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DOPE 2013 presentation_Eric Nost_Code/Nature

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Please see: http://t.co/l89xgCD0f0 for accompanying text.

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DOPE 2013 presentation_Eric Nost_Code/Nature

  1. 1. Code/nature: measuring and marketingecosystem services spatially in Oregon Eric Nost Department of Geography University of Kentucky Political Ecology Working Group
  2. 2. Ecosystem Services• Water storage and delay• Salmon habitat• Ecological restoration
  3. 3. Ecosystem Services & Landscapes“Ecosystem functions, the flow of ecosystemservices, and the economic value to society andthe economy are site specific…” TEEB, 2013, 08
  4. 4. Ecosystem Services & Landscapes“We need to be able to pinpoint places on thelandscape … and say these places are really themost important for supplying these benefits....”Gretchen Daily, 2013
  5. 5. Ecosystem Services & LandscapesValue: “The importance or worth of a wetlandfunction to societal needs. This includes publicattitudes and the wetland’s opportunity toprovide a given function based on its location.”DSL, 2012
  6. 6. Ecosystem Services MarketsTo what extent market-makers take account ofcontext, value?How do they decide where is it most valuable todo restoration?
  7. 7. Argument• Digital tools allow the market to account for context• But tools and their algorithms are not mirrors; they reflect interests of market actors• State and conservationists may have leverage in defining value - they write the tools
  8. 8. The assessment moment• ORWAP for wetlands• Functions/Values
  9. 9. The regulatory moment• Considering offsite stressors, risks• Site approval, denial, and modification
  10. 10. The market moment• Trading Ratios• “And we now have because of GIS tools and various resource censusing tools that we have, we can look at all these overlays and determine where all these priorities are…” OR Regulator, 7-6-12
  11. 11. Market constraints?• Valuation constrains restoration entrepreneurs, at least in short-term• Tools allow state/conservationists to influence site selection – But not necessarily determine it – It’s just something to point to
  12. 12. Code/Space -> Code/Nature• Kitchin and Dodge (2011): Spaces like airport terminals constituted by software code.• Likewise, ecosystems cannot be priorities if they are not spatially coded
  13. 13. Conclusion• OR markets in ecosystem services restoration do have spatial calculus of value• State and conservationists work to make it theirs• But unclear how successful they will be - algorithms and code will be necessary
  14. 14. Calls• Continue looking at ecosystem services across landscapes and restoration prioritization – But: for whom? (Norgaard 2010)• Political ecologists have critiqued application of remote sensing and GIS (Robbins 2003; Turner 2004), but not code and its authorship per se – Can benefit from conversation with geoweb scholars
  15. 15. Acknowledgments and Contact• Acknowledgments – NSF grant # #1213827, University of Kentucky Barnhardt-Withington Award.• Contact – eric.nost@uky.edu

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