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La visualité de Nirvana

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Conférence publique présentée au Centre Malher, Paris, le mercredi 22 mai 2013
dans le cadre du séminaire Histoire Sociale du rock
Responsables : Arnaud Baubérot et Florence Tamagne

Published in: Education
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La visualité de Nirvana

  1. 1. La visualité de NirvanaE. ReyesMCF, Université de Paris 13ereyes.netConférence publique présentée au Centre Malher, Paris, le mercredi 22 mai 2013dans le cadre du séminaire Histoire Sociale du rockResponsables : Arnaud Baubérot et Florence TamagneWednesday, May 22, 13
  2. 2. Contexte musicalfin des années 80Wednesday, May 22, 13
  3. 3. Phil Collins A Groovy Kind of LoveBobby McFerrin Dont Worry Be HappyPet Shop Boys Always On My MindBelinda Carlisle Heaven is a Place On EarthEnya Orinoco Flow1988Madonna Like a PrayerThe Bangles Eternal FlamePhil Collins Another Day in ParadiseRoxette The LookThe B-52s Love ShackSinéad OConnor Nothing Compares 2 UMadonna VogueVanilla Ice Ice Ice BabyMC Hammer U Cant Touch ThisRoxette It Must Have Been Love19891990Les tubesWednesday, May 22, 13
  4. 4. The CureDepeche ModeThe CultSonic YouthThe PixiesJane’s AddictionRed Hot Chili PeppersFaith No MoreMetallicaMegadethVan HalenGuns N’ RosesMudhoneyNirvanaScène rockWednesday, May 22, 13
  5. 5. Nirvanadates et productionsWednesday, May 22, 13
  6. 6. 19871994créationK. Cobain et K. Novoselic à Aberdeen, EUA1989 Juin 15 : “Bleach” [ Sub Pop, Jack Endino ]1991 Septembre 24 : “Nevermind” [ DGC, Butch Vig ]Septembre 26 : Vidéo “Smells Like Teen Spirit” [ Samuel Bayer ]1993 Septembre 23 : “In Utero” [ DGC, Steve Albini ]Septembre : vidéo “Heart-Shaped Box” [ Anton Corbijn ]Avril 5 : décès de K. Cobain1992 Mars : vidéo “Come As You Are” [ Kevin Kerslake ]Juillet : vidéo “Lithium” [ Kevin Kerslake ]Décembre : vidéo “In Bloom” [ Kevin Kerslake ]Décembre 12 : “Incesticide” [ DGC, plusieurs producteurs ]Wednesday, May 22, 13
  7. 7. Objectif : approcher la visualité du groupe à partir de ses productionsMusiqueRéseaux de collaborationsPochettes CDVidéo-clipsParoles ? [ nuages de mots, lexicométrie, etc... pas aujourd’hui ]Mais aussi [ à venir ] :Données géographiquesBootlegsVêtementsMake-upAffcihesInstrumentsScènes de concertsSpectacles et pérformanceGestes... entre autresWednesday, May 22, 13
  8. 8. Approches visuelles :1. visualisation du sonWednesday, May 22, 13
  9. 9. iTunes VisualizerWednesday, May 22, 13
  10. 10. sndpeek 1.3visualisation du son en temps réelWednesday, May 22, 13
  11. 11. Sonic Visualiser 2.1visualisation et analyse de fichiers audioWednesday, May 22, 13
  12. 12. Approches visuelles :2. moteurs de recherche graphiquesWednesday, May 22, 13
  13. 13. Google ImagesWednesday, May 22, 13
  14. 14. oamos.comexploration visuelleWednesday, May 22, 13
  15. 15. LivePlasma.comConnections et recommandations à partir de données Amazon.comWednesday, May 22, 13
  16. 16. Approches visuelles :3. réseaux de collaborateursWednesday, May 22, 13
  17. 17. Réseau au 1991Données : AllMusic.com | Outil de visualisation : GephiWednesday, May 22, 13
  18. 18. Réseau au 2012Données : AllMusic.com | Outil de visualisation : GephiWednesday, May 22, 13
  19. 19. Wednesday, May 22, 13
  20. 20. Wednesday, May 22, 13
  21. 21. Réseau au 2012 : rôles principauxDonnées : AllMusic.com | Outil de visualisation : GephiWednesday, May 22, 13
  22. 22. Approches visuelles :4. visualisation de médias visuelsWednesday, May 22, 13
  23. 23. Montage de pochettes par Robert FisherWednesday, May 22, 13
  24. 24. palette de couleursWednesday, May 22, 13
  25. 25. ditribution de couleurs : modèle RGBWednesday, May 22, 13
  26. 26. ditribution de couleurs : modèle HSVWednesday, May 22, 13
  27. 27. Carte de pochettes : Robert Fisher et NirvanaX = saturation, Y = annéeWednesday, May 22, 13
  28. 28. Carte de pochettes : toute la production de R. FisherX = saturation, Y = annéeWednesday, May 22, 13
  29. 29. Wednesday, May 22, 13
  30. 30. vidéo Smells Like Teen Spiritmontage de photogrammesWednesday, May 22, 13
  31. 31. vidéo Smells Like Teen Spiritmoyenne luminosité des imagesWednesday, May 22, 13
  32. 32. vidéo Come As You Aremontage de photogrammesWednesday, May 22, 13
  33. 33. vidéo Come As You Arevue orthogonale des photogrammesWednesday, May 22, 13
  34. 34. Wednesday, May 22, 13
  35. 35. Approches visuelles :5. outils sur mesurefaits dans notre garageWednesday, May 22, 13
  36. 36. visualisation de réseau-médiaWednesday, May 22, 13
  37. 37. Nirviz : un hybrideWednesday, May 22, 13
  38. 38. Rockviz : les 2000 albums les plus significatifs du rockd’après AllMusic.comWednesday, May 22, 13
  39. 39. Conclusions :Guide de NirvanaWednesday, May 22, 13
  40. 40. Tension entre « célébrité » et « alternatif »Alternatif : l’image du groupe agit par contrastes élevés et indéfinition(séquences rapides, effets de flou et masques sur les membres du groupe).Célébrité : Nirvana se teint en couleurs brillantes, préfère les sujetsoniriques, fait des parodies du passé, se moque de la formalité et nous faitapprécier l’écrasement des instruments musicaux à un rythme lentWednesday, May 22, 13
  41. 41. Les compilations, rééditions et reprises de Nirvana continuentOn les montre désormais comme des légendes punk/grunge : élégants et sobresRobert Fisher a toujours capté la couleur jaune de Cobain sur les pochettesPlus jaune et moins saturé, plus existentielPlus brillant est saturé, plus un succès commercialWednesday, May 22, 13
  42. 42. Conclusions :“sous-cultures”Wednesday, May 22, 13
  43. 43. “Culture aternatives” : punk, skateboard, bikers, geeksun détrournement aux début des années 90’s ?entrée dans le “mainstream” ?des stéréotypes arrivent là où il y avait de l’originalité ?dernier groupe avant le passage au numérique ?Wednesday, May 22, 13
  44. 44. Merci pour votre attentionE. ReyesMCF, Université de Paris 13ereyes.netWednesday, May 22, 13

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