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Lizards notes

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Lizards notes

  1. 1. Order: SquamataBy Mr. “Go Bearcats” Chapman
  2. 2. Lizards Who came first lizards or snakes? Snakes evolved from lizards. It is believed that 95% of living reptiles are descendants of early lizards. There are about 4,300 species of lizards.
  3. 3. Lizards Thigmothermy – is the transfer of heat by contact with a warm surface. Most reptiles can handle a body temperature up to 107 degrees.
  4. 4. Lizards Lizards regulate their body temperature throughout the day and night. Lizards can help lower their body temp. by lifting the belly off the ground.
  5. 5. Lizards Pineal Gland – “third eye” is on top of the head that controls the length of time they spend basking. Also use the third eye for feeling the duration and length of sunlight.
  6. 6. Lizard Legs Lizards’ legs are attached in a 90 degree angle. Helps in 2 ways: 1. Protect their belly 2. Gives them speed
  7. 7. Lizards Tails for lizards serve two purposes: 1. They store fat for the lizard 2. Their tails can fall off when being attacked as a defense mechanism.
  8. 8. Lizards There are only 2 venomous species of lizards: 1. Gila Monster 2. Beaded Dragon
  9. 9. Lizards Diet Lizards eat a variety of food from fruits and vegetables to large mammals. Iguana’s and Mali Uromastyx are herbivores.
  10. 10. Lizards Diet Lizards eat a variety of food from fruits and vegetables to large mammals. Iguana’s and Mali Uromastyx are herbivores. The majority of lizards are carnivores, and eat insects called Insectivores. Some like Chameleons use a long sticky tongue to grab insects.
  11. 11. Lizards The largest specie is the Komodo Dragon. Komodo Dragon kills its prey with its saliva. The dragons saliva is filled with bacteria that infects the prey after being bit.

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