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Mining: Growth industry’s devastating footprint: what next? Sunita Narain Director
Background <ul><li>Our work: </li></ul><ul><li>Rating of Indian industry: Paper; auto;  cement </li></ul><ul><li>Working w...
Our work <ul><li>From Green Rating of individual sectors to: </li></ul><ul><li>Work with  regulators  – paper on state of ...
Overview: China factor <ul><li>Since 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Huge increase in demand; </li></ul><ul><li>Huge increase in pr...
Impacts on us <ul><li>Growth industry : between mid 1990s to 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Iron ore production increased has  dou...
Big business: Big fights  <ul><li>Steel; Aluminum; cement expected to grow at 9-10 per cent annually in next 10 years;  </...
Mines and water
Mines and forests
Forest clearance for mining 8,639 2,031 Avg. forest diversion/ year (ha.) 95,003 60,427 34,527 Forests diverted (ha.) 80 1...
Understanding regulations <ul><li>1. Environmental clearances: on what basis?  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Public hearing: are pe...
Mines and water
Mines and forests
Forest clearance for mining 8,639 2,031 Avg. forest diversion/ year (ha.) 95,003 60,427 34,527 Forests diverted (ha.) 80 1...
Understanding regulations <ul><li>1. Environmental clearances: on what basis?  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Public hearing: are pe...
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Mining: Growth industry’s devastating footprint: what next?

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Presentation: Anil Agarawal mining Symposium at Centre for Science and Environment,
India Habitat Centre
http://www.cseindia.org/programme/industry/mining_symposium.html

Published in: Technology, Business
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Mining: Growth industry’s devastating footprint: what next?

  1. 1. Mining: Growth industry’s devastating footprint: what next? Sunita Narain Director
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Our work: </li></ul><ul><li>Rating of Indian industry: Paper; auto; cement </li></ul><ul><li>Working with media: fellowship 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Our understanding: </li></ul><ul><li>Big issue ; big politics and current news – from Posco; Mittal; to China </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge to development : industry extracts resources; does not even provide employment – devastates local environment; people’s lives </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory and governance failure – why laws and institutions not able to decide in public interest </li></ul><ul><li>Huge tensions – from lynching of contractor in Goa; Kalinganagar; to all other cases </li></ul>
  3. 3. Our work <ul><li>From Green Rating of individual sectors to: </li></ul><ul><li>Work with regulators – paper on state of regulators (PCB’s) in India; training workshops; </li></ul><ul><li>Work with civil society – provide technical inputs into EIAs; training workshops; </li></ul><ul><li>Work with cross-cutting issues with industry; regulators and civil society – to push for policy changes: Book; consultation and briefing on mining </li></ul>
  4. 4. Overview: China factor <ul><li>Since 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Huge increase in demand; </li></ul><ul><li>Huge increase in price -- up 48 per cent since the beginning of 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Real price at 15-year high </li></ul>
  5. 5. Impacts on us <ul><li>Growth industry : between mid 1990s to 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Iron ore production increased has doubled in 10 years – from 60 million tonnes annually to 155 million tonnes; </li></ul><ul><li>Bauxite increased from 5 million tonnes to 12 million tonnes; </li></ul><ul><li>Chromite from 1 million tonnes to 3.4 million tonnes </li></ul><ul><li>Coal and lignite from 266 million tonnes to 438 million tonnes </li></ul><ul><li>Just the beginning – clear from the gold rush in all states; clear from the players in the field </li></ul>
  6. 6. Big business: Big fights <ul><li>Steel; Aluminum; cement expected to grow at 9-10 per cent annually in next 10 years; </li></ul><ul><li>Power plants – on coal – on high trajectory </li></ul><ul><li>Fights: </li></ul><ul><li>Between big players – Indian and multinational only in the mining area and between Indian players in integrated sectors – steel makers want integrated iron ore fields etc; between export and domestic value addition; </li></ul><ul><li>Between public sector – which has existing concessions – and new players who want the mining areas; </li></ul><ul><li>Between small, unorganised miners and big multinational miners; </li></ul><ul><li>Left out: </li></ul><ul><li>People who will be displaced </li></ul><ul><li>Environment and forest </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mines and water
  8. 8. Mines and forests
  9. 9. Forest clearance for mining 8,639 2,031 Avg. forest diversion/ year (ha.) 95,003 60,427 34,527 Forests diverted (ha.) 80 126 19 Avg. leases granted/ year 1198 881 317 Mine leases granted in forest areas Total (1980-2005) 1997-2005 1980-1997
  10. 10. Understanding regulations <ul><li>1. Environmental clearances: on what basis? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Public hearing: are people heard? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Forest clearance or forest compensation? </li></ul><ul><li>4. Environment management plan: who oversees? Who plans? What are the institutions for this? </li></ul><ul><li>5. Mine restoration? </li></ul><ul><li>6. Watersheds? Is this anyone’s concern </li></ul>
  11. 11. Mines and water
  12. 12. Mines and forests
  13. 13. Forest clearance for mining 8,639 2,031 Avg. forest diversion/ year (ha.) 95,003 60,427 34,527 Forests diverted (ha.) 80 126 19 Avg. leases granted/ year 1198 881 317 Mine leases granted in forest areas Total (1980-2005) 1997-2005 1980-1997
  14. 14. Understanding regulations <ul><li>1. Environmental clearances: on what basis? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Public hearing: are people heard? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Forest clearance or forest compensation? </li></ul><ul><li>4. Environment management plan: who oversees? Who plans? What are the institutions for this? </li></ul><ul><li>5. Mine restoration? </li></ul><ul><li>6. Watersheds? Is this anyone’s concern </li></ul>

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