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Séance 01. Introduction aux technologies Web

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Séance 01. Introduction aux technologies Web.

L3 Information et Communication, Université de Paris 13
UEP : 30

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Séance 01. Introduction aux technologies Web

  1. 1. Intro aux Technologies Web Everardo REYES DIMI M1, Université Paris 13Thursday, January 5, 12
  2. 2. Vannevar Bush [ EUA, 1890-1974 ] As We May Think, 1945 Système : MemexThursday, January 5, 12
  3. 3. Memex, Vannevar Bush, 1945Thursday, January 5, 12
  4. 4. Theodor Holm Nelson [ EUA, 1937 ] A file structure for the complex, 1965 Notions : hypertext, hypermédia, transclusions Système : XanaduThursday, January 5, 12
  5. 5. Permettez-moi dintroduire le mot hypertexte pour signifier un corpus composé de matériels écrits ou graphiques interconnectés dune manière tellement complexe quil ne serait pas pertinent de le représenter sur papier. Il peut contenir des sommaires, ou des cartes de son contenu et de ses interrelations ; il peut contenir des annotations, des additions et des notes de bas de page insérés par les chercheurs qui lont examiné. [ Nelson, 1965 ]Thursday, January 5, 12
  6. 6. Hypertexte Une forme “new media” de l’écriture, de la lecture et de la penséeThursday, January 5, 12
  7. 7. Hypermédia La différence est dans les noeuds : images, animations, son, vidéo, applicationsThursday, January 5, 12
  8. 8. Composants de l’ hyperspace Noeuds: unités basiques. Fragments d’information d’un ou plusieurs types : texte, graphique, son, etc. Liens : l’element qui organise les documents. Ils permettent de “sauter” entre des documents ou des sous-paries plus spécifiquesThursday, January 5, 12
  9. 9. Visualisation commune des hypertextesThursday, January 5, 12
  10. 10. Visualisation commune des hypermédiasThursday, January 5, 12
  11. 11. Modèles de navigationThursday, January 5, 12
  12. 12. HyperCard, Bill Atkinson, 1987.Thursday, January 5, 12
  13. 13. XanaduSpace, Ted Nelson, 2007.Thursday, January 5, 12
  14. 14. Thursday, January 5, 12
  15. 15. Internet 1966 c. 1986 Échange d’informations Réseau mondiale Fin militaires Accès publique Réseau privé et protogé Transfert d’info par petits paquets Services de communication Usage du protocole TCP / IPThursday, January 5, 12
  16. 16. TCP Transfer Control Protocol Transmet les données IP Internet Protocol Spécifie où vont les donnéesThursday, January 5, 12
  17. 17. Connection Client / Usager demande des données envoie des données reçoit des données Serveur attend des requêtes offre services WebThursday, January 5, 12
  18. 18. Services principales 1971 : email 1972 : telnet 1973 : FTP 1988 : IRC [ Internet Relay Chat ] 1991 : WWW 2008 : Social Network GamesThursday, January 5, 12
  19. 19. Thursday, January 5, 12
  20. 20. • Tim Berners-Lee [ UK, 1955 ] • HTML, HTTP, URL • W3 Consortium, w3c.orgThursday, January 5, 12
  21. 21. http://www.google.com/intl/en/about.html protocole nom de la route nom du domaine l e s e r ve u r nom du fichier auquel on se document ou co n n ec te m édi a c o ns ul t éThursday, January 5, 12
  22. 22. Navigateurs Web Interprète les langages Web et d’autres technologies en réseau Supporte plusieurs types de médias : texte, audio, vidéo, applications, imagesThursday, January 5, 12
  23. 23. Mosaic, Marc Andressen, 1993 affichage d’imagesThursday, January 5, 12
  24. 24. Mosaic Netscape 1.0 IE 4.0 Mozilla Konqueror Safari Firefox 2 Chrome 1993 1995 1997 1999 2000 2003 2007 2008 Trident Gecko KHTML KHTML Gecko WebKit Tasman 2009 WebKitThursday, January 5, 12
  25. 25. Web Dynamique Interface : DHTML [ HTML + CSS + JavaScript ], AJAX, XUL BDD : PHP + MySQL Multimédia : SWF, SVG + SMIL, Canvas, Java Services Web : RSS, WSDL, SOAP 3D: WebGLThursday, January 5, 12
  26. 26. http://evolutionofweb.appspot.com/Thursday, January 5, 12
  27. 27. Web comme sujet de recherche Exemple d’outil pour amplifier nos capacités cognitives Exemple du concept rhizome [ Deleuze et Guattari ] Approche des sciences de réseauxThursday, January 5, 12
  28. 28. Qu’est-ce qu’un réseau ? Un ensemble de noeuds connectés pas des liens Noeuds : unités, personnes, institutions, pages Web Liens : connections entre des noeuds : relations sociales, hyperliens Exemple : un réseau d’amisThursday, January 5, 12
  29. 29. Thursday, January 5, 12
  30. 30. Propriétés communes aux réseaux Haut degré de clustering Haute variété de degrés Structure basée sur des hubsThursday, January 5, 12
  31. 31. Modèle : Small-World Networks Il n’y a pas beaucoup de liens entre les noeuds généralement 6 sauts exemple : réseau de Kevin BaconThursday, January 5, 12
  32. 32. • Réseau simple • Chaque noeud a deux connections • Path length : no. de liens sur la route la plus courte entre deux noeuds • Avg. Path Length : la moyenne de path lengths entre tous les pairs de noeuds d’un réseau Noeuds = 60 Path length = 01 Av. Path Length = 15Thursday, January 5, 12
  33. 33. • Si l’on ajoute 3 connections aléatoires, le Avg. Path Length se réduit à 9 • Un réseau de 1000 noeuds = 250 ALP. Avec 5% de liens re-connectés aléatoirement, le ALP est de 20Thursday, January 5, 12
  34. 34. theyrule.netThursday, January 5, 12
  35. 35. Touchgraph sur FacebookThursday, January 5, 12
  36. 36. Thursday, January 5, 12

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