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LoRaWAN and 3GPP technologies cover all Industrial IoT use cases


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we examine both Mobile IoT (NB-IoT, Cat-M1, Cat-1) and LoRaWAN, with the objective to demonstrate the complementary aspects of the two technologies. We show how operators tap into unlicensed IoT market space using LoRaWAN and complement it with licensed Mobile IoT.

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LoRaWAN and 3GPP technologies cover all Industrial IoT use cases

  1. 1. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential How well does LoRaWAN and Mobile IoT Complement each other? Olivier Hersent, Founder & CTO, Actility Rohit Gupta, Product Manager, Actility Ronan Le Bras, Head of Technical Strategy, Orange
  2. 2. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential
  3. 3. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential Introduction - Olivier • The business case for LPWAN • LoRaWAN Overview • Mobile IoT Overview How to map use case to connectivity? - Rohit • IoT Use Case Considerations • Summary of 3GPP Vs LoRaWAN Comparison • How is Actility combining 3GPP and LoRaWAN into ThingPark Wireless? Orange LPWAN Strategy - Ronan • Orange Strategy to combine LoRaWAN and Mobile IoT Agenda
  4. 4. Copyright ©Actility - ConfidentialCopyright ©Actility - Confidential Why all the buzz ? IoT market overview and segmentation
  5. 5. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential Convergence of IoT ISM band technologies to LPWAN 4 billion LPWA connected devices worldwide by 2023 Battery life Range BLE, Z-Wave, W-Mbus… WIFI Legacy Cellular (2G, 3G, 4G) LPWA: LoRaWAN, CIoT: LTE-M, NB-IOT Source : Machina Research 2016 ❖ With Cost, Battery and Range constraints solved, LPWAN technology is driving massive IoT growth ❖ Current short range ISM band technologies will converge towards LPWAN technology. ❖ LoRaWAN best positioned to capture the short range ISM band market segment. ❖ Opportunity for MNOs to capture and monetise short range technologies with LoRaWAN
  6. 6. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential LoRaWAN Overview 6
  7. 7. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential LoRaWAN Network Architecture 7 Up to 15 km range Network Server OSS / Supervision Apps Designed for billions of objects Low battery consumption 10+ years life Low deployment cost, unlicensed spectrum, minimal network planning Multiplier effect with every base station, Macro-diversity NS-AS API AS AES Secured Payload
  8. 8. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential • Long Range Architecture + Asynchronous access is most suited for low power applications LoRaWAN Device Classes Source: LoRa Alliance
  9. 9. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential LoRa RSSI 1000-2000m WiFi 20-40m LoRaWAN Geolocation comparison with other technologies LoRa TDoA 20-200m Cost BLE 1-7m GPS 1-15m € €€€ months LoRaWAN provides a cost efficient solution to retrieve and rely on information provided by multiple geolocation technologies, thus allowing to reach the best trade-off between cost, required accuracy and device battery life 9 AGPS 10-18m Size of the circle denotes accuracy 1. LoRaWAN TDOA/RSSI • Lowest cost solution. Works natively with any LoRaWAN sensor • LoRaWAN enables long battery life use cases • TDOA: 20-200m accuracy range depending on conditions • RSSI: 1000-2000m accuracy 2. WiFi Location • Cost efficient solution for outdoor and indoor solution • Accuracy increases with hotspot density 3. BLE • Requires a BLE beaconing system • Indoor solution 4. GPS/AGPS • 1 GPS adds $5-$10 to the BOM • Most accurate but power consuming solution • AGPS brings battery consumption improvement • GPS does not work indoors Key geolocation technologies Battery life years
  10. 10. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential Multicast 3GPP support for multicast is only after Rel 14 Source: 2017/06/15/lte-iot-starting-connect- massive-iot-today-thanks-emtc-and-nb- iot LoRaWAN natively supports multicast/FUOTA in LoRaWAN 1.0.x Benefits ❏ Minimize DL radio congestion for class B & C devices ❏ Dynamic session setup allows optimized Class A device power consumption ❏ Dynamic Multicast assignment is being developed Use cases enabled ★ Power efficient device FW upgrade over the air ★ Massive Device Reconfiguration ★ Synchronized device activation ★ Emergency actions
  11. 11. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential Cellular IoT Overview 11
  12. 12. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential ● LTE Cat-M1 (1.4 MHz) ○ Full Duplex (UL/DL): 1 Mbps ○ Half Duplex (UL/DL): 375 kbps ● LTE Cat-NB1 (180 kHz) ○ Data Rate (UL/DL): 250 kbps ● Modem design with reduced complexity and cost ● Enhanced Features for IoT ○ PSM ○ eDRX ○ Support for NIDD LTE-A LTE Cat-1 LTE-M NB-IoT Battery Life Days Years LPWAN LTE Cellular IoT Overview
  13. 13. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential Current/Power efficiency (24-44 mA) <50 kbps Enterprise/smart city Dense sensor deployment Scarce / Nation wide Module cost (high vol) <2 (+4)USD <6 (+10)USD <20USD <250 kbps <1 Mbps <5 Mbps Bitrate (uplink) LTE cat 4 LTE cat 1 LTE-M LTE NB-IoT Lora <10USD (74-220 mA) For LPWA solutions (LoRa and NB1), battery for 10yr @ 4USD/2Ah, 10msg/day is shown. NB1 power use per 3GPP report R1 156006, 5Wh for 10yr, 1 msg/2h scenario LPWA Market Segmentation 13 (100-490 mA) <375 kbps
  14. 14. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential How to Map Use Cases to Connectivity? 14
  15. 15. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential IoT Use Case Considerations Security TCO Battery Lifetime Capacity/ Data Rate/ Latency Private Enterprise NetworksMobility Ecosystem Maturity Coverage Deployment Model How to Map Use Case to Right Connectivity Solution?
  16. 16. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential Coverage 16
  17. 17. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential Link Budget Comparison for LoRaWAN Vs Mobile IoT *Link budget calculation for 3GPP Cat-M1 is based on different assumptions, as shown in the table Source: ** 164 dB Link Budget for NB-IoT is reached using 64 repetitions Max Tx Power (dBm) Link Budget (dB) or MCL LoRaWAN (EU 868 MHz) 16.0 dBm 161.5 LoRaWAN (India 865 Mhz) 30 dBm 175.5 LoRaWAN (US 915 MHz) 30 dBm 170.2 LoRaWAN (China 470 MHz) 12.15 dBm 164.65 LTE Cat-M1 (Option 1*) 20 dBm 155.7 LTE Cat-M1 (Option 2*) 23 dBm 160.7 LTE Cat NB-IoT 23 dBm 164 (**) Sigfox (UNB) 16.0 dBm 160 LoRAWAN is similar to NB-IoT and better than LTE Cat-M1 and it depends on region
  18. 18. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential QoS 18
  19. 19. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential Mobile IoT • Licensed Spectrum • Interference only from its own deployment (reuse 1) • Densification of network required using small cells as traffic grows • Cost of Small-Cells incl. Backhaul (~5k USD)1 QoS Paradigm Comparison between LoRaWAN and Mobile IoT LoRaWAN • Unlicensed Spectrum • Interference from its own deployment + other technologies • Densification of network (Macro- Diversity + ADR) • Cost of Pico-Cell incl. backhaul (3G/4G/LTE-M) (~300 USD) • LoRaWAN can achieve controlled QoS with densification 1: rts/SenzaFili_SmallCellWiFiTCO.pdf
  20. 20. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential LoRaWAN Vs Mobile IoT Power Consumption 20
  21. 21. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential Synchronized RF PHY energy • LoRaWAN is asynchronous • Device (class A) sends/receives only when needed • LTE-M/NB-IoT is synchronous • Device has to wake up periodically to synchronize to the network LoRaWAN Class A LTE NB1
  22. 22. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential NB-IoT/Cat-M1 Vs LoRa Current Consumption TX Current RX Current Idle Current Sleep Current LoRaWAN [3] TX Power=14 dBm (EU Regulations) 24-44 mA 12 mA 1.4mA 0.1uA NB-IoT (* U-Blox Sara-N2 [2]) 74-220 mA 46 mA 6mA 3 uA LTE Cat-M1 (* U-blox Sara-R4 [1]) 100-490 mA *(not specified) 9 mA 8uA [1] Sara R4-Series Data sheet, LTE Cat-M1 / NB1 modules. https://www.u- [2] SARA N2-Series Data Sheet, LTE Cat-NB1 modules. https://www.u- [3] Semtech SX1272/73 Datasheet (860 MHz to 1020 MHz Low Power Long Range Transceiver) NB-IoT Current Consumption is 3-5X higher than LoRaWAN
  23. 23. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential NB-IoT Vs LoRaWAN Airtime Comparison (50 Byte UL, No DL) MCL/ (LoRaWAN SF) 144 dB / (SF7) (Cell Center) 154 dB / (SF9) 164 dB / (SF12) (Cell Edge) Tx (ms) Rx (ms) Idle(ms) Tx (ms) Rx(ms) Idle(ms) Tx(ms) Rx (ms) Idle(ms) LoRaWAN 118 65 1500 367 238 1500 2793 1725 1500 NB-IoT ([1]) 49 388 22223 311 565 22451 2190 2672 23387 [1] RAN1#82-BIS. NB-IOT - Battery lifetime evaluation ontributionId=659236 NB-IoT Spends significant time in Idle/RX states compared to LoRaWAN due to synchronous nature of the protocol which negatively impacts battery life
  24. 24. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential NB-IoT Vs LoRaWAN (Energy Comparison, 50 Byte UL, No DL) MCL/ (LoRaWAN SF) 144 dB / (SF7) (Cell Center) 154 dB / (SF9) 164 dB / (SF12) (Cell Edge) Energy of 1 msg (Joule) Sleep Energy/day (Joule) Energy of 1 msg (Joule) Sleep Energy/day (Joule) Energy of 1 msg (Joule) Sleep Energy/day (Joule) LoRaWAN [2] 0.03 0.03 0.07 0.03 0.42 0.03 NB-IoT [1] 0.13 1.3 0.29 1.3 1.50 1.3 Energy of 1 message includes energy in (TX+RX+Idle States) [1] RAN1#82-BIS. NB-IOT - Battery lifetime evaluation [2] Semtech 1272 Datasheet,
  25. 25. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential • Assuming Perfect battery with linear decay without impact of peak current on capacity • LoRaWAN is 3-5X more power efficient (especially at Cell Edge/Poor Coverage Scenarios) • LoRaWAN is best suited for very small infrequent messages due to its simple and asynchronous nature • NB-IoT/Cat-M1 is most suited for premium high-bandwidth applications Battery Lifetime Comparison
  26. 26. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential Peak current impact on battery lifetime 26 Impact of current on usable capacity From technical specification of ER14505M Lithium-thionyl Chloride Spiral Battery Battery chemistry and IoT : - LiPo (used in mobile phones) : Not possible due to ~2% self discharge rate per month. - Alkaline : OK but internal resistance increases towards end of lifetime (cannot accommodate high to peak current and long lifetime) and at low temperatures. - Lithium-Thionyl-Chloride (LTC) : more expensive, self-discharge about 3%/year (requires 2x the usable capacity for 15 years lifetime). Peak-current also impacts capacity. - Coin cell (Wearables) : only suitable for LoRaWAN. They cannot provide high peak current for NB-IoT/LTE-M LTE Cat-M1, Cat-NB1 LoRaWAN
  27. 27. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential Impact of power consumption for cell-edge users (NB-IoT Vs Cat-M1) Average device power consumption per day for UEs with MCL above 150 dB. (Rural scenario) [1] [1] Cell-Edge power consumption of NB-IoT grows dramatically (5- 6X) compared to Cat-M1
  28. 28. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential 3GPP NB-IoT/LTE-M Vs LoRa Summary 28
  29. 29. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential LoRaWAN and Cellular IoT are complementary 29 Applications Requirements Technology >1MB/s Cost flexible Power available < 1MB/s Cost sensitive Power available < 100kB/s - Cost sensitive One-way or non-symmetric communication Multicast Low Power Long Range • Video surveillance • Electronic billboards • In-car infotainment • Connected cars • Telematics LTE Cat 1 LTE-M (Cat-M1) NB-IoT LoRaWAN, NB-IoT • Sensors & meters • Smart city • Agriculture • Tracking • Factory • Environment • Smart home NumberofDevices ARPU LPWAN
  30. 30. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential • LoRaWAN and Mobile IoT (LTE Cat-NB1, LTE Cat-M1) are complementary • LoRaWAN and Mobile IoT represent different market segments with LoRa serving large number of devices with low cost, low power and lowest data rate followed by NB-IoT and then LTE-M • Combining LoRaWAN and Mobile IoT (LTE Cat-NB1, LTE Cat-M1) solves the needs of all the IoT Use Cases • We believe LoRaWAN will be WiFi of LPWAN IoT and will run alongside 3GPP based IoT technologies Key Takeaway
  31. 31. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential Converged ThingPark Wireless Platform
  32. 32. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential Orange LPWAN Strategy 32
  33. 33. Orange IOTConnectivity Strategy Combining LoRa® & LTE-M Webinar - 9February 2018 Ronan LE BRAS Head of Technical Strategy Wireless Networks Orange Group Vice Chair of GSMA LTE-M Task Force
  34. 34. 34 Public IoT connectivity requirements are extremely diverse LPWA (new), current M2M and high data M2M (new) smart building smart agriculture (with extended coverage) sensors, smart meters, smart cities insensitive devices tracking, smart home, e-health (wellness) smart plant health (patient monitoring) security payment connected cars (telemetry) gateway for smart metering wearables sensitive device tracking connected cars (infotainment) wifi on board video monitoring External powering, Mbps throughput, Low latency, High mobility Rechargeable battery, Kbps throughput, Real time transaction Low power, Low cost Long range 4G+ 2G /3G/ 4G LPWA NEW NEW LTE-M NB-IoT EC-GSM-IoT Multiple connectivity solutions are needed to fully adress all the verticals
  35. 35. 35 confidentiel Orange ▪ Combining LoRa and LTE-M 1 2 ▪ IoT in Orange Essential 2020 3 ▪ LoRa®: First LPWA solution 4 ▪ Mobile IoT: LTE-M
  36. 36. 36 Public Orange selected LoRa® beginning 2015 as first LPWA solution to address B2B customer connectivity needs LoRa® Model LoRa®, an unlicensed LPWA technology… Non-cellular technology based on a new network On-going Large scale deployment in France 2600 cities & sites Private and Public operators deployment Available now (network & device) Supported by a growing World Wide Eco-system Easy to deploy, anywhere in the world on-demand Low cost modules available Now Long Range: Deep Indoor Proven Low power consumption Bi-Directionnal Geolocation LoRa® Key Strengths Roaming under definition by LoRa Alliance Certification program by LoRa Alliance and Orange to ensure interoperability Specifications of LoRaWan™ MAC by LoRa Alliance Regional Specific Band 433 / 868 / 915 MHz LoRa® ideally suited for low cost sensors on battery sending few messages per day for Smart City and Smart Industry Small size Gateway and Nano-gateway Ad-Hoc deployment possible by Orange Business Services to address local needs Industrial site, ports and citiesLight Backhaul requirement compatible (Cellular / Ethernet)
  37. 37. 37 Public Roll Out of LoRaWAN™ by Orange 2015 Orange LoRa® City in Grenoble rom 2016 2016: Orange France Roll out and Launch Roll out of LoRaWan™: A story to be continued be continued• Commercial since mid-2016 using Live Object – Datavenue platform • Top 120 urban areas covered (2600 cities) • Target National Roll-out for H1 2018 • On-demand LoRa® connectivity for local needs • Extension for B2B outside of France • Pilot in Slovakia and Romania Rapid LoRa® market adoption in France Main Verticals • Address LPWA B2B use cases • Develop the Orange Datavenue Live Object Data Management Platform ▪ Develop the ecosystem of LoRa® user and developper: > 130 MoU signed with B2B customers and startups • Validate a variety of use cases covering Smart City and Smart Industy Industry RetailSmart Cities Smart Home
  38. 38. 38 Interne Orange Orange for Vinci Autoroutes: Creating a Connected rest area Manages 268 rest areas Multiple Use cases to - improve the level of service at the rest station - increase agent operational efficiency - design new service for an enhanced visitor experience
  39. 39. 39 Interne Orange Connected Rest Area with Orange LoRaWAN™ network and Live Object
  40. 40. 40 confidentiel Orange ▪ Combining LoRa® and LTE-M 1 2 ▪ IoT Connectivity in Orange 3 ▪ LoRa®: First LPWA solution 4 ▪ Mobile IoT: LTE-M
  41. 41. 41 Public IoT connectivity 3GPP standardised 3 evolution to address LPWA requirements in June 2016 The 3 evolutions are designed to meet LPWA connectivity requirements EC-GSM-IoT evolution of 2G GSM evolution of 4G LTE evolution of 4G LTE Reduce deployment cost and enable fast roll outs by software upgrades on 2G and 4G networks (hardware upgrade can be necessary in some configurations) Orange Labs active in standardisation and promotion of Mobile IOT through GSMA Common caracteristics Standardized technology by 3GPP Low cost modules (Target ~ 5$ ) Enhanced coverage with ~ +15/20 dB over existing LTE/ GPRS Low power consumption (more than 10 years with a metering use case - 200 bytes /day) The three evolutions were needed to cover all markets and IoT segments
  42. 42. 42 Interne Orange From 110ms to 10 sec depending on coverage Cat-M1 Power Saving PSM+ eDRX Voice Mobility + Roaming Extended Coverage Mode A/B Features of release 12 &13 to optimise LTE for IoT 3GPP based Support SIM and later eSIM security Security Support Bi-directionnal link with support of QoS Bi-directional In Half duplex mode: - Uplink 375 kbps (Max) - Downlink 300 kbps (Max) Data Rate Latency Combines: ➢ several RAN and CN features to optimise LTE Networks for IoT ➢ support of new category of LTE device: Cat M1 ( later Cat M2) Most versatile evolution of LTE for IoT connectivity … Adressing LPWA and 2G M2M substitution
  43. 43. Ability to target use cases focusing on key verticals Main requirements Smart territories and Industry Low power, bi-directional Indoor coverage Smart metering, vending machine Remote command Automotive and logistics National coverage, roaming, fast moving Fleet management Onboard Telemetry SmartHome Throughput Indoor coverage Security application (video monitoring) Personal IoT Coverage, on the move efficiency, voice remote Trackers, wearables Use case Example
  44. 44. Annoncement 9 operators support Basic features MWC2017 New Features H1 2018 Cat M1 PSM Mode A eDRX Mode B VoLTE Iddle Mobility L800-B20 L1800-B3 For pilot and launch Recommended features for LTE-M in GSMA Guidelines CLP 29 Optional Features for LTE-M to be evaluated in H1 2018 Orange scheduled introduction of LTE-M in Europe June 2017: opening of LTE-M Open IoT Lab Q1 – Q3 2017: Technical trials 2018 LTE-M pilots and launches in several European Affililiates Q4 2017: Internal LTE-M pilot in Orange France Q3/ Q4 2017: Pilot in Orange Spain on metering October 2017: First 3 LTE-M objects Referenced Q3/ Q4 2017: LTE IoT City in Antwerp (Bel) : LTE-M + NB-IoT H2 2017
  45. 45. 45 Interne Orange tests tools Target Object and module maker ▪ To discover LTE-M performance ▪ To prototype and develop object for Europe ▪ To prepare product launch before networks are ready Available in the lab ▪ Dedicated LTE-M network in 800 / 1800 MHz ▪ Indoor & outdoor cell (Lampost) ▪ LoRa® coverage and starter kit Dedicated LTE-M network + LoRa® coverage Starter kit Orange Open IoT Lab: 1st LTE-M Lab in Europe Join us Orange Live Object - Datavenue IoT plateform Data Share ▪ 40 requests to use the Open IoT Lab from Start- Ups to large players ▪ Good tool to identify new partners and prepare customer pilots Orange Gardens, near Paris Coverage Power Consumption
  46. 46. iiii Orange developping LTE-M ecosystem in Europe for band 20 and 3 Educational: Update to Orange Partner web site ▪ Ercogener rugged based on U-Blox module ▪ Meitrack personal tracker based on Quectel module ▪ Sercomm a small GPS tracker with Sequans module. IoT Device Porfolio Orange Business Services announced first three LTE-M Objects during IoT World Congress in Barcelona (3rd Oct) Upcoming IoT Market Place to include LTE-M
  47. 47. 47 Nokia - Orange 2017-03-22 4G Mobile IoT Focus on network transformation connectivity for IoT ▪ Extension of LoRa® in France and abroad targeting B2B customers with OBS ▪ Launch and Pilots LTE-M ongoing + Open IoT Labs and IoT Showroom ▪ LTE-M to address both 2G replacement M2M and IoT use cases. ▪ Orange offers multi-access platforms ( Malima / Live Object - Datavenue) LoRa® 2G M2M Static sensors running on battery + tracking , city wide + ad-hoc deployments by OBS Current Base mainly B2B 2016 2018 2017 2G IoT for backup & continuity Full EC-GSM-IoT in some emerging markets
  48. 48. Copyright ©Actility - Confidential Questions? Contact Us: Meet Us@MWC: 48