Turtle notes

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Turtle notes

  1. 1. Class: ReptiliaBy Mr. “Hauss is in class” Chapman
  2. 2. Class: Reptilia• There are about 6,500 species of reptiles.• skin is covered with waterproof scales.• Scales attach below the epidermis.
  3. 3. Class: Reptilia• A heart with three chambers and a septum that partially divided ventricle.• This limits mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood in the heart.
  4. 4. Class: Reptilia• Most lay eggs that are covered with a soft shell or give birth to live young.• All reptiles are cold blooded.
  5. 5. Class: Reptilia• Order: Testudines – turtles, tortoises, terrapins.• There are about 260 species of turtles.• Turtles limbs are modified to the environment they live in.
  6. 6. Turtle Limbs• 3 Types of limbs:• 1. Aquatic: turtles do not have any toes and their limbs have been flattened into powerful flippers.
  7. 7. Turtle Limbs• 2. Semi-aquatic: turtles have flatten, long limbs with webbed toes to help with swimming.• Ex. Red Ear Turtles, Painted, or Musk Turtles.
  8. 8. Turtle Limbs• 3. Terrestrial: turtles have thick stumpy legs with short toes.• Terrestrial turtles actually walk on their knuckles.• Ex. Box Turtle or tortoises.
  9. 9. Tortoise Walking
  10. 10. Turtle Shell• The turtle shell is divided into two parts.1. Carapace – which is the top shell and is what the backbone is attached too.2. Plastron – is the bottom part of the shell, which are different sizes in different turtles.
  11. 11. Food• Turtles eat a variety of different food any where from small mammals to fruits and vegetables.• Tortoises – are mostly herbivores and eat fruits and vegetables.
  12. 12. Turtle Food• Semi-aquatic turtles are omnivores, but mostly eat worms and insects.
  13. 13. Turtle Food• Aquatic turtles are mostly carnivores and mostly eat crustaceans and small fish.

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