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Guniea pig notes


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Guniea pig notes

  1. 1. Guinea PigsMr. “The Man” Chapman
  2. 2. Classification• Kingdom: Animalia• Phylum: Chordata• Class: Mammalia• Order: Rodentia• Family: Caviidae• Genus: Cavia• Species: porcellus
  3. 3. History• Their proper name is a Cavy• The domesticated guinea pig has been bred in South America for 3,000 years – Still a food source for people of Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia
  4. 4. History• Mid 1800’s  used by Labs for research – Use by Louis Pasteur in research on rabies• Origin of name not known; maybe because – Means “little pig” in Latin – Grunt and squeal and have fat bellies – Sold for 1 Guinea in England
  5. 5. Characteristics• Upper lip split (like all members of the rodent order)• Long whiskers (same function as cat’s whiskers)• Short ears with little fur
  6. 6. Characteristics• Sensitive hearing (hear beyond the range of humans) – Communicate by making sounds• Developed sense of smell (recognize individual humans)• Excellent peripheral vision (spot enemies from all directions)• When threatened  hair stands up on neck, chatter teeth
  7. 7. How they live in the Wild• In the wild they live in colonies – 1 dominant male – 5-10 females – 2 adult males cannot exist together – So, younger males may live on the edge of the colony
  8. 8. Major Types• Abyssinian – rough, wiry hair coat; made up of swirls and cowlicks  rosettes• American – most common; short, glossy hair
  9. 9. Major Types• Peruvian – longhaired (up to 20 inches!); takes time and effort to keep clean; doesn’t have a tail• Satin – Luxurious, shiny fur; it is also fine and dense
  10. 10. Major Types• Silkie – longhaired; has a mane that sweeps back from its head• Teddy – short, kinky fur; whiskers are kinked too
  11. 11. Major Types• White crested – resembles the American shorthair except for crest (rosette)  white and in the center of the forehead