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Grammar book sp2h erica


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Grammar book sp2h erica

  1. 1. GRAMMAR BOOK By: Erica Tibbs
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS1.Nationalidades2.Stem Changers3. Para4.Indirect Object Pronouns5. Pronoun Placement6.Gustar7.Affirmative & Negative Words8. Superlatives
  3. 3. STEM CHANGERS Boot verbs change inside the “boot” Four kinds of boot verbs: 1. E>IE 2. E>I 3. U>UE 4. O>UEThe endings remain the same for ar, er, and ir. Nosotros and vosotros will not change.
  4. 4. PARA Means For or In order to. To indicate:1. The recipient of items. 2. A purpose. 3. Implied purpose.
  5. 5. INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNSAsks: For whom? Or To whom? the action Sentences that have an IOof the verb is performed. usually also have a DO.They are in 3 places:1.Before conjugated verb. Ex: He gives the book to Maria.2. Attach to an infinitive DO= Book3. Attach to a gerund. Where is the book going? To Maria. IO= Maria Singular Plural Me Me Nos Us Te You Os You all familar Le You formal, Les You all formal, him, her, it them
  6. 6. PRONOUN PLACEMENT 1.Attach the pronoun to an infinite 2.Attach the pronoun to a progressive tense3. Attach the pronoun to an affirmative command 4. Place the pronoun before a conjugated verb.
  7. 7. GUSTARGustar = Like/PleaseA mi= Me gusta Never use GUSTO, GUSTAMOS, or GUSTAISA ti= Te gustaA Usd= Le gustaA nosotros= Nos gusta Negative Phrase = “ No _____ gusta…”Gusta  Singular Ex: Me gusta hablar espanol.Gustan  Plural Ex: Me gustan tacos.I Me We NosYou Te Yall OsHim/ Her/ It Le Them Le
  8. 8. AFFIRMATIVE & NEGATIVE WORDS When you want to talk about an indefinite or negative situation, you use an affirmative or a negative word.Algo=something Nada=nothing Ninguno is almost neverAlguien=someone Nadie=noone used, only with items thatAlgun/alguno=some Ninguno=none are plural.Siempre=always Nunca=neverTambien=also Tampoco=nietherDouble negative is required in spanish when no precedes the verb.When negative words such as nunca comes before the verb, a second negativeis not needed.
  9. 9. SUPERLATIVES -isimo -isimos -isima –isimas - Added to adjectives or adverbs - -Equivalent to extremely or very before an adjective or adverb.- Malo > Malisimo Rico > Riquisimo- Larga > Larguisima Muchas > Muchisimas- Feliz > Felicisimo Dificil > Dificilismo Adjective or Adverb ending in C, G, or Z change spelling to QU, GU, and C. Adjective ending in –n or –r form by adding –cisimo/a Joven > Jovencisimo Trabajador > Trabajadorcisimo