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MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS<br />
THE ORGANIZATION OF DATA PROCESSING –<br />Computing is organized and managed in centralized , decentralized and distribut...
In decentralized data processing local users have control over the programs which may lead to inefficient operations. So d...
Effective organization of Information Processing Activities<br />MIS management must control and manage activities involve...
2. Training programs should be conducted to explain the possibilities and pitfalls  of new technologies .<br />3. The user...
Roles and responsibilities of Information system professionals<br />The data processing organization includes three major ...
Director of Information System<br />Technical Support<br />System Development<br />Operations<br />System Analysis<br />Sy...
System Development- This group is responsible for analyzing the business system and designing a computer-based information...
c.Documentation Specialist- They record systems design specifications, including program specifications, report layout etc...
b.Data Entry Personnel- Responsible for keying in data to be input into the computer system<br />c. Computer Operator- Wor...
b. Database Administrator-<br />Responsible for analyzing the operations data requirements, developing a logical database ...
The Organization and Management of End- User Computing –<br />The main role of the end user support center<br />Is to prov...
Users and User Development Applications- <br />This implies to the user managers who have begun to develop their own appli...
3.User programmers- Use both command and programming languages(like C, C++) for their own personal information needs.(A co...
4. Functional support personnel- Write sophisticated programs and support users within their functional areas.<br />5. Use...
User Developed Applications- <br />Complex Analysis- Include financial analysis , operational research, engineering calcul...
5. Miscellaneous- All  other types of user developed applications like which are departmental or personal in scope come un...
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Class 6

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Class 6

  1. 1. MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS<br />
  2. 2. THE ORGANIZATION OF DATA PROCESSING –<br />Computing is organized and managed in centralized , decentralized and distributed data processing environment.<br />In centralized data processing environment, a large mainframe computer system supports multiple users and multiple application programs , whereas in a decentralized data processing environment , minicomputers or microcomputers support local application, local personnel are responsible for developing programs. They are locally controlled.<br />
  3. 3. In decentralized data processing local users have control over the programs which may lead to inefficient operations. So data processing activities are distributed among efficient personnel and a centralized control is kept over them all. This is called distributed data processing.<br />It can also mean distributing responsibility for other computer activities to the user.<br />
  4. 4. Effective organization of Information Processing Activities<br />MIS management must control and manage activities involved in different technologies.<br />The responsibilities include <br />1. Developing hardware standards, providing support and ,training and offering technical assistance. They should develop a standard for everything like hardware, telecommunication, programming languages, and documentation.<br />
  5. 5. 2. Training programs should be conducted to explain the possibilities and pitfalls of new technologies .<br />3. The user and information technology professional should work together to evaluate and select the best possible way for the fast and effective progress of the project.<br />
  6. 6. Roles and responsibilities of Information system professionals<br />The data processing organization includes three major functions:<br />System Development<br />Operations<br />Technical Support<br />
  7. 7. Director of Information System<br />Technical Support<br />System Development<br />Operations<br />System Analysis<br />System Programming<br />Production Support<br />Programming<br />Database Administration<br />Data Entry<br />Documentation<br />Computer Operations<br />Database communication<br />User training<br />
  8. 8. System Development- This group is responsible for analyzing the business system and designing a computer-based information system . <br />System Analyst- is responsible for the analysis of the current business system, its organization, procedures, work flow, information requirements, and problems.<br />Programmer- is responsible for designing , coding , testing and debugging program. The maintenance part is also included in this. <br />
  9. 9. c.Documentation Specialist- They record systems design specifications, including program specifications, report layout etc.<br />d. User Trainer- This person is responsible to training the user on how to use a new system.<br />Operations- This group is responsible for operations related to day to day operations of the computer system.<br />Production Support- Responsible maintaining production schedules and distributing output to users according to schedule.<br />
  10. 10. b.Data Entry Personnel- Responsible for keying in data to be input into the computer system<br />c. Computer Operator- Work in computer room , for tasks like mounting tapes, disk packs etc.<br />Technical Support- Responsible for system programming , system evaluation, user services, database administration and communication systems design and maintenance.<br />a. System Programmer- Responsible for maintaining operation system, including the selection, evaluation, and maintenance of operating systems and utilities.<br />
  11. 11. b. Database Administrator-<br />Responsible for analyzing the operations data requirements, developing a logical database design to support application needs and maintaining the organization wide data dictionary.<br />c. Data Communication specialist- responsible for designing data communications networks, selecting appropriate channels for voice and data communications, and evaluating various communications hardware and software.<br />
  12. 12. The Organization and Management of End- User Computing –<br />The main role of the end user support center<br />Is to provide users with training and consulting services.<br />2. Responsible for defining the market for services, providing appropriate hardware and software facilities, offering for application development, and conducting training programs. <br />3.Other duties include hardware and software evaluation, technical support, data management, and help desk support.<br />
  13. 13. Users and User Development Applications- <br />This implies to the user managers who have begun to develop their own applications .<br />Types of users:<br />Non programming users- Use software provided by others.<br />Command-Level Users- Perform simple inquiries and simple calculations.<br />
  14. 14. 3.User programmers- Use both command and programming languages(like C, C++) for their own personal information needs.(A command language is a special-purpose language that accepts a limited number of commands, such as a query language. Contrast with programming language(C/JAVA) which is a general purpose language.)<br />
  15. 15. 4. Functional support personnel- Write sophisticated programs and support users within their functional areas.<br />5. User computing support personnel- Located in a central support organization such as an information center.<br />
  16. 16. User Developed Applications- <br />Complex Analysis- Include financial analysis , operational research, engineering calculations, and simulations.<br />Inquiry/ simple analysis- They deal with the inquiry and analysis of different programs.<br />Report generation- They deal with the report making for different projects.<br />Operational Systems- They deal with the day to day activities in an organization<br />
  17. 17. 5. Miscellaneous- All other types of user developed applications like which are departmental or personal in scope come under this group.<br />

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