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H.S. (Erik) Schoppen
DE CHEMIE
VAN GELUK!
DE NEUROWETENSCHAP EN POSITIEVE PSYCHOLOGIE ACHTER GELUKSGEVOELENS
EN HOE DIT KA...
SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE PhD RESEARCH
TRUSTING SUSTAINABILITY
PHYSICAL
IMPACT SOCIETY & ENVIRONMENT
POSITIVE SOCIETY & SUSTAINA...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
worldbrainwave.com
ONLINE RESEARCH PLATFORM PROVIDING TOOLS FOR NEUROSCIENTIFIC
PSYCHOLOGICAL, SOCIOLOGIC...
Social neuroscience is about
how we feel, act and react
socially to others,
our decision making,
emotions and trust,
and h...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
Social connections & trust relations (planning, investing, depending)
Getting & sharing experience by hel...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMhttps://www.livescience.com/23621-it-pays-to-be-a-nice-baboon.html
BALANCE
Physical level Instinct driven
reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning
risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experience...
informatie
wordt kort
opgeslagen
voor direct
gebruik
FRONTAAL
KWAB
written language
spoken language
cortex
limbic
stam
NEO...
BALANCE
Physical level Instinct driven
reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning
risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experience...
BALANCE
Physical level Instinct driven
reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning
risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experience...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
HOMEOSTASIS = BALANCE
INTUITIVE CHOICES BASED ON CHEMICALS (LIKE INSULIN)
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
HOMEOSTASIS = BALANCE
INTUITIVE CHOICES BASED ON CHEMICALS (LIKE INSULIN)
FEAR
JOY
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
REWARD
BALANCE IS ABOUT RIGHT MIX OF TRIGGERS
LOSS
DOUBT
PLEASURE
PAIN
EXITEMENT
SORROW
REGRET
D...
RELATIONSHIPS ARE
ABOUT REWARD, RISK & TRUST
SHARING RESOURCES
PRIMATES SHARE FOOD FOR KINSHIP, RECIPROCITY, SOCIAL BONDS ...
BALANCE
Physical level Instinct driven
reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning
risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experience...
informatie
wordt kort
opgeslagen
voor direct
gebruik
FRONTAAL
KWAB
written language
spoken language
cortex
limbic
stam
NEO...
22
Smell
Sensory
input
Sensory
memory
information
shortly
stored
for direct
usage
EMOTION
information
coordination
to righ...
information
shortly
stored
for direct
usage
FRONTAL
LOBE
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
500.000.000250.000.000250.00010.0005.000 written...
information
shortly
stored
for direct
usage
FRONTAL
LOBE
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
500.000.000250.000.000250.00010.0005.000 written...
information
shortly
stored
for direct
usage
FRONTAL
LOBE
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
500.000.000250.000.000250.00010.0005.000 written...
information
shortly
stored
for direct
usage
FRONTAL
LOBE
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
500.000.000250.000.000250.00010.0005.000 written...
information
shortly
stored
for direct
usage
FRONTAL
LOBE
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
500.000.000250.000.000250.00010.0005.000 written...
28
Smell
Sensory
input
Sensory
memory
information
shortly
stored
for direct
usage
EMOTION
information
coordination
to righ...
FEAR
REWARD
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
REWARD
LOSS
DOUBT
PLEASURE
PAINSORROW
REGRET
DISGUST
FOOD & SEX
APPROACH
BEHAVIOR
AVOIDANCE
B...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
ASSOCIATION NETWORK
CONNECTING
KNOWLEDGE WITH EMOTION
AND BEHAVIOR
www.centreforbrainhealth.ca/events/dr-...
NEURONS COMMUNICATE THROUGH SYNAPTIC CLEFTS
BY NEUROTRANSMITTERS BETWEEN THE NEURONS
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
NEUROCHEMICAL MESSENGERS
NITROGEN
ATOM
HYDROGEN
ATOM
OXIGEN
ATOM
CARBON
ATOM
TRUST IS BALANCE OF NEUROCHE...
FEAR
REWARD
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
REWARD
LOSS
DOUBT
PLEASURE
PAINSORROW
REGRET
DISGUST
FOOD & SEX
APPROACH
BEHAVIOR
AVOIDANCE
B...
FEARRELIEF
SADNESS
JOY
ANGER
SURPRISE
DISGUST
EMPATHY
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
REWARD
COMPLEX EMOTIONS ARE COMBINATIONS
BALANCE IS...
FEARRELIEF
SADNESS
ANGER
EMPATHY
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
REWARD
EMOTIONS TO HELP ’GAIN’ ACTIVATION
BALANCE IS ABOUT RIGHT MIX OF ...
FEARRELIEF
SADNESS
ANGER
EMPATHY
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
REWARD
BALANCE IS ABOUT RIGHT MIX OF EMOTIONS
LOSS
IMPULS, DOUBT
RISKTAK...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
Dopamine Endorfin Serotonin Oxytocin
motivation, reward & pleasure pain reduction & euphoria well-being & ...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
(Actions)
Food/Sex
Positive
emotional
response
Group
conformation
Genuine
attention
(smiling face)
Sunlig...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMTHE NEUROSCIENCE BEHIND HAPPINESS
Dopamine Endorfin Serotonin Oxytocin
motivation, reward & pleasure pain r...
MOTIVATION
=
THE URGE
TO PROCEED
(AGAIN AND AGAIN)
OUR BEHAVIOR IS
EMOTIONALLY DRIVEN
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
MOTIVATION AND REWA...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
DOPAMINE
EPINEPHRINE
NEUROTRANSMITTERS
THE ‘GAIN-NOVELTY-SEEKER’ IN YOU
APPROACH, IMPULS, RISK
(RISK, FEE...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
Positive
emotional
response
Positive
emotional
response
#1 ADDICTION WORLDWIDE
REWARD
(dopamine)
REWARD
(...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
Excitatory
(Stimulative)
Inhibitory
(Sedative)
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
RATIONAL (NO DOPE)
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMHTTPS://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/USER/REACT
EMOTIONAL (ON DOPE)
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMHTTPS://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/USER/REACT
MIRROR NEURONS
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
‘virtuous loop’ of control, communication and feedback
EMPATHY: THINKING & FEELING
LIKEWIS...
BALANCE
Physical level Instinct driven
reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning
risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experience...
informatie
wordt kort
opgeslagen
voor direct
gebruik
FRONTAAL
KWAB
written language
spoken language
cortex
limbic
stam
NEO...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
ASSOCIATION NETWORK
CONNECTING
KNOWLEDGE WITH EMOTION
AND BEHAVIOR
FEAR
(PAIN)
REWARD
(GAIN)
HIPPOCAMPUS
...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMwww.centreforbrainhealth.ca/events/dr-greg-dunn-self-reflected
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMHuth, A. G., de Heer, W. A., Griffiths, T. L., Theunissen, F. E., & Gallant, J. L. (2016).
SHARED NEURAL NET...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
SHARED NEURAL NETWORKS
HAPPINESS & TRUST IS ABOUT SHARING
NEURAL & SOCIAL CONNECTIONS
HAPPINESS & TRUST I...
GALLANTLAB.ORG UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY
ASSOCIATIONS IN NEURAL NETWORKS
TRUST ASSOCIATIONS ARE CONNECTED TO OTHE...
When making
trust decisions,
the shortest | strongest
(with the largest nodes)
connections win.
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
When making
trust decisions,
the shortest | strongest
(with the largest nodes)
connections win.
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
SHARING N...
trees & paths
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
WALKING TROUGH A FOREST:
cup of coffee
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
WALKING TROUGH A FOREST:
The more you
activate neural
connections,
the stronger the
connect...
cup of coffee
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
WALKING TROUGH A FOREST:
The more you
activate neural
connections,
the stronger the
connect...
DEFAULT MODE NETWORK
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
M I N D W A N D E R I N G
Prefrontal
cortex
Posterior
cingulate
cortex
Episodic /
Autobiographic
memory
Self
Awareness
Anxiety
You &
Others
Relation...
4
4
Posterior
cingulate
cortex
motor and
reward systems
5
5
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
Positive thinking
is the shortest link to
happiness & trust
in the future
BALANCE
Physical level Instinct driven
reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning
risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experience...
BALANCE
Physical level Instinct driven
reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning
risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experience...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
CORRELATION BETWEEN
TRUST, PRO-SOCIAL &
SUSTAINABLE BEHAVIOR
AND HAPPINESS
BALANCE
Do
Feel
ink
Semantic
E...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
500.000.000250.000.00050.00010.0005.0002 written language
spoken
cortex
limbic
stam
EVOLUTION OF MANKIND
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMnews.stanford.edu/2015/09/11/eco-brain-study-091115/
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
POSITIVE TOWARDS SOCIAL
AND SUSTAINABLE
NEGATIVE TOWARDS POLLUTION
AND DESTRUCTIBLE
EMOTIONAL CIRCUITS IN...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
ASSOCIATION NETWORK
CONNECTING
KNOWLEDGE WITH EMOTION
AND BEHAVIOR
FEAR
(PAIN)
REWARD
(GAIN)
HIPPOCAMPUS
...
Our brain is an example of
nature’s power to develop a
sustainable solution
that rewards you
for thinking positive and
bei...
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
Passing on knowledge
BALANCEal level
Do
Feel
ink
Be
Semantic
Holistic
Episodical
Procedural
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
THANK YOU
ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
CONNECT & SHARE
Linkedin.com/erikschoppen
Follow tweets @erikschoppen
E-mail h.s.schoppen@rug.nl
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De Chemie van Geluk! - Lezing over de neurowetenschap en positieve psychologie achter geluksgevoelens en hoe dit kan bijdragen aan meer balans, (werk)geluk en welzijn.

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Erik Schoppen laat in zijn neurowetenschappelijke lezing 'De Chemie van Geluk' zien dat onze hersenen niet alleen
een fascinerende verzameling organische structuren zijn, maar ook de generator van onze geluksgevoelens. Deze lezing toont een tipje van de sluier over hoe deze structuren in ons brein werken en hoe deze kunnen bijdragen aan het verkrijgen van balans, welzijn en geluk.

Het brein, met 85 miljard neuronen een van de meest complexe structuren die we kennen, heeft de mogelijkheid om de eigenaar, als deze positief denkt en handelt, zich sociaal bewust is van anderen en vertrouwen heeft in de toekomst, te belonen met gevoelens van genot en geluk. Dit gevoel wordt veroorzaakt door de afgifte van stoffen die ook vrijkomen als je stimulerende middelen gebruikt. Aangezien deze stoffen al van nature in je brein zitten zou je dus zelf je eigen geluksgevoelens kunnen oproepen. Deze lichaamseigen signaalstoffen hebben verschillende evolutionaire functies, zo waarschuwen ze ons niet alleen voor gevaar of verschaffen ons genot, maar sturen ons ook op pro-sociaal gedrag.

De oudste delen van ons brein zijn al zo'n 500 miljoen jaar oud. Rond 250 miljoen jaar geleden ontstond het limbisch systeem, ook wel bekend als het emotionele brein, en verantwoordelijk voor onze driften, motivaties en overlevingsmechanismen. Als we het over 'subjective wellbeing' hebben - denk aan angsten, genot, geluksgevoelens of het 'brein in balans' - dan is dit deel met haar aansturende signaalstoffen (denk aan neurotransmitters en hormonen) cruciaal. Als laatste is evolutionair - in enkele miljoenen tot honderdduizenden jaren - de neocortex ontstaan. Deze buitenste laag van ons brein is verantwoordelijk voor de hogere cognitieve functies, waaronder taal en redeneren, associatief verbanden leggen of ergens aan (terug)denken - waardoor we ook verwachtingen in de toekomst kunnen voorspellen. In de lezing gaan we door alle lagen heen. We starten op fysiek (lichamelijk, gedragsmatig) niveau, gaan dan door naar emotioneel (limbisch, episodisch) en mentaal (corticaal, semantisch) niveau, en eindigen op transcendentaal (ideëel en holistisch) niveau.

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De Chemie van Geluk! - Lezing over de neurowetenschap en positieve psychologie achter geluksgevoelens en hoe dit kan bijdragen aan meer balans, (werk)geluk en welzijn.

  1. 1. H.S. (Erik) Schoppen DE CHEMIE VAN GELUK! DE NEUROWETENSCHAP EN POSITIEVE PSYCHOLOGIE ACHTER GELUKSGEVOELENS EN HOE DIT KAN BIJDRAGEN AAN MEER BALANS, (WERK)GELUK EN WELZIJN.
  2. 2. SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE PhD RESEARCH TRUSTING SUSTAINABILITY PHYSICAL IMPACT SOCIETY & ENVIRONMENT POSITIVE SOCIETY & SUSTAINABLE ECONOMY SHORT TERM REWARD BENEVOLENCE & FEELING GOOD (do what feels right by being pro-social) LONG TERM TRUST WELL-BEING & BALANCE (living in harmony with environment) MENTAL EMOTIONS & EMPATHY Sustainable & prosocial positioning Trust & behavior change leads to ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  3. 3. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM worldbrainwave.com ONLINE RESEARCH PLATFORM PROVIDING TOOLS FOR NEUROSCIENTIFIC PSYCHOLOGICAL, SOCIOLOGICAL, ORGANISATIONAL AND ECONOMICAL RESEARCH
  4. 4. Social neuroscience is about how we feel, act and react socially to others, our decision making, emotions and trust, and how we build trust relationships. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  5. 5. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  6. 6. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  7. 7. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  8. 8. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  9. 9. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM Social connections & trust relations (planning, investing, depending) Getting & sharing experience by helping others (meaning, altruism) Receiving / giving appreciation (gratitude increases wellness, lessen stress) We all want to be the same (vulnerability, belonging, being part of a group) TRUST IN OTHERSTRUST IN SELF
  10. 10. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMhttps://www.livescience.com/23621-it-pays-to-be-a-nice-baboon.html
  11. 11. BALANCE Physical level Instinct driven reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experiences fairness, flow, empathic, leadership reflect, conscious, slow, associations Behavior (Homeostatis) Well-being (Keeper & Seeker) Shared Growth (Pro-Social & Sustainable) Personal Growth (Understanding) Emotional level Response driven Mental level Knowledge driven Transcendental level Purpose driven Do Feel ink Be Semantic Holistic Episodical Procedural PAST FUTURE PRESENT ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM BALANCE fairness, flow, empathic, leadershipShared Growth (Pro-Social & Sustainable) Transcendental level Purpose drivenBe Holistic FUTURE BALANCE Physical level Instinct driven reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experiences reflect, conscious, slow, associations Behavior (Homeostatis) Well-being (Keeper & Seeker) Personal Growth (Understanding) Emotional level Response driven Mental level Knowledge driven Do Feel ink Semantic Episodical Procedural PAST PRESENT EVOLUTION OF MANKIND
  12. 12. informatie wordt kort opgeslagen voor direct gebruik FRONTAAL KWAB written language spoken language cortex limbic stam NEOCORTEX NEOMAMMALIAN LIMBIC SYSTEM PALEOMAMMALIAN BRAINSTEM AND CEREBELLUM PROTO REPTILIAN BRAIN INSTINCTS REPTILE EMOTIONS MAMMAL PERCEPTION (AWARENESS) COGNITION (MEMORY) BEHAVIOR (DECISION-MAKING) ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM RATIO HUMAN INSTINCTS REPTILE PRIMARILY PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS FEELINGS & EXPRESSIONS REASON & PLANNING CULTURE & TRADITIONS THREE STAGES OF BRAIN DEVELOPMENT PRIMING CONDITIONING 500.000.000250.000.00050.00020.0005.000 HUMAN BRAINS EVOLVED TO BE MORE RESPONSIVE TO ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES 2 HUMAN
  13. 13. BALANCE Physical level Instinct driven reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experiences fairness, flow, empathic, leadership reflect, conscious, slow, associations Behavior (Homeostatis) Well-being (Keeper & Seeker) Shared Growth (Pro-Social & Sustainable) Personal Growth (Understanding) Emotional level Response driven Mental level Knowledge driven Transcendental level Purpose driven Do Feel ink Be Semantic Holistic Episodical Procedural PAST FUTURE PRESENT ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM BALANCE fairness, flow, empathic, leadershipShared Growth (Pro-Social & Sustainable) Transcendental level Purpose drivenBe Holistic FUTURE BALANCE Physical level Instinct driven reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experiences reflect, conscious, slow, associations Behavior (Homeostatis) Well-being (Keeper & Seeker) Personal Growth (Understanding) Emotional level Response driven Mental level Knowledge driven Do Feel ink Semantic Episodical Procedural PAST PRESENT Semantic Holistic Episodical Procedural EVOLUTION OF MANKIND
  14. 14. BALANCE Physical level Instinct driven reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experiences fairness, flow, empathic, leadership reflect, conscious, slow, associations Behavior (Homeostatis) Well-being (Keeper & Seeker) Shared Growth (Pro-Social & Sustainable) Personal Growth (Understanding) Emotional level Response driven Mental level Knowledge driven Transcendental level Purpose driven Do Feel ink Be Semantic Holistic Episodical Procedural PAST FUTURE PRESENT ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM BALANCE Physical level Instinct driven reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioningBehavior (Homeostatis) Do Procedural PAST EVOLUTION OF MANKIND
  15. 15. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM HOMEOSTASIS = BALANCE INTUITIVE CHOICES BASED ON CHEMICALS (LIKE INSULIN)
  16. 16. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM HOMEOSTASIS = BALANCE INTUITIVE CHOICES BASED ON CHEMICALS (LIKE INSULIN)
  17. 17. FEAR JOY ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM REWARD BALANCE IS ABOUT RIGHT MIX OF TRIGGERS LOSS DOUBT PLEASURE PAIN EXITEMENT SORROW REGRET DISGUST FOOD & SEX APPROACH BEHAVIOR AVOIDANCE BEHAVIOR ANGER EMPATHY Schoppen, E., 2016, Build Bridge Bond - Building Sustainable Trust EVOLUTIONAIRY MOTIVATIONS
  18. 18. RELATIONSHIPS ARE ABOUT REWARD, RISK & TRUST SHARING RESOURCES PRIMATES SHARE FOOD FOR KINSHIP, RECIPROCITY, SOCIAL BONDS AND PREVENTING FIGHTS ON FOOD TRANSFERS ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM PRO-SOCIAL BEHAVIOR & SUSTAINABLE HAPPINESS
  19. 19. BALANCE Physical level Instinct driven reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experiences fairness, flow, empathic, leadership reflect, conscious, slow, associations Behavior (Homeostatis) Well-being (Keeper & Seeker) Shared Growth (Pro-Social & Sustainable) Personal Growth (Understanding) Emotional level Response driven Mental level Knowledge driven Transcendental level Purpose driven Do Feel ink Be Semantic Holistic Episodical Procedural PAST FUTURE PRESENT ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM BALANCE risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experiencesWell-being (Keeper & Seeker) Emotional level Response drivenFeel Episodical PRESENT EVOLUTION OF MANKIND
  20. 20. informatie wordt kort opgeslagen voor direct gebruik FRONTAAL KWAB written language spoken language cortex limbic stam NEOCORTEX NEOMAMMALIAN LIMBIC SYSTEM PALEOMAMMALIAN BRAINSTEM AND CEREBELLUM PROTO REPTILIAN BRAIN INSTINCTS REPTILE EMOTIONS MAMMAL PERCEPTION (AWARENESS) COGNITION (MEMORY) BEHAVIOR (DECISION-MAKING) ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM RATIO HUMAN INSTINCTS REPTILE PRIMARILY PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS FEELINGS & EXPRESSIONS REASON & PLANNING CULTURE & TRADITIONS THREE STAGES OF BRAIN DEVELOPMENT PRIMING CONDITIONING 500.000.000250.000.00050.00020.0005.000 HUMAN BRAINS EVOLVED TO BE MORE RESPONSIVE TO ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES 2 HUMAN
  21. 21. 22 Smell Sensory input Sensory memory information shortly stored for direct usage EMOTION information coordination to right parts cortex FRONTAL LOBE PARIETAL LOBE OCCIPITAL KWAB TEMPORAL LOBE Information is encoded to relevant facts encoded information gets stored in short and long-term memory indien nodig worden herinneringen weer geactiveerd information gets encoded and stored information gets encoded and stored Gehoor encoded information is stored sends sensory information to the right parts in the cortex RATIO LIMBIC SYSTEM ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM Amygdala 500.000.000250.000.00010.0005.000 written language spoken language cortex limbic stam Hearing PRIMING CONDITIONING Thalamus 50.0002 PERCEPTION (AWARENESS) COGNITION (MEMORY) BEHAVIOR (DECISION-MAKING)
  22. 22. information shortly stored for direct usage FRONTAL LOBE ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM 500.000.000250.000.000250.00010.0005.000 written language spoken language cortex limbic stam Hearing CONDITIONING RATIONAL CONSCIOUS DECISIONS SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
 PLANNING & CONTROL EMOTIONAL REWARD, MOTIVATION, SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
 SENSORY INFO INSTINCTIVE BEHAVIOR FOOD, SEX, SAFETY COORDINATION SUBCONSCIOUS RAPID MOTOR MOVEMENT FEAR PAIN / AROUSAL SEEING VISUAL CORTEX FEELING TOUCH CONSCIOUS MOTOR MOVEMENT ASSOCIATION CORTEX HEARING DRIVES REWARD GAIN ASSOCIATION CORTEX THE MAIN STRUCTURES OF THE BRAIN 5% 95% MOTOR CORTEX SENSORY CORTEX
  23. 23. information shortly stored for direct usage FRONTAL LOBE ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM 500.000.000250.000.000250.00010.0005.000 written language spoken language cortex limbic stam Hearing CONDITIONING EMOTIONAL REWARD, MOTIVATION, SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
 SENSORY INFO INSTINCTIVE BEHAVIOR FOOD, SEX, SAFETY COORDINATION SUBCONSCIOUS RAPID MOTOR MOVEMENT FEAR PAIN / AROUSAL SEEING VISUAL CORTEX FEELING TOUCH CONSCIOUS MOTOR MOVEMENT ASSOCIATION CORTEX HEARING DRIVES REWARD GAIN ASSOCIATION CORTEX THE MAIN STRUCTURES OF THE BRAIN 95% MOTOR CORTEX SENSORY CORTEX
  24. 24. information shortly stored for direct usage FRONTAL LOBE ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM 500.000.000250.000.000250.00010.0005.000 written language spoken language cortex limbic stam Hearing CONDITIONING RATIONAL CONSCIOUS DECISIONS SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
 PLANNING & CONTROL EMOTIONAL REWARD, MOTIVATION, SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
 SENSORY INFO INSTINCTIVE BEHAVIOR FOOD, SEX, SAFETY COORDINATION SUBCONSCIOUS RAPID MOTOR MOVEMENT FEAR PAIN / AROUSAL SEEING VISUAL CORTEX FEELING TOUCH CONSCIOUS MOTOR MOVEMENT ASSOCIATION CORTEX HEARING DRIVES REWARD GAIN ASSOCIATION CORTEX ‘WE’ THINK THAT ‘WE’ THINK RATIONAL… …BUT OUR BRAIN DOES NOT WORK THAT WAY MOTOR CORTEX SENSORY CORTEX
  25. 25. information shortly stored for direct usage FRONTAL LOBE ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM 500.000.000250.000.000250.00010.0005.000 written language spoken language cortex limbic stam Hearing CONDITIONING RATIONAL CONSCIOUS DECISIONS SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
 PLANNING & CONTROL EMOTIONAL REWARD, MOTIVATION, SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
 SENSORY INFO INSTINCTIVE BEHAVIOR FOOD, SEX, SAFETY COORDINATION SUBCONSCIOUS RAPID MOTOR MOVEMENT FEAR PAIN / AROUSAL SEEING VISUAL CORTEX FEELING TOUCH CONSCIOUS MOTOR MOVEMENT ASSOCIATION CORTEX HEARING DRIVES REWARD GAIN ASSOCIATION CORTEX FOLLOWING THE PATH OF EMOTION? MOTOR CORTEX SENSORY CORTEX
  26. 26. information shortly stored for direct usage FRONTAL LOBE ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM 500.000.000250.000.000250.00010.0005.000 written language spoken language cortex limbic stam Hearing CONDITIONING RATIONAL CONSCIOUS DECISIONS SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
 PLANNING & CONTROL EMOTIONAL REWARD, MOTIVATION, SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
 SENSORY INFO INSTINCTIVE BEHAVIOR FOOD, SEX, SAFETY COORDINATION SUBCONSCIOUS RAPID MOTOR MOVEMENT FEAR PAIN / AROUSAL SEEING VISUAL CORTEX FEELING TOUCH CONSCIOUS MOTOR MOVEMENT ASSOCIATION CORTEX HEARING DRIVES REWARD GAIN ASSOCIATION CORTEX RULE #1 AVOID ‘PAIN’ RULE #2 INCREASE ‘GAIN’ BUT… INSTINCT DRIVES EMOTION DRIVES ACTION 1 2 MOTOR CORTEX SENSORY CORTEX
  27. 27. 28 Smell Sensory input Sensory memory information shortly stored for direct usage EMOTION information coordination to right parts cortex FRONTAL LOBE PARIETAL LOBE OCCIPITAL KWAB TEMPORAL LOBE Information is encoded to relevant facts encoded information gets stored in short and long-term memory indien nodig worden herinneringen weer geactiveerd information gets encoded and stored information gets encoded and stored Gehoor encoded information is stored sends sensory information to the right parts in the cortex RATIO LIMBIC SYSTEM ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM Amygdala 500.000.000250.000.00010.0005.000 written language spoken language cortex limbic stam Hearing PRIMING CONDITIONING Thalamus 50.0002 FEAR PAIN / AROUSAL 1 REWARD GAIN 2 PERCEPTION (AWARENESS) COGNITION (MEMORY) BEHAVIOR (DECISION-MAKING)
  28. 28. FEAR REWARD ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM REWARD LOSS DOUBT PLEASURE PAINSORROW REGRET DISGUST FOOD & SEX APPROACH BEHAVIOR AVOIDANCE BEHAVIOR ANGER EMPATHY Schoppen, E., 2016, Build Bridge Bond - Building Sustainable Trust GAIN 2 PAIN 1EXCITEMENT BALANCE IS ABOUT RIGHT MIX OF TRIGGERS EVOLUTIONAIRY MOTIVATIONS
  29. 29. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM ASSOCIATION NETWORK CONNECTING KNOWLEDGE WITH EMOTION AND BEHAVIOR www.centreforbrainhealth.ca/events/dr-greg-dunn-self-reflected FEAR (PAIN) REWARD (GAIN) HIPPOCAMPUS (INFORMATION HUB) 1 2
  30. 30. NEURONS COMMUNICATE THROUGH SYNAPTIC CLEFTS BY NEUROTRANSMITTERS BETWEEN THE NEURONS ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  31. 31. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM NEUROCHEMICAL MESSENGERS NITROGEN ATOM HYDROGEN ATOM OXIGEN ATOM CARBON ATOM TRUST IS BALANCE OF NEUROCHEMICALS EMOTIONS SIGNAL ‘GAIN / PAIN’ ACTIVATION
  32. 32. FEAR REWARD ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM REWARD LOSS DOUBT PLEASURE PAINSORROW REGRET DISGUST FOOD & SEX APPROACH BEHAVIOR AVOIDANCE BEHAVIOR ANGER EMPATHY Schoppen, E., 2016, Build Bridge Bond - Building Sustainable Trust GAIN 2 PAIN 1EXCITEMENT BALANCE IS ABOUT RIGHT MIX OF TRIGGERS EVOLUTIONAIRY MOTIVATIONS = EMOTIONS
  33. 33. FEARRELIEF SADNESS JOY ANGER SURPRISE DISGUST EMPATHY ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM REWARD COMPLEX EMOTIONS ARE COMBINATIONS BALANCE IS ABOUT RIGHT MIX OF EMOTIONS LOSS DOUBT PLEASURE PAIN EXCITEMENT SORROW REGRET REJECTACCEPT DEPRESSED HAPPINESS AGONY ANXIETY ASHAMED AFFINITY HIGH TRUST DISTRUST HOPE DESPAIR Schoppen, E., 2016, Build Bridge Bond - Building Sustainable Trust
  34. 34. FEARRELIEF SADNESS ANGER EMPATHY ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM REWARD EMOTIONS TO HELP ’GAIN’ ACTIVATION BALANCE IS ABOUT RIGHT MIX OF EMOTIONS LOSS IMPULS, DOUBT RISKTAKING PLEASURE PAIN EXCITEMENT SORROW REGRET, GUILT, SHAME COMPULSIVENESS (NOR)EPINEPHRINE OXYTOCIN SEROTONIN ENDORFIN CORTISOL (NOR)EPINEPHRINELOW DOP. SERO. END. LOW OXY. (NO)REPI. SEROTONIN OXYTOCIN ALTRUISM, AGREEABLENESS & FAIRNESS LOW SELF-ESTEME & LESS SOCIAL CONTACT HIGH SELF-ESTEME & MORE SOCIAL CONTACT STRESSED CALM GABA GLUTAMATE ANNOYANCE, HATRED & UNFAIRNESS HIGH TRUST DISTRUST HOPE DESPAIR CORTISOL DOPAMINE JOY DOPAMINE ENDORFIN Schoppen, E., 2016, Build Bridge Bond - Building Sustainable Trust DISGUST SEROTONIN (NOR)EPINEPHRINE SURPRISE DOPAMINE (NOR)EPINEPHRINE
  35. 35. FEARRELIEF SADNESS ANGER EMPATHY ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM REWARD BALANCE IS ABOUT RIGHT MIX OF EMOTIONS LOSS IMPULS, DOUBT RISKTAKING PLEASURE PAIN EXCITEMENT SORROW REGRET, GUILT, SHAME COMPULSIVENESS (NOR)EPINEPHRINE OXYTOCIN SEROTONIN ENDORFIN CORTISOL (NOR)EPINEPHRINELOW DOP. SERO. END. LOW OXY. (NO)REPI. SEROTONIN OXYTOCIN ALTRUISM, AGREEABLENESS & FAIRNESS LOW SELF-ESTEME & LESS SOCIAL CONTACT HIGH SELF-ESTEME & MORE SOCIAL CONTACT STRESSED CALM GABA GLUTAMATE ANNOYANCE, HATRED & UNFAIRNESS HIGH TRUST DISTRUST HOPE DESPAIR CORTISOL DOPAMINE JOY DOPAMINE ENDORFIN Schoppen, E., 2016, Build Bridge Bond - Building Sustainable Trust DISGUST SEROTONIN (NOR)EPINEPHRINE SURPRISE DOPAMINE (NOR)EPINEPHRINE EMOTIONS ACTIVATE REWARD SYSTEM
  36. 36. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM Dopamine Endorfin Serotonin Oxytocin motivation, reward & pleasure pain reduction & euphoria well-being & happiness intimacy, love & social bonding open for change long term wellbeing & trust (social) short term reward & risk (hedonistic) feeling of hope showing confidence leadership having trust in the future impuls opportunity responsibility belonging THE 4 NEUROTRANSMITTERS FOR REWARD & TRUST LONG TERM SHORT TERM excitatory inhibitory P E R F O R M A N C E & P L E A S U R E P U R P O S E & P L A N N I N G
  37. 37. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM (Actions) Food/Sex Positive emotional response Group conformation Genuine attention (smiling face) Sunlight & Warmth Social Survival (Social) Relations Physical Survival Social attention = Social status DopamineOxytocin SerotoninEndorphin (Social) Trust Adrenalin
  38. 38. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMTHE NEUROSCIENCE BEHIND HAPPINESS Dopamine Endorfin Serotonin Oxytocin motivation, reward & pleasure pain reduction & euphoria well-being & happiness intimacy, love & social bonding open for change long term wellbeing & trust (social) short term reward & risk (hedonistic) feeling of hope showing confidence leadership having trust in the future impuls opportunity responsibility belonging HAPPINESS IS ABOUT BALANCE excitatory inhibitory joyful lucky content empathy endocannabinoids GABA(no)adrenalin Vasopressin P E R F O R M A N C E & P L E A S U R E P U R P O S E & P L A N N I N G
  39. 39. MOTIVATION = THE URGE TO PROCEED (AGAIN AND AGAIN) OUR BEHAVIOR IS EMOTIONALLY DRIVEN ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM MOTIVATION AND REWARD Cerebellum (integrates fine-tune motor activity, coordination, precision, and accurate timing, cognitive and emotional balance)
  40. 40. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM DOPAMINE EPINEPHRINE NEUROTRANSMITTERS THE ‘GAIN-NOVELTY-SEEKER’ IN YOU APPROACH, IMPULS, RISK (RISK, FEED, FOOD, SEX) THE ‘PAIN-SAVE-KEEPER’ IN YOU AROUSAL, AVOIDANCE, PROTECT (FIGHT, FLIGHT, FREEZE) NEURO CHEMICAL BALANCE
  41. 41. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  42. 42. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM Positive emotional response Positive emotional response #1 ADDICTION WORLDWIDE REWARD (dopamine) REWARD (dopamine)
  43. 43. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM Excitatory (Stimulative) Inhibitory (Sedative)
  44. 44. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  45. 45. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  46. 46. RATIONAL (NO DOPE) ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMHTTPS://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/USER/REACT
  47. 47. EMOTIONAL (ON DOPE) ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMHTTPS://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/USER/REACT
  48. 48. MIRROR NEURONS ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM ‘virtuous loop’ of control, communication and feedback EMPATHY: THINKING & FEELING LIKEWISE MAKES US HAPPY (Social) Trust = Emotion Driven
  49. 49. BALANCE Physical level Instinct driven reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experiences fairness, flow, empathic, leadership reflect, conscious, slow, associations Behavior (Homeostatis) Well-being (Keeper & Seeker) Shared Growth (Pro-Social & Sustainable) Personal Growth (Understanding) Emotional level Response driven Mental level Knowledge driven Transcendental level Purpose driven Do Feel ink Be Semantic Holistic Episodical Procedural PAST FUTURE PRESENT ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM BALANCE reflect, conscious, slow, associationsPersonal Growth (Understanding) Mental level Knowledge drivenink Semantic PRESENT EVOLUTION OF MANKIND
  50. 50. informatie wordt kort opgeslagen voor direct gebruik FRONTAAL KWAB written language spoken language cortex limbic stam NEOCORTEX NEOMAMMALIAN LIMBIC SYSTEM PALEOMAMMALIAN BRAINSTEM AND CEREBELLUM PROTO REPTILIAN BRAIN INSTINCTS REPTILE EMOTIONS MAMMAL PERCEPTION (AWARENESS) COGNITION (MEMORY) BEHAVIOR (DECISION-MAKING) ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM RATIO HUMAN INSTINCTS REPTILE PRIMARILY PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS FEELINGS & EXPRESSIONS REASON & PLANNING CULTURE & TRADITIONS THREE STAGES OF BRAIN DEVELOPMENT PRIMING CONDITIONING 500.000.000250.000.00050.00020.0005.000 HUMAN BRAINS EVOLVED TO BE MORE RESPONSIVE TO ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES 2 HUMAN
  51. 51. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM ASSOCIATION NETWORK CONNECTING KNOWLEDGE WITH EMOTION AND BEHAVIOR FEAR (PAIN) REWARD (GAIN) HIPPOCAMPUS (INFORMATION HUB) SEEKER KEEPER
  52. 52. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMwww.centreforbrainhealth.ca/events/dr-greg-dunn-self-reflected
  53. 53. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMHuth, A. G., de Heer, W. A., Griffiths, T. L., Theunissen, F. E., & Gallant, J. L. (2016). SHARED NEURAL NETWORKS
  54. 54. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM SHARED NEURAL NETWORKS HAPPINESS & TRUST IS ABOUT SHARING NEURAL & SOCIAL CONNECTIONS HAPPINESS & TRUST IS ABOUT SHARING NEURAL & SOCIAL CONNECTIONS ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMHuth, A. G., de Heer, W. A., Griffiths, T. L., Theunissen, F. E., & Gallant, J. L. (2016). gallantlab.org/huth2016/
  55. 55. GALLANTLAB.ORG UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY ASSOCIATIONS IN NEURAL NETWORKS TRUST ASSOCIATIONS ARE CONNECTED TO OTHER ASSOCIATIONS When making decisions, the strongest connections win. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  56. 56. When making trust decisions, the shortest | strongest (with the largest nodes) connections win. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  57. 57. When making trust decisions, the shortest | strongest (with the largest nodes) connections win. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM SHARING NEURAL NETWORKS
  58. 58. trees & paths ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM WALKING TROUGH A FOREST:
  59. 59. cup of coffee ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM WALKING TROUGH A FOREST: The more you activate neural connections, the stronger the connections cup coffee thee sugarmilk
  60. 60. cup of coffee ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM WALKING TROUGH A FOREST: The more you activate neural connections, the stronger the connections cup coffee thee sugar mother milk dad childhood friend playingschool
  61. 61. DEFAULT MODE NETWORK ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM M I N D W A N D E R I N G
  62. 62. Prefrontal cortex Posterior cingulate cortex Episodic / Autobiographic memory Self Awareness Anxiety You & Others Relations Past & Future Goal Setting Active during passive rest and mind-wandering. Involves thinking about others and one’s self, remembering the past, and envisioning the future. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM THE DEFAULT MODE NETWORK (INTRINSIC CONTROL)
  63. 63. 4 4 Posterior cingulate cortex motor and reward systems 5 5 ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  64. 64. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM Positive thinking is the shortest link to happiness & trust in the future
  65. 65. BALANCE Physical level Instinct driven reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experiences fairness, flow, empathic, leadership reflect, conscious, slow, associations Behavior (Homeostatis) Well-being (Keeper & Seeker) Shared Growth (Pro-Social & Sustainable) Personal Growth (Understanding) Emotional level Response driven Mental level Knowledge driven Transcendental level Purpose driven Do Feel ink Be Semantic Holistic Episodical Procedural PAST FUTURE PRESENT ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM BALANCE reflect, conscious, slow, associationsPersonal Growth (Understanding) Mental level Knowledge drivenink Semantic PRESENT BALANCE Physical level Instinct driven reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experiences Behavior (Homeostatis) Well-being (Keeper & Seeker) Emotional level Response driven Do Feel Episodical Procedural PAST PRESENT EVOLUTION OF MANKIND
  66. 66. BALANCE Physical level Instinct driven reflex, subconscious, habits, conditioning risk, reward, impuls, bonding, experiences fairness, flow, empathic, leadership reflect, conscious, slow, associations Behavior (Homeostatis) Well-being (Keeper & Seeker) Shared Growth (Pro-Social & Sustainable) Personal Growth (Understanding) Emotional level Response driven Mental level Knowledge driven Transcendental level Purpose driven Do Feel ink Be Semantic Holistic Episodical Procedural PAST FUTURE PRESENT ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM EVOLUTION OF MANKIND BALANCE fairness, flow, empathic, leadershipShared Growth (Pro-Social & Sustainable) Transcendental level Purpose drivenBe Holistic FUTURE Two types of happiness: The first is being happy in your life The second is being happy about your life Two types of happiness: The first is being happy in your life The second is being happy about your life
  67. 67. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM CORRELATION BETWEEN TRUST, PRO-SOCIAL & SUSTAINABLE BEHAVIOR AND HAPPINESS BALANCE Do Feel ink Semantic Episodical Procedural BALANCE Be Holistic
  68. 68. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM 500.000.000250.000.00050.00010.0005.0002 written language spoken cortex limbic stam EVOLUTION OF MANKIND
  69. 69. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COMnews.stanford.edu/2015/09/11/eco-brain-study-091115/
  70. 70. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM POSITIVE TOWARDS SOCIAL AND SUSTAINABLE NEGATIVE TOWARDS POLLUTION AND DESTRUCTIBLE EMOTIONAL CIRCUITS IN NEURAL NETWORKS INFLUENCE ENVIRONMENTAL DECISIONS activating septum/accumbens activating insula/amygdala enjoyable experiences negative experiences
  71. 71. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM ASSOCIATION NETWORK CONNECTING KNOWLEDGE WITH EMOTION AND BEHAVIOR FEAR (PAIN) REWARD (GAIN) HIPPOCAMPUS (INFORMATION HUB) SEEKER KEEPER
  72. 72. Our brain is an example of nature’s power to develop a sustainable solution that rewards you for thinking positive and being socially and sustainably aware. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  73. 73. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM Passing on knowledge BALANCEal level Do Feel ink Be Semantic Holistic Episodical Procedural
  74. 74. ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM
  75. 75. THANK YOU ERIKSCHOPPEN.COM CONNECT & SHARE Linkedin.com/erikschoppen Follow tweets @erikschoppen E-mail h.s.schoppen@rug.nl

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