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Cieo india

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Cieo india

  1. 1. Business Ecology: A spatial interpretation of India´s business habitats Eric Vaz, Daniel Galati, Kevin Worthington eric vaz, phd, phdc Ryerson University, Department of Geography Toronto, ON, Canada
  2. 2. A Business as a living organism parented by Mankindhab·i·tat /ˈhabiˈtat /NounThe natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other organism. Aparticular type of environment regarded as a home for organisms.Synonyms: residence - home – dwellingA business is an organism; a contiguous living system capable of response tostimulus, reproduction, growth and development, and maintenance ofhomeostasis as a stable whole.The business organism, as any other organism, depends on its ecosystemsurroundings, which are reflected by its geographical surroundings
  3. 3. India – A country of challenges and opportunities>> The opportunitiesIndia is the fourth largest economy in the world in terms of GDP afterpurchasing power parity, after US, China and JapanEconomic reforms are recent albeit all this significant growth (1991)Very attractive destination given the huge manpower (1.2 billion people),and availability of resourcesGoldman Sachs predicts India as the second largest economy in the world(followed by China)Consistent economic growth of 8-9% in almost a decade
  4. 4. India – A country of challenges and opportunities>> The challengesEducation and population increase must be fostered by policiesresponding to 1.2 billion peopleAccording to 2010 data from the United Nations DevelopmentProgramme, an estimated 37.2% of Indians live below the countrysnational poverty lineA huge asymetry exists between rich and poor, urban areas andperipheral regionsIndia´s urban growth is leading to excessive pressure on fragilewetlands, ecosystems and is affecting directly biodiversityTransportation and communication systems are very poor at nationallevel
  5. 5. The GIS dimension“GIS are becoming places to think, act, and respond“ Eric Vaz, ERSA 2012, Timisoara, Romania
  6. 6. Computer Assisted DrawingDatabases Geographic Information Systems
  7. 7. Crossdisciplinar: Synergies of knowledge Digital Mapping Surveying Photogrammetry CAD Remote Databases Sensing Geographic Information Systems
  8. 8. All our work was developed with open soure technologies at handAdvantages:1. Existence of a panel of programmingand IT experts useful for Geographers 10. Works on Windows, Linux and Mac2. Support by a large and growingdevelopment community 11. Thousands of available specialized tools for every field of research or3. Bugs and fixes available for any users application4. Free learning materials available 12. Larger capabilities of importing GIS data (shapefiles are obviously included)5. Low implementation and startup costs 13. Absolutely for free, save money on6. Continuous optimization and software, and give someone a jobimprovement of software
  9. 9. The Geocoding Challenge 6675 Company entries including 20+ attribute variables Addresses are provided but format is not consistent across all entries. Specific: Broad: Problem: How could one acquire an accurate spatial reference for all corresponding companies in a time efficient manner?
  10. 10. The Geocoding Challenge Solution: Python Scripting using Google Geocoding API Combining Python and Google allows the programmer to completely automate the acquisition of spatial references based on provided address data. Google Geocoding API accepts addresses in specific or broad formats. Google Geocoding API uses its wide library of spatial information to provide the most accurate spatial reference possible.
  11. 11. The Geocoding Challenge Result: Fully automated spatial reference acquisition of all 6625 company addresses. 99% acquisition success rate. Poorly formatted or invalid addresses are left blank.
  12. 12. Patenting the results: A new application was born1. A Business API of automatic geocoding based on an Excel spreadseet2. Integration of geocoded materials as shapefiles (points) in an ArcGIS environment3. Automatic projection of shapefiles onto Google Earth for local visualization
  13. 13. Always look on The GIS dimensionthe bright sideof life Opportunities Spatial Analysis Increase Create a investors WebGIS Challenges Support Understand planning environmental change Monitor growth
  14. 14. The WebGIS landscape: Indian dimension “Information is about having, knowledge is about sharing“, Geocoding Eric Vaz, European Space Agency, Krakow, 20116675 Company entries including 20+ attribute variablesAddresses are provided but format is not consistent across all entries.Specific:Broad:Problem: How could one acquire an accurate spatial reference for allcorresponding companies in a time efficient manner?Solution: Python Scripting using Google Geocoding APICombining Python and Google allows the programmer to completely automatethe acquisition of spatial references based on provided address data.Google Geocoding API accepts addresses in specific orbroad formats.Google Geocoding API uses its wide library of spatialinformation to provide the most accurate spatial referencepossible.
  15. 15. http://cycleoflife.co/
  16. 16. What the WebGIS brings1. A geocoded system of location of over 6000 registered Indian businesses buy business activity2. Spatial analysis of business clusters from an investor perspective.3. Temporal analysis of location of businesses since 1850 with geovisualization capabilities-4. A spatio-temporal understanding of India‘s business morphology5. Understanding India‘s business dimension as an independent ecosystem from a general user perspective6. Defining the intricate relations of the business organisms.
  17. 17. The Spatial analysis landscape: Indian dimension“Information is about having, knowledge is about sharing“, Geocoding Eric Vaz, European Space Agency, Krakow, 2011
  18. 18. The Spatial analysis landscape: Indian dimension“Information is about having, knowledge is about sharing“, Geocoding Eric Vaz, European Space Agency, Krakow, 2011
  19. 19. The Spatial analysis landscape: Indian dimension“Information is about having, knowledge is about sharing“, Geocoding Eric Vaz, European Space Agency, Krakow, 2011
  20. 20. What the Spatial Analysis brought1. Understanding of two very independent and autonomous business clusters in India2. Evolution of India‘s business landscape has developed from West to East, resulting from the influence of original business locations in the 19th century3. The indian business landscape may jeopardize fragile ecosystems such as Mumbai`s (former Bombay) wetland system.4. Business location is intrinsically linked to urban infrastructures – buy managing urban and regional spatial interactions, we have found that the business organism interacts in space and time
  21. 21. The Research Team Principal Investigator: Eric Vaz is Assistant Professor at Ryerson University. With over fifty publications in the field of Geosciences, Eric’s interest is linked in understanding the changes in the spatial morphology of business landscapes, and the interactions of urban and rural environments. Research Scientist: Daniel Galati is fourth year Geographic Analysis student at Ryerson University. Pursuing his Masters of Spatial Analysis in 2013/2014, Daniel is primarily interested in developing new manipulation tools to address the growing popularity of raster images in Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Research Scientist: Kevin Worthington is Ryerson University Graduate with a degree in Information Technology Management, where he majored in Application Development. His passion for presenting media using web-based map technology has driven the development of multiple webGIS applications. Co-Investigator: Shailendra Rai is Assistant Professor at the Management and Development Institute in Delhi and interested in the integration of Management in a context of Indian business.
  22. 22. obrigado

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