A starting tour of the Mackie 1402 mix panel unit for production sound. This presentation breaks down how to use the mix panel by its main sections, covers functionality, and provides recommended settings and techniques.
Rear Panel• Power in• Switches for main power & 48v Phantom• XLR outputs, line out or attenuated (mic level)
Control Room Outputs• Same content as headphone output, but at line level for feeding an amplifier/speaker system in the control room.
Alt 3 & 4 Outputs• When channel strip is MUTED, audio is re- routed to these outputs.• Best for set ‘em and forget ‘em tracks.• Enables 4-track mixing on a 2-track panel, but limited metering capability.• Good for 2 cue tracks plus 2 program.
Channel Inserts• Interrupts signal flow.• Allows input signal to exit the Mackie and be processed externally, then re-input back into the signal flow. Example: echo device.• When ¼-inch mono plug is inserted only to first click, it becomes a pre-fader Direct Out while still functioning as normal mixer.
Input Channel or Strip• XLR mic or line level input• ¼-inch line level input (not mic)• Trim or Gain potentiometer (pot)• Aux 1 and Aux 2 sends• Hi, Mid, and Low EQ• Pan (Left/Center/Right)• Solo (Pre Fade Listen or After Fade Listen)• Main Fader
Stereo Pair Line Inputs• Line level input only (+4dB or -10dB)• Left only: mono with normal PAN control• Left + Right: stereo with volume BALANCE control instead of L/R pan.• Good to use for tone generator, radio mics.
Aux Sends• Pre-Fader: independent of fader operation• Like having a separate mixer on board• Post-Fader: based on your fader settings,• open fader=volume; closed fader=mute
Audio to Boom Operator• Must be post-fader so Boom Op hears mics in play.• Aux Master serves as private volume control• Individual Aux controls allow you to dial out distracting audio, such as Tone Generator, SFX, or laugh tracks.• Wig-wag the Aux Send to alert Boom Op.
Headphone Monitoring• Control Room fader controls headphones & control room output level• Select Main Mix as source• Ability to monitor Alt 3&4 or Tape Input (return audio from recorder)• Could Assign to Main Mix as well
Headphone Monitoring• Important to calibrate headphone volume for your listening level• 0 tone should be slightly too loud• Dialogue should be comfy• Listen TOO LOUD and you will record very low!• Listen TOO LOW and you will record TOO HIGH and distorted!
Master Gain & Meters• Keep Master Gain fully up, and tape them there!• Try to maintain peak dialogue around zero, and normal dialogue a little bit under.• Okay to surge above zero for a moment, but not to hover above zero.• Trust your ears! Ballpark levels as: too loud, just right, or too low. Simple….