Eric Ittah Natural Products PPT | Eric Ittah Canada
Presented by Eric Ittah
•Wide array of natural chemical structures•Chemicals produced by the diverse organisms of nature•Bulk substances from nature , such as crude plant material,food products, resins and remain of plants and animals
Synthetic chemicals are made by the use of chemically reactiveagents.Natural chemicals are made by enzymes . They can target theiractions on parts of the molecule by bringing the active site ofthe enzyme into close proximity with one part of the moleculeto be changed.
Carbohydrates are the most abundant natural products andplay several roles in living organisms. They are actively involvedin fertilization, immune system, and development. Whencombined together to form polymers, they can function as longterm food storage molecules.
Proteins are large biological molecules , comprising one ormore chains of amino acids. They perform a number offunctions in living organisms including catalyzing metabolicreactions, replicating DNA and moving molecules from one endto another.
Lipids are a group of naturally occurring molecules that includefats, waxes, fat-soluble vitamins, phospholipids and others.The main function of this natural product is to storeenergy, signaling and act as structural component of cellmembrane.
Amino acids are building blocks of proteins. They are vitalorganic compounds made from amine and carboxylic acid.They are responsible to increase the growth hormone in humanbody.
Nucleic acids are the most important biologicalmacromolecules and are found in abundance in human body.The y constitute DNA and RNA , and function inencoding, transmitting, and expressing genetic information.