Local authority of lumut, perak

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Local authority of lumut, perak

  1. 1. ARK 550 | DESIGN V PREPARED BY : MOHAMAD HAFIZ BIN HASSAN | AHMAD SAFRI BIN SHAMSUDDIN | NOR FADHILAH BINTI HASAN | SYAHIDATUL IZZATI BINTI ZULKIFLI | MARTINI BINTI ALWI | SITINUR ATHIRAH BINTI MOHAMAD | NIK NUR FARAH NIK MOHD YUSOFF | NUR SHAHIDAH BINTI MOHD SAKRI LECTURES :AR. AZMAN ZAINONABIDIN (SL) | AR. MOHAMAD ZAKI YUSOF | HJ. MOHD ZAMRI HUSSAIN | EN. AMRAN ABDUL RAHIM | HJ. RAZALI KAMISAN
  2. 2. RANCANGAN STRUKTUR NEGERI PERAK 2001-2020RANCANGAN TEMPATAN DAERAH MANJUNG 2020 GARISPANDUAN KAWALAN PEMBANGUNAN • NISBAH PLOT (PLOT RATIO) •ANJAKAN BANGUNAN ( BUILDING SETBACK) •KETINGGIAN ( BUILDING HEIGHT) •KAWSAN LITUPAN TAPAK (PLINTH AREA) •REKABENTUK BANGUNAN (BUILDING DESIGN ) •KEPADATAN ( DENSITY) •TEMPAT LETAK KERETA ( PARKING) •KEMUDAHAN AWAM (PUBLIC AMINITIES) •LANDSKAP
  3. 3. LOCAL AUTHORITY ISSUE POINT TO CONSIDER BYE LAWS & REGULATIONS BYE LAWS & REGULATIONS •BOUNDARIES & EASEMENTS •WHERE ARE THE BOUNDARIES?LAND DEVELOPMENT REGULATIONS •ARE THERE ANY RESTRICTIONS THAT • STREET PROFILE REQUIREMENTS CAN BE UTILISE AS AN OPPORTUNITY • SITE DISTANCE REQUIREMENTS TO THE SITE ? • SLOPE RESTRICTIONS REQUIREMENTS • STORM WATER REQUIREMENTS • LANDSCAPING REQUIREMENTS PLANNING REGULATIONS •SETBACKS •SPECIAL EXCEPTION •MAXIMUM COVERAGE •PARKING REQUIREMENTS •SIDEWALK REQUIREMENTS •LANDSCAPE ORDINANCE •RIGHT-OF-WAY REQUIREMENTS
  4. 4. STRATEGI PEMBANGUNAN NEGERIKORIDOR PERINDUSTRIANIPOH – LUMUT• Lumut Maritime Terminal• Kaw. Perindustrian Kg. Acheh• Pusat Maritim - industri kecil,perkhidmatan dan pemprosesan
  5. 5. STRATEGI PEMBANGUNAN EKONOMI Matlamat : i.Mewujudkan keseimbangan antara pertumbuhan ekonomi dan pengagihannya. ii.Meningkatkan daya saing melengkapi antara sektor bagi mengoptimumkan pertumbuhan ekonomi. iii.Mengurangkan keadaan ketidaksamaan sosial dan ekonomi dalam negeri. iv.Menjadikan sains dan teknologi sebagai satu teras penting dalam perancangan dan pembangunan sosio-ekonomi negeri.RANCANGAN STRUKTUR NEGERI PERAK 2001- 2020
  6. 6. CADANGAN HIERARKI KONURBASI Taiping dan Lumut-Manjung-Sitiawan juga telah dikenalpasti sebagai Konurbasi Pertumbuhan Akan Datang (Tahap keempat) Menekankan pembangunan pola penempatan yang bersepadu kepada sesuatu hierarki bandar yang jelas bagi mendorong serakan pembangunan yang pesat di mana Bandaraya Ipoh berfungsi sebagai ibu negeri, Taiping, Sitiawan/Seri Manjung/Lumut dan Telok Intan sebagai Pusat Separa Wilayah Mengarahkan pembangunan perindustrian dan perbandaran keluar dariLembah Kinta.RANCANGAN STRUKTUR NEGERI PERAK 2001- 2020
  7. 7. STRATEGI PEMBANGUNAN NEGARARANCANGAN STRUKTUR NEGERI PERAK 2001- 2020
  8. 8. KEPERLUAN DAN TUJUAN RANCANGAN TEMPATAN (RT) Rancangan Tempatan (RT) merupakan satu dokumen rasmi yang mentafsirkan dasar-dasar dan cadangan-cadangan umum yang terkandung di dalam Rancangan Struktur (RS) kepada bentuk fizikal yang lebih terperinci dan praktikal. FUNGSI RANCANGAN TEMPATAN • Menterjemahkan dasar-dasar RS; • Sebagai panduan pembangunan fizikal bagi daerah dan PBPT berkaitan melalui peta cadangan gunatanah; • Menyediakan garis panduan bagi kawalan pembangunan ; • Mengenalpasti projek utama daerah; dan • Menyediakan garispanduan pelaksanaanRANCANGAN TEMPATAN DAERAH MANJUNG 2020
  9. 9. STRATEGI PEMBANGUNAN NEGERI PERAK Kerajaan negeri telah menggunapakai dua strategi utama dalam pembangunan negeri iaitu Strategi Pembangunan Lestari Negeri Perak dan Strategi Pembangunan Seimbang dan Bersepadu (SPSB). Rangka kerja perancangan dan pembangunan negeri telah digubal dari perspektif makro dengan membahagikan Negeri Perak kepada empat zon perancangan iaitu : i. Zon Perancangan Metropolitan Lembah Kinta; ii. Zon Perancangan Lembah Bernam; iii. Zon Perancangan Kerian, Larut Matang dan Selama; iv. Zon Perancangan Hulu Perak; Dalam konteks negeri, Daerah Manjung termasuk dalam Zon Perancangan Metropolitan Lembah Kinta yang merupakan kawasan tumpuan utama pembangunan bagi kawasan tengah perak terutamanya pembangunan perumahan, perbandaran, perindustrian, institusi, infrastruktur dan utiliti, dan pelancongan.RANCANGAN TEMPATAN DAERAH MANJUNG 2020
  10. 10. Ipoh-Seri Iskandar-Lumut-Manjung sebagai Koridor Pertumbuhan Utama Negeri yang dibangun berkonsepkan ”Koridor Bistari”. Lumut sebagai Bandar Pelabuhan dan Kawasan Bebas Cukai. HIERARKI PUSAT PETEMPATANRANCANGAN TEMPATAN DAERAH MANJUNG 2020
  11. 11. HIERARKI PUSAT PETEMPATAN Daerah Manjung dibangunkan sebagai tumpuan pelancong utama di Perak terutamanya dalam pelancongan ‘resort’ pantai dan pelancongan pulau serta mewujudkan rangkaian aktiviti pelancongan di daerah berhampiran.RANCANGAN TEMPATAN DAERAH MANJUNG 2020
  12. 12. KONSEP PERANCANGAN FIZIKAL DAERAH MANJUNG Secara skematik, perancangan fizikal Daerah Manjung boleh dibahagikan kepada 3 zon perancangan fizikal iaitu: i. Zon Perancangan Fizikal Pulau : ISLANDS ii. Zon Perancangan Fizikal Persisiran Pantai Dan Sungai : COASTAL AREA iii. Zon Perancangan Fizikal Daratan : MAINLANDRANCANGAN TEMPATAN DAERAH MANJUNG 2020
  13. 13. PETA CADANGAN GUNA TANAHDAERAH MANJUNG (2020)
  14. 14. Bandar Lumut – Seri Manjung – Setiawan dibangunkan sebagai satu konurbasi maritim dan berupaya menampung pembangunan Daerah Manjung.RANCANGAN TEMPATAN DAERAH MANJUNG 2020
  15. 15. PETA CADANGAN BLOK PERANCANGAN 7 (LUMUT-SRI MANJUNG)RANCANGAN TEMPATAN DAERAH MANJUNG 2020
  16. 16. PETA CADANGAN BLOK PERANCANGAN 7 (LUMUT-SRI MANJUNG) KOLUM I KOLUM II KOLUM III KOLUM IV KOLUM V CACATAN Blok Jenis Gunatanah Aktivi ti Yang Aktiviti Yang Dibenarkan Dengan Syarat Aktiviti Yang Tidak Perancangan Utama Dibenarkan Dibenarkan Kecil (BPK) Aktiviti Syarat BPK 7.1.2 Perdagangan Semua Kelas IV (a) dan Perumahan Pelancongan •Mengikut keperluan •Sebarang aktiviti yang •Pembangunan semula (LUMUT) (b) •Pangsapuri Densiti Tinggi piawaian perancangan bercanggah dengan Bandar Perumahan Kepadatan •Pangsapuri Untuk Aktiviti dan garis panduan pembangunan pusat •Taman persisran Sederhana ( 40- 60 •Pelancongan kawalan pembangunan Bandar sungai unit / ekar) •Institusi yang disediakan oleh •Industri (semua) •Kompleks perniagaan / •Dewan Orang Ramai Majlis Perbandaran Terminal pengangkutan • Perpustakaan Awam Manjung. (MPM) awam • Semua Bangunan Kerajaan •Muzium Maritim • Rekreasi •Kedai Pejabat •Gimnasium/ Dewan Sukan •Rekreasi Rimba •Padang Olahraga •Kompleks Sukan •Taman Rekreasi Awam •Keindahan Bandar •Taman dan Kebun BungaRANCANGAN TEMPATAN DAERAH MANJUNG 2020
  17. 17. Penanaman Pokok •Menanam pokok di semua jalan dalam skim perumahan •Jarak penanaman 2-8 m (6.5’ –26’) •Laluan pejalan kaki 1.5-2m (1.5’-6.5’) •Menyediakan elemen-elemen lanskap kejur yang bercirikan maritim di sepanjang laluan pejalan kaki seperti : •Tempat duduk Kemudahan Jeti yang terdapat di Lumut •Tong sampah •Wakaf •Lampu hiasan •Kotak-kotak bunga •Papan tanda…etc. Imej Maritim di Bandar LumutLANDSCAPE REQUIREMENT & ORDINANCE
  18. 18. KONSEP CADANGAN DAN GARIS PANDUAN PUSAT BANDAR LUMUT Pontensi Bandar Lumut sebagai destinansi transit pelancong perlu diperhebatkan bagi menggalakkan pertumbuhan ekonomi perniaga kecil dan sederhana. Sebagai destinasi pelancongan beriklim khatulistiwa, reka bentuk bandar, dan landskap perlu mengambil kira keadaan cuaca . Pembangunan berbentuk laluan berteduhLANDSCAPE REQUIREMENT & ORDINANCE
  19. 19. Land UseBanci 2010 – 2,299,582 people in Perak Daerah Manjung – 227,071 (9.87%) Lumut – 55,590 (2.4%) (more than 70% are Malay citizen)
  20. 20. Plinth Area• The building space• Between 0.4 hectar to 1.2 hectar maximum space is 70% of the lot.• Open space : 10 %Plot Ratio : 1:3.5
  21. 21. Plot Ratio• SITE 1 : • Lot Area = 7898.9453 sqm • Plot Ratio =1:3.5 ( Lot area x 3.5) = 27,646.309 sqm • Bldg Plinth max 70% from plot area = 5529.26 sqm • Building height = 27,646.309 / 5529.26 = Max 5 storey• SITE 2 : • Lot Area = 7688.05 sqm • Plot Ratio =1:3.5 ( Lot area x 3.5) = 26,908.175 sqm • Bldg Plinth max 70% from plot area = 5381.635 sqm • Building height = 26,908.175 / 5381.635 = Max 5 storey
  22. 22. • SITE 3 : • Lot Area = 7528.02 sqm • Plot Ratio =1:3.5 ( Lot area x 3.5) = 26,348.07 sqm • Bldg Plinth max 70% from plot area = 5269.614 sqm • Building height = 26,348.07 / 5269.614 = Max 5 storey• SITE 4 : • Lot Area = 7516.89 sqm • Plot Ratio =1:3.5 ( Lot area x 3.5) = 26,309.115 sqm • Bldg Plinth max 70% from plot area = 5261.823 sqm • Building height = 26,309.115 / 5261.823 = Max 5 storey
  23. 23. Density Unit per acre according to site• Low density : 0 – 20 unit/ecra• Medium density : 21 – 40 unit/ecra• High density : 41 – 60 unit/ecra
  24. 24. Medium density Area x 21- 40 units per ecra• Site 1 : 7898.9453 sqm = 1.95 acre = 41 – 78 unit• Site 2 : 7688.05 sqm = 1.90 acre = 40 – 76 unit• Site 3 : 7528.02 sqm = 1.86 acre = 40 – 75 unit• Site 4 : 7516.89 sqm = 1.86 acre = 40 – 75 unit
  25. 25. 12m SITE 1 Lot No. : Lot 190 Lot Area : 7898.9453 sqm 1 acre 3 rood 32.3000 Pole.3m 3m Land use category : Building Hakmilik persendirian Plinth Area : Max 5529.26 sqm 3m 3m Unit per acre : 41 – 78 unit 3m
  26. 26. SITE 2 Lot No. : Lot 481 Lot Area : 7688.05 sqm Land use category : No category 3m Hakmilik persendirian6m 3m Plinth Area : Max 5381.635 sqm Unit per acre : 40 – 76 unit
  27. 27. 12m 3m 3m 6m SITE 33m Lot Area : 7528.02 sqm 3m Plinth Area : Max 5269.614 sqm Unit per acre : 40 – 75 unit
  28. 28. SITE 4 3m Lot Area : 7516.89 sqm Plinth Area : Max 5261.82 sqm Unit per acre : 40 – 75 unit12m
  29. 29. Land Use and Physical
  30. 30. SISTEM RANGKAIAN JALAN RAYA JABATAN KERJA RAYA
  31. 31. SETBACK FOR FEDERAL AND STATE ROAD STATE Building Line FEDERAL Service Road Reserved Road Reserved 6m 12 m 15 m 20 m 12 m 6m 33 m 38 m
  32. 32. RIZAB JALAN• Rizab jalan keluar masuk 30 m/20 m hendaklah terdiri daripada sistem jalan ‘dual carriageway’.• Kelebaran minimum rizab jalan: • Jalan keluar masuk – 20 m Jalan turapan – 6 m • Jalan susur – 20 m Jalan turapan – 6 m • Jalan dalaman – 12 m Jalan turapan – 3 m • Jalan belakang – 4.5 m Jalan turapan – 3 m • Laluan pejalan kaki – 3 m Jalan turapan – 2 m
  33. 33. RIZAB SUSUR (RIZAB 20 m)• Merupakan sistem dua hala• Jalan susur selebar 20m perlu disediakan bagi menghubungkan jalan-jalan dalaman ke jalan utama• Semua jenis bangunan (kediaman/kedai) tidak dibenarkan mempunyai jalan keluar atau masuk terus ke jalan jenis ini kecuali ia merupakan jalan susur di tepi jalan keluar/masuk atau jalan luaran dengan mempunyai bangunan di sebelah jalan sahaja dan di sebelah lagi merupakan rizab zon penampan.
  34. 34. RIZAB DALAMAN (RIZAB 12-15 m)• Jalan akses ke rumah kediaman dan rumah kedai.Pili bomba,bekalan air dan talian elektrik atau lampu jalan ditempatkan di dalam rizab ini.• Unit kejiranan kecil Perumahan Kos Sederhana Rumah Pangsa perlu mempunyai papan tanda maklumat yang berkaitan unitnya seperti kedudukan blok bangunan, lokasi pelawat.• Had kelajuan bagi jalan ini ialah 30km/jam dengan diadakan langkah pengawalan had laju seperti bonggol
  35. 35. DISTANCE BETWEEN BUILDING BUILDING DISTANCE NEEDED ( METER ) < 3 STOREY > 5 STOREY FRONTAGE TO FRONTAGE 25.0 REAR TO REAR 15.0 ADD 1.5m FOR EACH STOREY REAR TO FRONTAGE 15.0 SIDE TO FRONTAGE 15.0 SIDE TO SIDE 6.0
  36. 36. FRONTAGE TO FRONTAGE 26.5mBUILT UP AREA 70% OPEN AREA 30%
  37. 37. BACK TO FRONTAGE 16.5m OPEN AREA 30% BUILT UP AREA 70%
  38. 38. FRONTAGE TO SIDE 16.5m BUILT UP AREA 70% OPEN AREA 30%
  39. 39. TEMPAT LETAK KERETA• 1 tempat letak kereta perlu disediakan bagi setiap unit perumahan berbilang tingkat dengan tambahan 20% tempat letak kereta untuk pelawat.• Parking site 1 : 78 unit [pengguna + OKU(4)]  78 x 20% = 16 tmpt letak kereta  78 + 13 = 96 tmpt letak kereta SITE NOS OF UNIT NOS OF CAR PARK NOS OF OKU PARKING NOS OF MOTORCYCLE PARK 1 78 96 4 19 2 76 81 4 16 3 75 90 3 18 4 75 90 3 18
  40. 40. 10.65m 12.0m 3.80m3.5m 2.50m5.65m 45ᵒ 5.65m 5.50m
  41. 41. 9.90m 4.90m 30ᵒ 6.0m 5.0m 2.50m
  42. 42. TEMPAT LETAK KERETA• OKU  berhampiran dengan ‘ramp’ atau berhampiran dengan pintu masuk bangunan.• ‘Ramp’  laluan mempunyai perubahan ketinggian dengan nisbah 1:12.• Perlu ada sistem pejalan kaki yang menghubungkan ke kawasan pintu masuk bangunan atau kemudahan yang disediakan.
  43. 43. LALUAN PEJALAN KAKI (RIZAB 3m)• berdekatan dengan tapak sekolah, kedai, dan taman permainan.• Kelebaran selamat dan memenuhi piawaian minimum fire engine atau panjang masuk adalah 76.2 m.• Laluan pejalan kaki daripada tempat letak kereta berpusat ke tempat kediaman ,lebar turapan hendaklah seminimum 2.5 m (kegunaan OKU bersama)
  44. 44. LALUAN PEJALAN KAKI (RIZAB 3m)• Bagi bangunan yang ketinggian melebihi 18 m (60‘), laluan minimum hendaklah disediakan di kedua-dua bahagian bangunan (hadapan & bangunan antara kiri dan kanan)• Letak minimum laluan pejalan kaki = 2.5 m ( 8’)• Lebar minimum bagi laluan pejalan kaki bersama laluan basikal ialah 6 m ( 20’)
  45. 45. LALUAN PEJALAN KAKI • Kawasan melintas pejalan kaki bebas dari elemen yang boleh melindungi pandangan pemandu dan sebaliknya.
  46. 46. LALUAN MOTOSIKAL & BASIKAL • 30% bilangan motosikal > jumlah kenderaan • Jalan selebar 1.8 m • Sistem dua hala (masuk /keluar) • Laluan basikal – rizab jalan (2m) disediakan di kiri & kanan jalan sistem dua hala.
  47. 47. PERABOT JALAN• Kawasan laluan perlu mempunyai perabot yang sesuai menarik :  Tanda arah  Lampu  Tong sampah  Bangku  Tempat menunggu  Kemudahan yang sesuai
  48. 48. TANAH LAPANG• Pemaju hendaklah menyediakan 10% daripada keluasan kawasan pembangunan perumahan untuk tanah lapang awam. – padang permainan – Sistem perparitan – Jalan masuk – Landskap – Laluan pejalan kaki• Anjakan ‘setback green’ (2m) dengan tanaman pokok hendaklah disediakan di sekeliling bangunan (kecuali berdepan dengan jalan masuk)
  49. 49. TAMAN PERMAINAN • Boleh diintegerasikan dengan rizab kawasan lapang yang disediakan. • Nisbah yang disediakan bagi pembinaan taman permainan kanak- kanak ialah 100 unit kediaman pada satu taman permainan kanak- kanak.
  50. 50. PARAMETER PERANCANGAN PARAMETER CREATERIA SPACE AREA1)SIGNIFICANT FACILITIES •EFFICIENT •INFRASTRUCTURE SPACES2)SECURITY (INDIVIDU DAN HARTA •IN CASE OF •INTERIOR SPACES BETWEEN BUILDINGBENDA) FIRE •EXTERIOR SPACES BETWEEN BUILDING •EMERGENCY3)INDIVIDUAL HEALTH •PHYSICAL •SURROUNDING AREA(PHYSICALLY AND MENTALLY) •MENTAL4)SOCIAL HEALTH --- •SOCIAL AND COMMUNITY
  51. 51. PARAMETER RUANG LANTAI OPTIMUNRUANG AKTIVITI BILANGAN ORANG (METER PERSEGI)PENGHUNI 1 2 3 4 5 6BILIK TIDUR DAN BILIK 74 148 222 296 370 444BERSALIN PAKAIANBILIK AIR & TANDAS 35 35 35 35 70 70DAPUR / PENYEDIAAN 8 76 97 97 118 118DAN PENYIMPANANMAKANAN‘DINING ROOM’/ 53 70 91 105 119 141HIDANGAN & RUANGMAKAN‘LIVING ROOM’ / 125 164 221 286 357 383REKREASI DANPENINGKATAN DIRI‘LIVING ROOM’/ 17 17 34 34 51 51KESIHATANKEKELUARGAAN‘STORAGE’ / PEMBERSIH 48 91 110 127 146 149RUMAH‘NURSING’ / PENJAGAAN - 124 124 124 124 124BAYI / PESAKITPERGERAKAN 20 20 35 35 45 45OPERASI KEMUDAHAN - 20 20 20 20 20AWAMJUMLAH RUANG LANTAI 400 750 1000 1150 1400 1550YANG DICADANGKAN
  52. 52. PIAWAIAN PERANCANGAN• Minimun floor area = 110m²• 5-8storeys• At least,,,,,,,-3 bedrooms,-1 living area and dining area,-1 kitchen,-2 bathrooms and toilet-1 launderette for family unit
  53. 53. 3900mm 1800mm 3300mm 3000mmArea=12.87m² Area=4.87m² 3600mm 1800mm 3300mm 1500mmArea=11.88m² Area=2.70m²3300mm 1800mm 1200mm 3000mm Area=2.16m²Area=9.9m²
  54. 54. KEMUDAHAN SOSIAL •bangunan berasingan dengan bangunan unitKemudahan ibadat kediaman •tadika digalakkan di tingkat bawah.(bangunan berasingan) Rizab tadika dan •Bagi bangunan yang lebih dari 5 tingkat dan pusat jagaan keperluan tadika lebih dari satu,digalakkan…….. kanak-kanak 1 unit disediakan di tingkat bawah 1 unit lagi ditempatkan di bahagian tengah rumah pangsa •Kedai- kedai kecil yang berdekatan dengan unit kediaman hendaklah disediakan. (ratio 1 kedai: 50 unit kediaman) Kedai dan dobi •Kedai dobi perlu disediakan dengan nisbah 1 unit mesin dobi bagi setiap 10 keluarga yang ditempatkan di bahagian bawah (ratio 1 unit mesin dobi: 10 keluarga)
  55. 55. KEMUDAHAN UTILITI TEMPAT PEMBUANGAN SAMPAH• Perlu disediakan di lokasi yang sesuai dan teratur• Tidak boleh ditempatkan di dalam bangunan atau bersebelahan dengan bangunan• Seelok-eloknya mempunyai akses khusus bagi memudahkan lori pemungut sampah daan ia melalui dalam kawasan perumahan• Perlu disediakan zon penampan untuk mengurangkan masalah bau dan pencemaran• Perlu sediakan kemudahan kitar semula
  56. 56. • 1) Jadual kutipan sampah setiap minggu Kutipan sampah dilaksanakan dengan kekerapan 3 kali seminggu 2) Cara kutipan sampah bagi apartment Kutipan sampah dilaksanakan oleh pihak JMB ….. dari pintu ke pintu / unit ke unit memindahkan sampah tersebut ke dalam tong sampah kompektor yang diletakkan di dalam rumah sampah  pihak Majlis mengosongkan tong sampah berkenaan mengikut jadual yang telah ditetapkan.•
  57. 57. PIAWAIAN PENYEDIAAN KEMUDAHANLuas hektar (ekar) Kepadatan Bil. penduduk Kemudahan yg. perlu % kawasan disediakan kemudahan sosial & kawasan lapang0.4 hektar(1 ekar) 98 unit/ hectare 200 -kawasan lapang 10% (40 unit/ acre) -tempat letak kereta dan motosikal -tempat letak kereta golongan kurang upaya -kawasan lapang -lot permainan -kedai &lobi 98 unit/ hectare -tempat letak kereta dan0.8 hektar (2 ekar) (40 unit/ acreekar) 400 motosikal 10% -tempat letak kereta orang kurang upaya
  58. 58. PENGIRAAN TEMPAT LETAK KERETA GOLONGAN KURANG UPAYAJumlah tempat keperluan tempat letak kereta golongan kurang upaya yang perlu disediakanletak kereta1-25 126-50 251-75 376-100 4101-150 5151-200 6201-300 7301-400 8401-500 9501-1000 2% daripada keseluruhan>1000 20 ,tambahan 1 setiap 100 selepas 1000
  59. 59. REKABENTUK & JENIS BANGUNAN• Sesuai dengan ciri-ciri tempatan• Jenis rumah teres , berkembar , ‘walk-up flat’ dan rumah kedai• Rekabentuk harus mencerminkan kebudayaan Malaysia , terutama kebudayaan negeri Perak• Bagi memastikan sistem pengudaraan secara semulajadi diterima bagi perumahan yang dibina , ruang untuk pengudaraan semulajadi perlu disediakan mengikut piawaian undang –undang kecil bangunan seragam (1974)
  60. 60. Uniform Building By-LawsFire Requirement• Pelan Tapak 1. Adakan _buah pili bomba ( every 91.5 m) jenis tiang dua hala dengan pengeluaran air sebanyak 1135 liter seminit bagi stiap pili bomba sepertimana yang ditandakan di dalam pelan. 2. Adakan jalan masuk perkakas bomba (access road) dengan kelebaran tidak kurang 6 meter yang boleh menangung bebean 25 tan sepertimana yang ditandakan di dalam pelan• (By Law 140) Fire Appliances Access – Vehicular access to the exterior of a building to enable high reach appliances such as turntable ladders and hydraulic platforms. – Access requirements increase with building size and height. 1. All buildings in access of 7000 cubic metres shall abut upon a street or road open space for not less than 12 metres width and accesible to fire brigade appliances. Volume of building in cubic meter Minimum proportions of perimeter of building 7000 to 28000 One-sixth 28000 to 56000 One-fourth 56000 to 84000 One-half 84000 to 112000 Three- fourths 112000 and above Island Site
  61. 61. 6m back lane accessible to fire appliances min 6m width A Access road ≥ 18 m A D B D B C C Access road ≥ 12m Fire appliance access Access road ≥ 12m Pavement Access road ≥ 12m Island Site• One half perimeter appliance access in city site •One half perimeter appliance accesswith adjacent buildings • B+ C ≥1/2 (A+B+C+D)• A + C ≥1/2 (A+B+C+D)
  62. 62. A A minimum 6m width D B D B Access road ≥ 12m A D B C C x Access road ≥ 12m C Access road ≥ 12m ≥18 m • One sixth perimeter appliance accessThree fourth perimeter appliance access • X ≥1/6 (A+B+C+D) • Three fourth perimeter appliance access • Turning provision required for fire • B+C+D ≥ ¾ (A+B+C+D) appliances if dead end access exceeds 18m. Turning provision can be in the form of hammer-head or turning circle
  63. 63. • (By-Law 229) Means of access and fire fighting in buildings over 18.3 meters high 1. Building in which the topmost floor is more than 18.3 meters above fire appliances access shall be provided with means of gaining access and fire fighting from within the building consisting of fire fighting access lobbies, fire fighting staircase, fire lifts and dry or wet riser system 2. Fire fighting access lobbies shall be provided at every floor level and shall be located that the level distance from the furthermost point of the floor does not exceed 45.75metres 3. A fire fighting staircase shall be provided to give direct access to each fire fighting access lobby and shall be directly accessible from outside the building at fire appliance access level. This may be one of the staircase required as a means of egress from the building 4. A fire lift shall discharge directly into the fire fighting access lobby fire fighting staircase or shall be connected to it by a protected corridor. 5. Fire lifts shall be located within a separate protected shaft if it opens into a separate lobby.
  64. 64. Space ,Light and Ventilation• (By Law 39) Natural lighting and Ventilation 1. Every room designed, adapted or used for residential, business or other purposes except hospitals and school shall be provided with natural lighting and natural ventilation by means of one or more windows having a total area of not less than 10% of the clear floor area of such room and shall have openings capable of allowing a free uninterrupted passage of air of not less than 5% of such floor area 2. Every wc, latrine, urinal or bathroom shall be provided with natural lighting and natural ventilation by means of one or more openings having a total area of not less than 0.2 sq.m per wc, urinal latrine or bathroom and such openings shall be capable of allowing a free uninterrupted passage of air.• (By Law 40) Air-wells 1. The minimum size of each air-well where provided in all buildings shall be as follows a. for buildings up to 6 stories in height, 4.5 sq.m b. for buildings up to 6-8stories in height, 13 sq.m• (By Law 44) Height of rooms in residential buildings, shophouses,schools, etc. – The height of rooms in residential buildings other than shophouses shall be – 1. For living rooms and bedrooms, not less than 2.5 m 2. For kitchens, not less than 2.25m 3. For bathrooms, wc, latrines, porches, balconies, verandahs, garages and the like, not less than 2 m.
  65. 65. • (By Law 42) Minimum area of rooms in residential buildings 1. The area of the first habitable room in a residential building shall be not less than 11 sq.m, the second habitable room be not less than 9.3 sq.m and all other rooms be not less than 6.5 sq.m in area. 2. The width of every habitable room in a residential buildings shall be not less than 2 m. 3. The area width of a kitchen in a resident building shall be not less than 4.5 sq.m respectively.• (By Law 43) Minimum dimensions of latrines, wc and bathrooms 1. In the case of latrines or water-closets with pedestal-type closet fittings not less than 1.5m by 0.75m 2. In the case of water-closet with fittings other than pedestal type closet fittings, not less than 1.25 m by 0.75m 3. In the case of bathrooms, not lss than 1.5sq.m with a width of not less than 1.25m by 0.75m 4. In the case of bathrooms with closet fittings, not less than 2 sq.m with a width of not less than 0.75m
  66. 66. Lembaga Air Perak (LAP)•Sources: Kg Paloh WTP supply mains•Bulk meter must placeoutside the fence.•Diameter pipe for housing:6 inch minimum.•Type of pipe: UPVC, cast iron,PVC Bulk meter
  67. 67. Site 1 Site 2Site 3 Site 4
  68. 68. Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB)Demand estimates for Consumer Sub-classes orPremises
  69. 69. Electric Power Supply Electric power supply Region Low Rural Area Medium Residential area, shop High Factory, Developing Areas•1 unit of housing = 4 to 6 kw •To determine type of chamber:Formula:6 kw x unit of houses x storey x density factor x group factor•If the total is less than 1200, use single chamber (0.75) (0.3) Site 1 & 2: 666 kw ( use single chamber) Site 3 & 4: 684 kw (use single chamber)
  70. 70. Type of substation Single Double SSU PPU chamber chamber Max. 1200 kw Max. 2400 kw Max. 3600 kw Max. 4800 kwSingle chamber Double chamber
  71. 71. 5100 7000 5100 3050+200 950 + 150Stesen Suis 11kV 7000Bersendirian(Untuk retikulasisistem yang 5100melibatkanpenggunaanpencawangelektrik padatdalam skimperumahan)
  72. 72. 5100300 + 3050 7000 Stesen Suis 11kV 5100 Bersambung (Untuk retikulasi sistem yang melibatkan penggunaan pencawang elektrik 5270 1730 padat dalam skim perumahan)
  73. 73. INDAH WATER KONSORTIUM Sdn Bhd
  74. 74. HOMESTEAD DEVELOPMENTS a) Single Development up to 30 Units or 150 PE in Total • Individual septic tanks (IST) may be allowed for single developments of up to 30 units or 150 PE in total • Septic tanks will be regarded as temporary treatment systems. • The owner must provide all septic tanks as part of the owner’s infrastructure works. • Septic tanks must be constructed to standard design. b) Single Development Over 30 Units in Total with Average Housing Density Greater Than 5 Units per Hectare • A sewer reticulation and a sewer treatment plant must be providedSEWERAGE SYSTEM
  75. 75. c) Single Development Over 30 Units in Total with Average Housing Density Less Than 5 Units per Hectare • A sewer reticulation and a treatment plant is preferred. d) Individual Development Outside Local Authority Areas • Owners in rural catchments must be encouraged to use the types of Individual Septic Tanks (IST) approved by the Commission instead of ‘Others’ type of sanitary system PE = Population Equivalent, 5 person/unitSEWERAGE SYSTEM
  76. 76. Type of septic tank• Cast in-situ ( promoted by the Ministry of Health)• Prefabricated septic tank manufactured locally
  77. 77. Principal Dimension for Cast In-Situ Septic Tank Requirement Dimension Liquid depth Between 1.22 and 2.6 m Minimum width 815 mm Length : Width ratio for rectangular 1.5:1 tanks Minimum free board 250 mm Ventilation air space 150- 300 mm above top water level Minimum clear sludge depth 100 mm Minimum pipe diameter 100 mm Surface area : depth ratio Not less than 3 for any compartment Maximum depth from ground level Not exceed 4.0 mSEWERAGE SYSTEM
  78. 78. Principal Dimension for Prefabricated Septic Tanks Requirement Dimension Minimum inlet & outlet pipe diameter 100 mm Minimum free board 250 mm Minimum ventilation pipe/ ventilation duct size 50 mm Minimum diameter for cylindrical tank 1.3 m Length : Width ratio for rectangular tank 1.5:1 Maximum depth from ground level Not exceed 4.0 m Maximum tank height Not to exceed 3.0 mSEWERAGE SYSTEM
  79. 79. Sewage Treatment Plant STP lead to waste emissions in the following forms : • Gasses and vapours • Noise • Odour • Vibration • Unwanted solid matter • Undesirable by-product liquors containing highly concentrated pollutants •Heat Suitable buffer distance should separate a sewage treatment plant from its surrounding areas.SEWERAGE SYSTEM
  80. 80. Buffer Zones •Suitable buffer distance should separate a sewage treatment plant from its surrounding areas. • The buffer distances recommended in the guidelines depend on the category of industry being considered • The buffer zone requirement •Minimum distance of 30 m from the fence of the treatment plant to the nearest habitable building property line within residential and commercial developmentSEWERAGE SYSTEM
  81. 81. •Minimum distance of 20 m from the fence of the treatment plant to the nearest property line within industrial development •Minimum distance of 10 m from the fence of the treatment plant to the nearest habitable building property line if the proposed treatment plant is fully enclosed.SEWERAGE SYSTEM
  82. 82. • A minimum distance of 10 m from the fence of the treatment plant to the nearest habitable building property line if the proposed treatment plant is covered or buried. HOWEVER, this reduction in buffer requirements does not apply if the nearby habitable buildings are the type of high rise.SEWERAGE SYSTEM
  83. 83. •Plants with PE less than 150 but are provided with proper odour and noise mitigation measure may have a 10 m reduced buffer at the discretion of the Commission. •The buffer zone can be used for any purpose except permanent habitable buildings. • Roads • Drains • Utility reserve •AgricultureSEWERAGE SYSTEM
  84. 84. SEWERAGE SYSTEM
  85. 85. Siting Criteria The following criteria shall be observed when siting treatment plant a) Plants shall be located as far as possible from habitable building to minimise nuisance to the surrounding b) Plants shall be located at the lowest point of a sewerage catchment basin so that sewage can gravitate into the plant c) Plants shall be located near to a suitable watercourse that is able to receive and assimilate treated effluent from the plant without reducing beneficial uses of the water course downstream. d) Plants shall be located on an area that is relatively flat or with relatively mild slope across the site that would be useful in promoting efficient hydraulic. e) The shape of the land area selected shall be such as to minimize the extent of the unusable area within the lot. f) Plants shall not be located in an area that will result in long term operational problems or rapid deterioration of the assets.SEWERAGE SYSTEM
  86. 86. e) Plants shall have proper access road leading to it. f) Plants shall be sited away from the following i. Existing cemeteries and gazetted reserves for cememtery ii. Religious centres iii. Eating places g) Plants shall be located such as sewers are easily connected/conveyed to the proposed site. h) If temporary treatment plants are to be provided, they shall be located as near as possible to public trunk sewers. i) For safety reasons, plants shall be located away from children playgound.SEWERAGE SYSTEM
  87. 87. Slopes
  88. 88. Figure 9: Techniques for Building Order By Slope Technique five: amended section Level of building site will be below street level. Floor of the building, will be located at different levels depending on position level or road.Source: planning guidelines tropografi natural preservation in the planning and development of town and country 1976
  89. 89. •Frontage of the buildings shall not be more than 5 feet (1.52m) above or below thestreet level.•Distance of more than 5 feet, ground work needs to be implemented to achieve the setlevel.•Alignment(jajaran) shall be in line with the basic contours height position.•Alignment should be increased if contours rise, crossed the street to avoid theproposed contour in the span.•If possible alignment should follow the same contour.•Streets in residential areas should be avoided crossing streams and across the canyon.
  90. 90. Landskap Dan Penanaman Pokok Di Kawasan Bercerun. • Exposed surface shall be planted with grass or ground cover plants that are appropriate to the habitat area • so that it can grow very quickly in order to avoid erosion occurs. • Cover crops (ground cover) must be buried as soon as possible on the surface of the earth, especially in areas with exposed slopes. • If there is less effect, friendly environment retaining wall should be provided • to reduce or avoid more serious erosion.
  91. 91. Kesesuaian Mengikut Kecerunan. Kecerunan Keadaan dan pembaikan tapak 0⁰ - 3⁰ even •Require (regarding and underground (0 percent– 5percent) drainage system.) •Better no building 2⁰ - 3 ⁰ ‘Landai’ •Development permitted with little (3 percent – 5percent) (reshaping) of land. •Good for development. 4⁰ - 9⁰ ‘beralun’ (5percent – 15 percent ) •Need a defensive wall at surrounding roads and parking lots. •Good but less coverage 10⁰ - 17⁰ steep •Requires retaining wall to accommodate the (15 percent – 30 percent) changes - minimizing the amount of land coverage. >17⁰ Very steep •The cost to provide the basic structure and (lebih 30 percent) retention is high •Avoid rebuilding of development types.
  92. 92. Rajah 10: Kerja-kerja Tanah Jalan Dan Bangunan If the difference between the road surface site home > then 1.5m (5•The difference between the road surface and covers many feet), cutting work should be carried out.levels of housing lots 1.5m (5kaki). Earthworks have to start from level 1.5m (5kaki) above or below the•Kerja-kerja cutting slope soil is not required if the existing slope surface of the road and will cover the whole area built areas.of about 15 degrees.
  93. 93. •Conditions of a steep hill next to the road.•Kerje landfill should dijalankamn. The steep part is cut up or evenless than 15darjah.Built up area:
  94. 94. Storm water drainTypes of storm water drain:• side inlets• grated inlets.
  95. 95. side inlets•Side inlets are located adjacent to the curb (kerb) and rely on theability of the opening under the backstone or lintel to captureflow.•They are usually depressed at the invert of the channel toimprove capture capacity
  96. 96. Grated Inlets.• Grated inlets have gratings or grids to prevent large objects and debris from falling into the sewer system.• However, their bars are fairly widely spaced so that the flow of water is not impeded.• Consequently sediment and many small objects can fall through.
  97. 97. General Guidelines Gated Community (GC) • Site selection should comply with policies • GC is not allowed in areas where there is a river and natural drainage. • Consider the original topography and elements that can adapted to create an attractive, comfortable and harmonious • The environment should be carefully designed to create interaction among community by preparation of recreation areas and facilities.GATED COMMUNITY
  98. 98. Location of Development • develop in urban areas with high crime rates • developed area and systematic link of roads • Gated Community is not allowed in villages and rural settlements Systems and Road hierarchy • direct access must be provided in residential area • at least 2 entry and exit routes available to meet • emergency needs for fire brigade and other services • the routes must emphasize safetyGATED & GUARDED COMMUNITY

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