OECD
in Figures
2008

         Demography and health


                                       Economy


               Pri...
OECD
in Figures
2008

20th anniversary edition
OECD in Figures 2008
                              Contents
Demography and health                               6
   Demog...
Prices and finance                                                 68
  Prices and interest rates                         ...
4          Organisation for Economic
         Co-operation and Development
    The OECD is a unique forum where the govern...
Demography and health
OECD         Economy
             Energy
             Labour
in Figures   Science and technology
   ...
6
Demography and health > Demography

                                                                                    ...
Norway                             324           4 661           4 381            0.8             14           19.4       ...
8
Demography and health > Health spending and resources

                                                               Av...
Korea                             6.4           3.9          55.1         38.1          10.7         1 480           502  ...
Demography and health > Health status                                                                                     ...
-1
Norway                             82.9           78.2            80.6            80.9           74.8           77.9   ...
12
Economy > Gross domestic product, 2007

                                            Total                              ...
Japan                                       4 273.5                 11.2                   4 378.8                33 500  ...
14
Economy > Economic growth and performance

                                GDP growth                                  ...
-1                     -1                 -1                 -1              -1            -1
New Zealand                 ...
16
Economy > Sectoral contributions to gross value added1

                           Agriculture                         ...
Poland                                     4.3                   7.6                   31.2   33.6                  18.9  ...
18
Economy > Business statistics, 2005*

                                      Manufacturing                              ...
Luxembourg                               11                   37                    1                      5              ...
20
Economy > Services: value added*

                                                                                     ...
Luxembourg                          11.4             13.1             10.3              8.2              24.2        22.1 ...
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Oecd In Figures 2008

  1. 1. OECD in Figures 2008 Demography and health Economy Prices and finance Energy Labour Science and technology Environment Education Public finance International trade and investment 20th ANNIVERSARY OFFER FREE FOR 1 YEAR ( Se e p.93 fo r d e t ai l s)
  2. 2. OECD in Figures 2008 20th anniversary edition
  3. 3. OECD in Figures 2008 Contents Demography and health 6 Demography 6 Health spending and resources 8 Health status 10 Economy 12 Gross domestic product 12 Economic growth and performance 14 Sectoral contributions to gross value added 16 Business statistics 18 Services: value added 20 Transport 22 Energy 24 Energy: supply 24 Energy: production 26 Energy consumption and electricity generation 28 Labour 30 Employment 30 Part-time and self-employment 32 Unemployment 34 Services: employment 36 Science and technology 38 Research and development (I) 38 Research and development (II) 40 Patents and trade in technology 42 Environment 44 Resources 44 Emissions and pollution 46 CO2 emissions 48 Education 50 Expenditure 50 Performance 52 Public finance 54 Agriculture: support estimates 54 Government sector 56 Taxation 58 Development aid 60 International trade and investment 62 Direct investment 62 Trade 64 Trade in services 66
  4. 4. Prices and finance 68 Prices and interest rates 68 Insurance and pensions 70 Financial balance sheets and institutional investment 72 Domestic and foreign finance 74 World map 76 OECD in graphs 77 GDP growth 78 GDP per capita 79 Upwardly mobile 80 Inflation 81 Population growth 82 Migration 83 Public debt 84 Female employment rates 85 Health spending 86 Road fatalities 87 Aid for the environment 88 Climate change 89 Trading partners 90 General notes 91 Glossary 92 The online edition is available at www.oecd.org/infigures Published in English and French OECD Publications 2, rue André-Pascal 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France observer@oecd.org www.oecd.org Tel: +33 (0) 1 45 24 82 00 Fax: +33 (0) 1 45 24 99 30 Price: US$ 30 €20 £15 ¥3,200 Free with annual Observer subscription: US$ 90 €69 £47 ¥9,700 ISSN 0029-7054; sales@oecd.org Available at www.oecdbookshop.org © OECD 2008
  5. 5. 4 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development The OECD is a unique forum where the governments of 30 democracies work together to address the economic, social and environmental challenges of globalisation. The OECD is also at the forefront of efforts to understand and to help governments respond to new developments and concerns, such as corporate governance, the information economy and the challenges of an ageing population. The Organisation provides a setting where governments can compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practice and work to co-ordinate domestic and international policies. The OECD member countries are: Australia (1971), Austria (1961), Belgium (1961), Canada (1961), Czech Republic (1995), Denmark (1961), Finland (1969), France (1961), Germany (1961), Greece (1961), Hungary (1996), Iceland (1961), Ireland (1961), Italy (1962), Japan (1964), Korea (1996), Luxembourg (1961), Mexico (1994), Netherlands (1961), New Zealand (1973), Norway (1961), Poland (1996), Portugal (1961), Slovak Republic (2000), Spain (1961), Sweden (1961), Switzerland (1961), Turkey (1961), United Kingdom (1961), United States (1961). The Commission of the European Communities takes part in the work of the OECD. OECD Publishing disseminates widely the results of the Organisation’s statistics gathering and research on economic, social and environmental issues, as well as the conventions, guidelines and standards agreed by its members. This work is published on the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD. The opinions expressed and arguments employed herein do not necessarily reflect the official views of the Organisation or of the governments of its member countries. Also available in French under the title: L'OCDE en chiffres 2008
  6. 6. Demography and health OECD Economy Energy Labour in Figures Science and technology Environment Education Public finance International trade and investment 2008 Prices and finance
  7. 7. 6 Demography and health > Demography Age structure* Total area Population* Foreign-born population* As a % of total population Thousand thousands growth rate, per km² Under 15 15-64 65 and over As a % of total population km² 2006/2005 2006 1996 2006 2006 1960 2006 1960 2006 1960 2006 1996 Australia 7 687 20 701 18 311 1.5 3 19.6 30.2 67.5 61.3 13.0 8.5 24.1 23.3 Australia +2 Austria 84 8 282 8 059 0.6 99 15.7 22.0 67.6 65.8 16.7 12.2 14.1 11.2 Austria Belgium 31 10 542 10 157 0.6 346 17.0 23.5 65.8 64.5 17.2 12.0 12.5 9.8 Belgium Canada 9 976 32 649 29 611 1.0 3 17.3 33.7 69.5 58.7 13.2 7.6 19.8 17.4 Canada +2 Czech Republic 79 10 251 10 316 0.3 130 14.6 25.4 71.1 64.9 14.2 9.6 5.5 4.3 Czech Republic Denmark 43 5 435 5 263 0.3 126 18.7 25.2 66.1 64.2 15.3 10.6 6.6 5.1 Denmark Finland 338 5 267 5 125 0.4 16 17.2 30.4 66.6 62.3 16.3 7.3 3.6 2.1 Finland +3 France 549 61 353 58 026 0.6 112 18.4 26.4 65.2 62.0 16.4 11.6 8.3 7.3 France -3 Germany 357 82 368 81 895 - 0.1 231 13.7 21.3 66.6 67.8 19.7 10.8 12.9 11.9 Germany +2 Greece* 132 11 149 10 709 0.4 84 14.3 26.1 67.1 65.8 18.5 8.1 5.3 2.8 Greece* Hungary 93 10 071 10 311 - 0.2 108 15.3 25.3 68.8 65.6 15.9 9.0 3.4 2.8 Hungary Iceland 103 304 269 2.9 3 21.5 34.8 66.9 57.1 11.6 8.1 .. .. Iceland Ireland 70 4 233 3 626 2.4 60 20.4 30.5 68.6 58.6 10.9 10.9 14.4 6.9 Ireland Italy* 301 58 435 56 826 0.5 194 14.2 23.4 66.3 67.6 19.6 9.0 5.0 2.0 Italy* Japan* 378 127 770 125 859 0.0 338 13.6 30.2 65.5 64.1 20.8 5.7 1.6 1.1 Japan* Korea* 100 48 297 45 525 0.3 484 18.6 42.3 71.9 54.8 9.5 2.9 1.4 0.3 Korea* Luxembourg 3 469 416 1.7 180 18.4 21.4 67.5 67.9 14.1 10.8 34.8 31.5 Luxembourg -1 -1 Mexico 1 996 104 874 93 130 0.9 53 30.7 .. 64.0 .. 5.3 .. 0.4 0.4 Mexico Netherlands 41 16 346 15 531 0.2 401 18.2 30.0 67.4 61.0 14.4 9.0 10.6 9.2 Netherlands New Zealand 269 4 185 3 732 1.2 16 21.2 32.9 66.5 58.5 12.2 8.7 21.2 16.2 New Zealand
  8. 8. Norway 324 4 661 4 381 0.8 14 19.4 25.9 65.9 63.2 14.7 10.9 8.7 5.6 Norway -4 Poland 313 38 132 38 289 - 0.1 122 16.0 33.5 70.6 60.8 13.4 5.8 1.6 .. Poland Portugal 92 10 586 9 866 0.2 115 15.5 .. 67.2 .. 17.3 .. 6.1 5.4 Portugal Slovak Republic 49 5 391 5 374 0.1 110 16.4 31.6 71.8 61.5 11.8 6.9 5.6 .. Slovak Republic +1 Spain 505 44 068 39 479 1.5 87 14.5 27.3 68.8 64.5 16.7 8.2 11.9 3.0 Spain Sweden 450 9 081 8 841 0.6 20 17.1 22.4 65.5 65.9 17.3 11.8 12.9 10.7 Sweden Switzerland 41 7 484 7 072 0.6 181 15.9 23.2 68.0 66.1 16.1 10.7 24.1 21.3 Switzerland +4 Turkey 781 72 974 62 909 1.3 93 28.1 41.2 66.0 55.1 6.0 3.7 .. 1.9 Turkey United Kingdom 245 60 587 58 164 0.6 247 17.7 23.3 66.3 64.9 16.0 11.7 10.1 7.1 United Kingdom United States 9 376 299 398 269 394 1.0 32 20.3 31.0 67.3 59.7 12.4 9.2 13.0 10.3 United States G7 21 182 722 561 679 776 0.6 34 17.4 27.9 66.6 63.0 16.0 9.0 .. .. G7 EU15 3 240 388 200 371 983 0.5 120 15.9 23.6 66.6 63.2 17.5 10.1 .. .. EU15 OECD total 34 804 1 175 344 1 096 466 0.7 34 19.1 28.6 66.9 61.6 14.0 8.5 .. .. OECD total 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/467237886314 * Additional information, including footnotes, are available via the StatLink URL Sources: Labour Force Statistics: 1986-2006, OECD, Paris, 2007; .. Not available or not applicable. International Migration Outlook: SOPEMI, 2008 Edition, OECD, Paris, 2008. -n Data in this cell are from n years earlier (later, if +n) than the reference year. E.g. if the column refers to 2007, a data point with '-1' attached refers to 2006. 7
  9. 9. 8 Demography and health > Health spending and resources Average Pharmaceutical Total expenditure Public expenditure* Health expenditure Acute care beds* Practising physicians* MRI scanner units annual expenditure % of GDP % of total expenditure growth rate Per capita USD PPP % of total expenditure per 1 000 population per 1 000 population per million population 2006 1995 2006 1995 2000-06 2006 1995 2006 1995 2006 1995 2006 1995 2006 1995 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Australia 8.8 7.4 67.0 65.8 4.5 2 999 1 611 14.2 12.1 3.5 4.1 2.8 2.5 4.9 2.9 Australia +1 Austria 10.1 9.7 76.2 72.6 2.0 3 606 2 259 12.4 9.2 6.1 6.8 3.6 2.7 16.8 7.4 Austria Belgium 10.4 8.2 69.1 71.1 5.0 3 488 1 854 16.8 16.7 4.3 5.0 4.0 3.5 7.1 3.3 Belgium -1 Canada 10.0 9.0 70.4 71.4 4.7 3 678 2 057 17.4 13.8 2.8 4.1 2.1 2.1 6.2 1.4 Canada Czech Republic 6.8 7.0 87.9 90.9 4.7 1 490 899 23.4 25.1 5.4 7.0 3.6 3.0 3.8 1.0 Czech Republic -1 -2 -2 Denmark 9.5 8.1 79.9 79.7 4.1 3 349 1 871 8.5 9.1 3.1 3.9 3.6 3.1 10.2 .. Denmark Finland 8.2 7.7 76.0 74.1 5.6 2 668 1 440 14.6 13.0 3.1 4.0 2.7 2.4 15.2 4.3 Finland France 11.1 9.9 79.7 78.6 4.2 3 449 1 997 16.4 16.0 3.7 4.6 3.4 3.2 5.3 2.1 France Germany 10.6 10.1 76.9 81.6 1.4 3 371 2 275 14.8 12.9 6.2 7.5 3.5 3.1 7.7 2.3 Germany -1 -1 -1 +2 Greece* 9.1 8.6 61.6 52.0 7.2 2 483 1 264 17.6 15.7 3.9 3.9 5.0 3.9 13.2 1.9 Greece* Hungary 8.3 7.3 70.9 84.0 7.3 1 504 660 31.0 25.0 5.5 6.5 3.0 3.0 2.6 1.0 Hungary Iceland 9.1 8.2 82.0 83.9 3.6 3 340 1 910 13.1 13.4 .. 3.8 3.7 3.0 19.7 7.5 Iceland -1 Ireland 7.5 6.7 78.3 71.9 8.8 3 082 1 204 .. .. 2.8 3.1 2.9 2.1 9.7 .. Ireland -1 -1 Italy 9.0 7.3 77.2 70.8 2.8 2 614 1 538 20.0 20.7 3.3 5.6 3.7 3.9 15.0 2.6 Italy -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 +1 Japan 8.2 6.9 82.7 83.0 2.5 2 474 1 551 19.8 22.3 8.2 12.0 2.1 1.8 40.1 18.8 Japan
  10. 10. Korea 6.4 3.9 55.1 38.1 10.7 1 480 502 25.8 29.8 6.8 3.8 1.7 1.1 13.6 3.9 Korea -1 Luxembourg* 7.3 5.6 90.9 92.4 8.0 4 303 1 911 8.4 12.0 4.6 .. 2.8 2.2 10.9 2.4 Luxembourg* Mexico 6.6 5.6 44.2 42.1 5.2 794 386 22.9 .. 1.0 1.1 1.9 1.7 1.4 .. Mexico +3 -1 Netherlands* 9.3 8.3 81.7 71.0 4.1 3 391 1 799 .. 11.0 3.0 3.4 3.8 2.9 6.6 3.9 Netherlands* -3 +1 New Zealand 9.3 7.2 77.8 77.2 6.7 2 448 1 244 12.4 14.8 .. .. 2.3 2.0 3.7 2.7 New Zealand Norway 8.7 7.9 83.6 84.2 2.8 4 520 1 863 8.5 9.0 3.0 3.3 3.7 2.8 .. .. Norway Poland 6.2 5.5 69.9 72.9 5.6 910 411 27.2 .. 4.7 5.8 2.2 2.3 1.9 .. Poland -1 -1 +2 Portugal* 10.2 7.8 70.6 62.6 3.3 2 120 1 036 21.3 23.6 3.0 3.3 3.4 2.9 5.8 2.8 Portugal* -1 +2 -1 +2 -1 -1 +2 -1 +1 -2 Slovak Republic 7.1 5.7 74.4 91.7 10.2 1 130 564 31.9 .. 4.9 6.3 3.1 .. 4.5 .. Slovak Republic -1 Spain 8.4 7.4 71.2 72.2 6.0 2 458 1 193 21.7 19.2 2.5 3.5 3.6 2.5 8.8 2.7 Spain -1 Sweden 9.2 8.0 81.7 86.6 4.7 3 202 1 746 13.3 12.3 2.2 3.0 3.5 2.9 .. 6.8 Sweden -1 +2 Switzerland 11.3 9.7 60.3 53.8 3.2 4 311 2 598 10.5 10.0 3.5 5.5 3.8 3.2 14.0 12.4 Switzerland -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 +1 Turkey 5.7 3.4 71.4 70.3 7.6 591 173 .. 31.6 2.5 2.1 1.6 1.1 3.5 0.6 Turkey United Kingdom* 8.4 6.9 87.3 83.9 5.1 2 760 1 350 .. 15.3 2.2 4.1 2.5 1.8 5.6 .. United Kingdom* United States 15.3 13.3 45.8 45.3 5.0 6 714 3 656 12.6 8.9 2.7 3.4 2.4 2.2 26.5 12.3 United States OECD average 8.9 7.6 73.0 72.9 5.2 2 824 1 494 17.6 16.3 3.9 4.7 3.1 2.6 10.2 4.7 OECD average 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/467300445456 * Additional information, including footnotes, are available via the StatLink URL Sources: OECD Health Data 2008, OECD, Paris, June 2008. .. Not available or not applicable. -n Data in this cell are from n years earlier (later, if +n) than the reference year. E.g. if the column refers to 2007, a data point with '-1' attached refers to 2006. 9
  11. 11. Demography and health > Health status 10 Life expectancy at birth Fertility rate Infant mortality Tobacco consumption Obesity* Number of years Children per % of adults with BMI>30 1 woman per 1 000 live births % of adults smoking daily 2006 1995 kg/m² 15-49 Women Men Total Women Men Total 2006 2006 1995 2006 1995 2006 1995 -2 Australia* 83.5 78.7 81.1 80.8 75.0 77.9 1.81 4.7 5.7 17.7 24.1 .. 19.8 Australia* +2 Austria 82.7 77.1 79.9 79.9 73.3 76.6 1.41 3.6 5.4 23.2 24.3 12.4 .. Austria -1 -2 +2 Belgium 82.3 76.6 79.5 80.4 73.5 77.0 1.80 3.7 5.9 22.0 28.5 12.7 11.1 Belgium -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Canada 82.7 78.0 80.4 81.1 75.1 78.1 1.54 5.4 6.1 17.3 25.5 18.0 12.1 Canada -1 +1 -1 +1 Czech Republic* 79.9 73.5 76.7 76.8 69.7 73.3 1.33 3.3 7.7 24.3 26.2 17.0 11.3 Czech Republic* -2 -1 -1 Denmark 80.7 76.1 78.4 77.9 72.7 75.3 1.85 3.8 5.1 26.0 35.5 11.4 7.6 Denmark Finland 83.1 75.9 79.5 80.4 72.8 76.6 1.84 2.8 3.9 21.4 24.0 14.3 10.4 Finland France 84.4 77.3 80.9 81.8 73.9 77.9 1.98 3.8 4.9 25.0 29.0 10.5 7.0 France -1 -1 Germany 82.4 77.2 79.8 79.9 73.3 76.6 1.33 3.8 5.3 23.2 24.3 13.6 .. Germany -2 -1 -3 Greece 82.0 77.1 79.6 80.3 75.0 77.7 1.41 3.7 8.1 38.6 37.0 21.9 .. Greece -3 -1 -3 Hungary 77.4 69.0 73.2 74.5 65.3 69.9 1.35 5.7 10.7 30.4 35.5 18.8 .. Hungary Iceland 83.0 79.4 81.2 80.0 75.9 78.0 2.07 1.4 6.0 19.3 26.8 .. .. Iceland -1 +3 Ireland 82.1 77.3 79.7 78.3 72.8 75.6 1.90 3.7 6.4 .. 28.0 .. 10.0 Ireland -2 -2 -2 -2 -1 Italy 83.8 77.9 80.9 81.6 75.1 78.4 1.35 3.9 6.2 23.0 25.6 10.2 7.0 Italy -1 Japan 85.8 79.0 82.4 82.9 76.4 79.6 1.32 2.6 4.3 26.3 37.0 3.9 2.6 Japan +1 -1 -1 +3 Korea 82.4 75.7 79.1 77.4 69.6 73.5 1.13 .. 7.7 25.3 35.2 3.5 2.2 Korea -3 -1 +2 Luxembourg 81.9 76.8 79.4 80.6 73.0 76.8 1.64 2.5 5.5 21.0 33.0 18.6 14.9 Luxembourg -2 Mexico 78.1 73.2 75.7 75.3 70.0 72.7 2.17 18.1 27.6 .. 25.1 30.0 .. Mexico Netherlands 81.9 77.6 79.8 80.4 74.6 77.5 1.72 4.4 5.5 31.0 36.0 11.3 6.9 Netherlands -3 +2 New Zealand* 81.9 77.9 79.9 79.7 74.4 77.1 2.01 5.2 6.7 20.7 27.0 20.9 17.0 New Zealand*
  12. 12. -1 Norway 82.9 78.2 80.6 80.9 74.8 77.9 1.90 3.2 4.0 24.0 33.0 9.0 5.0 Norway -2 +1 -2 +1 Poland 79.6 70.9 75.3 76.4 67.6 72.0 1.27 6.0 13.6 26.3 31.5 12.5 11.4 Poland -1 +1 +1 Portugal 82.3 75.5 78.9 79.0 71.7 75.4 1.36 3.3 7.5 17.0 19.5 .. 11.5 Portugal -1 -2 Slovak Republic 78.2 70.4 74.3 76.3 68.4 72.4 1.24 6.6 11.0 25.0 .. 17.6 18.9 Slovak Republic Spain 84.4 77.7 81.1 81.8 74.4 78.1 1.38 3.8 5.5 26.4 33.7 14.9 10.3 Spain -1 -1 +2 Sweden 82.9 78.7 80.8 81.4 76.2 78.8 1.85 2.8 4.1 15.9 22.8 10.7 7.9 Sweden +2 +2 Switzerland 84.2 79.2 81.7 81.9 75.4 78.7 1.44 4.4 5.0 .. 28.9 .. 6.8 Switzerland -3 -3 Turkey 74.0 69.1 71.6 70.2 65.6 67.9 2.18 22.6 43.0 32.1 47.4 12.0 .. Turkey -1 -1 -1 -1 United Kingdom* 81.1 77.1 79.1 79.3 74.0 76.7 1.84 5.0 6.2 22.0 27.0 24.0 16.0 United Kingdom* -1 -1 -1 -1 United States* 80.4 75.2 77.8 78.9 72.5 75.7 2.10 6.9 7.6 16.7 20.0 34.3 .. United States* OECD average 81.7 76.1 78.9 79.2 72.7 76.0 1.65 5.2 8.4 23.7 29.4 15.4 10.4 OECD average 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/467310041335 * Additional information, including footnotes, are available via the StatLink URL Sources: 1. In the United States, Canada, Japan and some Nordic countries, very premature babies with a low OECD Health Data 2008, OECD, Paris, June 2008. chance of survival are registered as live births which may not be the case in other countries. For the 22 European countries, the Eurostat NewChronos database is the main data source. .. Not available or not applicable. -n Data in this cell are from n years earlier (later, if +n) than the reference year. E.g. if the column refers to 2007, a data point with '-1' attached refers to 2006. 11
  13. 13. 12 Economy > Gross domestic product, 2007 Total Per capita at current market prices at current market prices Purchasing power Using current PPPs* Using current Using current PPPs* parities Using current exchange rates, billion exchange rates, USD Billion USD % of OECD total USD USD OECD = 100 Australia 761.3 2.0 908.9 36 100 112 43 100 1.43 Australia Austria 313.9 0.8 373.3 37 700 117 44 900 0.869 Austria Belgium 371.7 1.0 452.8 35 000 109 42 700 0.890 Belgium Canada 1 259.4 3.3 1 425.6 38 200 118 43 200 1.22 Canada Czech Republic 246.6 0.6 175.3 23 900 74 17 000 14.4 Czech Republic Denmark 199.1 0.5 311.6 36 500 113 57 100 8.52 Denmark Finland 186.7 0.5 244.7 35 300 109 46 300 0.957 Finland France 2 080.3 5.4 2 589.8 32 700 101 40 700 0.910 France Germany 2 768.5 7.2 3 317.4 33 700 104 40 300 0.875 Germany Greece 324.1 0.8 313.4 29 000 90 28 000 0.706 Greece Hungary 189.3 0.5 138.2 18 800 58 13 700 134 Hungary Iceland 11.8 0.0 20.0 37 700 117 63 800 108.5 Iceland Ireland 185.1 0.5 254.3 42 400 131 58 300 1.00 Ireland Italy 1 767.9 4.6 2 101.6 29 800 92 35 400 0.869 Italy
  14. 14. Japan 4 273.5 11.2 4 378.8 33 500 104 34 300 121 Japan Korea 1 203.0 3.1 969.8 24 800 77 20 000 749 Korea Luxembourg 39.3 0.1 49.5 81 800 254 103 000 0.920 Luxembourg Mexico 1 350.2 3.5 892.6 12 800 40 8 400 7.22 Mexico Netherlands 633.0 1.7 765.8 38 700 120 46 800 0.884 Netherlands New Zealand 113.3 0.3 128.4 27 100 84 30 700 1.54 New Zealand Norway 260.0 0.7 390.5 55 300 171 83 100 8.80 Norway Poland 608.5 1.6 420.1 16 000 49 11 000 1.91 Poland Portugal 231.2 0.6 223.0 21 800 67 21 000 0.705 Portugal Slovak Republic 107.1 0.3 73.9 19 900 61 13 700 17.0 Slovak Republic Spain 1 377.8 3.6 1 436.9 30 700 95 32 000 0.762 Spain Sweden 334.1 0.9 454.8 36 600 113 49 800 9.20 Sweden Switzerland 303.7 0.8 423.4 39 900 124 55 600 1.67 Switzerland Turkey 893.7 2.3 657.1 12 100 37 8 900 0.958 Turkey United Kingdom 2 111.9 5.5 2 770.9 34 600 107 45 500 0.656 United Kingdom United States 13 776.5 36.0 13 776.5 45 500 141 45 500 1.00 United States G7 28 038.0 73.2 30 360.6 38 400 119 41 600 .. G7 Euro area* 10 279.5 26.9 12 122.4 32 400 100 38 200 0.862 Euro area* OECD total 38 282.5 100.0 40 438.8 32 300 100 34 100 .. OECD total 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/467350026020 * Additional information, including footnotes, are available via the StatLink URL Sources: National Accounts of OECD Countries, OECD, Paris, 2008. .. Not available or not applicable. 13
  15. 15. 14 Economy > Economic growth and performance GDP growth GDP growth by component External balance Net national (goods and saving Volume % change 2006-2007 services) Average annual % volume change Gross fixed capital formation Private final Government final % of GDP at % of GDP at consumption consumption Housing and other current prices, current prices, 1997-2007 2006-2007 2005-2006 expenditure expenditure Total 2007 2007 construction -1 -1 -1 -2 -1 -1 Australia 3.6 4.5 3.2 3.6 4.5 4.8 6.3 - 1.1 6.4 Australia Austria 2.5 3.1 3.4 1.0 1.8 4.7 2.8 5.9 11.8 Austria Belgium 2.2 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.1 5.9 .. 2.9 9.9 Belgium -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Canada 3.3 2.7 2.8 4.2 3.3 7.2 6.0 2.6 11.5 Canada -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Czech Republic 3.6 6.6 6.8 5.4 - 0.7 6.5 .. 3.5 6.4 Czech Republic -1 Denmark 2.0 1.8 3.9 2.5 1.7 6.1 12.9 1.1 8.0 Denmark -1 Finland 3.6 4.5 4.9 3.2 1.3 8.5 4.6 5.1 13.6 Finland -1 France 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.4 1.4 4.9 2.3 - 1.9 6.0 France Germany 1.5 2.5 2.9 - 0.5 2.2 5.0 2.2 7.0 10.9 Germany Greece 4.1 4.0 4.2 3.2 10.3 4.4 1.9 - 13.2 - 1.5 Greece -1 Hungary 4.1 1.3 3.9 - 0.3 - 6.2 0.1 .. 2.3 2.8 Hungary -2 Iceland 4.4 3.8 4.4 4.2 3.3 - 14.9 14.0 - 10.6 - 1.2 Iceland -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Ireland 6.7 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.5 3.1 5.8 10.7 13.1 Ireland -1 Italy 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.2 1.2 2.1 - 0.3 4.0 Italy -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Japan 1.2 2.1 2.4 2.0 - 0.4 1.3 0.3 1.2 5.8 Japan Korea 4.3 5.0 5.1 4.5 5.8 4.0 1.2 0.8 17.0 Korea Luxembourg 5.2 4.5 6.1 2.0 2.4 15.2 1.3 30.6 .. Luxembourg -1 -1 -1 -3 -1 -3 Mexico 3.2 3.2 4.8 5.0 6.0 10.0 5.9 - 1.3 11.0 Mexico Netherlands 2.5 3.5 3.0 2.1 2.7 5.1 6.0 8.0 13.7 Netherlands
  16. 16. -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 New Zealand 3.2 3.1 1.6 2.6 4.4 - 2.3 - 2.4 - 1.4 0.8 New Zealand -1 Norway 2.5 3.7 2.5 6.4 3.6 9.3 8.2 15.7 25.6 Norway -1 Poland 4.2 6.5 6.2 5.2 0.7 20.4 13.7 - 1.7 5.3 Poland -1 Portugal 2.0 1.8 1.3 1.3 - 0.1 3.0 - 5.9 - 7.2 - 4.5 Portugal -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Slovak Republic 4.6 10.4 8.3 6.1 4.1 7.3 - 1.7 - 4.6 1.6 Slovak Republic Spain 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.2 5.1 5.9 4.1 - 6.5 5.4 Spain Sweden 3.2 2.7 4.1 3.1 1.1 8.0 6.6 7.6 15.9 Sweden -1 -1 -1 -2 -1 -1 Switzerland 2.1 3.1 3.5 1.6 - 0.9 4.7 3.5 7.7 18.9 Switzerland Turkey 4.0 4.5 6.9 4.6 2.8 3.3 .. - 5.0 .. Turkey -1 United Kingdom 2.8 3.1 2.9 3.2 1.9 6.0 7.8 - 3.7 3.1 United Kingdom -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 United States 2.9 2.0 2.9 3.1 1.6 2.4 - 0.2 - 5.8 1.9 United States -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 G7 2.3 2.2 2.7 2.5 1.1 3.1 1.3 - 2.3 4.1 G7 1 -1 -1 -1 -1 1 Euro area 2.2 2.6 2.8 1.8 1.9 5.2 .. 1.1 .. Euro area -1 -1 -1 OECD total 2.5 2.5 3.0 2.7 1.7 3.9 .. - 1.5 -1 .. OECD total 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/467354085611 1. Includes only the 12 OECD member countries of the Euro area. Sources: National Accounts of OECD Countries, OECD, Paris, 2008. .. Not available or not applicable. -n Data in this cell are from n years earlier than the reference year. E.g. if the column refers to 2007, a data point with '-1' attached refers to 2006. 15
  17. 17. 16 Economy > Sectoral contributions to gross value added1 Agriculture Industry Services % of value added % of value added % of value added Total Manufacturing 2006 1996 2006 1996 2006 1996 2006 1996 Australia 2.3 3.7 28.7 27.6 11.2 14.2 69.0 68.8 Australia Austria 1.7 2.4 30.2 30.8 20.1 19.5 68.2 66.8 Austria Belgium 0.9 1.6 24.2 28.0 16.9 20.0 74.9 70.4 Belgium -2 -2 -2 -2 Canada 2.2 3.0 31.7 30.9 16.2 18.0 66.1 66.1 Canada Czech Republic 2.6 4.7 38.2 41.8 26.3 26.3 59.2 53.5 Czech Republic -1 Denmark 1.6 3.4 26.0 25.4 14.2 16.5 72.5 71.2 Denmark Finland 2.5 4.0 32.4 32.0 23.7 24.3 65.1 64.0 Finland France 2.1 3.3 20.7 24.1 12.6 16.0 77.3 73.1 France Germany 0.9 1.3 29.4 31.2 22.7 22.2 69.8 67.4 Germany +4 Greece 3.7 8.2 24.3 21.3 13.2 11.1 72.0 70.2 Greece +4 Hungary 4.1 8.3 30.1 29.8 22.5 23.5 65.8 62.5 Hungary -1 -1 -1 +1 -1 Iceland2 5.8 10.8 23.7 27.8 10.1 16.4 70.5 61.3 Iceland2 Ireland 1.7 6.4 34.9 36.9 23.3 29.3 63.4 56.7 Ireland Italy 2.1 3.3 26.8 29.7 18.3 21.8 71.1 67.0 Italy Japan3 1.4 1.9 29.1 33.0 20.7 22.4 69.5 65.2 Japan3 Korea 3.3 6.0 39.6 41.3 28.0 26.7 57.1 52.8 Korea Luxembourg 0.4 0.9 14.6 20.2 7.9 12.5 85.1 78.9 Luxembourg -2 -2 -2 -2 Mexico 3.8 5.9 26.0 27.7 17.9 21.0 70.2 66.3 Mexico Netherlands 2.2 3.3 24.1 26.9 13.3 16.8 73.7 69.8 Netherlands 4 -3 -3 -3 -3 4 New Zealand 6.5 7.2 24.0 25.8 15.2 17.3 69.5 67.0 New Zealand Norway 1.5 2.6 45.0 36.6 9.7 12.3 53.5 60.7 Norway
  18. 18. Poland 4.3 7.6 31.2 33.6 18.9 19.9 64.5 58.9 Poland -1 Portugal 2.9 5.5 24.3 28.9 14.7 19.0 72.8 65.6 Portugal Slovak Republic 4.0 5.5 35.0 39.1 21.9 26.0 61.1 55.4 Slovak Republic Spain 2.9 5.1 30.4 29.1 16.1 18.6 66.7 65.8 Spain Sweden 1.4 2.6 28.5 29.3 20.0 21.7 70.1 68.1 Sweden Switzerland 1.2 1.9 27.7 29.1 19.9 20.0 71.2 69.1 Switzerland Turkey 9.4 12.6 28.2 36.7 19.5 27.2 62.4 50.6 Turkey United Kingdom 0.9 1.7 22.9 30.6 12.6 20.5 76.2 67.7 United Kingdom 2 +2 2 United States 1.1 1.8 22.4 25.9 12.2 16.2 76.5 72.2 United States 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/467356167281 1. According to the 1993 System of National Accounts and the International Sources: Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), Revision 3 (1990). Value added is National Accounts of OECD Countries, OECD, Paris, 2008. estimated at basic prices and includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured (FISIM). 2. Value added estimated at factor cost. 3. Value added is estimated approximately at market prices. 4. Value added is estimated at producer's prices. -n Data in this cell are from n years earlier (later, if +n) than the reference year. E.g. if the column refers to 2007, a data point with '-1' attached refers to 2006. 17
  19. 19. 18 Economy > Business statistics, 2005* Manufacturing Wholesale and retail trade Business services and real estate Number of Number of Number of Number of Number of Number of Production Production Production employees* enterprises* employees* enterprises* employees* enterprises* Billion USD Thousands Thousands Billion USD Thousands Thousands Billion USD Thousands Thousands Australia 242 994 131 153 1 756 337 166 1 005 676 Australia Austria 156 598 28 64 536 77 48 323 82 Austria Belgium 254 578 37 95 465 134 78 364 106 Belgium -2 -2 -2 Canada 397 1 947 49 .. .. .. .. .. .. Canada -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Czech Republic 96 1 202 151 23 489 227 19 299 252 Czech Republic Denmark 96 401 19 83 421 49 55 321 71 Denmark Finland 129 400 25 31 244 47 28 191 49 Finland France 1 089 3 662 256 400 3 044 702 502 2 990 595 France Germany 1 814 7 004 204 398 3 980 415 439 3 530 587 Germany -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Greece 36 296 88 .. .. 305 .. .. 145 Greece Hungary 86 754 65 19 484 156 14 292 194 Hungary Iceland .. 16 3 .. 23 5 .. 14 17 Iceland Ireland 133 215 4 29 260 29 36 155 31 Ireland Italy 1 038 3 837 519 478 1 787 1 255 292 1 527 1 031 Italy -3 Japan 2 683 7 549 277 .. 10 720 .. .. .. .. Japan -4 -1 -4 -1 Korea 832 2 727 117 331 1 242 899 58 1 149 206 Korea
  20. 20. Luxembourg 11 37 1 5 39 7 7 49 9 Luxembourg -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 Mexico 254 3 464 348 81 2 601 1 780 29 1 120 157 Mexico Netherlands 286 725 46 135 1 158 162 152 1 214 147 Netherlands New Zealand 48 277 23 27 328 53 29 217 134 New Zealand -1 -1 -2 Norway 71 252 9 50 332 57 50 213 93 Norway Poland 194 2 245 192 127 1 460 591 37 632 268 Poland Portugal 87 851 104 41 821 299 33 523 207 Portugal Slovak Republic 36 404 7 8 177 17 4 101 11 Slovak Republic Spain 572 2 465 220 213 2 552 819 194 2 019 584 Spain Sweden 208 709 60 62 501 124 91 452 216 Sweden -2 -4 -3 -2 -2 -3 Switzerland .. .. .. 64 522 40 56 323 30 Switzerland -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Turkey 200 2 085 281 57 1 333 968 17 401 110 Turkey United Kingdom 793 3 138 153 462 4 595 383 611 4 296 617 United Kingdom -3 -3 -3 -3 -3 United States 4 735 13 169 346 .. 21 761 1 267 .. 17 057 1 139 United States 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/467375003383 * Additional information, including footnotes, are available via the StatLink URL Sources: Structural and Demographic Business Statistics, OECD database. .. Not available or not applicable. -n Data in this cell are from n years earlier than the reference year. E.g. if the column refers to 2007, a data point with '-1' attached refers to 2006. 19
  21. 21. 20 Economy > Services: value added* Contribution to total economy % of total value added Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, storage and Real estate, renting and Public administration and Education, health, social work Finance and insurance restaurants and hotels communication business services defence and other services I II III IV V VI 2005 1995 2005 1995 2005 1995 2005 1995 2005 1995 2005 1995 Australia* 13.5 14.7 7.5 8.8 7.8 6.1 21.0 19.8 4.2 4.3 15.0 14.2 Australia* Austria 17.4 16.8 7.0 7.4 5.4 6.1 18.0 13.8 5.8 6.8 15.0 16.0 Austria Belgium 14.6 13.8 8.4 8.2 5.8 6.4 22.2 19.1 7.3 7.1 16.5 15.6 Belgium -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 Canada* 13.8 13.4 6.9 7.3 7.3 6.6 18.2 17.6 5.8 6.6 14.2 14.8 Canada* Czech Republic 14.4 14.0 10.3 10.4 3.3 3.2 13.8 13.6 5.7 5.4 11.3 10.1 Czech Republic Denmark 12.8 14.7 9.2 7.6 5.6 5.2 18.2 17.1 6.3 6.8 16.3 20.1 Denmark Finland 12.2 11.1 10.4 9.7 2.3 4.3 18.5 14.6 5.0 5.5 17.4 17.7 Finland France* 12.9 13.2 6.4 6.2 4.6 4.8 27.4 22.8 7.6 7.9 18.0 16.9 France* Germany 12.2 12.3 5.9 5.7 5.0 4.6 24.3 21.8 6.0 6.7 16.4 15.5 Germany Greece 23.8 .. 8.3 .. 4.2 .. 15.2 .. 7.3 .. 17.7 .. Greece Hungary 12.7 13.1 7.7 8.0 4.6 3.8 17.1 14.8 8.7 8.4 14.7 13.9 Hungary +2 +2 +2 +2 +2 +2 Iceland 12.2 13.2 6.2 8.4 9.7 5.4 17.1 12.5 6.0 4.7 19.6 17.2 Iceland Ireland 11.9 11.8 5.3 5.5 10.3 8.1 14.9 9.2 4.5 5.7 15.0 14.6 Ireland Italy 15.4 17.2 7.8 7.0 4.6 4.7 22.3 17.7 6.5 6.1 14.3 13.8 Italy Japan* 13.0 14.6 6.5 6.8 7.2 6.1 20.3 18.3 5.9 4.3 17.4 15.7 Japan* Korea 9.8 11.5 7.3 6.6 8.4 6.9 12.5 11.5 6.3 5.3 12.0 9.9 Korea
  22. 22. Luxembourg 11.4 13.1 10.3 8.2 24.2 22.1 20.0 17.2 5.6 5.6 11.9 11.1 Luxembourg -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Mexico 21.0 22.1 10.5 10.6 3.4 7.0 16.8 17.4 4.4 3.8 15.6 15.1 Mexico Netherlands 14.5 14.8 7.1 6.9 7.4 6.3 20.0 17.9 7.3 7.9 17.3 15.3 Netherlands -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 New Zealand* 15.7 16.0 7.4 8.3 6.6 5.8 21.7 19.6 4.4 5.0 13.8 11.3 New Zealand* Norway 9.4 12.3 7.5 10.0 3.9 4.4 14.0 13.1 4.4 6.1 16.2 16.9 Norway Poland 8.4 7.2 7.2 6.3 4.1 2.6 13.7 10.0 6.2 6.8 13.1 11.8 Poland -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Portugal 17.6 17.7 7.0 6.5 6.7 6.3 14.4 13.6 9.1 8.1 16.9 13.6 Portugal Slovak Republic 15.7 14.0 10.4 10.5 4.2 5.7 14.3 11.8 5.6 5.2 9.7 9.1 Slovak Republic Spain 18.4 17.5 7.1 7.0 4.6 4.7 16.4 13.6 6.0 6.6 14.9 14.4 Spain -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Sweden 12.2 12.5 8.0 8.1 4.5 4.4 19.8 17.9 5.5 5.9 20.7 18.1 Sweden -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 Switzerland 15.3 .. 6.4 .. 13.8 .. 17.4 .. 10.6 .. 8.7 .. Switzerland Turkey* 20.9 20.5 15.0 12.7 4.5 4.2 4.7 3.2 10.0 8.0 4.2 3.9 Turkey* United Kingdom 14.5 13.7 7.1 7.7 8.3 6.4 23.4 18.1 4.8 5.8 17.8 15.7 United Kingdom United States* 13.1 13.3 5.6 6.4 7.9 6.8 24.3 21.9 8.7 9.4 16.5 16.0 United States* 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/467403482436 * Additional information, including footnotes, are available via the StatLink URL Sources: National Accounts of OECD Countries, OECD, Paris, 2006; .. Not available or not applicable. STAN: OECD Structural Analysis Statistics, 2005, OECD; -n Data in this cell are from n years earlier (later, if +n) than the reference year. E.g. if the National sources. column refers to 2007, a data point with '-1' attached refers to 2006. 21

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