Theology pierre teilhard de chardin powerpoint


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Theology pierre teilhard de chardin powerpoint

  1. 1. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Chapter Four The God of the Cosmos
  2. 2. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Background <ul><li>In 1881 , he is born in Auberge (same province as Pascal) of central France. </li></ul><ul><li>Family consists of 11 children of Emmanuel and Berthe-Adele. </li></ul><ul><li>Father is a wealthy, educated landowner. </li></ul><ul><li>Family has relation to Voltaire. </li></ul><ul><li>Feels a calling from God at a young age. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Vocations <ul><li>At 11, he attends a Jesuit boarding school with a reputable natural science program near Lyons , and performs well in Science and Religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Becomes a Jesuit novice. </li></ul><ul><li>1901-1905 he studies philosophy, geology, zoology, and theology at Jersey (island in English Channel), as a result of strict French orders concerning religion. </li></ul><ul><li>1905 he teaches science at Jesuit high school in Cairo, Egypt . Meantime he searches archaeological sites of old Christian and Muslim communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Studies theology, geology, paleontology in Hastings, England . Compares St. Paul and St. John’s cosmic passages with personal scientific conclusions. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Vocations cont. <ul><li>1912 studies geology and paleontology in Paris . </li></ul><ul><li>Visits and studies data at Museum of Natural History. </li></ul><ul><li>Participates in Archeological projects in France and Spain that increases his interest in evolution. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Vocations cont.: War <ul><li>In 1914 World War I caused him to become a medical orderly responsible for carrying stretchers at the front of battle. </li></ul><ul><li>Impressive battles include Ypres, Verdun, and Marne. </li></ul><ul><li>Earns many decorations especially a Legion of Honor. </li></ul><ul><li>War had a tremendous impact on Teilhard. He developed many new views, and strengthened his own theories for himself. For example, war is where he found ‘absolute’. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Vocations cont. <ul><li>After the war, Teilhard pursues a degree in natural science at the Sorbonne. </li></ul><ul><li>1921 He says that the evolutionists Jean Baptiste de Monet de Lamarck and Charles Dawin were on to an authentic truth in their pursuit of proving evolution. </li></ul><ul><li>1922 he graduates with a doctorate and the highest honors. </li></ul><ul><li>Next, He teachers geology at the Institute Catholique in Paris . </li></ul><ul><li>He becomes a priest (pg 130- no specifics offered as to how or why) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Vocations cont.: Movement of Evolution <ul><li>Teilhard is for the movement of evolution, and disagrees with the immobilists. </li></ul><ul><li>Brennan R. Hill, our author, says, “(Evolution) would come to be his most enduring contribution.” </li></ul><ul><li>During 1922 he was invited to speak before Jesuit seminarians, and they requested for him to write an essay which they could study. </li></ul><ul><li>The essay reached the Vatican and caused concern. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Vocations cont.: Exploring China <ul><li>Before the Vatican censors could act Teilhard accepted an invitation to travel to China . </li></ul><ul><li>He excavated in the Yellow River Basin area. </li></ul><ul><li>While in China he wrote Mass on the World . </li></ul><ul><li>When he returned to Paris he received a letter that demanded for him agree to be silenced. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin vocations cont.: Exile <ul><li>Only a short time after he appealed to the letter he was ordered by the Jesuit General to leave France . </li></ul><ul><li>At the age of forty-five he found exile in China . </li></ul><ul><li>Over the next twenty years he could not publish his writing. </li></ul><ul><li>He experienced political turmoil and war between Japan and China . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin vocations cont.: Exile <ul><li>He participated in archaeological expeditions, and discovered ‘Peking Man’. </li></ul><ul><li>He studied in Africa and India , and studied the ‘Java Man’ in Burma . </li></ul><ul><li>He visited the U.S. and France a lot. </li></ul><ul><li>He distributed essays to familiar people, and he began to write The Divine Milieu in an attempt to be accepted again in France . </li></ul><ul><li>He was allowed to bring his manuscript to France in 1927, but he could not stay or publish his book. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin vocations cont. <ul><li>In 1928 after deeply critiquing the church, he returns to France and cannot publish his essay The Phenomenon of Man . </li></ul><ul><li>He considered it to be his best work. </li></ul><ul><li>After World War Two he could return to Paris . </li></ul><ul><li>In 1947 he received the Legion of Honor citation from France . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin vocations cont. <ul><li>He becomes a member of the French Academy of Sciences, but was very ill and recovering from a heart attack. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1948 while visiting the U.S. he was invited to lecture at Harvard and Columbia. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1949 at Rome he is denied publication of The Phenomenon of Man , lecturing in the U.S., and professorship in France. </li></ul><ul><li>1951 He went to South Africa to study. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin vocations cont. <ul><li>Left copies of his writing with Mademoiselle Mortier for protection. </li></ul><ul><li>After a few months in South Africa he went to the U.S . </li></ul><ul><li>Died on April 19, 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1981 Pope John Paul the Second wrote a letter of praise over Chardin. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Ideas <ul><li>Religious foundation from his mother, and interest in nature from his father causes him to search for the ‘absolute’ (something tangible and eternal). </li></ul><ul><li>Believes that Divine resides in “the heart of all matter”, and that God and The World complete each other. Also, he believes God uses The World to attain us so we attain Him, and that God can be found in The World. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, he believes matter is the source of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness that God and Nature are intimately linked. </li></ul><ul><li>Believes in presence of “Universal Being” in nature, a “blood stream or nervous system running through the totality of life.” </li></ul>
  15. 15. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Ideas: Change in Traditional Beliefs <ul><li>He says after comparing theological beliefs to science, “Matter and Spirit: these were no longer two things, but two states or two aspects of one and the same cosmic Stuff…” </li></ul><ul><li>His belief that the Universe evolved was from reading Henri Bergson’s writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Belief that matter and spirit are united, the idea originated from an acquaintence with Father Joseph Marechal. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Ideas cont. <ul><li>Teilhard de Chardin believes God is everywhere in the process of formation in us; God is the heart of everything. </li></ul><ul><li>Teilhard de Chardin’s mission is to unite God above with the God ahead among believers. </li></ul><ul><li>Looks at Cosmos as the Body of Christ, and that our God is better than those of different religions, because He is fully engaged in the conquest of The World for the cosmic Christ. </li></ul><ul><li>Teilhard believes that war victims become close to God in death, because he said he saw ‘divine eyes revealed’ in dying soldiers. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Ideas cont. <ul><li>He says, “God, the personal and loving Infinite, is the Source, the motive Force and the End of the universe.” </li></ul><ul><li>In war he develops that God is everywhere (not just in the formation of us). </li></ul><ul><li>Growing belief is, “God is also the Heart of it all.” </li></ul><ul><li>He establishes a belief that he is a part of God’s renewal of The World from noticing the difference from the characteristics of the Universe and human’s ‘trite pretentiousness’. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Ideas cont. <ul><li>Strongly feels that Nature is ‘becoming’, and that The Universe including human spirit is changing. </li></ul><ul><li>Of evolution he commented, “(it) proves nothing for or against God”. He believes that such unity is suited to religious tradition. </li></ul><ul><li>He considers ‘The Universal Christ’ the “organic center of the entire universe”. </li></ul><ul><li>Big Statement, “nothing is here below profane for those who know how to see”. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin