The Professional Approach


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The Professional Approach

  1. 1. Professional Approach Yields Professional Results!
  2. 2. Proper Crew Mixer Boom Utility Sound Tech
  3. 3. Production Mixer Head of the sound crew Responsible for sound Political liaison with Production Company Finds the work Hires the Boom and Utility
  4. 4. Production Mixer Specifieswhat equipment will be used Responsible for ordering equipment Responsible for prepping equipment Equipment MUST be prepped at least half a working day prior to needed use time!
  5. 5. Boom Operator Positions mic during shot Must be attentive and adaptive Knowledgeable about microphone capabilities Understanding of lighting and shadow placement Physically demanding job
  6. 6. Boom Operator Must wear headphones in order to hear all of the working mics, so as to avoid phase problems. Very difficult job on the set!!
  7. 7. Utility Sound Technician More than just a cableperson Jack of All trades. Often 2nd Boom or 2nd Mixer. Sound Playback Engineer.
  8. 8. Salaries Mixer… $250 to $450, plus O.T. Boom… $150 to $350, plus O.T. Very often, just a bit less than the Mixer’s salary. Utility… $100 to $350, plus O.T. Depends on whether the Utility doubles as Boom or Playback Tech.
  9. 9. Daily Rate Day is 8 hours straight time, excluding 30 min to 1 hr for lunch. O.T. is time and a half up to 12 hours Golden or double time after 12 hours Union Day is 9 hours (8 straight plus one @ time and a half)
  10. 10. Daily Rate when non-union Always negotiate up front with Producer Never quote a daily rate without defining what is a day Example: a day could mean 8 hrs, 10 hrs, 12 hrs, or as long as it takes. Negotiate when flat rate stops and overtime kicks in. No such thing as a “half day rate”
  11. 11. Meals Meal Penalty if lunch is not called within 6 hours on the set, but not less than 4 hours on the set Lunch period starts after last crewperson sits down with food to eat, not while standing in line. 2nd Meal is 4 to 6 hrs after 1st Meal, or else Meal Penalty. 2nd Meal is paid for by Producer.
  12. 12. Meals On stage, crew eats at Commissary or on their own (one hour) On location, producer provides the meal. On location, meal is catered. On location (small shoots), Producer takes crew out for lunch and pays.
  13. 13. Proper Equipment Package Packages are called “channels” Examples: stage channel, location channel, video channel. Equipment is specified by the Mixer. Equipment is ordered by the Mixer. Equipment is prepped by the Mixer at least one day (or half day) prior to the shoot, to allow ample time to correct any problems.
  14. 14. Proper Equipment Package Always use only the best equipment that money can buy (or rent). Having the right tools to do the job makes a world of difference. Don’t skimp on the sound budget. Poor gear will cost you big time, later in Post. Okay for Producer to pay for the package, but only the Mixer orders the equipment.
  15. 15. Proper Equipment Package Don’t forget the tape stock! Bring enough NEW batteries. Additional equipment may include radio mics, Fisher boom, assistive listening, sync playback.
  16. 16. Producer Be Wary Equipment is usually 4 day week; no overtime Mixer may offer to include equipment rental in with daily labor rate, at cheaper package price than if equip rental separate from labor. However, Producer now is paying overtime on equip+labor, as well as extra for days 5, 6, 7. (normally, 4 x daily = one week’s rental)
  17. 17. Budgeting for Audio Media 400 ft of 16mm OR 1000 ft of 35mm is approx 11 minutes. Sound rolls before camera, so 15 min sound is right for one camera magazine. Always change sound when camera reloads.
  18. 18. Tape Stock Nagra tape: one 5-inch reel is 15 minutes. One 7-inch reel is 30 minutes. Equates to one 5-inch reel per film magazine. DAT tape is 60 min to 120 minutes Have to turn in tape every day for dailies. Probably one or two tapes per day.
  19. 19. Memory Cards1 gig equates to 90 min @ 16bit/48k 2-trk 90 min equates to 6 full mags film Always rotate at least two cards One always ready in recorder and one being transferred into laptop
  20. 20. Storing Takes for Dailies Always full format before recording session Xfer takes from mem card to laptop hard drive via card reader Rename simple file names on computer to match full Script names Burn CD or DVD for the dailies Keep backup copy of all files on laptop
  21. 21. Proper Attitude / Professionalism Be aggressive for good sound Fight for close mic placement Use multiple mics to capture every line of dialogue. Keep it all friendly!
  22. 22. Proper Technique Don’t be lazy, but don’t over-complicate. Keep it Simple, Stupid! (K.I.S.S.) Avoid over reliance on lavaliers and radio mics. Use the boom and plant mics as much as possible.
  23. 23. Act Professional And you’ll be treated Professional.