) Assimilation: Addition of new information Accommodation: Revision of old information due to new discovery
  6. 6. Jerome Bruner American psychologist and educator☆Participatory learners☆Integrated curriculum ☆ various activities to encourage learning☆Study of cognition ☆ Individuals progress through different intellectual stages ☆ Mental models are created that provide meaning☆Socratic Method ☆Solving problems through questioning and answering techniques☆Spiral Curriculum ☆ Building upon what is already learned
  7. 7. Lev VygotskyRussian educational psychologistSocial Cognition Learning significantly influenced by social environment and culture Positive or negative effectsZone of proximal development Difference between a child’s problem solving ability and their potential when working with someone more advanced (ex. Teacher) Promotes collaborative learningScaffolding Discovering a child’s level of development and building their learning experiences from that point Altering schemata (mental framework)Anchored Instruction Learned concepts become a basis for other information to connect to and build upon
  8. 8. John Dewey Educational psychologist, political activist and philosopher Father of Education☆University Elementary School ☆ School is a community and an extension of society ☆ Student-directed learning with teachers as guides for resources☆Progressive Education ☆ Educating the whole child (physically, mentally and socially)☆Pragmatist ☆Truth of a theory could only be determined by whether it worked or not
  9. 9. Constructivism in the ClassroomTeacher’s Role Act as a guide to students Encourage students to ask questions and find answers Provide helpful resources, but not answers Foster an environment that encourages exploration and experimentation
  10. 10. How can it be applied?☆Student’s Role ☆Pursue knowledge through questioning and analytical thinking ☆Build on what is already known ☆Search for meaning, instead of memorizing facts ☆Collaborate with other students to reach your full potential ☆Explore and experiment, don’t accept fact for truth
  11. 11. Constructivism in MY Classroom☆As a teacher Constructivism is an excellent way to help your students succeed, not only in your class, but in the future as well.☆Teaches them analytical skills, encourages exploration and fosters experiments and quests for more knowledge.
  12. 12. Constructivism in MY ClassroomStudent-centered learning is a great wayto cater to each child.It requires you to step outside the boxand come up with innovative ways tointroduce curriculum.Not to mention that a child feels farmore accomplished when they haveachieved on their own
  13. 13. Works Cited