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Churning Butter


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Churning Butter

  1. 1. By Elyse Fuchs
  2. 2. <ul><li>We will be discussing how butter is churned and used for trade in Pioneer days. </li></ul><ul><li>We will also be discussing the differences between trading goods and services in Pioneer days and trading goods and services in today’s society. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>What does it mean to trade? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The act or process of buying, selling, or exchanging </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have you ever traded anything? </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Introduce the books Colonial Kids by Laurie Carlson and Skillet Bread, Sourdough, and Vinegar Pie: Cooking in Pioneer Days By Loretta Frances Ichord, Jan Davey Ellis. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Do you like butter? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you use it for? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To make food taste better </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have you ever thought about trading butter with someone for another good or service? </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Today, we buy our butter at the store, but in the pioneer days, families had to churn their own butter, or trade a good or service with another family who churned butter. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>A simple and easy way to make butter is to shake up heavy whipping cream in a glass jar. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You will need: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy whipping cream </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Glass jar </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strong shaking abilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The pioneers would create butter in this way, or they would use a butter churn, like this one shown above. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Not everyone had the luxury of having their own cream to make butter because of scarcity. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is scarcity? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shortness of supply </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>People who did have s cow to get cream from may not have had bread or spices so they would trade their butter for other goods that they needed. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>What would be something you could trade someone for your butter? </li></ul><ul><li>Both parties can benefit from a trade. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example, If I have butter but no bread, I could trade some of my butter with someone who has bread. Now we both have bread and butter. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some trade items may be worth more than others. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example, you would not trade a jar of butter for an ox, horse cow, etc. An ox is worth a lot more than a jar of butter. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>How are other items used for trade? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some differences between trading in Pioneer days and trading in today’s society? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not as common </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not as essential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People do more favors for each other (If you feed my dog while I’m on vacation, I’ll take you to the movies). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We use money for trading today. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Bread </li></ul><ul><li>Spices </li></ul><ul><li>Flour </li></ul><ul><li>Coffee </li></ul><ul><li>Beans </li></ul><ul><li>Rice </li></ul><ul><li>Dried fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Today we trade money for butter at the grocery store </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Have students churn their own butter by shaking heavy whipping cream in baby food jars. </li></ul><ul><li>After the liquid has the consistency of butter, let the students sample their butter on some bread or a cracker. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Describe the pioneer days trade compared to trade of today’s time </li></ul><ul><li>What are a few items that would be considered “fair” trade for their butter? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Fair”- Will both parties benefit from this trade? </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Before students make and sample their butter, they could decorate their butter jars with fabric, ribbon, and buttons. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>1.4.1 -Identify goods that people use. </li></ul><ul><li>1.4.5- Explain that people have to make choices about goods and services because of scarcity. </li></ul><ul><li>1.4.6- Explain that people exchange goods and services to get the things they want. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Carlson, Laurie. (1997). Colonial Kids. Chicago, Illinois: Chicago Review Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Douma, M., curator. (2008). Butter through the Ages . Retrieved October 1, 2009, from . </li></ul><ul><li>Ichord, Loretta Frances, & Ellis, Jan Davey. (2003). Minneapolis, Minnesota: Millbrook Press. </li></ul>