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  2. 2. ORIGIN OF THANKSGIVING It is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November every year. There are two versions of the origins of this holiday. One is thanks for the early settlers arriving in America safely. On December the 4th, 1619, a group of English pioneers arrived at a place called Berkeley Hundred, in Virginia. The group made a promise that the day of their arrival should be a "day of thanksgiving" to God. The second version is the thanks given to Native Americans, who taught them how to grow food and hunt, according nto this version, the feast celebrated the good autumn harvest. This video gives a brief explanation of the holiday and its origins: The History of Thanksgiving, a Timeline: How Thanksgiving Works:
  3. 3. THE DATE Thanksgiving in the United States was observed on various dates throughout history. Thanksgiving was first celebrated on the same date by all states in 1863 by a presidential proclamation of Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln proclaimed the date to be the final Thursday in November in an attempt to foster a sense of American unity between the Northern and Southern states.
  4. 4. THE CELEBRATION Today, families celebrate Thanksgiving by eating turkey, stuffing, mashed potatoes and gravy, yams, corn, cranberry sauce, and pumpkin pie. Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade and an NFL football game are special Thanksgiving Day events.
  5. 5. VOCABULARY Turkey juice that drips from cooking meat, or a sauce made by thickening and seasoning this juice Grateful a territory governed by a distant country, often settled by citizens of that country Cranberry feeling or showing appreciation for kindnesses or benefits; thankful Yams another name for the sweat potato Feast a person who settles in a previously uninhabited or new area; colonist Gravy the time when ripened crops are gathered or the gathering of the crops Colony the name given by the pilgrims to the indigenous people of North America Harvest a Thanksgiving symbol which represents a good harvest Thanks a person who takes an unusually long trip for a religious purpose Horn of Plenty / Cornucopi a a small red edible berry that grows in Noth America Indians an acknowledgment of gratitude for a benefit received Pilgrims any sumptuous and elaborate meal, usually for many people; banquet Settlers a large bird that is native to America and is usually eaten on Thanksgiving
  6. 6. TRADITIONS - FOOD On a broad level, Thanksgiving foods celebrate traditional agriculture life (don't forget Thanksgiving is a Harvest celebration). Most of the traditional Thanksgiving dishes are fairly simple foods that are native to North America.. Turkey: Most Americans associate Thanksgiving with turkey. This connection goes back to the prevalence of wild turkey in the New World. At the time of the first Thanksgiving, Plymouth Colony Governor William Bradford commented on "the great store of wild turkeys" -- even though it's thought that venison and fish were the center of the celebration. Tofurky: After turkey, the most significant dish on the table is corn. Cranberries were probably on the first Thanksgiving table. The American Indians taught the Pilgrims to make a cranberry sauce called "ibimi”.
  7. 7. FOOD Turkey Stuffing Mashed Potatoes and Gravy Pumpkin Pie Yams / Sweet potato New traditions
  8. 8. TRADITIONS (2) PARADES: The most famous one being Macy's Thanksgiving parade ( ) SPORTS: The traditional Thanksgiving football game was between the Detroit Lions and the Green Bay Packers, but there are now more games. FAMILY GATHERINGS: Roads and airports are very busy, everyone gets together with their families.
  9. 9. TRADITIONS (3) BLACK FRIDAY: Friday following Thanksgiving, many major retailers open very early and offer promotional sales to kick off the holiday shopping season. Origins of the term: -Philadelphia Police (traffic - negative) -Stores (profits – positive) Controversy over Black Friday: Some images: CYBER MONDAY: The Monday after Black Friday, said to be the busiest online shopping of the year (an attempt to dirve people to shop online)
  10. 10. CURIOUS FACTS   Since Harry Truman, every year, the President of the United States will "pardon" a turkey, which spares the bird's life and ensures that it will spend the duration of its life roaming freely on farmland. President Obama pardons Thanksgiving Turkey: In the US, about 280 million turkeys are sold for the Thanksgiving celebrations. The average weight of a turkey purchased at Thanksgiving is 15 pounds.
  11. 11. Thanksgiving and TV / Movies Some TV and movie Thanksgiving TV episodes / scenes: Home for the holidays: The Turkey: Funny People (2009): Friends: